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Millennium: 2nd millennium
1297 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1297
Ab urbe condita2050
Armenian calendar746
Assyrian calendar6047
Balinese saka calendar1218–1219
Bengali calendar704
Berber calendar2247
English Regnal year25 Edw. 1 – 26 Edw. 1
Buddhist calendar1841
Burmese calendar659
Byzantine calendar6805–6806
Chinese calendar丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
3993 or 3933
    — to —
丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
3994 or 3934
Coptic calendar1013–1014
Discordian calendar2463
Ethiopian calendar1289–1290
Hebrew calendar5057–5058
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1353–1354
 - Shaka Samvat1218–1219
 - Kali Yuga4397–4398
Holocene calendar11297
Igbo calendar297–298
Iranian calendar675–676
Islamic calendar696–697
Japanese calendarEinin 5
Javanese calendar1208–1209
Julian calendar1297
Korean calendar3630
Minguo calendar615 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−171
Thai solar calendar1839–1840
Tibetan calendar阳火猴年
(male Fire-Monkey)
1423 or 1042 or 270
    — to —
(female Fire-Rooster)
1424 or 1043 or 271
The present-day Stirling Bridge (2006)
William Wallace (c. 1270–1305)

Year 1297 (MCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]



  • April 14 – King Edward I (Longshanks) makes an appeal outside Westminster Hall for support for the war against France. He apologizes for the high tax demands he has previously levied. Edward asks the Barons (some 1,500 knights) to swear allegiance to his 12-year-old son, Prince Edward of Caernarfon. Aware of the dangers of the opposition to his power, Edward appears before a large crowd and receives total loyalty.
  • May – William Wallace, Scottish rebel leader, leads an uprising against the English at Lanark and kills Sheriff William Hesselrig. He joins with William Douglas the Hardy, the first Scottish nobleman in rebellion – combining forces at Sanquhar, Durisdeer and Scone Abbey (known as the Raid on Scone) in June. Later, Wallace captures the English treasury at Scone to finance the rebellion against Edward I (Longshanks).[3]
  • Summer – Edward I (Longshanks) orders a punitive expedition against the rebellious Scots. At Roxburgh, an army of some 9,000 men (including 2,000 cavalry) led by John de Warenne is assembled. Meanwhile, William Wallace leaves the forest of Selkirk with reinforcements and turns his attention north of the Forth River.[4]
  • July – In Scotland, a group of nobles forms a confederacy (organized by Robert Wishart, bishop of Glasgow), but are defeated by English troops at Irvine. An agreement of submission to Edward I (Longshanks) is signed by the future Scottish king Robert I (the Bruce) and other Scottish leaders.
  • August 22 – Edward I (Longshanks) leads an expedition to Flanders. He moves with an army (some 8,000 men) supported by 800 knights to Ghent and makes the city his base of operations in Flanders.
  • September 11Battle of Stirling Bridge: Scottish forces (some 6,000 men) led by Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeat an English army under John de Warenne at Stirling, on the Forth River.[5]
  • October–November – Scottish forces led by William Wallace begin raids in Northumberland and Cumberland. During a ceremony at Selkirk, Wallace is knighted and appointed Guardian of Scotland.[6]
  • Winter – Edward I (Longshanks) accepts a truce proposed by King Philip IV (the Fair) and leaves Flanders. He returns to London and prepares a campaign against William Wallace in Scotland.

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ Sheila R. Ackerlind (1990). King Dinis of Portugal and the Alfonsine heritage, pp. 10–11. Peter Lang Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8204-0921-4.
  2. ^ Charles T. Wood (1966). The French Apanages and the Capetian Monarchy, 1224–1328, p. 59. Harvard University Press.
  3. ^ Armstrong, Pete (2003). Osprey: Stirling Bridge & Falkirk 1297–98, pp. 30–32. ISBN 1-84176-510-4.
  4. ^ Armstrong, Pete (2003). Osprey: Stirling Bridge & Falkirk 1297–98, p. 33. ISBN 1-84176-510-4.
  5. ^ Cowan, Edward J. (2007). The Wallace Book, p. 69. ISBN 978-0-85976-652-4.
  6. ^ Sarah Crome (1999). Scotland's First War of Independence, p. 57. ISBN 978-0-9536316-0-5.
  7. ^ Maire Vigueur, Jean-Claude (2010). L'autre Rome. Une histoire des Romains a l'époque communale (XIIe-XIVe siècle). Paris: Tallandier. p. 241. ISBN 978-2-84734-719-7. Archived from the original on March 27, 2013. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  8. ^ Chronicle of the Twenty-Four Generals of the Order of Friars Minor. Ordo Fratrum Minorum. p. 2.
  9. ^ "History of the Portuguese Water Dog", Kathryn Braund and Deyanne Farrell Miller. The Complete Portuguese Water Dog, 1986, DeLeao.