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This article is about the year 1501.
|Centuries:||15th century – 16th century – 17th century|
|Decades:||1470s 1480s 1490s – 1500s – 1510s 1520s 1530s|
|Years:||1498 1499 1500 – 1501 – 1502 1503 1504|
|1501 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2254|
|English Regnal year||16 Hen. 7 – 17 Hen. 7|
|Chinese calendar||庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
4197 or 4137
— to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
4198 or 4138
|- Vikram Samvat||1557–1558|
|- Shaka Samvat||1423–1424|
|- Kali Yuga||4602–4603|
|Japanese calendar||Meiō 10 / Bunki 1
|Minguo calendar||411 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2043–2044|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1501.|
- January 17 – Cesare Borgia returns triumphantly to Rome from Romagna.
- March 25 – Portuguese navigator João da Nova probably discovers Ascension Island. It is definitely sighted and named on May 20, 1503 (Feast of the Ascension) by Afonso de Albuquerque.
- Mid-April: Rebellion of the Alpujarras ended with the surrender of last Muslim insurgents in the Alpujarra mountains, who were given the choice of expulsion or conversion to Christiainity.
- July – Ismail I is enthroned as Shah of Azerbaijan, choosing Tabriz as his capital, founding the Safavid dynasty in northern Iran. He declares Shi'ism the official and compulsory religion under penalty of death.
- July 21 – Portuguese explorer Pedro Cabral returns to Lisbon from his expedition to Calicut (Nicolau Coelho having arrived on June 23).
- July 27 – Copernicus is formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral.
- August 27 – Battle of the Siritsa River: The Livonian Order, supporting the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the Second Muscovite–Lithuanian War and commanded by Wolter von Plettenberg, defeats an army of the Grand Duchy of Moscow and Pskov Republic.
- October 13 – Treaty of Trente: Maximilian of Austria and Louis XII of France sign the treaty, with Austria recognizing all French conquests in the northern territories of Italy.
- October 30 – The Banquet of Chestnuts is held by Cesare Borgia in the Papal Palace of Rome. It should be noted, however, that this account is not historical fact and could be attributed to enemies of Alexander VI.
- November 1 (All Saints) – Amerigo Vespucci discovers and names Baía de Todos os Santos in Brazil.
- November 4
- November 12 – Sten Sture the Elder is elected Regent of Sweden for the second time.
- November 14 – Arthur, Prince of Wales, marries the Spanish princess Catherine of Aragon.
- November 24 – A large army of the Grand Duchy of Moscow overruns Livonia during the Second Muscovite–Lithuanian War.
- December 12 – Alexander Jagiellon becomes King of Poland.
- The Swiss cantons of Basel and Schaffhausen join the Old Swiss Confederacy.
- Gaspar Corte-Real, Portuguese navigator, makes the first documented European landing in North America since c. 1000 A.D.
- Rodrigo de Bastidas, sailing westward from Venezuela in search of gold, becomes the first European to explore the Isthmus of Panama.
- Amerigo Vespucci maps the two stars Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri, as well as the stars of the constellation Crux, which are below the horizon in Europe.
- Michelangelo returns to his native Florence to begin work on the statue David.
- Italic type (cut by Francesco Griffo) is first used by Aldus Manutius at the Aldine Press in Venice, in an edition of Virgil.
- Martin Luther enters the University of Erfurt.
- January 16 – Anthony Denny, confidant of Henry VIII of England (d. 1559)
- January 17 – Leonhart Fuchs, German physician and botanist (d. 1566)
- January 24 – Jacob Milich, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1559)
- February 1 – Queen Munjeong, Korean queen (d. 1565)
- February 24 – Sixt Birck, German humanist (d. 1554)
- March 21 – Anne Brooke, Baroness Cobham, English noble (d. 1558)
- March 23 – Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Italian scientist (d. 1577)
- May 6 – Pope Marcellus II (d. 1555)
- May 17 – Stanisław of Masovia, Polish duke (d. 1524)
- June 26 – Cho Shik, Korean Confucian scholar and politician (d. 1572)
- July 18 – Isabella of Burgundy, queen of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
- August 17 – Philipp II, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (d. 1529)
- September 18 – Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford, English Baron (d. 1563)
- September 24 – Gerolamo Cardano, Italian mathematician, physician, astrologer and gambler (d. 1576)
- September 26 – Gian Gabriele I of Saluzzo, Italian abbot, Marquess of Saluzzo (d. 1548)
- November 14 – Anna of Oldenburg, Regent of East Frisia from 1540 to 1561 (d. 1575)
- date unknown
- January 3 – Alisher Navoi, Central Asian poet (b. 1441)
- February 1 – Sigismund of Bavaria (b. 1439)
- April – John Doget, English diplomat
- May 7 – Giovanni Battista Zeno, cardinal
- June 17 – John I Albert of Poland (b. 1459)
- August 15 – Constantine Lascaris, Greek scholar and grammarian
- September 20
- probable – Gaspar Corte-Real, Portuguese explorer (b. 1450)
- Albuquerque, Afonso de (2001). The commentaries of the great Afonso Dalboquerque, second viceroy of India, Adamant Media Corporation, p.xx. Issue 55. ISBN 1-4021-9511-7.
- "Ascension History". Mysterra Magazine. Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- Lea, Henry Charles (1901). The Moriscos of Spain: Their Conversion and Expulsion. Lea Brothers & Company. p. 40.
- "Ivan III Vasil'yevich (1440–1505)". Russia – Rulers. Xenophon Group International. Retrieved 2013-07-22.