35th century BC

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Millennium: 4th millennium BC
Decades: 3490s BC 3480s BC 3470s BC 3460s BC 3450s BC
3440s BC 3430s BC 3420s BC 3410s BC 3400s BC
Categories: BirthsDeaths

The 35th century BCE in the Near East sees the gradual transition from the Chalcolithic to the Early Bronze Age. Proto-writing enters transitional stage, developing towards writing proper. Wheeled vehicles are now known beyond Mesopotamia, having spread north of the Caucasus and to Europe.


EA 32751
The head of EA 32751 ("Ginger") showing the preserved hair. Photo taken in 2011.


Only approximate dating is usually possible for mid-4th millennium artifacts.


  • The Sahara desert starts to form from semi-arid savannah, through desertification.
  • c. 3500 BC, First known zoo at Hierakonpolis.
  • c. 3400 BC, Sumerian temple record keepers redesign the stamp seal in the form of a cylinder.
  • c. 3500 BC, Pictographic proto-writing starts developing towards writing proper in Sumer, thus starting what is technically considered history.
  • c. 3500 BC: The first monument of which there is still a trace (Duma na nGiall) is built on the Hill of Tara, the ancient seat of the High King of Ireland.[1]
  • c. 3500 BC: Tin is discovered.

Sovereign States[edit]

See: List of sovereign states in the 35th century BC.


  1. ^ Memory and Monuments at the Hill of Tara by Erin McDonald, Chronika Journal