7th century BC

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The 7th century BC began the first day of 700 BC and ended the last day of 601 BC.

Map of the Neo-Assyrian Empire at their apex in 671 BC

The Neo-Assyrian Empire continued to dominate the Near East during this century, exercising formidable power over neighbors like Babylon and Egypt. In the last two decades of the century, however, the empire began to unravel as numerous enemies made alliances and waged war from all sides. The Assyrians finally left the world stage permanently when their capital Nineveh was destroyed in 612 BC. These events gave rise to the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which would dominate the region for much of the following century.

The Zhou Dynasty continues in China and the Late Period begins in Egypt with the 26th dynasty starting with the coronation of Psamtik I.


A 16th-century depiction of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, by Martin Heemskerck, with Tower of Babel in the background.

690s BC[edit]

680s BC[edit]

670s BC[edit]

660s BC[edit]

650s BC[edit]

640s BC[edit]

630s BC[edit]

620s BC[edit]

610s BC[edit]

The Fall of Nineveh, by John Martin

600s BC[edit]

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

Sovereign states[edit]

See: List of sovereign states in the 7th century BC.


  1. ^ a b "Largest Cities Through History". About.com Geography. Archived from the original on 2005-05-27. Retrieved 2006-05-09.
  2. ^ F. Espenak and Xavier Jubier. "Total Solar Eclipse of -647 April 06". NASA.
  3. ^ Potts, D. T. (1999) "The Archaeology of Elam: Formation and Transformation of an Ancient Iranian State" (Cambridge World Archaeology)