15th century BC
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|Millennium:||2nd millennium BC|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths |
Establishments – Disestablishments
The 15th century BC is a century which lasted from 1500 BC to 1401 BC.
- 1504 BC – 1492 BC: Egypt conquers Nubia and the Levant.
- 1500 BC – 1400 BC: The Battle of the Ten Kings took place around this time.
- 1500 BC: Coalescence of a number of cultural traits including undecorated pottery, megalithic burials, and millet-bean-rice agriculture indicate the beginning of the Mumun Pottery Period in the Korean peninsula.
- c. 1490 BC: Cranaus, legendary King of Athens, is deposed after a reign of 10 years by his son-in-law Amphictyon of Thessaly, son of Deucalion and Pyrrha.
- 1487 BC: Amphictyon, son of Deucalion and Pyrrha and legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 10 years and is succeeded by Erichthonius I of Athens, a grandson of Cranaus.
- c. 1480 BC: Queen Hatshepsut succeeded by her stepson and nephew Thutmosis III. Period of greatest Egyptian expansion (4th Nile cataract to the Euphrates).
- c. 1469 BC: In the Battle of Megiddo, Egypt defeats Canaan (Low Chronology).
- c. 1460 BC: The Kassites overrun Babylonia and found a dynasty there that lasts for 576 years and nine months.
- 1437 BC: Legendary King Erichthonius I of Athens dies after a reign of 50 years and is succeeded by his son Pandion I.
- 1430 BC – 1160 BC: Hittite New Kingdom established.
- 1430 BC – 1178 BC: Beginning of Hittite empire.
- c. 1420 BC: Crete conquered by Mycenae—start of the Mycenaean period. First Linear B tablets.
- 1400 BC: In Crete the use of bronze helmets (discovery at Knossos).
- 1400 BC: Palace of Minos destroyed by fire.
- c. 1400 BC: Linear A reaches its peak of popularity.
- c. 1400 BC: The height of the Canaanite town of Ugarit. Royal Palace of Ugarit is built.
- Myceneans conquers Greece and border of Anatolia.
- The Tumulus culture flourishes.
- Earliest traces of Olmec civilization.
- Hatshepsut of Egypt, female Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty (1498 BC–1483 BC)
- Thutmose III of Egypt, Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty (1479 BC–1425 BC)
- Amenhotep II, Pharaoh of Egypt (1427 BC–1401 BC)
Inventions, discoveries, introductions
- The Shang Dynasty Chinese capital city at Ao[further explanation needed] had massive defensive walls of 20 metres (66 ft) in width at the base and enclosed an area of some 2,100 square yards (1,800 m2).
Decades and years
- The Encyclopedia of Ancient Civilizations of the Near East and Mediterranean. Sharpe Reference. 1997. ISBN 978-1-56324-799-6.
- Bale, Martin T. (2001). "Archaeology of Early Agriculture in Korea: An Update on Recent Developments". Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association. 21 (5): 77–84.
- Meistrich, Ira (12 June 2006). "Military History: The Birthplace of War". The Quarterly Journal of Military History (Spring 2005). Retrieved 16 February 2018.
- Hencken, Hugh (1965). "ARCHEOLOGY: Early Greek Armour and Weapons from the End of the Bronze Age to 600 B.C. ANTHONY SNODGRASS". American Anthropologist. 67 (4): 1054–1055. doi:10.1525/aa.1965.67.4.02a00450. ISSN 1548-1433.
- Sacks, David; Murray, Oswyn (1995). A Dictionary of the Ancient Greek World. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-511206-1.
- Diehl, Richard A. (2004). The Olmecs : America's First Civilization. London: Thames and Hudson. pp. 9–25. ISBN 0500285039.