31st century BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 31st century BC was a century that lasted from the year 3100 BC to 3001 BC.


Spiral design altar block from the Tarxien Temples of Malta, uncovered by Sir Themistocles Zammit
Front and back sides of Narmer Palette, this facsimile on display at the Royal Ontario Museum, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The palette depicts Narmer unifying Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]


  1. ^ This name is mentioned in the record.
  2. ^ The Guinness World Records clarified the record of the origin of polo as Manipur (3100 BC) in 1991 edition, from its former record, Persia mentioned in 1984 edition.[1]


  1. ^ Thokchom, Khelen (2003-11-28). "Italian seal on Manipur polo origin - Milan-based writer to visit Imphal to collect material for book on game's history". telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 2022-09-18.
  2. ^ McFarlan, Donald; McWhirter, Norris (1991). Guinness Book of World Records (1991). Bantam Books. p. 706. ISBN 978-0-553-28954-1. Polo can be traced to origins in Manipur state c. 3100 B.C., when it was played as Sagol Kangjei. Other claims are of it being of Persian origin, having been played as pulu c. 525 B.C.
  3. ^ "Guinness Book of World Records 1991 says "Polo can be traced to origins in Manipur state c. 3100 B.C., when it was played as Sagol Kangjei" – SportsTract". Retrieved 2022-09-18.
  4. ^ Cilia, Daniel (April 8, 2004). "Tarxien". The Megalithic temples of Malta. http://web.infinito.it/utenti/m/malta_mega_temples/tarxien/tarxien.html. Retrieved on 2007-07-07.
  5. ^ "FACTBOX - Stonehenge hosts Summer solstice revellers". Reuters India. June 20, 2010. Retrieved December 30, 2010.
  6. ^ Ring, Trudy; Watson, Noelle; Schellinger, Paul (28 October 2013). Northern Europe: International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge. p. 686. ISBN 978-1-136-63944-9.
  7. ^ "Australia's top 7 Aboriginal rock art sites". australiangeographic.com.au. March 30, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2023.