40th New Zealand Parliament

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The 40th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1981 elections, and it sat until the 1984 elections.

The 40th Parliament was the third and final term of the third National Party government. Robert Muldoon, who served as both Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, remained in power. The Labour Party, led by former Prime Minister Bill Rowling, had made significant gains (actually winning the largest portion of the popular vote), but remained in opposition. The Social Credit Party was the only other opposition party in the 40th Parliament, holding two seats.

The 40th Parliament consisted of ninety-two representatives, the same as in the previous election. All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.

Electoral boundaries for the 40th Parliament[edit]


Initial composition of the 40th Parliament[edit]

The tables below shows the results of the 1981 general election:


 National    Labour    Social Credit    Mana Motuhake  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1981. [1]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Albany Don McKinnon B Mockridge (Labour)
Ashburton Rob Talbot A J Srhoy (Labour)
Auckland Central Richard Prebble R D Reid (National)
Avon Mary Batchelor C M McNicholl (National)
Awarua Rex Austin R G Fitzgerald (Labour)
Bay of Islands Neill Austin Leslie William Hunter (Social Credit)
Birkenhead Jim McLay H W Smith (Labour)
Christchurch Central Geoffrey Palmer I G B Wilson (National)
Clutha Robin Gray Clive Matthewson (Labour)
Dunedin Central Brian MacDonell N R King (National)
Dunedin North Stan Rodger C D Bleach (National)
East Cape Duncan MacIntyre P A Dey (Labour)
East Coast Bays Gary Knapp 758 Don Brash (National)
Eastern Hutt Trevor Young A J Duthie (National)
Eden Aussie Malcolm I K Scott (Labour)
Fendalton Eric Holland Philip Burdon D C Close (Labour)
Gisborne Bob Bell Allan Wallbank (Labour)
Hamilton East Ian Shearer L J Welch (Labour)
Hamilton West Mike Minogue P O McCaffrey (Labour)
Hastings David Butcher H F W Kynoch (National)
Hauraki Leo Schultz Graeme Lee 1787 G O Miller (Social Credit)
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison M E (Mike) Cullen (Labour)
Helensville Dail Jones 216 Jack Elder (Labour)
Heretaunga Ron Bailey Bill Jeffries R A J Palmer (National)
Horowhenua Geoffrey Thompson D G Page (Labour)
Hunua Winston Peters Colin Moyle 996 Winston Peters (National)
Invercargill Norman Jones Dougal Soper (Labour)
Island Bay Frank O'Flynn D H Catley (National)
Kaimai Bruce Townshend D J F Conway (Social Credit)
Kaipara Peter Wilkinson N C Connachy (Social Credit)
Kapiti Barry Brill Margaret Shields Barry Brill (National)
King Country Jim Bolger D H Mason (Labour)
Lyttelton Ann Hercus Simon Stamers-Smith (National)
Manawatu Michael Cox D G Kessell (Labour)
Mangere David Lange J F Pettit (Social Credit)
Manurewa Roger Douglas K T Ralph (National)
Marlborough Doug Kidd G E Macann (Labour)
Matamata Jack Luxton D R Mawdsley (Social Credit)
Miramar Bill Young Peter Neilson Bill Young (National)
Mt Albert Warren Freer Helen Clark Warren W Moyes (National)
Napier Gordon Christie Geoff Braybrooke K J Rose (National)
Nelson Mel Courtney[nb 1] Philip Woollaston 698 Mel Courtney (Independent)
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt R A Hanson (National)
New Plymouth Tony Friedlander D W Duggan (Labour)
North Shore George Gair P G Chambers (Labour)
Ohariu Hugh Templeton N R Ely (Labour)
Onehunga Fred Gerbic Sue Wood (National)
Otago Warren Cooper (N/A)
Otahuhu Bob Tizard S McDowell (National)
Pahiatua John Falloon Bill Sutton (Labour)
Pakuranga Pat Hunt 783 Neil Morrison (Social Credit)
Palmerston North Joe Walding Trevor de Cleene 2,110 Brian Elwood (National)
Papakura Merv Wellington J S Cheeseman (Labour)
Papanui Mike Moore B S Keeley (National)
Papatoetoe Eddie Isbey 1,689 Roy McKeen (National)
Pencarrow Fraser Colman Willard Amaru (National)
Porirua Gerard Wall E A Brittain (Social Credit)
Rangiora Derek Quigley C G M Hayward (Labour)
Rangiriri Bill Birch R Hayward (Labour)
Rangitikei Bruce Beetham P M Bardwell (National)
Remuera Allan Highet Judith Tizard (Labour)
Roskill Arthur Faulkner Phil Goff C A Parsons (National)
Rotorua Paul East 1,544 Johnny W Lepper (Labour)
St Albans David Caygill J D Baker (National)
St Kilda William Fraser Michael Cullen Stewart Clark (National)
Selwyn Colin McLachlan Ruth Richardson W E Woods (Labour)
Sydenham John Kirk R R Bach (Social Credit)
Tamaki Robert Muldoon Richard Northey (Labour)
Taranaki David Thomson B J Heilihy (Social Credit)
Tarawera Ian McLean N Scott (Labour)
Tasman Bill Rowling 2,246 E L Kramer (National)
Taupo Jack Ridley Roger McClay[nb 2] 36 J W Ridley (Labour)
Tauranga Keith Allen T P Hills (Social Credit)
Te Atatu Michael Bassett S Noble (National)
Timaru Basil Arthur Jane Coughlan (National)
Waikato Lance Adams-Schneider Simon Upton N W Johnstone (Social Credit)
Waipa Marilyn Waring (Labour)
Wairarapa Ben Couch 1,546 T Gemmell (Labour)
Waitakere Ralph Maxwell M R Gummer (National)
Waitaki Jonathan Elworthy Jim Sutton (Labour)
Waitotara Venn Young S K Young (Social Credit)
Wallace Brian Talboys Derek Angus O W Horton (Social Credit)
Wanganui Russell Marshall Terry Heffernan (Social Credit)
Wellington Central Ken Comber Fran Wilde Ken Comber (National)
West Coast Kerry Burke D J Truman (National)
Western Hutt John Terris J W Tanner (National)
Whangarei John Elliott John Banks M E Penney (Labour)
Yaldhurst Mick Connelly 1,962 Mrs M E Murray (National)
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Paraone Reweti Peter Tapsell 6,232 A Tahana (Mana Motuhake)
Northern Maori Bruce Gregory 3,665 Matiu Rata (Mana Motuhake)
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 8,945 N A Reedy (Mana Motuhake)
Western Maori Koro Wētere 8,624 Eva Rickard (Mana Motuhake)

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Courtney had withdrawn from the Labour caucus in March 1981
  2. ^ McClay was declared elected by the High Court after an Electoral Petition

There were no by-elections held during the term of the 40th Parliament.


  1. ^ Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.