40th New Zealand Parliament

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The 40th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand. Its composition was determined by the 1981 elections, and it sat until the 1984 elections.

The 40th Parliament was the third and final term of the third National Party government. Robert Muldoon, who served as both Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, remained in power. The Labour Party, led by former Prime Minister Bill Rowling, had made significant gains (actually winning the largest portion of the popular vote), but remained in opposition. The Social Credit Party was the only other opposition party in the 40th Parliament, holding two seats.

The 40th Parliament consisted of ninety-two representatives, the same as in the previous election. All of these representatives were chosen by single-member geographical electorates, including four special Māori electorates.

Electoral boundaries for the 40th Parliament[edit]

NewZealandElectorates1981-Labeled.png

Initial composition of the 40th Parliament[edit]

The tables below shows the results of the 1981 general election:

Key

 National    Labour    Social Credit    Mana Motuhake  

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1981. [1]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Albany Don McKinnon 1,964 B Mockridge
Ashburton Rob Talbot 3,655 A J Srhoy
Auckland Central Richard Prebble 6,614 R D Reid
Avon Mary Batchelor 7,820 C M McNicholl
Awarua Rex Austin 2,341 R G Fitzgerald
Bay of Islands Neill Austin 864 Leslie William Hunter
Birkenhead Jim McLay 2,104 H W Smith
Christchurch Central Geoffrey Palmer 7,028 I G B Wilson
Clutha Robin Gray 661 Clive Matthewson
Dunedin Central Brian MacDonell 4,169 N R King
Dunedin North Stan Rodger 4,733 C D Bleach
East Cape Duncan MacIntyre 1,964 P A Dey
East Coast Bays Gary Knapp 758 Don Brash
Eastern Hutt Trevor Young 5.011 A J Duthie
Eden Aussie Malcolm 117 I K Scott
Fendalton Eric Holland Philip Burdon 1,158 D C Close
Gisborne Bob Bell 150 Allan Wallbank
Hamilton East Ian Shearer 1,188 L J Welch
Hamilton West Mike Minogue 1,477 P O McCaffrey
Hastings David Butcher 1,845 H F W Kynoch
Hauraki Leo Schultz Graeme Lee 1,787 G O Miller
Hawkes Bay Richard Harrison 2,430 M E (Mike) Cullen
Helensville Dail Jones 216 Jack Elder
Heretaunga Ron Bailey Bill Jeffries 2,233 R A J Palmer
Horowhenua Geoffrey Thompson 876 D G Page
Hunua Winston Peters Colin Moyle 996 Winston Peters
Invercargill Norman Jones 1,592 Dougal Soper
Island Bay Frank O'Flynn 3,938 D H Catley
Kaimai Bruce Townshend 5,146 D J F Conway
Kaipara Peter Wilkinson 1,029 N C Connachy
Kapiti Barry Brill Margaret Shields 495 Barry Brill
King Country Jim Bolger 2,158 D H Mason
Lyttelton Ann Hercus 3,892 Simon Stamers-Smith
Manawatu Michael Cox 2,913 D G Kessell
Mangere David Lange 5,806 J F Pettit
Manurewa Roger Douglas 2,815 K T Ralph
Marlborough Doug Kidd 1,643 G E Macann
Matamata Jack Luxton 3,460 D R Mawdsley
Miramar Bill Young Peter Neilson 649 Bill Young
Mt Albert Warren Freer Helen Clark 3,907 Warren W Moyes
Napier Gordon Christie Geoff Braybrooke 3,009 K J Rose
Nelson Mel Courtney[nb 1] Philip Woollaston 698 Mel Courtney
New Lynn Jonathan Hunt 4,874 R A Hanson
New Plymouth Tony Friedlander 1,567 D W Duggan
North Shore George Gair 3,969 P G Chambers
Ohariu Hugh Templeton 1,567 N R Ely
Onehunga Fred Gerbic 2,012 Sue Wood
Otago Warren Cooper 4,893
Otahuhu Bob Tizard 5,164 S McDowell
Pahiatua John Falloon 7,569 Bill Sutton
Pakuranga Pat Hunt 783 Neil Morrison
Palmerston North Joe Walding Trevor de Cleene 2,110 Brian Elwood
Papakura Merv Wellington 3,215 J S Cheeseman
Papanui Mike Moore 4,409 B S Keeley
Papatoetoe Eddie Isbey 1,689 Roy McKeen
Pencarrow Fraser Colman 4,065 Willard Amaru
Porirua Gerard Wall 3,639 E A Brittain
Rangiora Derek Quigley 932 C G M Hayward
Rangiriri Bill Birch 3,004 R Hayward
Rangitikei Bruce Beetham 2,376 P M Bardwell
Remuera Allan Highet 5,105 Judith Tizard
Roskill Arthur Faulkner Phil Goff 2,525 C A Parsons
Rotorua Paul East 1,544 Johnny W Lepper
St Albans David Caygill 4,926 J D Baker
St Kilda William Fraser Michael Cullen 3,579 Stewart Clark
Selwyn Colin McLachlan Ruth Richardson 2,129 W E Woods
Sydenham John Kirk 5,594 R R Bach
Tamaki Rob Muldoon 5,153 Richard Northey
Taranaki David Thomson 4,470 B J Heilihy
Tarawera Ian McLean 2,442 N Scott
Tasman Bill Rowling 2,246 E L Kramer
Taupo Jack Ridley Roger McClay[nb 2] 36 J W Ridley
Tauranga Keith Allen 2,232 T P Hills
Te Atatu Michael Bassett 3,330 S Noble
Timaru Basil Arthur 1,850 Jane Coughlan
Waikato Lance Adams-Schneider Simon Upton 4,661 N W Johnstone
Waipa Marilyn Waring 2,768
Wairarapa Ben Couch 1,546 T Gemmell
Waitakere Ralph Maxwell 2,883 M R Gummer
Waitaki Jonathan Elworthy 305 Jim Sutton
Waitotara Venn Young 2,784 S K Young
Wallace Brian Talboys Derek Angus 6,558 O W Horton
Wanganui Russell Marshall 1,668 Terry Heffernan
Wellington Central Ken Comber Fran Wilde 1,283 Ken Comber
West Coast Kerry Burke 4,406 D J Truman
Western Hutt John Terris 1,420 J W Tanner
Whangarei John Elliott John Banks 1,743 M E Penney
Yaldhurst Mick Connelly 1,962 Mrs M E Murray
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Paraone Reweti Peter Tapsell 6,232 A Tahana
Northern Maori Bruce Gregory 3,541 Matiu Rata
Southern Maori Whetu Tirikatene-Sullivan 8,665 N A Reedy
Western Maori Koro Wētere 8,624 Eva Rickard

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Courtney had withdrawn from the Labour caucus in March 1981
  2. ^ McClay was declared elected by the High Court after an Electoral Petition


There were no by-elections held during the term of the 40th Parliament.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Norton 1988, pp. ?.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.