Ali bey Huseynzade

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Ali bey Huseynzade
Əli bəy Hüseynzadə
Али-бек Гусейнзаде
Ali bey Huseynzade.jpg
Presiding member of the Committee of Union and Progress
In office
Personal details
Born1864 (1864)
Salyan, Russian Empire
Died1940 (1941) (aged 76)
Istanbul, Turkey
OccupationWriter, philosopher, publicist, artist and doctor

Ali bey Huseyn oğlu Huseynzade (Azerbaijani: Əli bəy Hüseyn oğlu Hüseyzadə; Turkish: Hüseyinzade Ali Turan; Salyan, February 24, 1864 – Istanbul, March 17, 1940) was an Azerbaijani writer, thinker, philosopher, artist, doctor, and the creator of the modern Flag of Azerbaijan.[1]

Early years[edit]

Ali bey Huseynzade was born in 1864 to a family of Muslim religious cleric in Salyan, in the present-day Azerbaijan. His grand father Mahammadali Huseinzadeh was the Sheikh ul-Islam (Supreme religious leader) of the Caucasus for 32 years. Ali bey received his primary education at the Tiflis Muslim school followed by the Tiflis Classical Gymnasium. In 1885, he entered the Physics and Math Department at Saint Petersburg University. Upon graduation from there in 1889, Huseynzade moved to Istanbul, where he entered the Medical faculty of Istanbul University (IU). After graduation from IU, he served as a military doctor in the Ottoman Army, and subsequently as an Assistant Professor at IU. Huseynzade was one of the founders of the Committee of Union and Progress.[2] Ziya Gökalp, was influenced by his Pan-Turkist ideology,[3] and referred to Huseynzade as one of his most important teachers.[4]

Public activity[edit]

In 1903, Ali bey returned home and spent the next 7 years in Baku. During this period of time, he engaged in scholarly and publishing activities, edited the "Heyat" newspaper, and served as a chief editor of "Kaspiy" newspaper. In 1905, he joined Alimardan Topchubashev, Reşit Ibragimov, Ferruh Bey Vezirov and Ahmet Ağaoğlu as a part of Azerbaijani delegation to an all-Russian convention of Muslims, where an agreement was reached on establishing of the Ittifaq al Muslimin a single Muslim party in Russian Empire.[5] In 1906, Huseynzade started publishing the magazine Füyuzat [az] ("Fusion"), financed by the famous philanthropist Haji Zeynalabdin Taghiyev, and harshly criticized the Tsarist government in his writings.

In 1910, Huseynzade moved to the Ottoman Empire, where he was elected a presiding member of the Committee of Union and Progress. In 1918, he returned to Azerbaijan to participate in the formation of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR), and participated in negotiations for the Ottoman support of the ADR against the Baku Commune. After the fall of ADR in April 1920, Huseynzade permanently settled in Turkey and became a citizen, receiving the surname Turan.[6]


One of the streets in the Yasamal district of Baku is named after Ali bey Huseynzade and there's a statue of him in the centre of his home town.


  1. ^ Smith, Whitney (2001). Flag Lore Of All Nations. Millbrook Press. p. 13. ISBN 0-7613-1753-8.
  2. ^ Seyidzade, D. B. (1978). Из истории азербайджанской буржуазии в начале XX века (in Russian). Baku. p. 43.
  3. ^ Tarih Aynasında Ziya Gökalp, p. 67, at Google Books
  4. ^ Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity, p. 31, at Google Books
  5. ^ Shissler, Ada Holland (2003). Between Two Empires: Ahmet Agaoglu and the New Turkey. I.B.Tauris. pp. 124–126. ISBN 978-1-86064-855-7.
  6. ^ YAVUZ AKPINAR (21 June 2013). "Tam sayfa faks yazdırma" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-04-10.