Barmouth

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Abermaw
Welsh: Abermaw
Barmouth.jpg
Abermaw across the Mawddach estuary
Abermaw is located in Gwynedd
Abermaw
Abermaw
 Abermaw shown within Gwynedd
Population 2,522 
OS grid reference SH613158
Community Barmouth
Principal area Gwynedd
Ceremonial county Gwynedd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BARMOUTH
Postcode district LL42
Dialling code 01341
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Dwyfor Meirionnydd
Welsh Assembly Dwyfor Meirionnydd
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd

Coordinates: 52°43′19″N 4°03′18″W / 52.722°N 4.055°W / 52.722; -4.055

Barmouth (Welsh: Abermaw (formal); Y Bermo (colloquial)) is a town in the county of Gwynedd, north-western Wales, lying on the estuary of the River Mawddach and Cardigan Bay.[1] Located in the Historic county of Merionethshire, the Welsh form of the name is derived from "Aber" (estuary) and the river's name, "Mawddach".[2]

The town is served by Barmouth railway station.

History[edit]

Barmouth, with Cader Idris in the background, 1865.
The town in the 1890s
Barmouth Sands by William Collins, 1835, Guildhall Gallery, London

The town grew around the shipbuilding industry, and more recently as a seaside resort. Notable buildings include the mediaeval Tŷ Gwyn tower house, the 19th century Tŷ Crwn roundhouse prison and St John's Church.

William Wordsworth, a visitor to Barmouth in the 19th century, described it thus: "With a fine sea view in front, the mountains behind, the glorious estuary running eight miles inland, and Cadair Idris within compass of a day's walk, Barmouth can always hold its own against any rival."[this quote needs a citation]

Dinas Oleu (Welsh:Citadel of Light) which is located east of the town on the adjoining hillside,[1] was the first tract of land to be donated to the National Trust.[3]

In January 2014 two trains were stranded at Barmouth after severe winter storms destroyed the sea wall at nearby Llanaber.[4]

Transport[edit]

Barmouth Bridge, which takes the Cambrian Line over the River Mawddach, was also formerly at the end of the GWR Ruabon Barmouth line, which passed through Bala and Dolgellau. The southern end of the bridge is now the start of the Mawddach Trail, a cycle path and walk way that utilises the old trackbed.

The Barmouth Ferry sails from Barmouth to Penrhyn Point, where it connects with the narrow gauge Fairbourne Railway for the village of Fairbourne.

Barmouth is (geographically) one of the closest seaside resorts to the English West Midlands and a large proportion of its tourist visitors, as well as its permanent residents, are from Wolverhampton, Birmingham, Dudley and other parts of the Black Country, and Telford, Shropshire.

The town has a RNLI lifeboat station with a Visitors' Centre with shop and viewing gallery.[5]

Sport[edit]

The nearest rugby club is in Dolgellau, some seven miles away.[6]

Barmouth has one major association football team: Barmouth & Dyffryn United, the team competes in the Welsh Alliance league and is generally well supported by residents.

Barmouth is the venue for the annual Barmouth Beach Race, a motocross event. Usually taking place on the last weekend in October, the event sees riders take part in beach racing, using a temporary motocross course constructed on the beach. Over 200 riders typically take part in this event, with spectators attending free of charge. The event attracts champion riders from England and Wales.[7]

The busy harbour plays host to the annual Three Peaks yacht race.[8]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "124" (Map). Porthmadog & Dolgellau. 1:50,000. Landranger (in English & Cymru). Ordnance Survey. 2016. ISBN 978-0-319-26222-1. 
  2. ^ Ayto, John; Crofton, Ian (2005). Brewer's Britain & Ireland. London: Weidenfield & Nicholson. p. 76. ISBN 0 304 35385 X. 
  3. ^ a b "Dinas Oleu Walk Barmouth". National Trust. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Road trip for storm-hit Barmouth marooned trains". BBC News. 15 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "RNLI: Barmouth". Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Dolgellau Old Grammarians from Pitchero.com, retrieved 11 March 2015
  7. ^ WalesDirectory.co.uk retrieved 11 March 2015
  8. ^ "Three Peaks Yacht Race". threepeaksyachtrace.co.uk. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Barmouth actress Charlie Brooks to star in 18-week theatre stage tour". Daily Post. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  10. ^ Etherington-Smith, Meredith (18 August 1992). "Obituary: Tommy Nutter". London: The Independent. Retrieved 9 October 2009. 
  11. ^ "Titanic: Grandson tells of officer Harold Lowe who returned for survivors". BBC News. 14 April 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  12. ^ Howell, Denis (5 November 2009). "Barmouth to Fort William Three Peaks Yacht Race Prize Giving". yachtsandyachting.com. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  13. ^ Rhydderch, Anne (1977). Abermaw Barmouth. Caernarfon: Gwynned Archive Services. p. 13. ISBN 9780901337207. 
  14. ^ [1]

External links[edit]