Shrewsbury railway station

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Shrewsbury
National Rail
Shrewsbury station.JPG
Shrewsbury station frontage
General information
LocationShrewsbury, Shropshire
England
Grid referenceSJ494129
Managed byTransport for Wales
Line(s)Welsh Marches
Wolverhampton–Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury–Chester
Cambrian
Platforms5 (numbered 3-7)
Other information
Station codeSHR
ClassificationDfT category C1
Key dates
1848Opened
Passengers
2017/18Increase 2.210 million
2018/19Increase 2.226 million
2019/20Decrease 2.221 million
2020/21Decrease 0.550 million
 Interchange 27,369
2021/22Increase 1.582 million
 Interchange Increase0.116 million
Location
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road
Station south end in 1962
Stopping train at Shrewsbury Station in 1965

Shrewsbury railway station is in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. Built in 1848, it was designated a grade II listed building in 1969.

The station is 43 miles (69 km) north west of Birmingham New Street. Many services starting at or passing through the station are bound for Wales; it is operated by Transport for Wales, although the station is also served by Avanti West Coast and West Midlands Railway services, and is one of the key network hubs of Transport for Wales.

History[edit]

The station was formerly known as Shrewsbury General and is the only remaining railway station in the town; Shrewsbury Abbey, as well as other small stations around the town, having long closed.

Shrewsbury railway station was originally built in October 1848 for the county's first railway — the Shrewsbury to Chester Line. The architect was Thomas Mainwaring Penson of Oswestry.[1] The building is unusual, in that the station was extended between 1899 and 1903 by the construction of a new floor underneath the original station building.[1] The building style was imitation Tudor, complete with carvings of Tudor style heads around the window frames. This was done to match the Tudor building of Shrewsbury School (now Shrewsbury Library) almost directly opposite. The station's platforms also extend over the River Severn. It was operated jointly by the Great Western Railway (GWR) and the London and North Western Railway (LNWR).[2]

At Shrewsbury in steam days, the GWR regularly turned its locomotives by running round the triangle formed by using the Abbey Foregate loop, which links the Wolverhampton Line with the Welsh Marches Line and enables through running for freight trains, summer Saturday specials and formerly for trains like the Cambrian Coast Express. Until 1967 Shrewsbury was served by the GWR, latterly BR Western Region, express services between London Paddington and Birkenhead Woodside railway station.

The station was given Grade II listed status in May 1969;[1] this applies to the main building on Castle Foregate, adjacent to platform 3.

Arwel Hughes composed Tydi a roddaist in 20 minutes during a wait between train connections in 1938. A plaque to mark this was unveiled on platform 3 in 2004.[3]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On the 15 October 1907, a mail train hauled by Experiment class locomotive No. 2052 Stephenson was derailed at Shrewsbury due to excessive speed on a curve. Eighteen people were killed.[4]
  • On the 6 November 2017, an Arriva Trains Wales Class 175 DMU, numbered 175109, caught fire, causing the station to be evacuated for approximately two hours. There were no casualties but significant travel disruption occurred.[5]

Platforms and facilities[edit]

Shrewsbury
railway station
3
4
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

There are five platforms in use, numbered 3 to 7 (platforms 1 and 2 have been disused since the 1980s and have no track; around 2019 platform 2 was dismantled). Of these, platforms 4, 5, 6 and 7 are grouped on a main island, while platforms 1, 2 and 3 are separate, located by the main station building. The platforms are numbered in order from west (Shrewsbury Castle side) to east (The Dana side) from 1 to 7.

Platform 3 was until recently only used by trains running in from the Wolverhampton direction and out towards Chester. Changes made in 2010 to the signalling and track now allow additional passenger trains (those coming in from and going out to the Hereford, Heart of Wales and Cambrian lines) to use platform 3. A passenger lift was opened on the platform in 2009 and a waiting room opened shortly after. A lift has also been built for access to platforms 4–7, making the station fully accessible for wheelchair and mobility-impaired users.

Platforms 4 and 7 are through platforms, usually used for trains between Holyhead (via Chester and Wrexham General) and Cardiff Central/Birmingham International and between Manchester Piccadilly (via Crewe) and Cardiff Central, Carmarthen, and Milford Haven. Platforms 5 and 6 are bay platforms, used mainly for trains to and from Aberystwyth and Birmingham, as well as trains for the Heart of Wales Line and local stopping trains to Birmingham New Street.

The island platforms are connected to the main station building and platform 3 by a pedestrian subway running underneath the station. A pedestrian footbridge over the platforms still exists but has long been disconnected from the station; instead, it is a public walkway allowing pedestrians to cross over the station area, and part of a route named "The Dana". All platforms are fitted with CIS screens and automatic announcement speakers and there are customer help points on platforms 3 and 4. Ticket gates are in operation, with the ticket office here manned throughout the week (Monday - Friday 05:20 - 20:40, Saturday 05:20 - 19:30, Sunday 07:30 - 19:30). Ticket machines are available for use when this is closed and for collecting pre-paid tickets. A buffet, toilets, and vending machines selling snacks and drinks are sited between platforms 4 and 7.[6]

Opposite platform 7 is a high concrete wall that divides the rest of the station from what could be considered to be platform 8. This platform does not see any use and was built for the use of transporting prisoners from HM Prison Shrewsbury.[citation needed] (The prison gateway, surmounted by bust of prison reformer John Howard, is visible from platform 7.) It is believed that this platform was only used a few times each year between 1868 up until just before the First World War.[citation needed]

War memorials[edit]

On platform 3 is a metal plaque listing (with their respective stations of employment) 42 employees of the London and North Western and Great Western Joint Railways who died serving in the armed forces in 'the Great War', with figures of a soldier and sailor and representations of a cannon and steamship. It was restored and rededicated in 2010. Inside the Railtrack offices is a decorative metal plaque to 14 "heroes" of the LNWR's Locomotive Department in Shrewsbury who died serving in World War I, placed there in December 1920. Also preserved is a framed Roll of Honour listing employees of the GWR nationally who also died in the war.[7]

Services[edit]

Railway lines in Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury–Chester line
Welsh Marches line
towards Crewe
Shrewsbury
Wolverhampton–Shrewsbury line
Cambrian Line
Welsh Marches line
towards Hereford

Transport for Wales[edit]

All of the services above are operated by Class 150s, Class 153s, Class 158s or Class 175s, except the Premier Service which is operated by a Class 67 and Mark 4 coaching stock.

West Midlands Railway[edit]

Avanti West Coast[edit]

Bus[edit]

Bus routes 2, 24, 25, 64, 501, 511, 519, 524, and 576 all serve the station heading towards Shrewsbury bus station.

Signalling[edit]

Some shots of Shrewsbury station and the signal box in 2010.

Severn Bridge Junction signal box, at the south east end of the station and built by the LNWR, is the largest surviving mechanical signal box in the world, with a frame accommodating 180 levers, and is a listed building. Whilst the line beyond Abbey Foregate signal box to Wolverhampton has been updated to electronic signalling, Shrewsbury itself is set to remain lever operated for the foreseeable future.[18] As a result of Shrewsbury's joint (GWR/LNWR) history, and having been transferred at different times between the Western and London Midland regions of BR and more recently Network Rail - it is now in the Great Western territory again - the signalling is a diverse mixture of lower-quadrant and upper-quadrant semaphore signals, with a few colour lights too. Crewe Junction, on the north end of the station, accommodates around 120 levers and is of the same design as Severn Bridge Junction.

The other Shrewsbury signal boxes are at Abbey Foregate (to a GWR design), controlling the eastern corner of the triangle and Sutton Bridge Junction where the Aberystwyth line diverges from the Hereford line (the now closed Severn Valley Railway to Bridgnorth and Hartlebury also left the main line there).

Two other boxes at Crewe Bank and Harlescott Crossing (slightly further on towards Crewe) were both abolished (and subsequently removed) in October 2013, when the Crewe line had its signalling replaced by a new modular system controlled from the South Wales Rail Operating Centre in Cardiff.[19] The former box had been "switched out" of use for several years previously and had been proposed for abolition by Network Rail back in 2009.[20]

In Autumn 2010 changes were made to allow Cambrian and Welsh Marches line trains to depart in a southerly direction from Platform 3. An upper quadrant signal replaced the previous shunting disc and a facing point lock was added to the points. Though the track layout could already accommodate this, until the lock was added only non-passenger movements southbound from Platform 3 could be made.[21]

Station usage[edit]

According to the Office of Rail Regulation statistics for the 2011/12 financial year, the total number of entries and exits at the station was 1,730,390 (based on tickets sold at Shrewsbury, and tickets sold to Shrewsbury); with an estimated 205,148 passengers interchanging between services. This makes Shrewsbury the 14th busiest in the West Midlands region and the 6th busiest on the Transport for Wales network.[22]

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "HER no. 10126 - Shrewsbury Railway Station, Castle Foregate, Shrewsbury". Heritage Gateway. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 March 2010. A railway station built in 1849, and extended circa 1900, which is protected by Grade II Listing. The station became very congested in the later 19th century and was extensively rebuilt between 1899 and 1903 to cope with increased traffic. The bridge was widened, and the platforms extended onto it, and a basement story added.
  2. ^ Denton, John Horsley (1986). Shrewsbury Railway Station: a brief history. Welshpool: J.H. Denton & T. Smith.
  3. ^ Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. p. 194.
  4. ^ Trevena, Arthur (1980). Trains in Trouble. Vol. 1. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 24. ISBN 0-906899-01-X.
  5. ^ Rowden, Nathan. "Trains cancelled and delayed after Shrewsbury Railway Station blaze drama - with pictures and video". www.shropshirestar.com. Retrieved 8 November 2017.
  6. ^ Shrewsbury station facilities National Rail Enquiries
  7. ^ Francis, Peter (2013). Shropshire War Memorials, Sites of Remembrance. YouCaxton Publications. pp. 194–195. ISBN 978-1-909644-11-3.
  8. ^ GB eNRT May 2017 Edition, Tables 75 & 131
  9. ^ GB eNRT May 2017 Edition, Table 76
  10. ^ GB eNRT May 2017 Edition, Table 131
  11. ^ Table 129 National Rail timetable, May 2017
  12. ^ "'Major' rail changes in timetable overhaul". BBC News. 19 May 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  13. ^ O'Brien, Lisa (13 March 2019). "New timetable includes later rail services between Shropshire and West Midlands". The Shropshire Star. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  14. ^ GB eNRT May 2019 Edition, Table 74 (Network Rail)
  15. ^ BBC News, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-29313965
  16. ^ GB eNRT May 2017 Edition, Table 65
  17. ^ "Avanti West Coast 12 September - 11 December 2021 Timetable" (PDF). Avanti West Coast.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ "Signal boxes removed and updated". BBC News. 1 October 2006.
  19. ^ Shrewsbury – Crewe Modular Re-Signalling Pilot Network Rail Consulting Projects site; Retrieved 3 August 2017
  20. ^ "ncg12007west409v1 crewe bank - closure of signal box" (PDF). Network Rail.
  21. ^ "Adrian the Rock - Signals at Severn Bridge Junction". Roscalen.com. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
  22. ^ "Estimates of station usage" (XLS). Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 5 April 2013.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Terminus   Transport for Wales
Shrewsbury to Wrexham General Line
  Gobowen
Church Stretton   Transport for Wales
Welsh Marches Line
  Yorton
  Transport for Wales
South-North Wales
  Gobowen
  Transport for Wales
Heart of Wales Line
  Terminus
Newport   Transport for Wales
Premier Service
  Wrexham General
Wellington   Transport for Wales
Cambrian Line
  Welshpool or
Terminus
  Transport for Wales
Chester to Birmingham
  Gobowen
Wellington   West Midlands Railway
Wolverhampton/Birmingham-Shrewsbury
Mondays-Saturdays only
  Terminus
Wellington   Avanti West Coast
London Euston-Shrewsbury
  Terminus
Wellington   West Midlands Railway
Birmingham New Street - Shrewsbury
  Terminus
  Historical railways  
Terminus   Great Western Railway
Shrewsbury to Chester Line
  Leaton
Line open, station closed
Terminus   London, Midland and Scottish Railway
Crewe and Shrewsbury Railway
  Hadnall
Line open, station closed
Terminus   Great Western Railway
Severn Valley Railway
  Berrington
Terminus   Shrewsbury and Welshpool Railway   Hanwood
Line open, station closed
Terminus   Shrewsbury and Wellington Joint Railway
Shrewsbury and Birmingham Railway
  Abbey Foregate
Line open, station closed

Coordinates: 52°42′43″N 2°45′00″W / 52.712°N 2.75°W / 52.712; -2.75