Birmingham International railway station

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Birmingham International
National Rail
Birmingham International railway station - geograph.org.uk - 1573638.jpg
Entrance to the station
LocationBirmingham Airport, Metropolitan Borough of Solihull
England
Coordinates52°27′04″N 1°43′30″W / 52.451°N 1.725°W / 52.451; -1.725Coordinates: 52°27′04″N 1°43′30″W / 52.451°N 1.725°W / 52.451; -1.725
Grid referenceSP187837
Managed byAvanti West Coast
Transit authorityTransport for West Midlands
Platforms5
Other information
Station codeBHI
Fare zone5
ClassificationDfT category B
History
Original companyBritish Rail
Key dates
26 January 1976Opened
Passengers
2016/17Increase 6.468 million
2017/18Increase 6.664 million
2018/19Increase 6.975 million
 Interchange Increase 152,468
2019/20Decrease 6.520 million
 Interchange Decrease 151,316
2020/21Decrease 0.512 million
 Interchange Decrease 33,453
Location
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

Birmingham International is a railway station located in Solihull in the West Midlands, to the east of the city of Birmingham, England.

The station is on the Rugby–Birmingham–Stafford Line 14 km (8½ miles) east of Birmingham New Street and serves Birmingham Airport, National Exhibition Centre (incorporating the Resorts World Arena) and Resorts World Birmingham.

History[edit]

The station was designed by the architect Ray Moorcroft and opened on 26 January 1976,[1] and has regular train services to many parts of the country. It was named Birmingham International after the adjacent airport which was at the time named Birmingham International Airport, but has since been rebranded as Birmingham Airport. The large space under the overbridge to the left of the southbound platforms suggests space was allowed for future expansion of the station.

In 2016 it was proposed to rename it to Birmingham Airport & NEC, due to the airport's name change and the near presence of the National Exhibition Centre.[2]

Services[edit]

The station is managed by Avanti West Coast and is also served by CrossCountry, Transport for Wales and West Midlands Trains. It has five platforms, consisting of two islands and one side platform numbered 1-5 from south to north.

The station at platform level.

The basic off-peak service is as follows:

Avanti West Coast[3]

During rush hour certain Avanti West Coast services to/from London Euston start and terminate here.

CrossCountry[4]

Transport for Wales[5]

West Midlands Trains[6]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Coventry   Avanti West Coast
London Euston-Edinburgh Waverley/Glasgow Central
via Birmingham New Street
  Birmingham New Street
  Avanti West Coast
London Euston-Birmingham New Street
 
  CrossCountry
Bournemouth/Reading-Manchester Piccadilly
 
Berkswell   London Northwestern Railway
London Euston - Birmingham New Street
via Northampton
Some services extend to Rugeley Trent Valley
  Marston Green
Hampton-in-Arden     Birmingham New Street
Terminus   Transport for Wales
Birmingham International-Chester/Holyhead
  Birmingham New Street
  Transport for Wales
Cambrian Line
Birmingham International-Aberystwyth/Pwllheli
 
Terminus   West Midlands Railway
Birmingham International-Rugeley Trent Valley
  Marston Green
  West Midlands Railway
Birmingham International-Birmingham New Street
 
Hampton-in-Arden   West Midlands Railway
Coventry-Birmingham New Street
(Limited service)
  Marston Green
Preceding station   AirRail Link   Following station
Terminus   AirRail Link (Formerly Maglev)   Birmingham Airport

Connection to Birmingham Airport[edit]

AirRail Link people mover system showing the track and pulley system

A maglev service ran from the airport terminal to the station from 1984 until 1995. The train "flew" at an altitude of 15 mm over a track 620 m in length. It operated for nearly 11 years, but was scrapped because spare parts for the system were no longer available. It was temporarily replaced by a bus.

The chosen replacement system, the Doppelmayr Cable Car Cable Liner Shuttle, was announced in late 2000 and construction started in 2001. The Interchange was opened in March 2003. The system was originally known as SkyRail but in 2004 it was renamed AirRail Link.

The airport can also be reached via a dedicated fast bus service from Coleshill Parkway station, on the Birmingham to Peterborough Line.

Connection to the National Exhibition Centre[edit]

Under cover walkways, escalators and Travelators connect the NEC buildings to the station and to the Air-Rail Link, which in turn connects to Birmingham Airport.

Birmingham interchange[edit]

The proposed 'Birmingham Interchange'

A new Birmingham Interchange railway station is to be built on the other side of the M42 motorway from the National Exhibition Centre, Birmingham Airport and this station.[7] The new interchange would be connected by a "rapid transit people mover" to the other sites; the AirRail Link people mover already operates between Birmingham International station and the airport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 34. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
  2. ^ Jones, Tamlyn; Bannister, Antonia (30 August 2016). "Birmingham International train station to change its name". CoventryLive.
  3. ^ GB eNRT, Tables 65, 66 & 68
  4. ^ GB eNRT, Table 51
  5. ^ GB eNRT, Tables 74 & 75
  6. ^ GB eNRT, Table 68
  7. ^ Department for Transport (11 March 2010). High Speed Rail - Command Paper (PDF). The Stationery Office. p. 118. ISBN 978-0-10-178272-2. Retrieved 13 March 2010.

External links[edit]