Bheemunipatnam

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Bheemunipatnam
Bheemili
Neighbourhood
Hill-top view of Bheemunipatnam town
Hill-top view of Bheemunipatnam town
Bheemunipatnam is located in Andhra Pradesh
Bheemunipatnam
Bheemunipatnam
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 17°53′11″N 83°26′50″E / 17.886385°N 83.447109°E / 17.886385; 83.447109Coordinates: 17°53′11″N 83°26′50″E / 17.886385°N 83.447109°E / 17.886385; 83.447109
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Visakhapatnam
Founded by Government of Andhra Pradesh
Area
 • Total 18.88 km2 (7.29 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 68,128
 • Density 3,600/km2 (9,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 531163 /62
Vidhan Sabha constituency Bheemili
Lok Sabha constituency Visakhapatnam

Bheemunipatnam popularly known by its abbreviated form Bheemili, is a neighbourhood in the city of Visakhapatnam, India. The town was named after Bhima a character in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. Bheemunipatnam municipality was merged into Greater Visakhapatnam Municipal Corporation

Bheemunipatnam mandal is one of the 46 mandals in Visakhapatnam District . It is under the administration of Visakhapatnam revenue division and the headquarters is located at Bheemunipatnam. The Mandal is bounded by Padmanabham, Anandapuram mandals in Visakhapatnam District and Bhogapuram mandal in Vizianagaram District.

Bhimili Narasimha swamy temple hill Visakhapatnam District

Politics[edit]

Year Candiate Party
1951 Kaligotla Suryanarayana
1955 Gottumukkala Jagannadha Raju
1972 Raja Sagi Soma Sundara Suryanarayana Raju INC
1978 Datla Jagannadha Raju INC(I)
1983 Pusapati Ananda Gajapati Raju TDP
1985 Raja Sagi Devi Prasanna Appala Narasimha Raju TDP
1989 Raja Sagi Devi Prasanna Appala Narasimha Raju TDP
1994 Raja Sagi Devi Prasanna Appala Narasimha Raju TDP
1999 Raja Sagi Devi Prasanna Appala Narasimha Raju TDP
2004 Karri Seetharamu INC
2009 Muttamsetti Srinivasa Rao PRP
2014 Ganta Srinivasa Rao TDP

Transport[edit]

Bheemili is well connected by road. NH16 or AH45 passes through the mandal. It also has major District roads and State Highways connecting it to nearby mandals and Visakhapatnam. APSRTC runs bus services from Visakhapatnam bus station to Bheemili.

APSRTC routes
Route Number Start End Via
900K Railway Station Bheemili RTC Complex, Siripuram, Pedawaltair, Appughar, Sagarnagar, Rushikonda, Thimmapuram, INS Kalinga
900T Railway Station Tagarapuvalasa RTC Complex, Siripuram, Pedawaltair, Appughar, Sagarnagar, Rushikonda, Thimmapuram, INS Kalinga
999 RTC Complex Bheemili Maddilapalem, Hanumanthwaka, Yendada, Madhurawada, Anandapuram
17K Old Head Post Office Bheemili Town Kotharoad, Jagadamba Centre, RTC Complex, Siripuram, Pedawaltair, Appughar, Sagarnagar, Rushikonda, Thimmapuram, INS Kalinga

Location and Geography[edit]

Bheemunipatnam is located about 40 km from Visakhapatnam Airport, about 31 km from Visakhapatnam railway station and 29 km from Visakhapatnam city central bus station. It lies to the north of Visakhapatnam City and is loosely bordered by Rushikonda to the south and Bay of Bengal to the east, Madhurawada to the west, Bhogapuram to the north.

History[edit]

Buddhism[edit]

Buddha Statue at Bheemunipatnam Beach Road

Historical evidences of Buddhist Culture have been noticed at Bheemunipatnam dating back to 3rd century BCE on the hillock Pavurallakonda[1] (also known as Narsimhaswami konda locally) in the town. Buddhist remains were found during the excavations here along with Relic caskets. Both the schools of Buddhism Hinayana and Mahayana were propagated in this land and also to the far east lands from the port of River Gosthani. See pavurallakonda page for more details.

Narasimha temple[edit]

There is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Narasimha on the eastern side of Pavurallakonda facing the sea. As per the historical evidences the temple is constructed around 14th century by Mindi[2] Kings. There are two more temples in the town of Bhimili, which date back to the times of Chola's as Bheemeswaralayam and Choleswaralayam.

Dutch settlements[edit]

Known to the Dutch as Bimilipatnam, Bheemunipatnam was one among the major Dutch settlements[3] of the Dutch Coromandel coast in the 17th century. There are remnants of the Dutch East India Company trading post when the town was a port. The town contains one of the oldest Christian cemeteries on the coast.[4] Bhimili also had a currency mint[5] during the times of Dutch.

East India Company[edit]

The British East India Company made Bheemunipatnam their main trading base of the east coast. The Bhimili port used to operate passenger vessels to Madras and Calcutta during the British Raj. The big clock tower in the town was built by British.

Demographics[edit]

According to Imperial Gazetteer of India,[6] Bimlipatam tahsil had an area of 207 square miles (540 km2) with 117 villages. The population in 1901 was 126,354 compared with 114,834 in 1891. It was entirely Zamindari land belonging to the Vizianagram estate.

As of 2001 India census,[7] Bheemunipatnam had a population of 44,156. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Bheemunipatnam has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 67% and female literacy of 54%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Landmarks[edit]

Panoramic view of River Gosthani confluence into Bay of Bengal at Bhimili

The lighthouse dated to 1868 was built during Dutch settlement on the shores of Bheemili Beach.[8] Some of the Buddhist sites are Bojjannakonda, Bavikonda, Lingalakonda, Pavurallakonda, Salihundam and Thotlakonda.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[9][10] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English,

List of schools in Bhimili:

  • Ameya World School
  • St. Ann's aided High School
  • CBM Aided High School
  • The Sun School
  • St. Ann's Aided Primary School
  • St. Ann's English Medium School
  • Govt. High School
  • Pandit Nehru Municipal High School
  • Potti Sriramulu Municipal High School
  • CBM English Medium School
  • CBM Aided Elementary School
  • Pandit Nehru Municipal Elementary School
  • Janshi Laxmi Bai Municipal Upper Primary School
  • Andhra Pradesh Residential School

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dept. of Archaeology & Museums". Museums.ap.nic.in. Archived from the original on February 9, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  2. ^ Sudhakar (2008-06-25). "Incredible India: Bhimili". Vishakapatnamonline.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  3. ^ "It is a ruin of colonial legacy | BayNews | The New Voice Of Vizag". Baynews.in. 2010-09-24. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  4. ^ "Andhra Pradesh / Visakhapatnam News : Bhimili: lost in time and tide". The Hindu. 2007-04-12. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  5. ^ Ramani M. "The History of Vizag: copper coins". Heavydutytravel.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  6. ^ Bimlipatnam tahsil in Imperial Gazetteer of India, Vol. 8; pp: 238.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ "Bhimili lighthouse to be demolished". The Hindu. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  9. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  10. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 

External links[edit]