Christian Medical College & Hospital

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This article is about the college in Vellore, India. For the college of same name in Ludhiana, India, see Christian Medical College, Ludhiana. For Other uses, see CMC (disambiguation).
Christian Medical College & Hospital
CMCH Vellore.JPG
Entrance to the main hospital
Motto Not to be ministered unto but to minister
Type Medical College and Hospital
Established 1900[1][2]
Director Dr. Sunil Thomas Chandy[3]
Principal Dr. Alfred Job Daniel[3]
Location Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
12°55′29″N 79°08′10″E / 12.924815°N 79.136013°E / 12.924815; 79.136013Coordinates: 12°55′29″N 79°08′10″E / 12.924815°N 79.136013°E / 12.924815; 79.136013
Campus Urban
Affiliations Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University[4]
Website

Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore (CMC Vellore) is an educational and research institute[5][6][7] and a network of primary, secondary and tertiary care[8] hospitals located in and around Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. It is one of the most prominent and respected medical destinations[5][9][10][11][12] in India and internationally.[13][14] It is also one of the top-ranked medical colleges in India.[5] Founded in 1900 by an American missionary, Dr Ida S. Scudder, the Institute has made significant achievements, including starting the first College of Nursing in India (1946), performing the first reconstructive surgery for leprosy in the world (1948), performing the first successful open heart surgery in India (1961), performing the first kidney transplant in India (1971), performing first bone marrow transplantation (1986) in India and performing the first successful ABO incompatible kidney transplant in India (2009).[15]

History[edit]

Ida S. Scudder as a young woman
Heritage Centre near the main entrance

The hospital was founded by Ida Sophia Scudder in 1900. Ida Scudder was the daughter of second-generation medical missionaries from the Dutch Reformed Church in the United States of America (US) who served in India. She was born in 1870 in Tindivanam, which is approximately 60 miles from Madras (known as Chennai today). As a young girl she witnessed famine, poverty and death, and vowed that she would never follow in her parents' footsteps and become a missionary. The Scudder family returned to the US on furlough in 1878 and Ida began her education. Her parents returned to India, but Ida Scudder stayed in the US attending the Northfield Seminary for Young Ladies (now Northfield Mount Herman). In 1890, she was called back to India to care for her ailing mother.[1]

It was at this time that Ida became acutely aware of the lack of medical services available to women and children in India, primarily due to cultural and religious norms that did not allow male practitioners to treat females. This awareness became the driving force of her life one evening in her parents' bungalow, when a young Indian man came to the door requesting Ida's help for his wife who was struggling in childbirth. He rejected Ida's father, Dr John Scudder's care and left. Two more men came that very night with similar requests, seeking medical help for their wives in labor, but again turning down John Scudder's care. The three women and their babies died that night. The incident shook 24-year-old Ida Scudder to the core.[1][16][17]

After prayer and deep thought Ida Scudder changed the course of her life, deciding to become a doctor in the US so that she could return to India to treat Indian female patients, and train Indian women to become doctors and nurses to serve their own. She returned to the US and in 1895, enrolled in the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania. She completed her studies in New York where she was in the first class of doctors at Cornell Medical College[16] that included women (1899). Within three months she set sail for India with a "fiery passion to change things."[1]

Dr. Ida S. Scudder opened a single-bed dispensary in Vellore in 1900. In 1902, she built the 40-bed Mary Taber Schell Memorial Hospital for women, named in memory of the wife of a NY benefactor. She continued her work in the dispensary and started training women as compounders in 1903. She began bringing "roadside dispensaries" to rural villages in 1906 when the average life expectancy of an Indian was 25 years.[1] She started a training program for nurses in 1909 and began training women physicians with the Union Mission Medical School for Women that opened in 1918. In 1938 the government changed its policy declaring that medical degrees could be granted only by universities; Scudder decided to upgrade her medical school to a medical college, the Christian Medical College. The college was affiliated with the Madras University, and in 1942 it began offering the MBBS course.[1]

In 1945, a laboratory technician training course was started. In 1946 a College of Nursing, India's first, was started. In 1947, first batch of men medical students were admitted. Medical Postgraduate Courses (MD and MS) were started in 1950. In 1969 Postgraduate degree courses in nursing were started.[1]

A number of other people also played an important role in the development of the college including Dr Theodore Howard Somervell, a British surgeon, Dr Paul W. Brand, another British surgeon, Dr Edward Gault, an Australian surgeon and pathologist, and Dr Mary Verghese, an Indian Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation specialist.[1]

CHAD (Community Health and Development) building in Bagayam locality in Vellore

The hospital has been visited at various times by many prominent leaders including Sir Alexander Fleming, Dr Jonas Salk, the American Evangelist Billy Graham, Mahatma Gandhi, Indian Presidents Radhakrishna, Rajendra Prasad, Abdul Kalam.,[1] Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, and the Countess Edwina Ashley Mountbatten of Burma.

The college now offers over 150 different post graduate courses in the medical, nursing and allied health disciplines, including PhD courses. A total of nearly 2500 students are enrolled every year.[1][18] The Hospital has seven sites and serves over 2000 inpatients and 8,000 outpatients daily, with 67 wards, 92 clinics each day and over 150 departments/units.[2] Each year 100 students are admitted for the undergraduate medical course MBBS.[19] The MBBS course is recognized by the Medical Council of India.[20]

Administration[edit]

The Christian Medical College is a registered voluntary, non-profit organization.[2] The hospital is owned and administered by its Administrative Council made up of Christian Church leaders from across India. The Vellore Christian Medical College Foundation Inc. [formerly the Vellore Christian Medical College Board (USA)], a U.S. 501(c)3 not-for-profit corporation chartered in the state of New York.[21] Katherine D. Guenther is the President of the Foundation.[22]

Hospital statistics[edit]

  • Total number of beds are 2,632.
  • Patients 2.4 million outpatients and nearly 140,000 inpatients for the year 2015.
  • Total births 18,945 in the year 2015.
  • Daily statistics On average, 7,796 outpatients, 2,077 inpatients, 162 operations, and 52 births were registered daily in 2015. 2,018 radiologic tests and 39,498 laboratory tests were recorded.
  • Staff Over 8,100 staff which includes 1,528 doctors ; 2,034 teaching & technical staff ; 2,395 nurses and 914 administrative staff.
  • Education More than 150 courses including MBBS, Nursing, Allied Health Sciences, many postgraduate medical specialties, distance learning courses and PhD programs.
  • Research 430 publications in indexed peer reviewed journals (the second largest number of medical research papers of any medical college in India.)[18]
  • Wards Total 95 wards including 15 ICUs.
  • Operation theaters – 39 major operation theaters and 18 minor ones
  • Cost of services Running expenses for the year 2014–2015 was $8,440,000,000, including $2,170,000,000 in medical and educational subsidies.
CMC Hospital Statistics
Hospitals and centres Beds Inpatients Outpatients Births Outreach
Main Hospital 2,233 110,132 1,903,944 14,351 -
Community Health & Development 135 11,763 90,993 3,219 142,899
Rural Unit for Health & Social Affairs 70 4,260 93,931 1,205 31,511
Schell Eye Hospital 100 7,696 109,866 - 24,140
Low Cost Effective Care Unit 46 1,737 66,359 170 1,942
Shalom Family Medicine Clinic (8 months) - - 23,281 - -
Mental Health Centre 98 843 107,926 - 150
Nambikkai Nilayam 24 112 4,746 - -
Rehabilitation Institute 83 622* - - -
Chittoor Campus (Andhra Pradesh) - - 15,243 - -
Total 2,789 136,543 2,416,289 18,945 200,642
*included in Main Hospital

Statistics based on the year 2014-15[23]

Ranking[edit]

University and college rankings
Medical - India
India Today[24] 2
Outlook India[25] 3
Careers360[26] 1
Business – India

The CMC has been consistently ranked among the top medical colleges in India. India Today ranked CMC the #1 Private Medical (second after government hospital AIM) in 2012,2013,2014 and 2015.[5] Outlook India ranked CMC top private medical school 2015.[27] Careers360 has ranked CMC Vellore first in Top Private Medical colleges in India in the year 2016.[26]

Recognitions[edit]

The CMC took Platinum Awards in every category of the prestigious SKOCH Awards in 2014.[28] In 2015 CMC won the coveted and prestigious D. L. Shah Quality Award - Gold for its Clinical Audit Programme.[29]

Academics[edit]

The college offers MBBS, 57 post-graduate diploma and degree medical courses (MS, MD, DM, MCh, Bachelor of Science, Master of Science and PhD), 44 Allied Health Science courses, and 14 diploma courses in nursing and other fields, and 52 Fellowship courses. A total of about 2500 students are enrolled per year.[18]

The MBBS course consists of four and a half years of academics, and one year of CRRI. A block posting in Community Health centres is an integral part of medical education. Students are posted in mission hospitals and secondary care centers.[30] The Christian Medical College is one of the top ranked medical colleges in India.[5]

Medical services[edit]

Way to outpatient department
Coffee shop in the main building courtyard

There are two main campuses - one, the main campus at the heart of Vellore City, and the other at Bagayam, which is about 7 km from the main campus. CMC has over 8,800 staff, including over 1,528 doctors and 2,400 nurses.[18] Almost every clinical specialty is catered to,[31] and many departments are subdivided into units of particular expertise in specific areas, as in the division of Surgery which is broken down into eight units specializing in Head and Neck Surgery, Endocrine Surgery, Vascular Surgery, Colorectal surgery, etc.[18] There are a total of 143 specialized departments/units.[2]

Department of Clinical Immunology & Rheumatology caters to more than 40,000 patients a year,[citation needed] covering conditions like Rheumatoid arthritis, Spondyloarthropathies including Ankylosing spondylitis and Psoriatic arthropathy, Lupus, Primary Sjogren's syndrome and Takayasu arteritis. This department has its own extremity MRI and Sonography services, and is also involved in clinical and translational research.

The departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Reproductive Medicine, Child Health, Neonatology, Paediatric Surgery and Developmental Paediatrics are housed in the Ida S.Scudder Centenary Center for Women and Children (ISSCC) which has about 424 beds.[2]

The department of Orthopedics has 3 units and additional specialized units Pediatric Orthopedics, Hand & Micro vascular Surgery and Spinal Disorders Unit.

The Hematology department is a pioneer in the treatment of all blood disorders which includes state of the art bone marrow transplantation, heamato-oncology, and Bleeding disorders.

The department of Ophthalmology functions at the Schell Eye Hospital campus. The Mental Health Centre, CMC's department of Psychiatry, is located on the Bagayam Campus. This Center also houses the faculty for the evaluation and training of mentally retarded children, which is called Nambikkai Nilayam, a Tamil phrase meaning the Center for Hope.[2] The Physical Medicine and RehabilitationiHospitals also located on the Bagayam Campus.[2]

Radiology reports are incorporated into a film-less digital system Picture archiving and communication system (PACS), the first in the country, started in 2000. Medical professionals can view the images on any computer that is on the hospital network. Laboratory test results are also incorporated into the hospital intranet, making them accessible anywhere inside the hospital.[18]

Community works[edit]

The Christian Medical College's community works are organised by its Department of Community Health, which was established in 1957. The community programs run by CMC are Community Health And Development (CHAD), Rural Unit for Health and Social Affairs (RUHSA), College of Nursing Community Health (CONCH) and Low Cost Effective Care Unit (LCECU).[1][2] In 2014 the LCECU opened the Shalom Clinic for middle-income patients.

Community Health And Development (CHAD) functions through a Community Hospital located on the Bagayam Campus, administrated by the Community Health department of CMC. The program involves public health teams, socio-economic development workers and part-time community health workers, and serves a rural, semi-urban and tribal population of about 250,000 around the area of Kaniyambadi, including the Kaniyambadi block (82 villages), Jawadhi Hills (120 tribal villages), and urban areas such as Kansalpet, Saidapet, Sreenivasanagar, and Kagithapattarai.[1] CHAD also provides consultancy services to a population of 120,000 in Anaicut Block.[2]

Rural Unit for Health and Social Affairs (RUHSA) is located at KV Kuppam Block, about 25 km from Vellore. It is a 70-bed secondary care health centre and has many peripheral health care centers in the Block.[1] It organizes a number of field programs for the rural people around the area, providing inpatient care, mobile health services and vocational training programs, and involves over 100 local family care volunteers, serving about 135,000 people in 39 Panchayats.[2] Efforts have been made to alleviate poverty through encouraging income generating projects and improved agricultural practices.[18]

College of Nursing Community Health (CONCH), established in 1987, is a primary health care program managed by nurses. Home visits form the basis of this outreach programme, focussing on a population of 63,199 persons living in 22 villages and 23,000 persons living on the urban periphery of Vellore city. CONCH also organises health camps, street plays, films and exhibitions, to generate health awareness among people. CONCH also works with the District Health Administration and NGOs in implementing government health projects.[1]

Low Cost Effective Care Unit (LCECU), established in 1983 caters the health care needs of those particularly those living in slums. The programme involves Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) and trained volunteers, and provides cost effective health care, without undue reliance on sophisticated technology, yet providing comprehensive health care.[1]

CMC believes that "better education and economic development can have a greater impact on health than medical services. Improvements in basic infrastructure (especially safe water and sanitation) can save more lives than vaccination."[18] CMC also organises camps for diabetes screening, cancer screening for women, general health screening and health education regarding lifestyle changes to prevent non-communicable diseases.[18]

Significant achievements[edit]

CMC is the home of the South Asian Cochrane Network and Center and is also an internationally recognized Infectious Diseases Training and Research Center. The college hosts a Stem Cell Research Center, which is funded by the Indian government.[18] A number of research programmes in CMC are funded by many national and international agencies. About 430 research articles are published in indexed peer reviewed journals in a year (the second largest number of medical research papers of any medical college in India.).[18] The establishments of the Fleming Memorial Research Laboratory in Virology in 1965, the Artificial Kidney Laboratory in 1976, the Betatron ICMR Centre for Advanced Research in Virology in 1978, the National AIDS Reference and Surveillance Center in 1986, the Cytogenetics Laboratory in 2002 and the Vellore Bombay Artificial Limb Bioengineering Department in 2003 are significant initiatives in the field of medical research.[1]

Significant milestones in the history of the hospital are,[1]

  • Establishing India's first college of nursing in 1946,
  • Performing the first reconstructive surgery on leprosy patients in the world in 1948,
  • Establishing the first Neurological Sciences Department in South Asia also in 1948,
  • Performing the First Successful Open Heart surgery in India in 1961,
  • Performing the first Middle-ear Microsurgery in India also in 1961,
  • Establishing the first Rehabilitation Institute in India in 1966,
  • Performing the first Kidney Transplant in India in 1971,
  • Performing India's first Bone marrow Transplant in 1986,
  • Performing the first carotid bifurcation stenting procedure in India in 1996,
  • Performing the first trans-septal carotid stenting procedure in the world also in 1996,
  • Performing the first trans-jugular mitral valvuloplasty procedure in the worldin 1996,
  • Performing the first Successful ABO Incompatible Renal Transplant in India in 2009.

Notable alumni[edit]

Ida Scudder School[edit]

Ida Scudder School, named after the founder of the Christian Medical College, was started in 1969 by a group of faculty of the Christian Medical College. The school is a private, non-residential, co-educational school, located at Kalinjur in Vellore. It has classes from Lower Kindergarten to Higher Secondary, and is affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), New Delhi.[34][35]

Students associations[edit]

  • SA (Student's Association) : All medical students from the college form the general body of the Student's Association.[36]
  • OPTSA (Occupational and Physiotherapy Students Association) CMC Vellore.

[37]

  • ASHA (Association of Students for Health and Allied Sciences) CMC Vellore for AHS courses.
  • SNA (Students Nurses Association ) for students of degree and diploma students of nursing.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Introducing CMC" (PDF). Christian Medical College. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "A GUIDE TO CHRISTIAN MEDICAL COLLEGE VELLORE INDIA" (PDF). Christian Medical College. 
  3. ^ a b "CHRISTIAN MEDICAL COLLEGE VELLORE – 632002, INDIA". Christian Medical College. 
  4. ^ a b "Affiliated Colleges". Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "INDIA'S BEST MEDICAL COLLEGES 2015". India Today. 
  6. ^ ""Functional" blood vessels made from stem cells". The Hindu. 
  7. ^ "Research". Christian Medical College. 
  8. ^ "Clinical Services / Departments". Christian Medical College. 
  9. ^ "Christian Medical College - CMC Vellore India". www.indiamedicaleducation.com. 
  10. ^ "CMC Vellore". www.newstrackindia.com. 
  11. ^ "Vellore Hospitals". www.hospitalsinindia.org. 
  12. ^ "Christian Medical College(CMC), Vellore releases notification for admission to PG and diploma in Medical courses for 2013-14 CMC Also Invites Admissions for Doctoral and PG Fellowship and PG Nursing 2013". www.examsworld.in. 
  13. ^ "About Vellore City Municipal Corporation". Vellore City Municipal Corporation. 
  14. ^ "Vellore". www.incredibletamilnadu.com. 
  15. ^ "Achievements" (PDF). Christian Medical College. 
  16. ^ a b "Biography- Dr. Ida Sophia Scudder". U.S. National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. 
  17. ^ "Scudder, Ida Sophia (1870-1960) Medical missionary in India". Boston University. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Christian Medical College Facts and Figures" (PDF). Christian Medical College. 
  19. ^ "CHRISTIAN MEDICAL COLLEGE VELLORE – 632 002, Tamil Nadu. BULLETIN SUMMER ADMISSIONS 2013" (PDF). Christian Medical College. 
  20. ^ "List of Colleges Teaching MBBS". Medical Council of India. 
  21. ^ "About us". The Vellore Christian Medical College Foundation, Inc. 
  22. ^ "Governance". The Vellore Christian Medical College Foundation, Inc. 
  23. ^ "Facts and Figures 2014-15" (PDF). Christian Medical College. 
  24. ^ "Top Medical Colleges". India Today. 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  25. ^ "Top Medical Colleges". Outlook India. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  26. ^ a b "Top Medical Colleges in India 2016". Careers360. 
  27. ^ http://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/top-medical-dental-colleges-in-2015/294705
  28. ^ "SKOCH AWARD". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  29. ^ "CMC gets quality award for its clinical audit programme". The Hindu. 2015-08-13. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-06-11. 
  30. ^ "Christian Medical College, Vellore". Christian Medical College. 
  31. ^ "Clinical Services/Departments". Christian Medical College. 
  32. ^ "Obituary" (PDF). Med India. 2015. Retrieved June 9, 2015. 
  33. ^ "It's the heart that matters". The Hindu. 1 April 2002. Retrieved October 29, 2015. 
  34. ^ "History". Ida Scudder School. 
  35. ^ "Contact Us". Ida Scudder School. 
  36. ^ "cmc website". 
  37. ^ "OPTSA website". 

External links[edit]