Madras Medical College

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Madras Medical College
Madras Medical College Logo.png
Seal of Madras Medical College
TypePublic medical college
EstablishedFebruary 2, 1835 (1835-02-02)
DeanE. Theranirajan

13°04′54″N 80°16′44″E / 13.081621°N 80.278865°E / 13.081621; 80.278865Coordinates: 13°04′54″N 80°16′44″E / 13.081621°N 80.278865°E / 13.081621; 80.278865
AffiliationsThe Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University

Madras Medical College (MMC) is a public medical college located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Established on 2 February 1835, it is the third oldest medical college in India, established after Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, and Calcutta Medical College.

MMC's main building


The Government General Hospital was established on 16 November 1664 to treat soldiers of the British East India Company.[1] Mary Scharlieb graduated from Madras Medical College in 1878.[1]

In 1996, when the metropolis of Madras was renamed as Chennai, the college was renamed the Chennai Medical College. It was later re-renamed back to the Madras Medical College since the college was known worldwide by the older name.

The foundation stone for the new building of the college was laid by the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi, on 28 February 2010.[2]

In January 2011, the hospital was renamed as Rajiv Gandhi Government General Hospital.[3]

Red Fort building[edit]

A red-brick heritage structure known as the "Red Fort" stands to the east of the MMC buildings. Built in 1897, it has been classified as a Grade I heritage building by the Justice E. Padmanabhan Committee on heritage structures. It housed the anatomy department for several decades, which was partially moved to the new campus of the MMC at the erstwhile Central Prison campus in 2013. In December 2017, the PWD started the restoration of the heritage structure at a cost of 19.7 million. Once restored, the structure will be converted to a museum, with the ground floor showcasing the history of MMC and the first-floor showcasing specimens for comparative anatomy.[4]

New campus[edit]

A new campus with a six-storeyed building for Madras Medical College was built on land covering 325,000 square feet (30,200 m2) on the erstwhile central prison premises in 2010 and was completed in 2012. The campus has nearly 1,250 students and 400 faculty and staff members. The campus was built at a cost of 566.3 million and started functioning in 2013. The old MMC buildings presently house the college of pharmacy, school of nursing and also accommodate students of the recently added courses of audiology, speech learning and pathology, radiotherapy and radio diagnosis.[5]


Since 1857, the college has been affiliated to the University of Madras and all degrees of Health Sciences were awarded by the same until 1988 when the Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University Act, 1987 received the assent of the president of India.[6] This affiliating university started functioning from July 1988 and is governed by the said Act.

The college was declared as an independent university called the Madras Medical College and Research Institute (MMC & RI). Later the status as an independent university was withdrawn shortly afterwards and the college was affiliated back to the Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, dropping the suffix: "Research Institute" in 2000.

Institutions attached to Madras Medical College[edit]


University and college rankings
Medical – India
NIRF (2020)[7]12
The Week (2019)[8]9
Pharmacy – India
NIRF (2020)[9]57

Madras Medical College was ninth among medical colleges in India by The Week in 2019.[8] The College of Pharmacy was ranked 57 in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) pharmacy ranking in 2020.[9]

Cultural events[edit]

Madras Medical college hosts inter-college cultural extravaganza known as "REVIVALS"[10] and the annual inter-medical sports meet known as "ENCIERRO".[10] Apart from this, it also hosts annual intracollege cultural event known by the name " KALAIOMA".


The college and hospital are funded and managed by the state government of Tamil Nadu. The head of the institution is the dean[11] followed by the vice-principal.

  • Dean of institution: Dr. Theranirajan
  • Vice-Principal: Dr. Baskaran

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable faculty[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Institution History". Madras Medical College. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Karunanidhi to lay foundation stone for MMC building", The Hindu, 12 February 2010.
  3. ^ "General Hospital to be named after Rajiv Gandhi", The Hindu, 13 January 2011.
  4. ^ Josephine M., Serena (1 August 2018). "'Red Fort' at Madras Medical College to reopen as museum". The Hindu. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 5 August 2018.
  5. ^ Lakshmi, K. (29 May 2013). "Skywalk between GH, new MMC campus proposed for easy connectivity". The Hindu. Chennai: The Hindu. Retrieved 30 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 August 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Medical)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  8. ^ a b Pushkarna, Vijaya (8 June 2019). "Best colleges: THE WEEK-Hansa Research Survey 2019". The Week.
  9. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Pharmacy)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2015. Retrieved 11 January 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Contact Us". Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  12. ^ "Dr M A Ansari (1880-1936) president, Madras, 1927". Congress Sandesh, Indian National Congress publication. Archived from the original on 7 March 2002. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  13. ^ "C O Karunakaran". Thiruvananthapuram updates. 5 December 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  14. ^ "Dr. V. Mohan Receiving Padma Shri National Award". The First Post. 22 March 2012.
  15. ^ "Prof K.Ramachandra".[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ "Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddi remembered". The Hindu. 6 August 2012.
  17. ^ Mukherjee, Siddhartha (2011). The Emperor of All Maladies, A Biography of Cancer. London: HarperCollins. pp. 30–31. ISBN 978-0-00-725091-2.
  18. ^ Thompson, Bob (16 February 2009). "Physician Abraham Verghese Combines His Love of Books and Medicine". Washington Post. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  19. ^ TNN (27 March 2011). "P.K.R. Warrier dead". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  20. ^ Rajagopal, Shyama (29 December 2002). "With a prayer on his lips". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 February 2017.[dead link]
  21. ^ "6 doctors presented with Sanjivi award". The Hindu. 12 July 2004. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2016.

External links[edit]

Media related to Madras Medical College at Wikimedia Commons