Circle of Life
|"Circle of Life"|
|Single by Elton John|
|from the album The Lion King: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack|
|Released||August 9, 1994|
|Format||CD, vinyl record (7"), audio cassette|
Santa Monica, California
BOP Recording Studios
Mmabatho, South Africa
|Label||Walt Disney, Mercury|
|Writer(s)||Elton John (music)
Tim Rice (lyrics)
|Elton John singles chronology|
"Circle of Life"[note 1] is a song from Disney's 1994 animated film The Lion King. Composed by Elton John, with lyrics by Tim Rice, the song was performed by Carmen Twillie (the deep female lead vocals) and Lebo M. (opening Zulu vocals) as the film's opening song. In an interview, Rice said he was amazed at the speed with which John composed: "I gave him the lyrics at the beginning of the session at about two in the afternoon. By half-past three, he'd finished writing and recording a stunning demo." Elton John sang a pop version of the song with the London Community Gospel Choir, which was included in the film's soundtrack and made into a music video. "Circle of Life" was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Song in 1994, along with two other songs from The Lion King: "Hakuna Matata" and "Can You Feel the Love Tonight"  which won the award.
The song reached #11 in the UK and #18 in the United States, and is featured frequently in attractions based on The Lion King, such as Disney theme parks and parades. Michael Crawford sang it as part of a medley for The Disney Album in 2001.
In the theatrical adaption, the opening sequence is noticeably different from the opening of the film. For example, the song is sung by the Rafiki character instead of an off-screen female narrator.
With the sun rising over the Pride Lands, Rafiki commences the start of the production by beginning the opening chant of the song and summoning the various animals of the surrounding area for baby Simba's presentation. As the first two verses of the musical number end, a representation of Pride Rock appears onstage carrying its two reigning rulers, Queen Sarabi cradling the small puppet representing her newborn cub in her arms. As the choir chants excitedly in the background, Rafiki accompanies them atop Pride Rock to bless the baby prince before raising him high in the air, singing joyfully alongside the chorus as the gathered animals bow before their new prince.
At the end of Act II, Simba's friends and family acknowledge him as the rightful king after the hyenas devoured Scar. Rafiki crowns Simba with the mantle of kingship after his victory, and Simba ascends Pride Rock. He gives a mighty roar across the whole kingdom, and the animals come back to the Pridelands to recognize Simba as the rightful king.
For example, the assembly of animals that appear are slightly different from the beginning of Act I without the wildebeests and the adult elephant, only two zebras instead of three, three gazelles instead of five and half of the bird ladies instead of four. Only the baby elephant, the rhino, the giraffes, the cheetah and the birds appear as poles on cranes as kites. The lionesses celebrate the continuing circle of life when they present a newborn cub who is the daughter of Simba and Nala. The musical ends as Rafiki presents Simba and Nala's newborn cub to all of the animals. A blackout finishes Act II and leads to the curtain call at the end of the second act.
Circle of Stars version
|"Circle of Life"|
|Single by Disney Channel Circle of Stars|
|from the album DisneyMania 2|
|Released||October 7, 2003|
|Format||Digital download, CD single|
|Writer(s)||Elton John (music)
Tim Rice (lyrics)
|Disney Channel Circle of Stars singles chronology|
The song was re-recorded in 2003 by the Disney Channel Circle of Stars, a group of actors and actresses who have appeared in Disney Channel television series and original movies. The lineup was significantly different when their next rerecording, "A Dream Is a Wish Your Heart Makes," was released two years later.
With the usual number of dubs normally released by Disney, for The Lion King a special Zulu dub was made in South Africa. This is not just the only Zulu dub ever made by Disney, but also the only dub made in any African language, other than Arabic.
In 2003, in the Arabic and Polish versions the song was re-dubbed, while the rest of the dub remained as such.
Beside the official dubs, several local TV stations made their own dub of the movie, or re-dubbed an existing version, in local languages (namely: Arabic, Austrian German, Crimean Tatar and Tamil).
|"Circle of Life" in other languages|
جالا الحديدي (Jala El-Hadidi) '03
|"دائرة الحياة" ("Dâ'iratu-l Hayât")||"Circle of Life"|
|Brazilian Portuguese||Zezé Motta||"O Ciclo Sem Fim"||"The Endless Circle"|
|Bulgarian||Стефка Оникян (Stefka Onikyan)||"Свят и вечен закон" (Svyat I Vechen Zakon)||"A Holy And Eternal Law"|
|Cantonese||甄楚倩 ("Yan Choh-Sin"; Yolinda Yan)||?||?|
|Castilian Spanish||Táta Vega||"El ciclo de la vida"||"The circle of life"|
|Croatian||Jadranka Krištof||"Život teče u krug"||"Life goes in circles"|
|Czech||Jitka Zelenková||"Život proudív nás"||"Life is flowing"|
|Danish||Lise Dandanell||"En verden af liv"||"A World of Life"|
|Dutch||Barbara Dex||"De Levenscyclus"||"The Circle of Life"|
|Estonian||Silvi Vrait||"Eluring"||"Life Circle"|
|Finnish||Anneli Saaristo||"Elämän tie"||"The road of Life"|
|French||Debbie Davis||"L'histoire de la vie"||"The story of life"|
|German||Jocelyn B. Smith||"Der ewige kreis"||"The endless circle"|
|Greek||Βιβή Κίτσου (Vivi Kitsou)||"Ο κύκλος ζωής" ("O kyklos zois")||"The circle of life"|
|Hebrew||Ruti Holtzman||"גלגל האלהים" ("Galgay Hachayim")||"The circle of life"|
|Hindi||Unknown||जीवन का चक्र ("Jeevan Ka Chakra")||"The survival of life"|
|Hungarian||Andrea Szulák||"Az élet az úr"||"Life is the master"|
|Icelandic||Berglind Björk Jónasdóttir||"Hringras Lifsins"||"Call Grass life"|
|Indonesian||Unknown||"Roda Kehidupan"||"Circle of Life"|
|Italian||Spagna||"Il cerchio della vita"||"The circle of life"|
|Japanese||宮園ゆかり (Miyazono Yukari)||"サークル・オブ・ライフ" ("Sākuru Obu raifu")||"Circle of Life"|
|Korean||이정현 (Lee Jung-hyun)||"자연의 섭리" ("Chayŏne sŏlli")||"The providence of nature"|
|Latin American Spanish||Táta Vega||"El ciclo sin fin"||"The endless circle"|
|Malaysian||Unknown||"Kitaran Kehidupan"||"The cycle of life"|
|Norwegian||Marianne Antonsen||"Livets sirkel"||"Circle of Life"|
|Polish||Joanna Dark '94
Beata Bednarz '03
|"Krąg życia"||"Circle of Life"|
|Portuguese||Ana Paulino||"O ciclo sem fim"||"The endless circle"|
|Romanian||Andreea Poruțiu||"Povestea-i a ta"||"The story belongs to you"|
|Russian||Анна Вавилова (Anna Vavilova)||"Жизни вечный круг" ("Zhizni Vechnyi Krug'")||"Eternal circle of life"|
|Serbian||Александра Радовић (Aleksandra Radović)||"Životni krug"||"Circle of Life"|
|Slovak||Jana Kocianová||"Kolobeh Života"||"Circle of Life"|
|Slovene||Diana Lečnik||"Krog Živjenja"||"Circle of Life"|
|Swedish||Meta Roos||"En värld full av liv"||"A world full of life"|
|Taiwanese Mandarin||Unknown||"生生不息" ("Shēngshēng bù xī")||"Endless"|
|Thai||สายสุนีย์ สุขกฤต (Saisunee Sukkrit)||"วิถีแห่งชีวิต" ("Wit̄hī h̄æ̀ng chīwit")||"Circle of Life"|
|Turkish||Zuhal Olcay||"Hayatın Çarkı"||"The Wheel of Life"|
|Ukrainian||Наталя Єфименко (Natalia Efimenko)||"Коло життя" ("Kolo zhyttya")||"Circle of Life"|
|Zulu||Mara Iouw||"Indlela impilo"||"Way of life"|
Like it happened with the movie, when the musical was translated into other languages, the song also was translated. The versions below are those that are available for the public through cast recordings of the respective productions. The Brazilian and Korean productions were the only non-English productions of the show that didn't have a cast recording released at the time the show played in the respective countries.
|"Circle of Life" in other languages|
|Dutch||Nomvula Dlamini||"Alles ademt en leeft"||"Everything breathes and lives"|
|English||Tsidii Le Loka (Broadway cast recording) /
Buyi Zama (South African cast recording)
|"Circle of Life"|
|European Spanish||Brenda Mhlongo||"El ciclo vital"||"The vital circle"|
|French||Zama Magudulela||"Le cercle de la vie"||"The circle of life"|
|German||Velephi Patricia Mnisis||"Der Ewige Kreis"||"The endless circle"|
|Japanese||N/A||"ザ・サークル・オブ・ライフ" (Za sākuru Obu raifu)||"The circle of life"|
|Latin American Spanish||Shirley Hlahatse||"El ciclo vital"||"The vital circle"|
In popular culture
Due to the film's impact on popular culture, the song "Circle of Life" is often referenced in other media.
The opening to The Lion King was parodied in an episode of the 1990s cartoon Animaniacs, in which the theme of "Circle Of Life" was parodied with "Surprises In Life", with vocals by Jim Cummings and Cree Summer as lead singer.
The Tenth Doctor finds himself subconsciously quoting "Circle of Life" during a confrontation with the Sycorax leader in the 2005 Christmas special of the revived Doctor Who series, "The Christmas Invasion".
In one of Disney's many self references, "The Circle of Life" appeared as a false beginning of the film Chicken Little, when Buck was trying to open the movie.
It is currently the main theme song for Disney's Animal Kingdom at the Walt Disney World Resort. Disney's Epcot park currently features a cinema-type film called Circle of Life: An Environmental Fable from 1995 with Timon, Pumbaa, and Simba discussing environmental topics at the Walt Disney World Resort as well.
At the 2011 White House Correspondents' Dinner, President Barack Obama jokingly claimed he was going to show his long-form birth video, spoofing an earlier controversy about refusing to show his long-form birth certificate to prove he was, in fact, born in the United States. The opening chant was played from the film, and Simba was seen being lifted to the skies. This was used to poke fun at Obama's alleged Kenyan heritage.
The Japanese band Da Pump recorded a cover version of the song in 2003.
|Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)||30|
|Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)||5|
|Canada Adult Contemporary (RPM)||1|
|Canada Top Singles (RPM)||3|
|Germany (Official German Charts)||10|
|Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)||5|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||13|
|Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)||2|
|UK Singles (Official Charts Company)||11|
|US Adult Contemporary (Billboard)||2|
|US Billboard Hot 100||18|
|US Mainstream Top 40 (Pop Songs)||26|
- Josh Wilmes, ed. (24 May 1994). "The Lion King: Film Notes". lionking.org. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- Viagas, Robert (ed.). The Playbill Broadway Yearbook: June 2008 - May 2009: Fifth Annual Edition. Hal Leonard Corporation. p.174
- Rosenthal 2001, p. 379.
- Rosental 2001, p. 380.
- Walt Disney Company. (1998). The new illustrated treasury of Disney songs (5th ed.). Milwaukee, Wisc.: Hal Leonard. p. 19. ISBN 0-7935-9365-4.
- Willis 2000, p. 52.
- "1994 Academy Awards Nominees and Winners by Category". BoxOfficeMojo.com. Retrieved 2011-07-03.
- "Zulu". Charguigou. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- "TLK Soloists". Charguigou. Retrieved 2016-08-25.
- "Série "MPB na ABL"apresenta espetáculo "Zezé Motta – 45 anos de carreira"" (in Portuguese). Academia Brasileira de Letras. August 9, 2012. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
- 'The Lion King' Speciale Uitvoering - Discogs.com
- Jocelyn B. Smith's biography - Discogs.com
- "TLK Soloists". Charguigou. Retrieved 2016-03-30.
- "Obama lampoons Trump, releases 'birth video' at annual dinner". CNN.com. CNN. Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved September 13, 2014.
- "Yoenis Cespedes walks up to 'Circle of Life,' hits walk-off homer to a guy in a Simba costume". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 2016-09-06.
- Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing.
- "Austriancharts.at – Elton John – Circle of Life" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
- "Ultratop.be – Elton John – Circle of Life" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
- "Adult Contemporary Tracks" (PHP). RPM. 60 (15). 31 October 1994. ISSN 0315-5994. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- "100 Hit Tracks & Where to Find Them" (PHP). RPM. 60 (16). 7 November 1994. ISSN 0315-5994. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- "Musicline.de – John, Elton Single-Chartverfolgung" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Elton John search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40.
- "Charts.org.nz – Elton John – Circle of Life". Top 40 Singles.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Elton John – Circle of Life". Singles Top 100.
- "Swisscharts.com – Elton John – Circle of Life". Swiss Singles Chart.
- "Archive Chart: 1994-10-08" UK Singles Chart.
- "Elton John – Chart history" Billboard Adult Contemporary for Elton John.
- "Elton John: Charts & Awards – Billboard Singles". Allmusic. United States: Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 12 July 2011.