Page semi-protected

Disney Princess

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Disney Princess
Disney Princess logo 2015.png
Created byAndy Mooney
Original workAnimated films
Print publications
Book(s)Disney Princess Chapter Books
A Jewel Story
Novel(s)May 7, 2005 – present
Magazine(s)Disney Princess
Films and television
Film(s)Enchanted Tales: Follow Your Dreams
Animated series
Video game(s)
Original music
  • Dolls
  • Palace Pets
  • Comics line figures
ExtensionPalace Pets[1]
ClothingDisney Fairy Tale Weddings collection
Official website

Disney Princess, also called the Princess Line,[2] is a media franchise and toy-line owned by The Walt Disney Company. Created by Disney Consumer Products chairman Andy Mooney, the franchise features a line-up of female protagonists who have appeared in various Disney franchises.

The franchise does not include all princess characters from the whole of Disney-owned media, but rather refers to select specific characters from the company's animated films, including in the franchise protagonists of animated films from Walt Disney Pictures, with eleven characters from the Walt Disney Animation Studios films, and one character from a Pixar film. The 12 characters in the franchise are Snow White, Cinderella, Aurora, Ariel, Belle, Jasmine, Pocahontas, Mulan, Tiana, Rapunzel, Merida, and Moana.

The franchise has released dolls, sing-along videos, apparel, beauty products, home decor, toys and a variety of other products featuring some of the Disney Princesses.[3] Licensees for the franchise include Glidden (wall paint), Stride Rite (sparkly shoes), Hasbro (games and dolls), Fisher-Price (plastic figurines), and Lego (Lego sets).[4]



Standing in line in the arena [of a Disney on Ice show], I was surrounded by little girls dressed head to toe as princesses...They weren’t even Disney products. They were generic princess products they’d appended to a Halloween costume. And the light bulb went off. Clearly, there was latent demand here. So the next morning I said to my team, "O.K., let's establish standards and a color palette and talk to licensees and get as much product out there as we possibly can that allows these girls to do what they're doing anyway: projecting themselves into the characters from the classic movies."

—Mooney, on his creation of the Disney Princess franchise as reported by The New York Times[5]

Former Nike, Inc. executive Andy Mooney was appointed president of The Walt Disney Company's Disney Consumer Products division in December 1999.[6][5][7] While attending his first Disney on Ice show, Mooney noticed that several young girls attending the show were dressed in princess attire—though not authentic Disney merchandise.[8] "They were generic princess products they’d appended to a Halloween costume," Mooney told The New York Times. Concerned by this, Mooney addressed the company the following morning and encouraged them to commence work on a legitimate Disney Princess franchise in January 2000.[5] Walt's nephew, Roy E. Disney, objected to the creation of the line, as the company has long "avoided mingling characters from its classic fairy tales in other narratives, worrying that it would weaken the individual mythologies."[2]

The original line-up consisted of princesses Snow White, Cinderella, Tinker Bell, Aurora, Ariel, Belle, Jasmine, Pocahontas, Esmeralda, and Mulan. Tinker Bell was removed soon after; she would go on to headline the sister franchise Disney Fairies. Esmeralda was also removed.[9] This was the first time the characters would be marketed in a separate franchise to their original films. Mooney decided that, when featured on marketing advertisements such as posters, the princesses should never make eye contact with each other in an attempt to keep their individual "mythologies" intact. "[Each] stares off in a slightly different direction as if unaware of the others' presence."[5]

In an unconventional manner, Mooney and his team launched the Disney Princess line without utilizing any focus groups and with minimal marketing. By 2001, Disney Consumer Products (DCP) had generated about $300 million, but by 2012, the division had increased revenue to $3 billion, making it the top seller of consumer entertainment products globally.[10] DCP issued princess product licenses to Hasbro for games, Mattel for dolls, and Fisher-Price for plastic figurines in 2000, allowing the franchise to meet the $1 billion mark in revenue in three years.[4]


Tiana became the first additional character to the Princess franchise officially on March 14, 2010, taking Tinker Bell's short-lived place as the ninth member. Her "coronation" took place at the New York Palace.[11][12] Tinker Bell was already heading up another franchise starting in 2005, Disney Fairies.[11] Rapunzel was crowned and inducted into the Disney Princess franchise as the tenth member on October 2, 2011, at Kensington Palace in London, England, United Kingdom.[13] On May 11, 2013, Disney added the first Pixar character Merida as the eleventh member to the franchise in a coronation ceremony in front of Cinderella Castle at Magic Kingdom in Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida.[14] By March 2019, Moana was added to the line-up as the twelfth member in the franchise without having a coronation ceremony, but rather being included in future merchandise.[15]

A line of Disney Fairy Tale Wedding gowns were designed by Kirstie Kelly, based on the Princesses and available in January 2008.[16]

In 2012, the princesses were given modern redesigns. While some like Tiana and Rapunzel just had added glitter on their outfits, others like Belle and Jasmine received new hairstyles and modified outfits. The most drastic of these was Cinderella, who was given side-swept bangs and an outfit with sheer sleeves.

The Disney Princesses gathered at the coronation of Merida in 2013.

With Target Corporation as its marketing partner, Disney held the first National Princess Week the week of April 23, 2012. During the week, there was the release of The Princess Diaries Blu-ray and The Very Fairy Princess book.[17] Harrods, already having a Disney Store within, followed with their Christmas theme being Disney Princess by having Oscar de la Renta designed dress for the Princess on display.[18] In August, the dress were on display at D23 Expo before being auctioned on November 13 to benefit Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity.[19]

Mattel added a Barbie princess-themed line in late 2010 and the fairy tale based Ever After High in 2013. With these competing lines and an expiration of the brand license at the end of 2015, Disney offered Hasbro a chance to gain the license given their work on Star Wars, which led to a Descendants license. DCP was also attempting to evolve the brand by marketing them less as damsels and more as heroines. In September 2014, Disney announced that Hasbro would be the licensed doll maker for the Disney Princess line starting on January 1, 2016.[4]

The June 2013 release of the Disney Princess Palace Pets app from Disney Publishing, led DCP to turn Palace Pets into a Disney Princess franchise extension, with the release of the Palace Pets toy-line in August from licensee Blip Toys. The line was also selected by for its Most Wanted List Holiday 2013.[1] In 2015, Disney Publishing released animated shorts series Whisker Haven Tales with the Palace Pets. The shorts journey to a magical world of Whisker Haven, a secret realm deep in a fairy tale land between the Disney Princess kingdoms.[20]

Disney Consumer Products and Interactive Media launched the Princess Comics line, which was started with Princess Comics graphic novels by Joe Book, in August 2018 at Target with Hasbro figures and Hybrid Promotions apparel. This expansion featured Belle, Jasmine, Ariel, Rapunzel, and Pocahontas.[21]

On April 27, 2021, Disney launched the Ultimate Princess Celebration. This year-long event brought back the princesses' classic designs and included many special events, products and performances. Despite not being official, Anna and Elsa were included in parts of the celebration, such as an ebook called Tales of Courage and Kindness.[22] When the celebration launched in South Africa on April 29, 2021, Sofia from Sofia the First and Elena from Elena of Avalor were also included for its territory, though in a lesser capacity than the other princesses.[23][24]

Official canon of Disney Princesses

The official canon of Disney Princesses consists of the female protagonists, most of whom have royal ties within their fictional universes, from twelve selected Disney films. Princesses were given an official number in the franchise lineup based on the chronological order in which their films were released, starting with Snow White as the first and original Disney Princess, with Cinderella being the second, followed by Aurora and so on.[25]

  1. Snow WhiteSnow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)
  2. CinderellaCinderella (1950)
  3. AuroraSleeping Beauty (1959)
  4. ArielThe Little Mermaid (1989)
  5. BelleBeauty and the Beast (1991)
  6. JasmineAladdin (1992)
  7. PocahontasPocahontas (1995)
  8. MulanMulan (1998)
  9. TianaThe Princess and the Frog (2009)
  10. RapunzelTangled (2010)
  11. MeridaBrave (2012)
  12. MoanaMoana (2016)

Meet-and-greets and live events


From left to right: Snow White, the Prince; Ariel, Prince Eric; Tiana, Prince Naveen; Rapunzel, Flynn Rider; Cinderella, Prince Charming; Prince Phillip, Aurora; Aladdin (as Prince Ali), Jasmine; Belle, the Beast (before returning to his human form) on February 14, 2012.

Currently, all the princesses are available for meet-and-greets at Disneyland Resort in California. Additionally, In 2006, as part of the "Year of Million Dreams" celebration, the Fantasyland Theater began hosting the Disneyland Princess Fantasy Faire, a show featuring Lords and Ladies that taught young boys and girls the proper etiquette to be a Prince or Princess and featured appearances from the Disney Princesses. In 2010, Rapunzel was given a Tangled meet-and-greet location. The Carnation Plaza Gardens bandstand, adjacent to Sleeping Beauty Castle, was closed to be replaced by a new Fantasy Faire area in the Spring of 2013.[26]

Fantasy Faire

Fantasy Faire
Opening dateMarch 3, 2013
ReplacedCarnation Plaza Gardens
WebsiteFantasy Faire
Magic Kingdom
NamePrincess Fairytale Hall
Opening dateSeptember 18, 2013
ReplacedSnow White's Scary Adventures
WebsitePrincess Fairytale Hall
Shanghai Disneyland
NameStorybook Court
Soft opening dateMay 7, 2016
Opening dateJune 16, 2016
WebsiteStorybook Court
Hong Kong Disneyland
NameThe Royal Reception Hall
Soft opening dateDecember 13, 2017 (temporary)
Opening dateDecember 14, 2017 (temporary)
November 21, 2020 (reopened)
WebsiteThe Royal Reception Hall
Ride statistics
Attraction typeMeet-and-greet location
ThemeGothic-inspired village & fair

The Fantasy Faire area at Disneyland officially opened on March 12, 2013, as the permanent home for the Disney Princesses; consisting of a Royal Hall, a Royal Theatre, Maurice's Treats food cart, and a Fairytale Treasures gift shop.[27][28] The theater features two small shows based on Beauty and the Beast and Tangled. The hall is used for meet and greets with the princesses, which have a rotation schedule with three princesses scheduled to appear at a time.[27]

Walt Disney World

At Walt Disney World, the princesses are available for meet-and-greets in more specific locations. The Cinderella-based character dining and interaction, located at Cinderella's Royal Table in her Magic Kingdom castle, as well as "Cinderella's Happily Ever After Dinner" (formerly known as the "Cinderella's Gala Feast Dinner") at 1900 Park Fare in Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa are common places for Cinderella and other Disney characters to appear. The Princesses also can be found at the Princess Storybook meal at Epcot. On September 18, 2013, a new meet-and-greet attraction called Princess Fairytale Hall opened at the Magic Kingdom.[27][29][30]

Shanghai Disneyland

A Disney Princess meet-and-greet location called Storybook Court is operational and is located at Enchanted Storybook Castle.[27]

Hong Kong Disneyland

Hong Kong Disneyland's Castle of Magical Dreams has a meet-and-greet location being The Royal Reception Hall for the Disney Princesses.


Films and television

Princess Party Palace (formerly known as The Princess Power Hour) was a programming block on Toon Disney from 2000 until 2007, where it used to air episodes of The Little Mermaid and Aladdin.

The Disney Princesses' television appearances were compiled into the Disney Princess Collection, a series of compilation VHS cassettes containing episodes from Aladdin and The Little Mermaid as well as two Beauty and the Beast specials. A later DVD series was released, entitled Disney Princess Stories, featuring content similar to the previous release.

Belle had her own live-action television series titled Sing Me a Story with Belle. The first eight Disney Princesses also made appearances on the animated TV series House of Mouse. Cinderella, Belle, and Snow White also made cameo appearances in the TV animated series Mickey Mouse. The television special The Little Mermaid Live! starred Auliʻi Cravalho as Ariel.

In early 2007, Disney announced Disney Princess Enchanted Tales, a new series of direct-to-video features that feature new stories for the Disney Princesses. The first film in the series entitled Disney Princess Enchanted Tales: Follow Your Dreams, was released on September 4, 2007. It is a musical film featuring a new tale about Princess Jasmine and the first new tale about Princess Aurora since the original Sleeping Beauty.

Originally, Disney Princess Enchanted Tales: A Kingdom of Kindness was announced as the first film in the series, which contained a different Princess Aurora story, and had a Belle story rather than a Princess Jasmine story. Disney made this change without any sort of notice.[citation needed] The series was cancelled and only Follow Your Dreams exists.[31]

The TV series Once Upon a Time that aired on the Disney-owned ABC, featured live-action versions of Snow White, Cinderella, Belle, Aurora, Mulan, Ariel, Rapunzel, Merida, Jasmine, and Tiana. Snow White and Belle were main characters, while the rest made recurring and/or guest appearances. Beginning in season 7, Cinderella, Tiana, and Rapunzel were main characters. Many of these characters are patterned after the Disney versions, but a few draw inspiration from older stories.

The TV series Sofia the First premiered on January 11, 2013, on Disney Junior. Cinderella appeared in the first film, Once Upon A Princess. Jasmine, Belle, Aurora, Snow White, Mulan, Tiana, and Merida have appeared on the show, and Ariel and Rapunzel appeared in the TV specials The Floating Palace and The Curse of Princess Ivy, respectively. However, Sofia is a minor princess and not in the royal court. She is voiced by Modern Family star Ariel Winter. In 2017, the TV series Rapunzel's Tangled Adventure debuted with the made-for-television film Tangled: Before Ever After serving as the pilot. In December 2020, it was announced that Tiana and Moana would have spin-off TV shows debuting on Disney+ in 2022 and 2023, respectively.[32]

In the films Maleficent (2014) and Maleficent: Mistress of Evil (2019), Elle Fanning plays Aurora.[33][34] Lily James portrays Cinderella in the 2015 film of the same name.[35] Emma Watson is seen as Belle in the 2017 film Beauty and the Beast.[36] Naomi Scott stars as Jasmine in the 2019 film Aladdin.[37] Liu Yifei appears as Mulan in the 2020 film of the same name.[38] Halle Bailey has been cast to play Ariel in the 2023 film The Little Mermaid.[39] Rachel Zegler has been cast to portray the title character in the upcoming film Snow White.[40]

The Princesses, along with Anna and Elsa, make guest appearances in the 2018 film Ralph Breaks the Internet. This film marks the first direct interaction between the characters in an animated Disney feature.[41] Rich Moore and Phil Johnston, the directors of Ralph Breaks the Internet, said that a film focusing on the Disney Princesses could be made depending on the audience's response and "if there's a good story to be told."[42]

In 2021, Disney Channel began to air shorts in the Chibi Tiny Tales series, a loose follow up to Big Chibi 6 The Shorts, based on the Disney Princess franchise. The first episode, "Moana As Told By Chibi", was released on August 27, 2021.[43]


Comic adaptation

In Kilala Princess, a Japanese fantasy/romance manga produced by Kodansha that debuted on Nakayoshi in April 2005, a girl named Kilala and her adventures to find her kidnapped friend with the help of the first six Disney Princesses: Snow White, Cinderella, Aurora, Ariel, Belle, and Jasmine. However, Kilala herself is not considered part of the franchise.

On February 24, 2016, a Disney Princesses anthology on-going comic book's first issue hit the stands. The series is published by Joe Books.[44] Joe Books expanded Disney Princess to a graphic novel line as an exclusive for Target along with a Hasbro figure line and a Hybrid Promotions apparel line.[21]

Video games

Disney Princesses have appeared in various other media, such as video games, including Disney Princess: Enchanted Journey, Disney Princess: Magical Jewels, and Disney Princess: My Fairytale Adventure.[45] Rapunzel can be found as a character in the 2013 game Disney Infinity. Disney Infinity: 2.0 Edition has the addition of Merida and Jasmine. However, Merida is also included with Stitch in the Toy Box Starter Pack. Disney Infinity 3.0 has the addition of Mulan. Merida can be found as a character via Pixar Family Builds in the 2018 Lego game Lego The Incredibles. All Disney Princesses are also playable characters in the mobile game Disney Magic Kingdoms, with Cinderella, Aurora, Pocahontas, and Rapunzel being part of the main storyline, while the rest are limited-time characters.

Kingdom Hearts

In the Kingdom Hearts game series, the seven "Princesses of Heart," are young ladies with entirely pure hearts who would open the way to Kingdom Hearts if gathered together. Five of these maidens include the Disney Princesses being Snow White, Cinderella, Aurora, Belle, and Jasmine. The remaining Princesses of Heart are Alice from Alice in Wonderland and game series' heroine, Kairi. While both Ariel and Mulan are not Princesses of Heart, they are instead party members of their respective worlds. The Disney Princesses make various appearances throughout the series:

  • While Snow White, Cinderella, Aurora, Ariel, Belle, Jasmine, Alice, and Kairi all appear in the first game, only Ariel, Belle, and Jasmine reappeared in Kingdom Hearts II with Kairi, though the others are mentioned. Mulan, however, makes her first appearance as the player visits her world. She serves as a tradeable character in the party similarly to how Ariel was in the first Kingdom Hearts.
  • Ariel, Belle, Jasmine, Alice, and Kairi appear in Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories as figments of Sora or Riku's memory, but their roles as Princesses of Heart are not brought up.
  • Belle and Jasmine reappear in Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days when they each meet Roxas. Wonderland reappears as well, but without Alice.
  • Snow White, Cinderella, Aurora, and a young Kairi appear in the prequel Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep, as the game's playable characters Terra, Aqua, and Ventus assume prominent positions in the princesses' original stories.
  • Digital versions of Alice and Jasmine appear in Kingdom Hearts Coded.[46]
  • Kingdom Hearts III introduces the "New Seven Hearts," which is a new set of princesses inheriting the roles from the previous princesses, with Kairi being the only princess from the original seven retaining her role. Rapunzel is the only Disney Princess currently known to be among the New Seven Hearts, while non-members Anna and Elsa from Frozen are also known to be members.
  • As of present, Pocahontas, Tiana, Merida, and Moana are the only Disney Princesses who have yet to appear in the series.

Criticisms and the development in the image of a Disney Princess

With such an impact on society, Disney often receives a lot of criticism for the potentially harmful effects of their content on cultures.[47] However, the development in the image of the Disney Princesses shows that Disney company has tried to build their image consistent with the values of modern society. Maturity in the image of the Disney Princesses is clearly manifested in three aspects.

First, there is a remarkable improvement in gender roles in Disney Princess films. In early princess movies, the images of princesses were associated with jobs that were supposed to be for women.[48] There is Cinderella who was always cleaning to serve her stepmother and her two stepsisters, and even Snow White who cleaned the house while waiting for the dwarfs to come home from work. In the 1930s, Snow White - the first Disney Princess - appeared on screen, showing the measure of the society of a model woman at that time: worthy and dependent. This pattern has remained the same for almost 30 years while most of the following princesses still need a prince to help them. It was not until Pocahontas' time that the first signs of the influence of gender equality activities appeared. Pocahontas is considered the character with the biggest difference from previous princesses as she is less represented through romantic relationships, and she is the first princess who truly has a voice in the film. Mulan strongly followed this change. She is the first princess to truly escape the image of a sweet, feminine girl. Mulan was engaged in jobs that were supposed to be for men, she joined the army to defend the country. However, the film still received negative reviews from feminist critics. They consider the film to poke fun at gender roles when Mulan has to pretend to be a boy to get what she wants.[49] Until 2012, Disney released Merida, a completely independent and powerful princess. Merida was very fond of archery and horse riding, and she beat all the other princes in archery competitions. Merida is said to have more masculine traits (62%) than other Disney Princesses.[50] Merida's image marked a milestone in the development of gender roles in Disney princess films. Princesses are no longer just weak women waiting for help from the prince, they have become strong, empowered girls.

Second, the evolution of Disney Princesses is also reflected in ethnic diversity. Most of the early princesses were depicted as white-skinned girls. It was not until 1992 that we saw racial diversity in Aladdin, starring Jasmine. Although this is considered a turning point in the cultural diversity of Disney princess films, the image of this character has been criticized that the character's personality has been westernized.[51] Disney continues to expand the promotion of ethnic diversity by releasing three consecutive films in its princess franchise featuring the princesses of color, Pocahontas (1995), Mulan (1998) and The Princess and the Frog (2009).

Last, the princesses are gradually portrayed with their own personalities and ideals. Early princesses were depicted primarily in terms of beauty.[52] The common strengths of these princesses are innocence, kindness, tenderness, selflessness and beauty. These are all traits that are hailed as female standards. It is only a problem when it lacks diversity, misleads that girls are only appreciated when they are beautiful, kind and sweet. Strong and personality princesses are equally worthy of honor just as much as charming and feminine girls. More interesting developments in personality can be seen in modern princesses. They have the opinions, the desires and the purpose of life. Belle in Beauty and the Beast (1991) is an intellectual girl who loves to read and she is not content to just live a peaceful life in the boring countryside. Tiana in The Princess and the Frog (2009) is a hardworking girl who dreams of opening her own restaurant. The princesses' ego is shown more clearly and vividly through each Disney Princess movie.

Awards and recognition

As of 2021, four Disney Princess films have been selected for preservation in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant":


  1. ^ a b Goldman Getzler, Wendy (October 2, 2013). "Disney nurtures Palace Pet project, tablet usage". Kidscreen/iKids. Brunico Communications Ltd. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
  2. ^ a b Barnes, Brooks (November 25, 2007). "The Line Between Homage and Parody". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 15, 2017. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  3. ^ "Fisher-Price Disney Princess Review". Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c Suddath, Claire (December 17, 2015). "The $500 Million Battle Over Disney's Princesses". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d Orenstein, Peggy (December 24, 2006). "What's Wrong With Cinderella?". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 15, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  6. ^ "Disney Hires Away Nike Marketer For Consumer-Products Division". The Wall Street Journal. December 14, 1999.
  7. ^ Bond, Paul (September 6, 2011). "Disney's Head of Consumer Products Resigns". The Hollywood Reporter. The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  8. ^ Johnson, Matthew. "The Little Princess Syndrome: When Our Daughters Act Out Fairytales". Natural Life. Life Media. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  9. ^ PoodleLambAdmin (June 12, 2019). "Disney Store Hunchback of Notre Dame Esmeralda". Toy Sisters. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  10. ^ NG, Vincent. "How Disney Princesses Became a Multibillion Dollar Brand". MCNG Marketing. Word Press. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  11. ^ a b "What you don't know about Disney princesses: Demoted princess". CBS News. pp. 5, 6. Archived from the original on August 21, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
  12. ^ "Princess Tiana Officially Joins the Disney Princess Royal Court at Star-Studded Crowning Event in New York City" (Press release). Disney Consumer Products. Archived from the original on December 14, 2014. Retrieved December 15, 2014 – via Business Wire.
  13. ^ "Disney Throws a Party in London for Rapunzel". Fox News. September 29, 2011. Archived from the original on May 14, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
  14. ^ "Merida becomes Disney's 11th Princess in a ceremony at the Magic Kingdom". Orlando Attractions Magazine. May 11, 2013. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  15. ^ Tuttle, Brittani (March 21, 2019). "What makes a princess a Disney Princess?". Attractions Magazine. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  16. ^ Sotonoff, Jamie (January 11, 2008). "New Disney dresses let brides be princesses -- Daily Herald". Daily Herald. Paddock Publications, Inc. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
  17. ^ Judkis, Maura (April 26, 2012). "National Princess Week: 'Inner sparkle,' at a price". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 6, 2017. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
  18. ^ Miller, Mark J. (June 11, 2012). "It's Beginning to Look a Lot Like Disney at Harrods". Brandchannel. Archived from the original on October 27, 2017. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
  19. ^ Lidbury, Olivia (August 14, 2013). "Harrods' Disney-inspired dresses go up for auction - Telegraph". Telegraph. Archived from the original on December 19, 2016.
  20. ^ "'Tradition Meets Innovation' at Disney Consumer Products Showcase at Disney's D23 EXPO 2015". Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  21. ^ a b Bunge, Nicole (August 10, 2018). "Target Gets Exclusive 'Disney Princess Comics' Collections". Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  22. ^ Deitchman, Beth (April 27, 2021). "Disney Kicks Off Global Ultimate Princess Celebration -- Daily Herald". D23. Disney. Retrieved April 27, 2021.
  23. ^ "Disney Kicks Off Global Ultimate Princess Celebration". The Walt Disney Company. The Walt Disney Company EMEA. April 29, 2021. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  24. ^ "Ultimate Princess Celebration". Facebook. May 15, 2021. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  25. ^ "What you don't know about Disney princesses: Roll call". CBS News. p. 4. Archived from the original on August 21, 2016. Retrieved August 14, 2016.
  26. ^ "Disneyland princesses moving into new Fantasy Faire village in 2013". Los Angeles Times. August 23, 2011. Archived from the original on March 1, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
  27. ^ a b c d e MacDonald, Brady (March 6, 2013). "Review: Fantasy Faire a fitting new home for Disneyland princesses". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  28. ^ MacDonald, Brady (February 1, 2013). "Disneyland princesses moving in together at Fantasy Faire". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 28, 2016. Retrieved August 15, 2016.
  29. ^ Brigante, Ricky (January 18, 2011). "Rumor no more: Magic Kingdom Fantasyland expansion to include Seven Dwarfs Mine Train, Princess Fairytale Hall, The Great Goofini". Archived from the original on February 8, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2013.
  30. ^ Princess Fairytale Hall to make royal debut on September 18 as Walt Disney World completes new home for Cinderella, Rapunzel Archived September 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Inside the Magic, Retrieved September 15, 2013
  31. ^ "Say "So Long !" to direct-to-video sequels : DisneyToon Studios tunes out Sharon Morrill". Archived from the original on February 14, 2010. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
  32. ^ Holloway, Daniel (December 10, 2020). "'Moana,' 'Cars,' 'Princess and the Frog' Spinoff Series Set for Disney Plus". Variety. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
  33. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (March 8, 2012). "Elle Fanning To Join Angelina Jolie In 'Maleficent'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 8, 2022.
  34. ^ Chitwood, Adam (May 29, 2018). "Filming Begins on 'Maleficent II' as Cast and Synopsis Revealed". Collider. Retrieved July 8, 2022.
  35. ^ "'Downton Abbey' Star is New Cinderella". Archived from the original on May 2, 2013. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
  36. ^ Sneider, Jeff (January 26, 2015). "Emma Watson to Star in Disney's 'Beauty and the Beast' (Exclusive)". TheWrap. Archived from the original on January 27, 2015. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  37. ^ "Disney's live-action Aladdin finally finds its stars". July 15, 2017. Archived from the original on July 16, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  38. ^ Sun, Rebecca; Ford, Rebecca (November 29, 2017). "Disney's 'Mulan' Finds Its Star (Exclusive)". Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  39. ^ Marc, Snetiker (July 3, 2019). "Disney's live-action The Little Mermaid casts Halle Bailey as Ariel". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 3, 2019.
  40. ^ Nick, Romano (June 22, 2021). "West Side Story breakout tapped to play Disney's live-action Snow White". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  41. ^ Breznican, Anthony (July 14, 2017). "Wreck-It Ralph sequel will unite the Disney princesses — and Star Wars!". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 15, 2017. Retrieved July 15, 2017.
  42. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (November 5, 2018). "Could The Disney Princesses Carry Their Own Film Together? Ralph Breaks The Internet's Directors Weigh In". CinemaBlend. Archived from the original on November 12, 2018. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  43. ^ Moana | Chibi Tiny Tales | Disney Channel Animation. YouTube. Disney Channel. August 27, 2021. Archived from the original on December 19, 2021. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
  44. ^ Bunge, Nicole (February 1, 2016). "Disney Princesses Get New Comic Adventures". ICv2. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  45. ^ "Disney Announces Princess Brand Games". Archived from the original on November 17, 2007. Retrieved December 5, 2007.
  46. ^ Pollen, Annebella (2011). "Performing Spectacular Girlhood: Mass-Produced Dressing-up Costumes and the Commodification of Imagination" (PDF). Textile History. 42 (2): 162–180. doi:10.1179/174329511X13123634653820. S2CID 190721208.
  47. ^ Forman-Brunell, Miriam; Hains, Rebecca C. (August 15, 2013). Princess Cultures. doi:10.3726/978-1-4539-1322-2. hdl:2022/22845. ISBN 978-1-4539-1322-2.
  48. ^ England, Dawn Elizabeth; Descartes, Lara; Collier-Meek, Melissa A. (April 1, 2011). "Gender Role Portrayal and the Disney Princesses". Sex Roles. 64 (7): 555–567. doi:10.1007/s11199-011-9930-7. ISSN 1573-2762. S2CID 15991578.
  49. ^ " - Who's Your Heroine?". February 18, 2008. Archived from the original on February 18, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  50. ^ Hine, Benjamin; Ivanovic, Katarina; England, Dawn (September 2018). "From the Sleeping Princess to the World-Saving Daughter of the Chief: Examining Young Children's Perceptions of 'Old' versus 'New' Disney Princess Characters". Social Sciences. 7 (9): 161. doi:10.3390/socsci7090161. ISSN 2076-0760.
  51. ^ Hains, R. C. (2014). The princess problem : guiding our girls through the princess-obsessed years. Sourcebooks.
  52. ^ Lasri, S. (2020). "Ce que Disney donne à voir du genre aux enfants. Dans : Florence Benoit-Moreau éd., Genre et marketing: L'influence des stratégies marketing sur les stéréotypes de genre (pp. 79-97)".
  53. ^ Molotsky, Irvin (September 20, 1989). "25 Films Chosen for the National Registry". The New York Times. p. C19. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  54. ^ "Films Selected for the National Film Registry in 2002 by the Library of Congress". Library of Congress. January 2003. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  55. ^ Itzoff, Dave (December 12, 2018). "'Jurassic Park,' 'The Shining' and 'Cinderella' Among Movies Chosen for National Film Registry". The New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  56. ^ Itzoff, Dave (December 11, 2019). "'She's Gotta Have It' and 'Purple Rain' Join National Film Registry". The New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2022.

External links