List of cities in Australia by population

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Map of major cities in Australia.

This list of Australian cities by population provides rankings of Australian cities according to various systems defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Firstly, they are ranked by Greater Capital City Statistical Area (for capital cities) and Significant Urban Area (for other cities). They are also ranked by Urban Centre and by Local Government Area (known internationally as 'city proper').

Greater Capital City Statistical Areas/Significant Urban Areas by population[edit]

Each capital city forms its own Greater Capital City Statistical Area (GCCSA), which according to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) represents a broad socioeconomic definition of each of the eight state and territory capital cities.[1] These correspond to the more common and international usage of metropolitan areas. Significant Urban Areas are similarly defined but include population centres which are not capital cities. In Australia the population of the GCCSA/SUA is the most-often quoted figure for that city's population. The following ranks GCSSAs and SUAs which are not included within the GCCSAs with populations of over 30,000.

Greater Capital City Statistical Areas are in bold, the remainder are Significant Urban Areas.

Rank GCCSA/SUA State/Territory June 2015[1]
population
Percentage of
national population
1 Sydney New South Wales 4,920,970 20.70%
2 Melbourne Victoria 4,529,496 19.05%
3 Brisbane Queensland 2,308,720 9.71%
4 Perth Western Australia 2,039,193 8.58%
5 Adelaide South Australia 1,316,779 5.54%
6 Gold CoastTweed Heads Queensland/New South Wales 624,918 2.63%
7 NewcastleMaitland New South Wales 434,454 1.83%
8 CanberraQueanbeyan Australian Capital Territory/New South Wales 424,666 1.79%
* Australian Capital Territory Australian Capital Territory[a] 390,706 1.64%
9 Sunshine Coast Queensland 302,122 1.27%
10 Wollongong New South Wales 292,388 1.23%
11 Hobart Tasmania 220,593 0.93%
12 Geelong Victoria 187,417 0.79%
13 Townsville Queensland 180,333 0.76%
14 Cairns Queensland 147,993 0.62%
15 Darwin Northern Territory 142,258 0.60%
16 Toowoomba Queensland 114,622 0.48%
17 Ballarat Victoria 99,841 0.42%
18 Bendigo Victoria 92,888 0.39%
19 AlburyWodonga New South Wales/Victoria 88,949 0.37%
20 Launceston Tasmania 86,633 0.36%
21 Mackay Queensland 85,455 0.36%
22 Rockhampton Queensland 80,665 0.34%
23 Bunbury Western Australia 75,628 0.32%
24 Bundaberg Queensland 70,588 0.30%
25 Coffs Harbour New South Wales 68,572 0.29%
26 Wagga Wagga New South Wales 55,820 0.23%
27 Hervey Bay Queensland 52,288 0.22%
28 MilduraWentworth Victoria/New South Wales 50,011 0.21%
29 SheppartonMooroopna Victoria 49,371 0.21%
30 GladstoneTannum Sands Queensland 49,248 0.21%
31 Port Macquarie New South Wales 45,341 0.19%
32 Tamworth New South Wales 42,255 0.18%
33 TraralgonMorwell Victoria 40,816 0.17%
34 Orange New South Wales 40,075 0.17%
35 Geraldton Western Australia 39,825 0.17%
36 BowralMittagong New South Wales 37,897 0.16%
37 Dubbo New South Wales 36,941 0.16%
38 Busselton Western Australia 36,285 0.15%
39 Bathurst New South Wales 36,013 0.15%
40 NowraBomaderry New South Wales 35,920 0.15%
41 Warrnambool Victoria 33,979 0.14%
42 Albany Western Australia 33,970 0.14%
43 WarragulDrouin Victoria 33,386 0.14%
44 Kalgoorlie-Boulder Western Australia 32,797 0.14%
45 Devonport Tasmania 30,497 0.13%
Notes
  1. ^ The Australian Capital Territory GCCSA includes only the portion of Canberra-Queanbeyan which falls within the boundaries of the ACT.

50 largest urban centres by population[edit]

Urban Centres are defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics as being a population cluster of 1,000 or more people. For statistical purposes, people living in Urban Centres are classified as urban. The figures below represent the populations of the contiguous built-up areas of each city; with State and territory capitals in bold. These figures are only updated every census, as the ABS does not render population projections for Urban Centres, and as such can only be as up-to-date as the most recent census year.

Estimated resident population Statistical Division/
District
(if part of larger SD)
Ranking in state or territory, 2011
Rank Urban Centre 2011 Census 2006 Census ACT NSW NT Qld SA Tas WA Vic
Steady 1 Sydney 3,908,642 [2] 3,641,422 [3] 1
Steady 2 Melbourne 3,707,530 [4] 3,371,888 [5] 1
Steady 3 Brisbane 1,874,427 [6] 1,676,389 [7] 1
Steady 4 Perth 1,627,576 [8] 1,256,035 [9] 1
Steady 5 Adelaide 1,103,979 [10] 1,040,719 [11] 1
Steady 6 Gold CoastTweed Heads 533,660 [12][13] 454,436 [14][15] 2 2
Steady 7 CanberraQueanbeyan 391,474 [16][17] 356,120 [18][19] 1 3
Steady 8 Newcastle 308,308 [20] 288,732 [21] Hunter 4
Steady 9 Central Coast 297,713 [22] 282,726 [23] Sydney 5
Steady 10 Wollongong 245,942 [24] 234,482 [25] Illawarra 6
Steady 11 Sunshine Coast 209,263 [26] 184,662 [27] 3
Increase 12 Hobart 170,975 [28] 128,557 [29] 1
Increase 13 TownsvilleThuringowa 157,748 [30] 128,808 [31] 4
Decrease 14 Geelong 143,291 [32] 137,220 [33] 2
Steady 15 Cairns 133,893 [34] 98,349 [35] 5
Increase 16 DarwinPalmerston 103,016 [36] 89,905 [37][38] 1
Decrease 17 Toowoomba 96,597 [39] 95,265 [40] 6
Steady 18 Ballarat 85,935 [41] 78,221 [42] 3
Steady 19 Bendigo 82,794 [43] 76,051 [44] 4
Steady 20 AlburyWodonga 77,232 [45][46] 73,497 [47][48] 7 5
Increase 21 Mackay 74,219 [49] 66,874 [50] 7
Decrease 22 Launceston 74,085 [51] 71,395 [52] 2
Decrease 23 Mandurah 69,903 [53] 67,813 [54] Perth (GCCSA only) 2
Steady 24 Maitland 67,132 [55] 61,431 [56] Newcastle 8
Increase 25 Bunbury 64,385 [57] 54,482 [58] 3
Decrease 26 Rockhampton 61,724 [59] 60,827 [60] 8
Steady 27 Bundaberg 49,750 [61] 46,961 [62] 9
Increase 28 Hervey Bay 48,680 [63] 41,225 [64] 10
Decrease 29 Wagga Wagga 46,913 [65] 46,735 [66] 9
Increase 30 Melton 45,624 [67] 35,490 [68] Melbourne 6
Increase 31 Coffs Harbour 45,580 [69] 26,353 [70] 10
Decrease 32 SheppartonMooroopna 42,741 [71] 38,773 [72] 7
Decrease 33 Port Macquarie 41,491 [73] 39,219 [74] 11
Decrease 34 Tamworth 36,131 [75] 33,475 [76] 12
Decrease 35 Orange 34,992 [77] 31,544 [78] 13
Increase 36 MilduraBuronga 33,432 [79][80] 30,823 [81][82] 14 8
Increase 37 Sunbury 33,062 [83] 29,566 [84] Melbourne 9
Increase 38 Pakenham 32,911 [85] 18,808 [86] Melbourne 10
Decrease 39 Dubbo 32,327 [87] 30,574 [88] 15
Steady 40 Gladstone 32,073 [89] 28,808 [90] 11
Increase 41 Geraldton 31,349 [91] 27,420 [92] 4
Decrease 42 Bathurst 31,294 [93] 28,992 [94] 16
Decrease 43 Kalgoorlie-Boulder 30,840 [95] 28,242 [96] 5
Decrease 44 Warrnambool 29,284 [97] 28,150 [98] 11
Decrease 45 NowraBomaderry 27,988 [99] 27,478 [100] 17
Decrease 46 Lismore 27,474 [101] 27,069 [102] 18
Steady 47 Albany 26,643 [103] 25,196 [104] 6
Steady 48 Mount Gambier 25,199 [105] 23,494 [106] 2
Steady 49 Traralgon 24,590 [107] 21,960 [108] 12
Steady 50 Alice Springs 24,208 [109] 21,622 [110] 2

30 largest local government areas by population[edit]

Local government areas are the main units of local government in Australia. They may be termed cities, shires, councils or other names, and all function similarly. Brisbane, which covers multiple LGAs, is the only state capital city with a local government area covering a significant portion of its urban area. Other capital cities are serviced by LGAs which cover a much smaller proportion of their total urban areas. A New South Wales review of local government areas resulted in various amalgamations of local government authorities in the state, reflected below, based on estimated population from the 2011 census.[111][112]

Estimated resident population Statistical Division/
District
Ranking in state, 2011
Rank Local government area 2011 census 2009[113] Qld NSW WA Vic
Steady 1 City of Brisbane 1,041,839 [114] 1,052,458 Brisbane 1
Steady 2 City of Gold Coast 494,501 [115] 515,157 Gold Coast 2
Steady 3 Moreton Bay Region 378,045 [116] 371,162 Brisbane 3
new 4 Canterbury-Bankstown Council 350,983 [117] n/a Sydney 1
new 5 Central Coast Council 331,007 [118] n/a Central Coast 2
Decrease 6 Sunshine Coast Region 306,909 [119] 323,423 Sunshine Coast 4
Decrease 7 City of Blacktown 301,099 [120] 299,797 Sydney 3
Decrease 8 City of Logan 278,050 [121] 277,568 Brisbane 5
new 9 Northern Beaches Council 263,413 [122] n/a Sydney 4
Decrease 10 City of Casey 252,382 [123] 247,357 Melbourne 1
new 11 Cumberland Council 219,147 [124] n/a Sydney 5
new 12 City of Parramatta Council 215,925 [125] n/a Sydney 6
Decrease 13 City of Greater Geelong 210,875 [126] 216,330 Geelong 2
Decrease 14 Sutherland Shire 210,863 [127] 219,828 Sydney 7
Decrease 15 City of Wollongong 205,231 [128] 201,438 Illawarra 8
Decrease 16 City of Stirling 195,702 [129] 198,803 Perth 1
Decrease 17 City of Fairfield 198,301 [130] 194,543 Sydney 9
Decrease 18 City of Lake Macquarie 189,006 [131] 199,277 Newcastle 10
new 19 Inner West Council 185,990 [132] n/a Sydney 11
Decrease 20 City of Brimbank 182,735 [133] 185,890 Melbourne 3
Decrease 21 City of Liverpool 180,143 [134] 182,261 Sydney 12
Decrease 22 City of Penrith 178,467 [135] 184,611 Sydney 13
Decrease 23 City of Townsville 174,492 [136] 181,743 Northern 6
Decrease 24 The Hills Shire 169,872 [137] 176,487 Sydney 14
Decrease 25 City of Sydney 169,505 [138] 177,920 Sydney 15
Decrease 26 City of Monash 169,280 [139] 176,069 Melbourne 4
Decrease 27 City of Hume 167,562 [140] 167,540 Melbourne 5
Decrease 28 City of Wyndham 161,575 [141] 143,879 Melbourne 6
Decrease 29 Hornsby Shire 156,847 [142] Sydney 16

Apart from the City of Brisbane and City of Sydney listed above, the populations of the central local government areas in other capitals is relatively small. As at the 2011 census, Melbourne had 93,105,[143] Darwin 72,930,[144] Hobart 48,703,[145] Adelaide 19,639,[146] and Perth 16,714.[147] Generally speaking, there are many suburban local government areas in most Australian capitals that are significantly larger in population than the central business district local government area.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  59. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Rockhampton". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
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  67. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Melton". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  68. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Melton". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
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  70. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Coffs Harbour". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  71. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Shepparton – Mooroopna". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  72. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Shepparton – Mooroopna". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  73. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Port Macquarie". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  74. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Port Macquarie". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  75. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Tamworth". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  76. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Tamworth". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  77. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Orange". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  78. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Orange". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
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  84. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Sunbury". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  85. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Pakenham". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
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  87. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Dubbo". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
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  89. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Gladstone". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  90. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Gladstone". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  91. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Geraldton". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  92. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Geraldton". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  93. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Bathurst". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  94. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Bathurst". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  95. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Kalgoorlie – Boulder". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  96. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Kalgoorlie – Boulder". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  97. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Warrnambool". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  98. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Warrnambool". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  99. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Nowra – Bomaderry". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  100. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Nowra – Bomaderry". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  101. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Lismore". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  102. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mackay". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  103. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Albany". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  104. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Albany". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  105. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Mount Gambier". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  106. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Mount Gambier". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  107. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Traralgon". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  108. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Traralgon". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 31 December 2013. 
  109. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Alice Springs". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  110. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Alice Springs". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
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  120. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Blacktown (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  121. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Logan (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
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  125. ^ "City of Parramatta Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
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  127. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Sutherland Shire (A)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  128. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wollongong (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  129. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Stirling (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  130. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Fairfield (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  131. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Lake Macquarie (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  132. ^ "Inner West Council". Stronger Councils. Government of New South Wales. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
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  134. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Liverpool (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  135. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Penrith (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  136. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Townsville (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  137. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "The Hills Shire (A)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  138. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Sydney (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  139. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Monash (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  140. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hume (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  141. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wyndham (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  142. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hornsby (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 November 2012. 
  143. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Melbourne (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  144. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Darwin (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  145. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Hobart (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  146. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Adelaide (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  147. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Perth (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 

External links[edit]