Custer County, South Dakota

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Custer County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Custer County
Location in the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded 1877
Named for George Armstrong Custer
Seat Custer
Largest city Custer
Area
 • Total 1,559 sq mi (4,038 km2)
 • Land 1,557 sq mi (4,033 km2)
 • Water 2.1 sq mi (5 km2), 0.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 8,596
 • Density 5.3/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website www.custercountysd.com

Custer County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,216.[1] Its county seat is Custer.[2] The county was created in 1875 and organized in 1877.[3]

Custer County is included in the Rapid City, SD Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,559 square miles (4,040 km2), of which 1,557 square miles (4,030 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.1%) is water.[4] Wind Cave National Park is located within the county, as is Jewel Cave National Monument. South Dakota's own Custer State Park is also located in the county.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

State protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 995
1890 4,891 391.6%
1900 2,728 −44.2%
1910 4,458 63.4%
1920 3,907 −12.4%
1930 5,353 37.0%
1940 6,023 12.5%
1950 5,517 −8.4%
1960 4,906 −11.1%
1970 4,698 −4.2%
1980 6,000 27.7%
1990 6,179 3.0%
2000 7,275 17.7%
2010 8,216 12.9%
Est. 2016 8,596 [5] 4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 7,275 people, 2,970 households, and 2,067 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 3,624 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.17% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 3.12% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. 1.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 32.2% were of German, 9.8% Irish, 9.2% English, 7.1% Norwegian and 5.7% American ancestry.

There were 2,970 households out of which 26.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 25.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.10% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 22.40% from 25 to 44, 31.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 104.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,303, and the median income for a family was $43,628. Males had a median income of $30,475 versus $20,781 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,945. About 6.20% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.00% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,216 people, 3,636 households, and 2,427 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 5.3 inhabitants per square mile (2.0/km2). There were 4,628 housing units at an average density of 3.0 per square mile (1.2/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 94.2% white, 2.9% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.2% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 42.1% were German, 13.1% were Irish, 11.4% were English, 10.8% were Norwegian, and 7.9% were American.[13]

Of the 3,636 households, 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.65. The median age was 50.3 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $46,743 and the median income for a family was $58,253. Males had a median income of $39,194 versus $29,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,353. About 4.3% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into two areas of territory:

  • East of Custer State Park
  • West of Custer State Park

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 69.8% 3,293 23.7% 1,121 6.5% 307
2012 67.7% 3,062 29.5% 1,335 2.7% 123
2008 64.5% 2,909 32.7% 1,475 2.7% 123
2004 67.9% 2,922 29.6% 1,272 2.6% 110
2000 69.8% 2,495 26.7% 955 3.4% 123
1996 51.8% 1,740 33.4% 1,122 14.7% 495
1992 42.3% 1,422 32.1% 1,078 25.7% 863
1988 59.5% 1,806 38.9% 1,180 1.7% 50
1984 71.3% 2,183 28.0% 858 0.7% 22
1980 69.6% 2,057 24.0% 708 6.4% 190
1976 57.1% 1,373 41.4% 995 1.5% 37
1972 64.5% 1,476 34.9% 798 0.7% 15
1968 55.4% 1,143 35.2% 727 9.4% 194
1964 49.3% 1,142 50.7% 1,176
1960 63.6% 1,533 36.4% 878
1956 64.0% 1,514 36.0% 853
1952 72.6% 1,725 27.4% 652
1948 56.7% 1,217 42.7% 917 0.7% 14
1944 64.4% 1,288 35.6% 712
1940 60.9% 1,796 39.1% 1,151
1936 46.9% 1,365 52.2% 1,519 1.0% 28
1932 38.1% 977 60.3% 1,548 1.7% 43
1928 66.9% 1,464 32.7% 715 0.5% 11
1924 53.4% 833 15.1% 236 31.5% 492
1920 60.8% 784 29.7% 383 9.5% 122
1916 42.1% 392 52.4% 488 5.5% 51
1912 0.0% 0 45.9% 419 54.1% 494
1908 49.4% 487 43.4% 428 7.2% 71
1904 65.5% 536 27.9% 228 6.6% 54
1900 53.4% 483 45.9% 415 0.8% 7
1896 45.3% 429 54.4% 515 0.3% 3
1892 49.3% 503 16.3% 166 34.5% 352

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 23, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 43°41′N 103°28′W / 43.68°N 103.46°W / 43.68; -103.46