Huron, South Dakota
|Huron, South Dakota|
|Motto: It's A Brand New Day|
Location in Beadle County and the state of South Dakota
|• Type||Commissioner Form|
|• Mayor||Paul Aylward (D)|
|• Total||10.57 sq mi (27.38 km2)|
|• Land||9.48 sq mi (24.55 km2)|
|• Water||1.09 sq mi (2.82 km2)|
|Elevation||1,280 ft (390 m)|
|• Estimate (2015)||13,313|
|• Density||1,328.3/sq mi (512.9/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP code||57350 and 57399|
|GNIS feature ID||1255722|
|Website||City of Huron|
Huron is a city in Beadle County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 12,592 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Beadle County. Huron was the home of now-defunct Huron University (known in its later years as Si Tanka University). The Huron Plainsman, also referred to as the Plainsman, is the newspaper. The first settlement at Huron was made in 1880. The city was named after the Huron Indians. It is currently the ninth largest city in South Dakota, but it once was the fourth.
Huron is home to the South Dakota State Fair, which is held six days before Labor Day. It is also home to a statue known as "The World's Largest Ringnecked Pheasant", which was refurbished in the summer of 2011. Huron has rail service, provided by the Rapid City, Pierre and Eastern Railroad.
Geography and climate
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.57 square miles (27.38 km2), of which, 9.48 square miles (24.55 km2) is land and 1.09 square miles (2.82 km2) is water.
Huron has a humid continental climate, with hot, humid summers, cold, dry winters, and wide temperature extremes; it is part of USDA hardiness zone 4b. The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 16.7 °F (−8.5 °C) in January to 73.7 °F (23.2 °C) in July. On average, there are 2.3 days that reach 100 °F (38 °C) or higher, 25 days that reach 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, 64 days that do not climb above freezing, 27 days with a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) or below, and 3.1 days that do not rise above 0 °F annually. The average window for freezing temperatures is September 30 through May 5, allowing a growing season of 147 days. Extreme temperatures officially range from −43 °F (−42 °C) on January 12, 1912, and January 8, 1887, up to 112 °F (44 °C) on July 10, 1966; the record cold daily maximum is −21 °F (−29 °C) on January 14, 1888, while, conversely, the record warm daily minimum is 82 °F (28 °C) on July 11, 1936.
Precipitation is greatest in May and June and averages 22.9 in (580 mm) annually, but has ranged from 9.72 in (247 mm) in 1952 to 30.89 in (785 mm) in 2010. Snowfall averages 43.9 in (112 cm) per season, and has historically ranged from 10.1 in (26 cm) in 1930–31 to 89.6 in (228 cm) in 2000–01; the average window for measurable (≥0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snowfall is November 3 through April 11, although snow in October occurs several times per decade and snow in May is a much rarer event.
|Climate data for Huron Regional Airport, South Dakota (Airport), 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1893−present[a]|
|Record high °F (°C)||65
|Average high °F (°C)||26.8
|Average low °F (°C)||6.6
|Record low °F (°C)||−43
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.50
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||7.3
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||5.6||6.3||7.5||8.7||11.0||11.2||8.8||7.6||7.5||7.0||5.7||5.8||92.7|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||6.1||6.1||4.5||2.0||0||0||0||0||0||0.6||4.2||6.6||30.1|
|Average relative humidity (%)||71.2||73.7||73.3||66.3||66.3||68.3||65.8||66.6||67.7||66.8||72.8||74.0||69.4|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||179.7||182.8||229.9||251.7||307.0||332.8||362.4||329.3||258.9||215.9||152.1||144.1||2,946.6|
|Percent possible sunshine||62||62||62||62||67||72||77||76||69||63||53||52||66|
|Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961−1990), The Weather Channel|
As of the census of 2010, there were 12,592 people, 5,418 households, and 3,179 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,328.3 inhabitants per square mile (512.9/km2). There were 6,023 housing units at an average density of 635.3 per square mile (245.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.9% White, 1.0% African American, 1.2% Native American, 4.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.8% of the population.
There were 5,418 households of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.3% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.94.
The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 17.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 11,893 people, 5,263 households, and 3,047 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,448.5 people per square mile (559.3/km2). There were 5,872 housing units at an average density of 715.2 per square mile (276.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.92% White, 0.96% African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.
There were 5,263 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.86.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $29,097. Males had a median income of $27,027 versus $19,921 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,275.
The City of Huron's type of government is "commissioner form". Under the commissioner form of government the board of commissioners consists of a mayor and four commissioners, who are all elected at large for three-year terms. The commission has control over all departments of the city and can make and enforce rules and regulations which it may see fit for the organization, management, and operation of the departments of the city. Responsibilities are divided into the following areas: Public Safety Commissioner, Public Works Commissioner, Utilities Commissioner, and Finance Commissioner with each commissioner having oversight in each respective area.
Huron, located in east central South Dakota, is a result of railroad and land booms in the 1880s. The early history of the town is closely linked with the Chicago and Northwestern Railway. At the direction of Marvin Hughitt, general manager of the railroad, the west bank of the James River was selected as the division headquarters of the railroad. The company gained title to 880 acres (3.6 km2) of land at that location. Huron was named for the Huron Indians. Exactly who gave it the name was never established, apparently either Marvin Hughitt or someone in the Chicago office of the C&NW railroad company.
The original plat covered 11 blocks from 1st Street to 3rd Street and from Iowa Avenue SE to Ohio Avenue SW. Huron’s first settler was John Cain, a practical printer from Troy, New York. He learned in Chicago, from the railroad people, that they would have their chief town and operating headquarters at their James River crossing.
From 1880 until the capital was permanently located at Pierre in 1904, Huron was in the thick of the fight for the honor of being the capital city. Campbell and Winter Parks are the only remaining properties that were once designated capital grounds. Located between the two parks, Victorian houses originally built around 1906 occupy the city block on the land originally slated for the capitol building.
Huron is the home to a handful of celebrities. Cheryl Ladd replaced Farrah Fawcett of the original Charlie's Angels. Gladys Pyle was the first female member of the South Dakota House of Representatives and the first Republican woman in the US Senate. Hubert H. Humphrey was the Democratic nominee for president in 1968 and served as vice president under Lyndon B. Johnson.
- 1879 - The town site was located
- 1880 - Town site surveyed and platted
- 1881 - First town government formed - a board of four trustees, a town clerk, a justice of the peace, one marshal and a surveyor
- 1882 - Alderman system of government adopted
- 1883 - Incorporated as the City of Huron - the city still operates under the original charter and seal
- 1910 - Changed from alderman to city commission form of government
- 1935 - City manager form of government adopted
- Earl Caddock, wrestler. He had to leave as a child to be treated for tuberculosis.
- J. L. Carr, English novelist, taught at the public school in Huron in 1938-1939 and 1956–1957.
- Roxanne Conlin, Iowan politician, ran for senator in 2010.
- Patrick Davis, Republican political consultant and former director of the National Republican Senatorial Committee.
- John K. Fairbank, historian of China, was born in Huron in 1907.
- Archibald K. Gardner, former federal judge
- Candace Hilligoss, actress of the now-famous cult movie Carnival of Souls, was born in Huron in 1935.
- Muriel Humphrey, senator from Minnesota in 1978 and wife of Hubert Humphrey, was born in Huron on February 20, 1912.
- Raymond A. Johnson, aviation pioneer, worked at the Huron airport in latter 1940s.
- Cheryl Ladd, actress and singer born Cheryl Jean Stoppelmoor in Huron.
- Vernon C. Miller, prohibition gunman, bootlegger, bank robber and former sheriff of Beadle County lived in Huron from 1914-1922.
- Arthur L. Padrutt, Wisconsin politician.
- Gladys Pyle, first woman senator from the state, and only woman ever elected United States Senator from South Dakota, was born in Huron on October 4, 1890.
- Mike Rounds, former South Dakota governor and current U.S. senator, was born in Huron on October 24, 1954, and left with his family when he was 3 years old.
- Chic Sale, actor and vaudevillian, born in Huron.
- Ron Tschetter, former director of the Peace Corps was born here
- Fred M. Wilcox, South Dakota state senator
The Huron School District has four public elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school. Huron High School's mascot is the "Tigers".
The principal of the Huron High School is Demetria Moon as of 2011-12 school year
It was the home of Si Tanka University (formerly Huron College) from 1983-2005.
Huron is also home to a Catholic elementary school called Holy Trinity School, and a private Christian school on the north side of town called James Valley Christian School.
After the Si Tanka University closed, the city bought the Fine Arts Center and operates it as a theater for the community.
In 2005, The Huron Event Center was opened connecting the Arena and the Crossroads, a local hotel; the event center is owned by the city.
The State Fair is at the South Dakota State Fair Speedway.
In 2012, the city government built a new water park (Splash Central) on the property that Huron University (Si Tanka) once occupied.
Splash Central has an Olympic-sized pool, two large slides, a lazy river, and a large kids section.
|AM radio stations|
|1210 AM||KOKK||Dakota Country||Country||Dakota Communications||Huron|
|1340 AM||KIJV||Tiger 95||Hot AC||Dakota Communications||Huron|
|FM radio stations|
|Frequency||Call sign||Name||Format||Owner||Target city/market||City of license|
|88.7 FM||KVCH||VCY America||Christian||VCY America||Huron||Huron|
|88.7 FM||K213CL||South Dakota Public Broadcasting||NPR||SD Board of Directors for Educational Telecommunications||Huron||Huron|
|89.7 FM||K-LOVE||K-LOVE||Christian||Educational Media Foundation||Huron||Rocklin, California|
|90.5 FM||K213CL||Moody Radio||Christian
|Moody Bible Institute||Huron||Huron|
|93.3 FM||KJRV||Big Jim 93.3||Classic rock||Dakota Communications||Huron/Mitchell||Wessington Springs|
|95.3 FM||K237EL||Tiger 95||Hot AC
- J.L. Carr (1957) The Old Timers. A social history of the way of life of the home-steading pioneers in the prairie states during the first few years of settlement, as shown by a typical community, the 'old-timers' of Beadle County in South Dakota. Huron, South Dakota: privately printed.
- Official records for Huron kept at downtown from July 1881 to 20 February 1939 and at Huron Regional Airport since 21 February 1939.
- "History". City of Huron. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2016.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 43.
- Brown, Greg; Jocelyn Sloan; Uther Draken (2005-07-24). "Huron, South Dakota - World's Largest Pheasant". RoadsideAmerica.com. Retrieved 2007-10-19.
- "USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/. United States Department of Agriculture. External link in
- "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
- "Station Name: SD HURON RGNL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-11.
- "WMO Climate Normals for HURON/HURON REGIONAL, SD 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-10.
- "Monthly Averages for Huron, SD". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-10-28.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- History of the Origin of the Place Names in Nine Northwestern States. 1908. p. 11.
- "Raymond Johnson named to Wyoming Aviation Hall of Fame, September 23, 2013". Retrieved September 26, 2013.
- Sirvaitis, Karen (1 September 2001). South Dakota. Lerner Publications. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-8225-4070-0.
- Schuster, Ryan (February 8, 2010). "Community profile: Huron, SD". Prairie Business Magazine. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
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