Lake County, South Dakota

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Lake County, South Dakota
Lake County Court House, Madison, South Dakota (75660).jpg
Lake County Court House
Map of South Dakota highlighting Lake County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1873
SeatMadison
Largest cityMadison
Area
 • Total575 sq mi (1,489 km2)
 • Land563 sq mi (1,458 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (31 km2), 2.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)12,809
 • Density22.8/sq mi (8.8/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.lake.sd.gov/default.aspx

Lake County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 11,200.[1] Its county seat is Madison.[2] The county was formed in 1873.[3]

Geography[edit]

The terrain of Lake County consists of rolling hills. The area is devoted to agriculture. A tributary of the East Fork Vermillion River flows south-southeastward through the lower western part of the county, and Buffalo Creek flows southeastward from the central part of the county, leaving the county near its SE corner.[4] The terrain generally slopes to the south, although high points (ca. 1,814' ASL) are found on the north and south boundary lines and points between.[5]

Lake County has a total area of 575 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 563 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.1%) is water.[6]

Lakes[4][edit]

Protected areas[4][edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18802,657
18907,508182.6%
19009,13721.7%
191010,71117.2%
192012,25714.4%
193012,3791.0%
194012,4120.3%
195011,792−5.0%
196011,764−0.2%
197011,456−2.6%
198010,724−6.4%
199010,550−1.6%
200011,2766.9%
201011,200−0.7%
Est. 201813,057[7]16.6%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 11,276 people, 4,372 households, and 2,828 families in the county. The population density was 20 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 5,282 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.76% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,372 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.30% were non-families. 29.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.

The county population contained 23.70% under the age of 18, 15.00% from 18 to 24, 23.40% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,087, and the median income for a family was $43,750. Males had a median income of $28,994 versus $21,084 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,446. About 5.40% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.60% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,200 people, 4,483 households, and 2,814 families in the county.[13] The population density was 19.9 inhabitants per square mile (7.7/km2). There were 5,559 housing units at an average density of 9.9 per square mile (3.8/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 96.2% white, 0.7% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.8% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 50.7% were German, 20.6% were Norwegian, 12.4% were Irish, 6.6% were English, 6.2% were Dutch, 5.0% were Danish, and 5.0% were American.[15]

Of the 4,483 households, 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.2% were non-families, and 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 39.9 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,606 and the median income for a family was $57,753. Males had a median income of $36,370 versus $25,898 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,447. About 6.5% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Village[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[4][edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Badus
  • Chester
  • Clarno
  • Concord
  • Farmington
  • Franklin
  • Herman
  • Lake View
  • Le Roy
  • Nunda
  • Orland
  • Rutland
  • Summit
  • Wayne
  • Wentworth
  • Winfred

Historical townsite[edit]

Politics[edit]

Lake County voters have voted for Republican Party candidates in 62 percent of national elections since 1964.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.5% 4,038 34.1% 2,314 6.4% 434
2012 54.4% 3,419 43.3% 2,724 2.3% 142
2008 48.6% 2,993 49.3% 3,033 2.1% 131
2004 55.9% 3,359 41.8% 2,509 2.3% 139
2000 52.9% 2,724 45.2% 2,331 1.9% 99
1996 38.4% 1,966 49.4% 2,526 12.2% 626
1992 33.8% 1,890 42.7% 2,388 23.5% 1,312
1988 47.6% 2,439 52.0% 2,663 0.4% 20
1984 55.9% 3,027 43.7% 2,367 0.4% 19
1980 52.9% 3,093 37.7% 2,207 9.4% 552
1976 46.2% 2,530 53.5% 2,930 0.3% 16
1972 50.1% 2,919 49.6% 2,886 0.3% 17
1968 53.7% 2,876 42.8% 2,294 3.5% 188
1964 44.7% 2,417 55.3% 2,988
1960 61.3% 3,520 38.7% 2,224
1956 62.3% 3,404 37.7% 2,058
1952 73.3% 4,020 26.7% 1,466
1948 57.0% 2,837 42.0% 2,093 1.0% 52
1944 65.7% 2,956 34.3% 1,543
1940 68.9% 4,179 31.1% 1,889
1936 53.0% 3,182 41.9% 2,520 5.1% 307
1932 41.1% 2,222 57.2% 3,090 1.8% 95
1928 63.4% 3,048 36.3% 1,744 0.3% 15
1924 45.4% 1,888 7.1% 297 47.5% 1,978
1920 70.0% 2,333 11.9% 398 18.1% 603
1916 55.0% 1,398 40.4% 1,027 4.5% 115
1912 0.0% 0 33.5% 657 66.5% 1,304
1908 65.6% 1,415 29.5% 636 4.9% 106
1904 78.9% 1,728 11.9% 260 9.2% 202
1900 55.6% 1,172 42.7% 901 1.7% 36
1896 46.1% 864 53.3% 999 0.6% 11
1892 43.5% 742 11.5% 196 45.1% 769

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d Lake County SD Google Maps (accessed 5 February 2019)
  5. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 5 February 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ Saranac (historical) in Lake County SD SD Home Town Locator (accessed 5 February 2019)
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′N 97°07′W / 44.02°N 97.12°W / 44.02; -97.12