Spink County, South Dakota

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Spink County, South Dakota
SPINK COUNTY COURTHOUSE, REDFIELD, SD.jpg
Spink County Courthouse in July 2013
Map of South Dakota highlighting Spink County
Location in the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded1879
Named forS.L. Spink
SeatRedfield
Largest cityRedfield
Area
 • Total1,510 sq mi (3,911 km2)
 • Land1,504 sq mi (3,895 km2)
 • Water5.8 sq mi (15 km2), 0.4%
Population (est.)
 • (2016)6,420
 • Density4.3/sq mi (1.7/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.spinkcounty-sd.org

Spink County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,415.[1] Its county seat is Redfield.[2] The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1879 within Dakota Territory.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,510 square miles (3,900 km2), of which 1,504 square miles (3,900 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Protected area[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880477
189010,5812,118.2%
19009,487−10.3%
191015,98168.5%
192015,768−1.3%
193015,304−2.9%
194012,527−18.1%
195012,204−2.6%
196011,706−4.1%
197010,595−9.5%
19809,201−13.2%
19907,981−13.3%
20007,454−6.6%
20106,415−13.9%
Est. 20176,410[5]−0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 7,454 people, 2,847 households, and 1,933 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 3,352 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.56% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 1.48% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,847 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.60% were married couples living together, 6.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 29.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 18.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 107.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,717, and the median income for a family was $37,114. Males had a median income of $25,065 versus $20,386 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,728. About 10.20% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.20% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

Several Hutterite communities are in Spink County, including near Ashton and Stratford.[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,415 people, 2,608 households, and 1,677 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 4.3 inhabitants per square mile (1.7/km2). There were 3,139 housing units at an average density of 2.1 per square mile (0.81/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 1.2% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 52.6% were German, 11.6% were Norwegian, 10.0% were Irish, 9.2% were English, and 5.5% were American.[14]

Of the 2,608 households, 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families, and 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 44.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,000 and the median income for a family was $60,639. Males had a median income of $40,273 versus $26,139 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,295. About 8.2% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into thirty-seven townships:

  • Antelope
  • Athol
  • Belle Plaine
  • Belmont
  • Benton
  • Beotia
  • Buffalo
  • Capitola
  • Clifton
  • Conde
  • Cornwall
  • Crandon
  • Exline
  • Frankfort
  • Garfield
  • Great Bend
  • Groveland
  • Harmony
  • Harrison
  • Jefferson
  • Lake
  • La Prairie
  • Lincoln
  • Lodi
  • Mellette
  • Northville
  • Olean
  • Prairie Center
  • Redfield
  • Richfield
  • Spring
  • Sumner
  • Tetonka
  • Three Rivers
  • Tulare
  • Turton
  • Union

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 62.8% 1,854 31.1% 919 6.0% 178
2012 54.9% 1,670 42.8% 1,300 2.3% 71
2008 50.8% 1,660 47.4% 1,550 1.8% 59
2004 59.9% 2,259 39.2% 1,478 1.0% 37
2000 59.6% 1,957 38.8% 1,274 1.6% 53
1996 45.0% 1,651 44.6% 1,636 10.4% 382
1992 37.1% 1,527 42.1% 1,732 20.7% 853
1988 48.5% 1,969 51.0% 2,071 0.5% 22
1984 60.8% 2,627 38.9% 1,680 0.4% 17
1980 60.3% 2,915 32.5% 1,572 7.2% 347
1976 42.8% 2,003 56.6% 2,650 0.6% 26
1972 52.2% 2,547 47.6% 2,321 0.3% 12
1968 42.1% 2,068 54.3% 2,669 3.6% 178
1964 38.5% 1,953 61.5% 3,120
1960 51.7% 2,738 48.4% 2,563
1956 48.3% 2,683 51.7% 2,873
1952 65.1% 3,693 34.9% 1,983
1948 45.6% 2,310 53.3% 2,702 1.1% 55
1944 50.9% 2,365 49.1% 2,285
1940 48.7% 2,975 51.3% 3,134
1936 35.4% 2,078 60.8% 3,569 3.8% 224
1932 36.7% 2,433 61.0% 4,046 2.4% 156
1928 60.9% 3,868 38.6% 2,451 0.5% 33
1924 57.8% 2,613 13.2% 595 29.0% 1,312
1920 65.1% 2,923 17.5% 785 17.4% 783
1916 48.6% 1,660 47.5% 1,622 3.9% 133
1912 0.0% 0 44.5% 1,347 55.5% 1,678
1908 59.0% 1,847 35.8% 1,121 5.2% 162
1904 74.5% 2,127 17.2% 492 8.2% 235
1900 56.4% 1,496 41.0% 1,087 2.6% 69
1896 51.3% 1,132 48.1% 1,061 0.6% 13
1892 53.0% 1,133 8.0% 171 39.0% 832

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ "New Hutterite Community being Planned in Spink County". Rapid City Journal. Associated Press. July 8, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-15.

Coordinates: 44°56′N 98°21′W / 44.94°N 98.35°W / 44.94; -98.35