Daman and Diu
|This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (August 2015)|
|Daman and Diu
|Established||30 May 1987|
|• Member of Parliament||Lalubhai Patel|
|• Administrator||Praful Khoda Patel|
|• Advisor to Administrator, Daman & Diu||S. S. Yadav, IAS|
|• Total||102 km2 (39 sq mi)|
|• Rank||6th (among union territories)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||None|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-DD|
|No. of districts||2|
|Sex ratio||1.61 ♂/♀|
Daman and Diu / ... / ( locally (help·info)) is a union territory in Western India. With an area of 112 sq. km, it is the smallest federal division of India on the mainland. The territory comprises of two distinct regions Daman and Diu, geographically separated by the Gulf of Khambhat. The state of Gujarat and Arabian Sea border the territory. Originally a Portuguese Colony, the territories were annexed by India in 1961 through a military conquest.
For over 450 years, the coastal enclaves of Daman (Portuguese: Damão) and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on December 19, 1961, by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until 1974.
The territory of "Goa, Daman and Diu" was administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 650 kilometres away from each other by road.
According to the 2011 census, the lowest female to male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu. The Daman district, with a female to male ratio of .533, is among the lowest of all the districts
Gujarati is the mother tongue of most of the territory’s population, as they belong to the Gujarati-speaking Damaniya sub-caste. Along with Gujarati, Konkani, Hindi and English are all official languages. Hindi and English are official languages because they are official languages of India’s central government. Konkani is an official language since Daman and Diu were once part of a combined union territory along with Goa (a Konkani-speaking region), before Goa gained statehood in 1987.
Marathi, spoken in the neighboring state of Maharashtra, is also widely understood, although it lacks official status. The use of Portuguese, which was the territory’s official language during the colonial period, is in decline and relegated to home use among the elderly. It is also used as a liturgical language by some of the territory’s Catholics. Standard Portuguese exists in a post-creole continuum while Daman and Diu Portuguese is spoken by about 10,000–12,000 people in Daman.
|Source:Census of India|
According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator, appointed by the President of India as an agent of the President, not a head of state/government or a governor. Previously, this post was held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, IAS officer (1990 batch). He was assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty. Currently, this post is held by Praful Khoda Patel.
- Diu District, an area of 40 km². The main settlement is the town of Diu.
- Daman District, an area of 28 sq mi or 72 km². The main settlement is the city of Daman.
The state's domestic product for Daman and Diu in 2005 was estimated at 156 million US dollars at current prices.
In Daman, the most popular schools are Institute of Our Lady of Fátima located in Moti Daman, Coast Guard Public School in Nani Daman, Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman, Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani Daman, and other government institutions. There is also Daman College, which has most of the educational facilities.
Daman and Diu are connected by roads, and are 12 km from Vapi, 125 km from Surat, and 150 km from Mumbai. Vapi railway station on the Western Railway is the station nearest to Daman, and connects to all major cities. Diu Airport has commercial air services, while Daman Airport has an Indian Navy air base.
Media and communications
- The Business Line
- Deccan Chronicle
- The Economic Times
- Free Press Journal
- The Hans India
- The Hindu
- Hindustan Times
- The New Indian Express
- The Times of India
- Airtel, Aircel, BSNL, Idea Cellular, JIO, Reliance Mobile, Tata Docomo, Vodafone
- Satellite television:
Daman and Diu house various buildings and monuments with Portuguese styled architecture.
The nearest railway junction is Veraval, which is 90 km from Diu. Major cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh), Dwarka and Thiruvananthapuram are directly connected to Veraval Railway Station. Delwada is 8 km from Diu.
- Jain Temple: This 18th-century temple is situated in northern region of Nani Daman Fort and is dedicated to Mahavir Swami. The temple is built with white marble and has beautiful carvings. The walls have an elegant glass cover with 18th-century murals that represents the life of Mahavir Swami.
- Nani Daman Fort
- Diu Fort
- Fort of Moti Daman
- St. Thomas Church
- Nadia Caves
- St. Paul's Church
- Tower of Silence
- Daman Freedom Memorial
- Fortim do Mar
- Portuguese Fort
- Se Cathedral
- Nagoa Beach is in Diu.
- Ghoghla Beach is the largest beach on the island of Diu.
- Chakratirth Beach is in Diu.
- Gomtimata Beach is in Diu.
- Jallandhar Beach has a shrine. The beach is named after Jallandhar, a mythological demon who was said to have been killed by Lord Krishna.
- "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). 16 July 2014. p. 109. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
- "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001" (PDF). Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2012-05-12.
- "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Retrieved 2008-12-18.
- "Jallandhar Beach, Diu". www.nativeplanet.com. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
- "Damão, Índia". coimbra.pt (in Portuguese). Coimbra, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Coimbra. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
- "Município – Cooperação externa – Diu". cm-loures.pt (in Portuguese). Loures, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Loures. 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-17.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Daman and Diu.|
- Daman Administration's official website
- WorldStatesmen, including lists of Portuguese captains/governors of Damão and Diu