From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following events occurred in December 1972:
- 1 December 1, 1972 (Friday)
- 2 December 2, 1972 (Saturday)
- 3 December 3, 1972 (Sunday)
- 4 December 4, 1972 (Monday)
- 5 December 5, 1972 (Tuesday)
- 6 December 6, 1972 (Wednesday)
- 7 December 7, 1972 (Thursday)
- 8 December 8, 1972 (Friday)
- 9 December 9, 1972 (Saturday)
- 10 December 10, 1972 (Sunday)
- 11 December 11, 1972 (Monday)
- 12 December 12, 1972 (Tuesday)
- 13 December 13, 1972 (Wednesday)
- 14 December 14, 1972 (Thursday)
- 15 December 15, 1972 (Friday)
- 16 December 16, 1972 (Saturday)
- 17 December 17, 1972 (Sunday)
- 18 December 18, 1972 (Monday)
- 19 December 19, 1972 (Tuesday)
- 20 December 20, 1972 (Wednesday)
- 21 December 21, 1972 (Thursday)
- 22 December 22, 1972 (Friday)
- 23 December 23, 1972 (Saturday)
- 24 December 24, 1972 (Sunday)
- 25 December 25, 1972 (Monday)
- 26 December 26, 1972 (Tuesday)
- 27 December 27, 1972 (Wednesday)
- 28 December 28, 1972 (Thursday)
- 29 December 29, 1972 (Friday)
- 30 December 30, 1972 (Saturday)
- 31 December 31, 1972 (Sunday)
- 32 References
December 1, 1972 (Friday)
- India and Pakistan exchanged prisoners of war taken during the 1971 war between the two nations. In all, 542 Pakistanis and 639 Indians were repatriated.
- Died: Antonio Segni, 81, former President and former Prime Minister of Italy.
December 2, 1972 (Saturday)
- Australian federal election, 1972: The Australian Labor Party (ALP), led by Gough Whitlam, won 67 of the 125 seats in the House of Representatives, to take control of the government from the coalition of the Liberal Party (headed by Prime Minister William McMahon) and the Country Party, removing the Liberals from a majority for the first time in 23 years. The Liberals retained control of the Senate. Whitlam was sworn in as Prime Minister three days later and introduced dramatic economic, social and political reforms, including withdrawal of troops from Vietnam, freeing imprisoned draft protesters, and setting up ties with China, North Vietnam and East Germany.
- One of the most spectacular examples of a sinkhole was formed in a matter of hours in Shelby County, Alabama. The "December Giant", also known as the "Golly Hole" sank to a depth of 150 feet and left a 450-by-350-foot-wide (140 by 110 m) crater.
December 3, 1972 (Sunday)
- A Spantax Airlines jet crashed shortly after takeoff from Tenerife, killing all 155 persons on board. Of the 148 passengers, 143 were West German travelers returning to Munich following the end of a South Atlantic Ocean liner cruise.
- Born: Tré Cool (Frank Edwin Wright III), drummer and backup singer for the group Green Day, in Frankfurt, West Germany.
- Died: Bill Johnson, 100, American jazz musician
December 4, 1972 (Monday)
- Steven Stayner, age 7, was kidnapped while walking home from school in Merced, California. For more than seven years, Steven would lived as "Dennis Parnell" with his kidnapper, Kenneth Parnell, until Parnell kidnapped another child, Timmy White. Stayner would be reunited with his family at age 14 after he and White went to the police in Ukiah, California. The story became a book and a 1988 television movie, with the title I Know My First Name Is Steven.
- Ramón Ernesto Cruz, who had been elected President of Honduras in 1971, was overthrown in a coup led by the Army. General Oswaldo López Arellano, who had handed power over to Cruz following the election, returned to office as President.
December 5, 1972 (Tuesday)
- Screening of all passengers and carry-on luggage would be required in all American airports by January 5, 1973, under emergency regulations announced the United States Department of Transportation. Federal funds would pay for the equipment, and the additional personnel would be paid for by the airlines and airport operators. There had been 29 hijackings in the United States in 1972. In 1973 there were two.
- A United States appellate court panel set aside a regulation that would have required airbags in motor vehicles made on or after August 15, 1975.
- A U.S. government spokesman, who asked not to be identified, announced that for the first time in United States history, the fertility rate had dropped below the zero population growth (ZPG) standard of 2.11 births for every woman, from 2.28 in 1971 to 2.04 in 1972.
December 6, 1972 (Wednesday)
- The United Nations, through UNESCO, voted to fund the restoration of Borobudur, a Buddhist shrine constructed in the 9th century in Indonesia. The work was completed in 1983.
- Died: Janet Munro, 38, British actress, of alcohol-related myocarditis
December 7, 1972 (Thursday)
- Apollo 17 was launched from Cape Kennedy at 12:33 a.m. EST after a delay of nearly three hours. Carrying astronauts Gene Cernan, Ronald Evans, and Harrison Schmitt, the mission was the last manned trip to the Moon. With an orbital trajectory that permitted a fully illuminated view of the entire planet, the crew snapped a famous image of the globe, colloquially called "The Blue Marble" File:The Earth seen from Apollo 17.jpg  After three hours, rockets were fired and the three astronauts of Apollo 17 became the last persons to go beyond the orbit of the Earth.
- Imelda Marcos, First Lady of the Philippines, was slashed repeatedly by a bolo knife–wielding assassin, who attacked her at an awards ceremony at the Nayong Pilipino theme park in Pasay City. Mrs. Marcos required 75 stitches.
- Born: Hermann Maier, Austrian skier, in Altenmarkt im Pongau
December 8, 1972 (Friday)
- United Airlines Flight 553 Boeing 737 from Washington to Chicago crashed at 2:29 p.m. while attempting to land at Chicago Midway Airport during an ice storm. Killed were 43 of 61 persons on board, and two people in a house at 3722 W. 70th Place. The dead included Dorothy Hunt (wife of Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt), CBS News reporter Michelle Clark, and Illinois Congressman George W. Collins.
- Florida became the first state, since the June 29 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Furman v. Georgia, to reinstate capital punishment. Governor Reubin Askew signed the bill into law a week after it had passed both houses of the State Legislature.
- Dr. Mahmoud Hamshari, the PLO representative in France, was fatally wounded by a bomb, planted near his telephone by agents of Israel's Mossad, in retaliation for his suspected role in the 1972 Munich Massacre. After the explosive had been placed during Hamshari's absence, an agent telephoned him and asked enough questions to confirm his identity. The bomb was then detonated by remote control, possibly by a signal through the telephone line.
December 9, 1972 (Saturday)
- Pilot Martin Hartwell was rescued in the Canadian Arctic more than a month after he and three other persons had crashed near Great Bear Lake in the Northwest Territories. The plane's disappearance had led to the largest aviation search in Canada's history.
- Died Louella Parsons, 91, American gossip columnist
December 10, 1972 (Sunday)
- In Japan's parliamentary election, the Liberal Democratic Party won again, losing 24 seats but retaining 271 of the 491 in the lower house of the Diet.
- Amnesty International launched its first worldwide Campaign for the Abolition of Torture.
- Richard Fliehr made his professional wrestling debut in Rice Lake, Wisconsin, under the name of Ric Flair.
- The American League adopted the designated hitter rule, initially on a three-year trial.
December 11, 1972 (Monday)
- Mankind landed on the Moon for the sixth and last time, as the Apollo 17 lunar module Challenger touched down at 1955 GMT at the Taurus-Litrow crater at 1:54 pm Houston time (1954 GMT).
- Soviet and Chinese soldiers clashed at the border, with several of the Soviet soldiers being killed.
- "Don't Buy Farah Day" was declared by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers union, which asked Americans nationwide to boycott the non-union Farah Manufacturing, in protest over low wages and benefits paid by one of the largest clothing makers in the United States. During the course of a strike that lasted from May 1972 to March 1974, Farah's sales dropped by twenty million dollars.
- Born: Daniel Alfredsson, Swedish NHL player, in Gothenburg
December 12, 1972 (Tuesday)
- A boatload with 65 Haitian refugees, mostly black, landed in Florida, the first "boat people" to flee from Haiti to the United States. Landings were sporadic until 1978, when thousands of Haitians, fleeing the Duvalier regime, began seeking sanctuary in the U.S.
- MCA Inc. unveiled Disco-Vision, a videodisc system to rival RCA's SelectaVision. The picture quality was poor and the system never went on sale.
- Born: Chris Senn, professional skateboarder, in Grass Valley, CA
December 13, 1972 (Wednesday)
- North Vietnam's negotiators walked out of the Paris Peace Talks. President Nixon issued an ultimatum to the North Vietnamese to return to the talks within 72 hours, or face severe measures. On December 18, the United States began Operation Linebacker II, the most massive aerial bombardment ever made of North Vietnam.
- Born: Chris Grant, Australian rules football star, in Daylesford, Victoria
December 14, 1972 (Thursday)
- Shortly after midnight Eastern Standard Time, American astronaut Eugene Cernan climbed into the lunar module Challenger, following after Harrison Schmitt, having been the last person to have set foot on the moon; the scheduled end of the moonwalk had been 0433 GMT (11:33 pm December 13 EST). At 2255 GMT (5:55 pm EST), the cabin of the Challenger lunar module lifted off from the surface of the Moon with Cernan and Schmitt, to return to lunar orbit.
- Willy Brandt was re-elected as Chancellor of West Germany, needing 247 votes in the 493 member Bundestag, and receiving 269.
- Born: Miranda Hart, English comedian and actress, in Torquay.
December 15, 1972 (Friday)
- The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) was created by a 112–0 vote of the UN General Assembly.
- The Commonwealth of Australia Conciliation and Arbitration Commission issued a decision requiring equal pay for women.
December 16, 1972 (Saturday)
- At the village of Wiriamu in Mozambique, at that time a colony of Portugal, Portuguese troops executed a massacre of the residents —men, women and children— in retaliation for the ambush of a patrol the day before. At least 328 bodies were buried later, although observers concluded that the number of persons killed was more than 400. Like Lidice, Wiriamu was razed. Unlike Lidice, it was never rebuilt.
- The Apollo 17 orbiter began its return to Earth, as the America became the last manned spacecraft to orbit the Moon.
- Six people were killed in a small plane crash in Cheektowaga, New York. The pilot of a twin engine Cessna 421 was unable to return to the Buffalo Niagara International Airport and slammed into two homes killing his two passengers and 3 people on the ground.
December 17, 1972 (Sunday)
- Running back Dave Hampton became the first player for the Atlanta Falcons to rush for 1,000 yards in a season, as Atlanta closed its season against the Kansas City Chiefs. On his next carry, Hampton was tackled for a five-yard loss, and finished 1972 with 995 yards rushing.
- Died: Rodolfo Cadena, 30, founder of the Mexican Mafia prison gang at the California Institution for Men, after being stabbed 70 times by members of a rival gang.
December 18, 1972 (Monday)
- Operation Linebacker II, described more generally as the Christmas Bombing and sometimes as "The Eleven-Day War", began at 2:51 pm as the first of 87 B-52 bombers, piloted by Major Bill Stocker, lifted off from Andersen AFB in Guam. These were joined by 42 more B-52s flying from Thailand, along with 400 fighters and refueling tankers. At 7:40 pm Hanoi time, from an altitude of 35,000 feet, the bombers began dropping their payloads on targets in North Vietnam, and were met by hundreds of SAM missiles and some MiG-21 fighters. There were 121 bombing runs in the first 24 hours.
- Neilia Hunter Biden, the wife of U.S. Senator-elect (and future U.S. Vice-President) Joe Biden was killed in a traffic accident, along with the couple's 13-month-old daughter, Naomi. Mrs. Biden's car was struck by a tractor-trailer at 2:30 pm as she pulled into an intersection near Hockessin, Delaware. The Bidens' two sons, aged three and four, were injured.
December 19, 1972 (Tuesday)
- The supertanker Sea Star collided with another ship and spilled 144,000,000 litres of petroleum into the Persian Gulf.
- Apollo 17 returned to Earth, concluding the program of lunar exploration.
December 20, 1972 (Wednesday)
- Neil Simon's play The Sunshine Boys, was first performed, at the Broadhurst Theatre on Broadway.
- The Northrop M2-F3, the "wingless airplane", made its final flight, achieving an altitude of 71,500 feet.
- The last Australian servicemen to have served in the Vietnam War were brought home.
- North Central Airlines Flight 575 was cleared for takeoff by an air traffic controller at Chicago's O'Hare Airport, but Delta Air Lines Flight 954 had not yet cleared the runway. Eleven of the 41 people on board the North Central DC-9 were killed in the collision.
December 21, 1972 (Thursday)
- The Grundlagenvertrag, or Basic Treaty, between the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), was signed in East Berlin. The two nations agreed to "develop normal good-neighbourly relations" and to "reaffirm the inviolability now and in the future of the border existing between them", as well as resolving that "neither of the two States can represent the other".
- Died: General Paul Hausser, 92, "Papa" of the German Waffen SS
December 22, 1972 (Friday)
- Roberto Canessa and Fernando Parrado emerged from the Andes mountains to give the news that they and 14 others had survived the October 13 Uruguayan plane crash in the Andes. A Chilean Air Force helicopter picked up six of the men, and the other eight were rescued the next day.
- The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) children's television show Adventure Island, broadcast its 1,175th and final episode after a run of five years.
- The Bach Mai Hospital in Hanoi was struck by seven bombs dropped by American airplanes on the fifth day of Operation Linebacker II. Eighteen people— physicians, medical students, nurses and patients— were killed.
- Born: Vanessa Paradis, French singer and actress; in Saint-Maur-des-Fossés
December 23, 1972 (Saturday)
- At 12:29 a.m., an earthquake of 6.2 magnitude leveled the Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, and killed more than 10,000 people, destroyed 589 city blocks, and left 400,000 homeless.
- Braathens Flight 239, a Norwegian airplane flight from Ålesund to Oslo, crashed while attempting a landing, killing 40 of the 45 persons on board.
- The Pittsburgh Steelers beat the Oakland Raiders 13–7, on a last second play that became known as "The Immaculate Reception". The term was used on WTAE-TV's 11 o'clock news by Steelers announcer Myron Cope, who gave credit to a fan, Michael Ord, for coining it, and Sharon Levosky, a friend of Ord's, who called Cope. With 0:22 left, the Steelers trailed 7–6, and were at fourth and 10 on their own 40-yard line. Terry Bradshaw threw a pass that was deflected, and then caught by Franco Harris, who ran 60 yards for the winning touchdown.
December 24, 1972 (Sunday)
- U.S. bombing of North Vietnam was temporarily halted for 36 hours at 8:00 am local time on Christmas Eve, although Radio Hanoi reported that raids had continued as late as 7:30 pm.
- Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, leader of the Pakhtoon people, was allowed to return to Pakistan after an exile of eight years, after he agreed to drop calls for an independent "Pakhtoonistan".
- Born: Klaus Schnellenkamp, German-Chilean author; in Colonia Dignidad, Chile
- Died: Charles Atlas (Angelo Sicilano), 80, American bodybuilder and developer of dynamic tension program sold by mail.
December 25, 1972 (Monday)
- An unpublished decree took effect in the U.S.S.R., making it illegal for Soviet residents to meet with foreigners "for the purpose of disseminating false or slanderous information about the Soviet Union", a definition that covered most dissidents.
- Yuri Andropov, the Director of the KGB, recommended that the Soviet Politburo allocate $100,000 in U.S. currency to influence the March parliamentary elections in Chile. The Politburo approved the transfer on February 7, 1973.
- Born: Qu Yunxia, Chinese middle-distance runner; holder of women's 1500 m world record (3:50.46) since 1993
- Died: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, 94, Indian freedom-fighter and last Governor-General of India (1948–50)
December 26, 1972 (Tuesday)
- In what has been described as the airstrike that "decided the entire air war over North Vietnam", Operation Linebacker II saw 220 American aircraft strike targets over a fifteen-minute period, destroying a missile assembly facility, and crippling radar stations and airbases. The North Vietnamese agreed to resume peace talks after three more days of bombing. The bombings on the day after Christmas also destroyed residences and businesses on Hanoi's Kham Tien Street, killing 215 civilians.
- The Santiago, Chile, newspaper El Mercurio broke the story that the 16 survivors of the Uruguayan plane crash in the Andes mountains had turned to cannibalism to avoid starvation.
- Died: Harry S. Truman, 88, the 33rd President of the United States, died at 7:50 am in Kansas City.
December 27, 1972 (Wednesday)
- The Environmental Protection Agency issued new regulations requiring unleaded gasoline to be available in all American stations no later than July 1, 1974, with a limit 0.05 grams of lead per gallon.
- Nineteen people were killed near Fort Sumner, New Mexico, when a church bus was struck by a cattle truck. The bus was one of two the Woodlawn Baptist Church of Austin, Texas, carrying a youth group to a ski resort.
- New constitutions took effect, independently of each other, in both South Korea  and North Korea.
- Born: Colin Charvis, Welsh rugby player, in Sutton Coldfield
- Died: Lester B. Pearson, 75, 14th Prime Minister of Canada (1963–1968); Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1957.
December 28, 1972 (Thursday)
- At the age of 20, Prince Vajiralongkorn was designated as Crown Prince of Thailand by his father, King Bhumibol Adulyadej.
- Kim Il-sung, who was already the (since 1948) Prime Minister of North Korea and General Secretary of its Workers' Party, became the nation's first President, when the office was created as part of a new Constitution.
- Born: Patrick Rafter, Australian tennis player, ranked No. 1 in the world 1999; U.S. Open champion 1997 and 1998; in Pembroke, Bermuda
December 29, 1972 (Friday)
- At 11:42 p.m., Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 crashed into the Everglades in Florida, killing 101 of 176 on board. The cockpit crew had been preoccupied with checking the L-1011's landing gear when a light on the instrument panel had failed to come on. Distracted, nobody realized that the autopilot had become disengaged, and that they were slowly losing altitude. The last recorded words were the co-pilot saying "We did something to the altitude. We're still at 2000, right?" and the pilot responding, "Hey, what's happening here?"  Ghosts of the dead are said to have been seen by others, as described in John G. Fuller's bestseller Ghost of Flight 401.
- Edward Lorenz proposed the now-famous butterfly effect in a paper delivered to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, entitled "Predictability: Does the Flap of a Butterfly's Wings in Brazil Set Off a Tornado in Texas?" 
- Life magazine's final weekly issue carried the December 29, 1972, date, though it was on newsstands the week before, the first issue having been on November 23, 1936.
- The U.S. Army received its last draftees. After the close of the Vietnam War conscription of Americans into the service ceased, and all services were composed of volunteers.
- The takeover of Israel's embassy in Thailand, by Palestinian terrorists, ended peacefully after intervention by Egypt's ambassador and Thai officials. The four Arab gunmen, granted safe passage to Cairo, released their Israeli hostages, including the ambassador. Before everyone departed, the Egyptian and Israeli ambassadors, the four gunmen and five diplomats all ate dinner together inside the embassy.
- Died: Joseph Cornell, 69, American sculptor and philosopher.
December 30, 1972 (Saturday)
- The "Christmas Bombing" of North Vietnam halted by order of U.S. President Nixon, after the North Vietnamese agreed to resume negotiations with Henry Kissinger beginning on January 8. A total of 20,370 tons of bombs were dropped on North Vietnam over eleven days. In an oft-quoted passage from The Lessons of Vietnam, Sir Robert Thompson wrote "after eleven days of those B-52 attacks on the Hanoi area, you had won the war! It was over!" South Vietnam would be conquered by the North forty months later.
- Born: Kerry Collins, American NFL quarterback, in Lebanon, Pennsylvania
December 31, 1972 (Sunday)
- In the tiny principality of Andorra, Julià Reig Ribó returned to office as the First Syndic, the chief executive officer as selected by the General Council for a term of three years. He succeeded Francesc Escude-Ferrero, who had replaced him at the end of 1966. Reig Ribó would serve until December 29, 1978, and be succeeded by Estanislau Sangrá Font. The nominal co-princes of Andorra at the time were Joan Martí i Alanis (Spain's Bishop of Urgel) and Georges Pompidou (President of France).
- Died: Roberto Clemente, 38, star of the Pittsburgh Pirates, killed along with five other people while on an errand of mercy to earthquake victims in Managua. At 9:22 pm, his DC-7 crashed into the Atlantic shortly after takeoff from San Juan, Puerto Rico. Clemente's body was never found. Clemente was inducted into baseball's Hall of Fame in 1973.
- The barangay system was created in the Philippines by decree Number 86 of President Ferdinand Marcos.
- Another leap second (23:59:60) was added to end of the year, making 1972 the only year to have two leap seconds, and thus the longest year in human history.
- Born: Joey McIntyre, American actor and singer, in Needham, Massachusetts
- "Developments in the Subcontinent— The Post-Bangladesh Phase", by Mohammed Ayoob, in Self Reliance and National Resilience (Abhinav Publications, 2003), p18
- Australian Government and Politics Database, University of Western Australia
- Jonathan King, Great Moments in Australian History (Allen & Unwin, 2009), pp287–288
- Sandra Friend, Sinkholes (Pineapple Press, 2002), p21; "Science Newsfront", by Arthur Fisher, Popular Science (July 1973), p28
- "Holiday Jetliner Disaster Kills 155", Oakland Tribune, December 4, 1972, p3
- Mike Echols, I Know My First Name Is Steven (Pinnacle Books, 1991). p36; "Vast Hunt on For Missing Merced Boy", Oakland Tribune, December 8, 1972, p30
- "Honduras President Is Ousted", Oakland Tribune, December 4, 1972, p6
- "U.S. Order To Deter Hijacking", Oakland Tribune, December 5, 1972, p1
- Amitai Etzioni, The Spirit of Community: The Reinvention of American Society (Simon & Schuster, 1994), p168
- "Court Bars Care Airbags Use in 1975,", Oakland Tribune, December 5, 1972
- "U.S. Births Go Below Zero Rate", Oakland Tribune, December 5, 1972, p1
- UNESCO Report
- "Apollo in Fiery Trip To Moon", Oakland Tribune, December 7, 1972, p1,
- Ron Vernon, Beneath Our Feet: The Rocks of Planet Earth (Cambridge University Press, 2000), p8
- "Assassin Tries to Kill Marcos' Wife", Oakland Tribune, December 7, 1972, p1
- "Chicago Jet Toll Grows To 55 Dead", Oakland Tribune, December 9, 1972, p1; "3 area residents reported dead, 4 missing, 7 homes destroyed in crash that killed 45", Southtown Economist (Chicago), December 10, 1972, p1
- Ami Pedahzur, The Israeli Secret Services and the Struggle Against Terrorism (Columbia University Press, 2009), p43
- "Month-Long Search of Arctic Climaxes in Pilot's Rescue", Salt Lake Tribune, December 10, 1972, p1
- "Tanaka Party Retains Japan Rule", Salt Lake Tribune, December 11, 1972, p1
- Jonathan Power, Like Water on Stone: The Story of Amnesty International (Northeastern University Press, 2001), pp113–114
- Keith Elliot Greenberg, Pro Wrestling: From Carnivals to Cable TV (LernerSports, 2000) pp61–62
- Russell O. Wright, Dominating the Diamond: The 19 Baseball Teams with the Most Dominant Single Seasons, 1901–2000 (McFarland, 2002), p141
- Eugene Cernan with Don Davis, The Last Man on the Moon: Astronaut Eugene Cernan and America's Race in Space (St. Martin's Griffin, 2000)
- "Apollo 17 Lands on Moon— 'We Is Here'", Salt Lake Tribune, December 12, 1972, p1
- Raymond L. Garthoff, Détente and Confrontation: American-Soviet Relations from Nixon to Reagan (Brookings Institution, 1994), p358
- "Farah Strike (1972–1974)", in Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia (Indiana University Press, 2006) pp249–250
- Felix Masud-Piloto, From Welcomed Exiles to Illegal Immigrants: Cuban Migration to the U.S., 1959–1995 (Rowman & Littlefield, 1996), p115
- Albert Abramson, The History of Television, 1942 to 2000 (McFarland, 2003), p148
- Walter J. Boyne, The Influence of Air Power upon History (Pelican 2003), p338
- "'We're on Our Way,' Shout 2 Astros Leaving Moonship", Salt Lake Tribune, December 15, 1972, p1
- Heinrich August Winkler, Germany: The Long Road West, 1933–1990 (Oxford University Press, 2007), p283
- W. Langeraar, Surveying and Charting of the Seas (Elsevier, 1984), p587
- "Equal Pay Case 1972", Fair Work Australia website
- M.S. Gill, Human Rights, Human Wrongs (Sarup & Sons, 2004), pp87–88
- "Space Trio on Their Way Back", Salt Lake Tribune, December 17, 1972, p1
- "Loss of Six Left This Back Sick!", Salt Lake Tribune, December 18, 1972, p31
- Brig. Gen. James R. McCarthy, et al., Linebacker II: A View from the Rock (Office of Air Force History, 1985), p52
- Joe Christy, American Aviation: An Illustrated History (Tab Books, 1994), pp278–279
- István Toperczer, MiG-21 Units of the Vietnam War (Osprey, 2001) p76
- "Bombers Raid North, Sustain Heavy Loss", Salt Lake Tribune, December 19, 1972, p1
- "Sen.-Elect Biden's Wife, Child Are Killed In Crash", The Daily Times (Salisbury, MD), December 19, 1972, p1
- Global Environment Outlook 3 (Earthscan, 2002), p292
- Neil Simon, The Sunshine Boys: A Comedy in Two Acts (Samuel French, Inc., 1973), p3
- R. Dale Reed and Darlene Lister, Wingless Flight: The Lifting Body Story (University of Kentucky Press, 2002), p150
- David Wilson, The Brotherhood of Airmen: The Men and Women of the RAAF in Action, 1914–Today (Allen & Unwin, 2005), p186
- "11 Are Killed in Crash of Airliner in Chicago", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 21, 1972, p1
- International Law Reports (Volume 78), (Cambridge University Press, 1988), p153
- "16 Survive for 10 Weeks High in Andes After Air Crash—Rescue Effort Starts", Salt Lake Tribune, December 23, 1972, p1
- Adventure Island website
- Đặng-Thùy-Trâm, Last Night I Dreamed of Peace: The Diary of Dang Thuy Tram (Harmony Books 2007), p32
- "Quake Levels Managua", Oakland Tribune, December 24, 1972, p1; Bernard Diederich, Somoza and the Legacy of U.S. Involvement in Central America (Markus Wiener Publishers, 2007), p93
- "Backtalk: An Immaculate Explanation of the Truth" by Myron Cope, New York Times, December 21, 1997
- Lew Freedman, Pittsburgh Steelers: The Complete Illustrated History (MBI Pub. Co., 2009), p78
- "Nixon Lengthens Halt in Bombing", Oakland Tribune, December 25, 1972, p1
- M. G. Chitkara, Mohajir's Pakistan (APH Publishing, 1996), p34
- Leonard Schroeter, The Last Exodus (University of Washington Press, 1979), p33
- Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The World Was Going Our Way: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World (Basic Books, 2005), p80
- John Darrell Sherwood, Fast Movers: America's Jet Pilots and the Vietnam Experience (St Martin's, 1999), p. xix.
- William S. Logan, Hanoi: Biography of a City (University of New South Wales Press, 2000), p170.
- "Plane Crash Cannibalism Triggers Questions, Anger", Oakland Tribune, December 27, 1972, p1
- "Death Ends Colorful Career Of Ex-President Truman", Salt Lake Tribune, December 27, 1972, p1
- "Unleaded Gasoline Ordered for 1974", Oakland Tribune, December 28, 1972, p1
- "Crash Kills 19 on Church Ski Bus", Oakland Tribune, December 27, 1972, p1
- Sŭng-hŭm Kil and Chung-in Moon, Understanding Korean Politics: An Introduction (University of New York Press, 2001), p327
- "The 1972 Constitution and Top Communist Leaders" by Chong-sik Lee, in Political Leadership in Korea (University of Washington Press, 1976), p192
- Thailand Country Study Guide (International Business Publications, 2007), p48
- Jürgen Kleiner, Korea: A Century of Change (World Scientific, 2001), p281
- "170 Aboard In Florida Jet Crash", Oakland Tribune, December 30, 1972, p1
- Edward N. Lorenz, The Essence of Chaos (University of Washington Press, 1995), pp181–184
- Jerold E. Brown, Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Army (Greenwood Press, 2001), p11
- "4 Arab Terrorists Free Israelis, Fly to Cairo"
- "Peace Talks To Resume—Nixon Halts Bombing", Oakland Tribune, December 31, 1972, p1
- Strategic Air Warfare: An Interview with Generals Curtis E. LeMay, Leon W. Johnson, David A. Burchinal, and Jack J. Catton (Office of Air Force History, 1988), p126
- "Andorra— Heads of State", in Heads of States and Governments Since 1945, by Harris M. Lentz (Routledge, 2014) p31
- Steven A. Riess, Encyclopedia of Major League Baseball Clubs (Greenwood Press, 2006), p323
- Albert F. Celoza, Ferdinand Marcos and the Philippines: The Political Economy of Authoritarianism (Praeger 1997), p50