Elberon, New Jersey

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Elberon, New Jersey
Unincorporated community
Long Branch Beach in Elberon
Long Branch Beach in Elberon
Elberon, New Jersey is located in Monmouth County, New Jersey
Elberon, New Jersey
Elberon, New Jersey
Elberon, New Jersey is located in New Jersey
Elberon, New Jersey
Elberon, New Jersey
Elberon, New Jersey is located in the US
Elberon, New Jersey
Elberon, New Jersey
Elberon's location in Monmouth County (Inset: Monmouth County in New Jersey)
Coordinates: 40°16′09″N 73°59′30″W / 40.26917°N 73.99167°W / 40.26917; -73.99167Coordinates: 40°16′09″N 73°59′30″W / 40.26917°N 73.99167°W / 40.26917; -73.99167
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Monmouth
City Long Branch
Elevation 39 ft (12 m)
Population (2010 Census)[1]
 • Total 31,038
ZIP code 07740
GNIS feature ID 882452[2]

Elberon is an unincorporated community that is part of Long Branch in Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States.[3] The area is served as United States Postal Service ZIP code 07740.

As of the 2010 United States Census, the population for ZIP Code Tabulation Area 07740 was 31,038.[1]

History[edit]

Elberon derives its name from the name of one of its founders, L. B. Brown.[4]

Ocean Avneue, 1902

The Elberon station offers NJ Transit train service along the North Jersey Coast Line. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978 (Reference #78001777). The original station burned down and was removed from the Register in 1990.[5]

Elberon was a beach resort community in the late 18th century. In the 19th century it was a "Hollywood" of the east, where some of the greatest theatrical and other performers of the day gathered and performed. It was visited by presidents Chester A. Arthur, James Garfield, Ulysses S. Grant, Benjamin Harrison, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley, and Woodrow Wilson.[6] Seven Presidents Park, a park near the beach, is named in honor of their visits.

The Church of the Presidents, where all seven worshiped, is the only structure left in Long Branch associated with them. The church was built in 1879, designed by New York architects William Appleton Potter and Robert Henderson Robertson.

President James A. Garfield was brought to Long Branch in the hope that the fresh air and quiet in Elberon might aid his recovery after being shot on July 2, 1881, an incident that left the assassin's bullet encysted behind the pancreas. He died here on September 19, 1881, exactly two months before his 50th birthday.[7] The Garfield Tea House, built from railroad ties that carried Garfield's train, is in Elberon.[8]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Elberon include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b DP-1: Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 from the 2010 Demographic Profile Data for ZCTA5 07740, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 21, 2016.
  2. ^ "Elberon". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-09-25. 
  3. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed February 23, 2015.
  4. ^ Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 67. 
  5. ^ New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places: Monmouth County, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Historic Preservation Office, updated November 28, 2016. Accessed December 21, 2016.
  6. ^ (2006) The Year in Review, The Long Branch Historical Association, Page 1.
  7. ^ Sharkey, Joe. "The Great Boardwalk Towns of Jersey", The New York Times, August 4, 1991. Accessed July 10, 2007. "Along the 125-mile stretch of Jersey seashore, the northernmost of the Great Boardwalk Towns is Asbury Park, a resort that developed in the late 1800s as an alternative to its then vice-ridden neighbor, Long Branch, the town where President James Garfield died from gunshot wounds and thus became the first, but by no means only, local habitue to be dispatched at the hand of a disappointed office seeker."
  8. ^ "Weird NJ: Presidential death on the Jersey Shore", Asbury Park Press, November 25, 2014. Accessed December 21, 2016. "On the grounds of the church is located one more odd little reminder of Garfield's final trip to the Jersey Shore––a small red and white wooden playhouse known as the 'Garfield Tea House.' It was constructed from the railroad ties used to lay the emergency track that transported the dying president from the nearby Elberon train station to the oceanfront cottage where he died."
  9. ^ via Associated Press. "Mel Ferrer, versatile actor, dies at 90", Los Angeles Times, June 4, 2008. Accessed December 21, 2016. "Born Melchor Gaston Ferrer on Aug. 25, 1917, in Elberon, N.J., Ferrer was the son of a doctor from Cuba and a socialite mother."