Elections in Mongolia

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State emblem of Mongolia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Mongolia

Elections in Mongolia gives information on elections and election results in Mongolia.

Mongolia elects its head of state—the President of Mongolia—at the national level. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people, using the Two-round system. The State Great Khural (Ulsyn Ikh Khural, State Great Assembly) has 76 members, originally elected for a four-year term from single-seat constituencies. Due to the voting system, Mongolia experienced extreme shifts in the composition of the parliament after the 1996, 2000, and 2004 elections, so it has changed to a more proportional system in which some seats are filled on the basis of votes for local candidates, and some on the basis of nationwide party preference totals. Beginning in 2008, local candidates were elected from 26 electoral districts. Beginning with the 2012 elections, a parallel system was enacted, combining a district part and a nationwide proportional part. 48 seats are chosen at the local level in 26 districts with 1-3 seats using Plurality-at-large voting. 28 seats are chosen from nationwide closed party lists using the Largest remainder method. In the district seats, a candidate is required to get at least 28% of the vote cast in a district to be elected. If there are seats that are not filled due to this threshold, a runoff election is held in the respective district with twice the number of representatives as there are seats to be filled, between the top vote-getters of the first round.[1][2]

Dominant parties are the Mongolian People's Party (MPP), the Democratic Party (DP or AH), the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) and the Civil Will-Green Party (CWGP). In the 2012 legislative elections, the MPRP and Mongolian National Democratic Party ran together as the Justice Coalition, winning 11 seats.

Latest elections[edit]

2017 presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Khaltmaagiin Battulga Democratic Party 517,478 38.64 611,226 55.15
Miyeegombyn Enkhbold Mongolian People's Party 411,748 30.75 497,067 44.85
Sainkhüügiin Ganbaatar Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party 409,899 30.61
Invalid/blank votes 18,663 99,494
Total 1,357,788 100 1,207,787 100
Registered voters/turnout 1,978,298 68.27 1,990,787 60.67
Source: GEC, GEC

2016 legislative election[edit]

Mongolie Grand Khoural 2016.svg
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Mongolian People's Party 636,138 45.12 65 +39
Democratic Party 467,191 33.14 9 –22
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party 112,850 8.00 1
Sovereignty and Unity 35,394 2.51 0
Mongolian Republican Party 23,118 1.64 0
Civil Movement Party 12,264 0.87 0
United Party of Patriots 11,826 0.84 0
Civil Will–Green Party 6,568 0.47 0 –2
Mongolian Social Democratic Party 5,308 0.38 0
Love the People Party 4,229 0.30 0
Mongolian Conservative United Party 3,283 0.23 0
King Choice 2,794 0.20 0
Mongolian Conservative Party 2,055 0.15 0
Freedom Implementing Party 1,804 0.13 0
Democratic Movement 432 0.03 0
Independents 67,220 4.83 1 –2
Invalid/blank votes 10,108
Total 1,419,971 100 76 0
Registered voters/turnout 1,911,047 74.30
Source: Reuters, General Election Commission of Mongolia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The names of the 72 candidates received seats in the Parliament of Mongolia". InfoMongolia.com. July 6, 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-07-08.
  2. ^ LAW ON THE ELECTION OF THE STATE GREAT HURAL OF MONGOLIA
    PROCEDURE FOR OBSERVATION AND REPORTING ON THE ELECTION OF THE STATE GREAT HURAL OF MONGOLIA
    (PDF). 2012. Retrieved 3 December 2014.

External links[edit]