Long March 2A

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Long March 2A
CZ-2A.svg
Long March 2A
Function Carrier rocket
Manufacturer CALT
Country of origin China
Size
Height 32 metres (105 ft)[1]
Diameter 3.35 metres (11.0 ft)[1]
Mass 190,000 kilograms (420,000 lb)[1]
Stages 2
Capacity
Payload to
LEO
2,000 kilograms (4,400 lb)[1]
Associated rockets
Family Long March
Derivatives Long March 2C, 2E, 2F
Launch history
Status Retired
Launch sites LA-2/138, JSLC
Total launches 4
Successes 3
Failures 1
First flight 5 November 1974
Last flight 26 January 1978

The Long March 2A, also known as the Chang Zheng 2A, CZ-2A and LM-2A, was a Chinese orbital carrier rocket.

It was launched from Launch Area 2B at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre. It was a 2-stage rocket, and flew 4 times. On its first flight on 5 November 1974, a cable connecting the pitch rate control gyroscope to the guidance system became disconnected, resulting in a loss of control and launch failure.

The rocket was subsequently replaced by the more capable Long March 2C.

The payloads for the Long March 2A were FSW-0 reconnaissance satellites.

List of launches[edit]

Flight number Date (UTC) Launch site Payload Orbit Result
1 November 5, 1974
09:40
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.0 LEO Failure
2 November 16, 1975
03:29
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.1 LEO Success
3 December 7, 1976
04:38
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.2 LEO Success
4 January 26, 1978
04:58
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.3 LEO Success

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mark Wade. "CZ-2A". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2008-05-01.