Long March 2C

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Long March 2C
CZ-2C.svg
Function Carrier rocket
Manufacturer CALT
Country of origin People's Republic of China
Size
Height 42 metres (138 ft)[1]
Diameter 3.35 metres (11.0 ft)[1]
Mass 233,000 kilograms (514,000 lb)
Stages 2
Capacity
Payload to
LEO
3,850 kilograms (8,490 lb)
Payload to
SSO
2C: 1,400 kilograms (3,100 lb)
2C/SMA: 1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)
Payload to
GTO
2C/SM: 1,250 kilograms (2,760 lb)
Associated rockets
Family Long March
Launch history
Status Active
Launch sites LA-2/138 & LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC
LA-7 & LA-9, TSLC
LA-3, XSLC
Total launches 41
Successes 40
Failures 1
First flight 9 September 1982
First Stage
Length 25.72 m
Diameter 3.35 m
Propellant mass 162,706 kg (358,705 lb)
Engines 4 YF-21C
Thrust 2,961.6 kN (665,800 lbf)
Specific impulse 2,556.5 m/s (260.69 s)
Fuel N2O4/UDMH
Second Stage
Length 7.757 m
Diameter 3.35 m
Propellant mass 54,667 kg (120,520 lb)
Engines 1 YF-24E
(1 x YF-22E (Main))
(4 x YF-23C (Vernier))
Thrust 741.4 kN (166,700 lbf) (Main)
47.1 kN (10,600 lbf) (Vernier)
Specific impulse 2,922.37 m/s (297.999 s) (Main)
2,834.11 m/s (288.999 s) (Vernier)
Fuel N2O4/UDMH
Third Stage - (optional)
Length 1.5 m
Diameter 2.7 m
Propellant mass 125 kg (276 lb)
Engines 1 solid
Thrust 10.78 kN (2,420 lbf)
Specific impulse 2,804 m/s (285.9 s)
Fuel HTPB

Long March 2C (LM-2C), or Chang Zheng 2C (CZ-2C) as in Chinese pinyin is a member of the Long March 2 rocket family, an expendable launch system operated by the People's Republic of China. This vehicle was developed by the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, and the first launch occurred on September 9, 1982. It is a two-stage launch vehicle with storable propellants, consisting of Nitrogen Tetroxide and Unsymmetrical Dimethyl Hydrazine. The rocket was derived from the Long March 2A launch vehicle.

Several variants of this launch vehicle have been built, all using an optional third solid motor stage:[2]

  • 2C/SD — Commercial satellite launcher with a multi-satellite smart dispenser allowing delivery of two satellites simultaneously
  • 2C/SM — Version for delivery of small satellites to high orbits
  • 2C/SMA — Improved version of the 2C/SM

List of launches[edit]

Flight number Date (UTC) Launch site Upper stage (if used) Payload Orbit Result
1 September 9, 1982
07:19
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.4 LEO Success
2 August 19, 1983
06:00
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.5 LEO Success
3 September 12, 1984
05:44
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.6 LEO Success
4 October 21, 1985
05:04
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.7 LEO Success
5 October 6, 1986
05:40
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.8 LEO Success
6 August 5, 1987
06:39
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-0 No.9 LEO Success
7 September 9, 1987
07:15
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-1 No.1 LEO Success
8 August 5, 1988
07:29
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-1 No.2 LEO Success
9 October 5, 1990
06:14
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-1 No.3 LEO Success
10 October 6, 1992
06:20
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-1 No.4
Freja
LEO Success
11 October 8, 1993
08:00
LA-2/138, JSLC FSW-1 No.5 LEO Success
12 September 1, 1997
14:00
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SD Iridium mass simulator A
Iridium mass simulator B
LEO Success
13 December 8, 1997
07:16
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SD Iridium 42
Iridium 44
LEO Success
14 March 25, 1998
17:01
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SD Iridium 51
Iridium 61
LEO Success
15 May 2, 1998
09:16
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SD Iridium 69
Iridium 71
LEO Success
16 August 19, 1998
23:01
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SD Iridium 76
Iridium 78
LEO Success
17 December 19, 1998
11:39
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SD Iridium 88
Iridium 89
LEO Success
18 June 11, 1999
17:15
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SD Iridium 92
Iridium 93
LEO Success
19 December 29, 2003
19:06
LA-3, XSLC 2C/SM Double Star 1 HEO Success
20 April 18, 2004
15:59
LA-3, XSLC Shiyan-1
Nano Satellite 1
SSO Success
21 July 25, 2004
07:05
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SM Double Star 2 HEO Success
22 August 29, 2004
07:50
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC FSW-4 No.1 LEO Success
23 November 18, 2004
10:45
LA-3, XSLC Shiyan-2 SSO Success
24 August 2, 2005
07:30
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC FSW-4 No.2 LEO Success
25 September 9, 2006
07:00
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 8 LEO Success
26 April 11, 2007
03:27
LA-7, TSLC Haiyang-1B SSO Success
27 September 6, 2008
03:25
LA-7, TSLC 2C/SMA Huanjing-1A
Huanjing-1B
SSO Success
28 April 22, 2009
02:55
LA-7, TSLC Yaogan 6 SSO Success
29 November 12, 2009
02:45
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 11-01 SSO Success
30 July 6, 2011
04:28
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 11-03 SSO Success
31 July 29, 2011
07:42
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 11-02 SSO Success
32 August 18, 2011
09:28
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 11-04 SSO Failure
33 November 29, 2011
18:50
LA-9, TSLC Yaogan 13 SSO Success
34 October 6, 2012
03:25
LA-9, TSLC 2C/SMA Shijian 9A
Shijian 9B
SSO Success
35 November 18, 2012
22:53
LA-9, TSLC Huanjing-1C
Xinyan 1
Fengniao 1
SSO Success
36 July 15, 2013
09:27
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 11-05 SSO Success
37 October 29, 2013
02:50
LA-9, TSLC Yaogan 18 SSO Success
38 March 31, 2014
02:46
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 11-06 SSO Success
39 September 28, 2014
05:13
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 11-07 SSO Success
40 October 27, 2014
06:59
LA-4/SLS-2, JSLC Shijian 11-08 SSO Success
41 November 14, 2014
18:53
LA-9, TSLC Yaogan 23 SSO Success

Launch failures[edit]

Shijian 11-04 launch failure[edit]

On August 18, 2011, a Long March 2C rocket failed during the launch of the Shijian 11-04 satellite. During the powered flight phase of the second stage, the connecting mechanism between vernier engine no.3 and the servo-control mechanism of the second stage failed, which lead to loss of attitude control on the second stage.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "LM-2C". China Great Wall Industry Corporation. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  2. ^ "Chang Zheng-2C (Long March-2C)". SinoDefence. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  3. ^ "Malfunction at devices connection blamed for orbiter launch failure". Xinhua News Agency. 6 September 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2015.