Advance HE

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Advance HE
AbbreviationAHE / HEA
Formation14 October 2003; 19 years ago (2003-10-14)[1]
Registration no.1101607 (Charity)
04931031 (Company)
Legal statusNonprofit company[2]
Registered charity[3]
PurposeApplication of research in UK higher education, and co-operation between departments
HeadquartersYork Science Park, Heslington, York, UK
Region served
United Kingdom
Membership
40,000
Official language
English
Parent organization
Universities UK
GuildHE
Websitewww.advance-he.ac.uk
Formerly called
Higher Education Academy (2003-18)

Advance HE (formerly the Higher Education Academy) is a British charity and professional membership scheme promoting excellence in higher education. It advocates evidence-based teaching methods and awards fellowships as professional recognition for university teachers.[1] Founded in 2003, the Higher Education Academy was responsible for the UK Professional Standards Framework for higher education practitioners and merged (with the Leadership Foundation for Higher Education and Equality Challenge Unit) to form Advance HE on 21 March 2018.[4]

History[edit]

Development of Teacher Education[edit]

The history of teacher training in the United Kingdom is a complex subject. Faced with chronic personnel shortages after the Second World War, the government invested in training programmes and required all teachers (in the state sector) to acquire qualified teacher status (from 1946).[5]

For the next half century, universities supported this policy by providing both graduate entry into teaching and teacher training programmes. In more recent decades, however, there had been a shift towards school-based training for teaching and also a change in terminology as "teacher education" displaced "teacher training".[5][6]

Despite Higher Education involvement in teacher training, University Lecturers have not required any formal qualifications beyond demonstrating (usually through publications and a higher degree, such as a doctorate), expert subject knowledge. The merits of professional teaching qualifications for University Lecturers became an issue for debate during the later twentieth century.[7]

Institute for Learning and Teaching in Higher Education (2000-04)[edit]

The Dearing Report (1997) recommended the establishment of a professional body for Lecturers that would define standards and accredit training for university teaching and that, during their probationary periods, all new Lecturers should be required to achieve 'at least associate membership' of the new Institute. The Institute for Learning and Teaching in Higher Education was founded in 2000.[8]

Higher Education Academy (2003-18)[edit]

In January 2003, a committee (established by HEFCE, Universities UK and the Standing Conference of Principals) recommended the establishment of a single central body responsible for standards of teaching in higher education. Subsequently, the Higher Education Academy was formed (2003) by the merging of the Institute for Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, Learning and Teaching Support Network and National Coordination Team for the Teaching Quality Enhancement Fund.[1][9] The Academy became a registered company in October 2003 and charity in January 2004.[10][11]

The Bell Review recommended a single sector agency for equality and diversity, learning and teaching, and leadership and governance in higher education.[12] Consequently, the Academy merged with the Leadership Foundation for Higher Education and the Equality Challenge Unit to form Advance HE on 21 March 2018.[4]

Aims and purpose[edit]

Advance HE has stated its overall aim:

Our mission, as stated in our Strategic Plan 2012-2016, is to use our expertise and resources to support the higher education community in order to enhance the quality and impact of learning and teaching. We do this by recognising and rewarding excellent teaching, bringing together people and resources to research and share best practice, and by helping to influence, shape and implement policy.[13]

Advance HE devised a particular set of standards for university teaching (the 'UK Professional Standards Framework'), conferring professional recognition on academics who have met these standards, and runs the UK's annual National Teaching Fellowship awards. It also provides many online resources, some discipline-specific and some more generic, and organises workshops, seminars and journals on matters of interest. The HEA has a 'policy think-tank' and is engaged in research into teaching and learning, e.g. exploring the applicability of 'grade point average' schemes to the UK.

UK Professional Standards Framework (UKPSF)[edit]

The UK Professional Standards Framework (UKPSF) for teaching and supporting learning in higher education is a voluntary scheme for describing the competences and values expected of university teaching staff in the UK.[14] The scheme consists of four "descriptors" corresponding to different roles in higher education, and defines the areas of activity, core knowledge and professional values expected at each level. The UKPSF was developed by AdvanceHE and the descriptors correspond to the levels in HEA's professional recognition scheme.[15][16]

The introduction of national professional standards for university teachers was one of the higher education reforms proposed in the DfES white paper "The Future of Higher Education" (2003) which outlined plans to introduce new standards and ensure that all new university teaching staff achieved a qualification that met them. These would be the responsibility of a new "centre of excellence" in the form of a "teaching quality academy".[17] The Higher Education Academy was formed and commissioned by the UK's education funding councils and Universities UK to develop new standards which became known as the "UK Professional Standards Framework" or "UKPSF".[16]

The framework has two elements: the "descriptors" (describing higher education roles and associated competences), and the "dimensions of practice" (describing the activities, core knowledge and professional values expected of practitioners). There are four descriptors corresponding to support staff with minor teaching duties, full academics (e.g. lecturers), senior academics with teaching specialisms, and senior management with strategic responsibility for teaching. The descriptors correspond to the four grades within the HEA's professional recognition scheme and academic staff are usually expected to demonstrate that they meet the second descriptor during their probationary period.[18] The framework is used to accredit training schemes for university teachers such as the Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education (PGCHE) and the Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice (PGCAP).

Gender Equality and Athena SWAN (2005)[edit]

Advance HE manage the Athena Swan Charter framework (established in 2005) which is used to support gender equality within higher education and research.[19]

In June 2022, Advance HE announced it would change its guidelines that ask universities to commit to "collective understanding that individuals have the right to determine their own gender identity and tackling the specific issues faced by trans and non-binary people".[20] Academics at the University of Cambridge had refused to comply; Arif Ahmed, reader in philosophy said: "A university should absolutely not be ‘fostering collective understanding’ on controversial issues but encouraging open debate."[20]

Membership[edit]

Fellowships of the HEA and professional recognition[edit]

Advance HE operates a professional recognition scheme for university teachers who have demonstrated that their teaching practices are well-aligned with the UKPSF. This is intended both to encourage excellence in teaching and provide academics with a portable qualification transferable between institutions. There are four grades:

  • AFHEA – Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (previously Associate (AHEA) of the Academy)
  • FHEA – Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • SFHEA – Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • PFHEA – Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

Associate Fellow represents the minimum level of competence expected of any university teacher. Fellow represents the level normally required in an established academic post.[21] These grades can be awarded on the basis of an assessed portfolio (containing a candidate's statement and supporting references) or on completion of an accredited course such as a PGCHE or PGCAP. Senior Fellow and Principal Fellow represent significant leadership in the promotion of teaching excellence, and are only awarded on the basis of an assessed portfolio.[21]

Funding[edit]

The Academy was funded by grants from four higher education funding bodies in the UK (HEFCE, SFC, HEFCW and DELNI), subscriptions from higher education institutions, and grant/contract income for organised initiatives. It is owned by the representative bodies of the higher education sector – Universities UK and GuildHE (formerly known as the Standing Conference of Principals).

Historical Activities: Subject Centres[edit]

The Academy incorporated "Subject Centres" to share best practices in specific disciplines (2003-12). These were based around the UK at relevant university faculties (until they closed on 1 January 2012).[22] Archived resources are still available in the discipline pages of the HEA website:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c HEFCE (2009). "Higher Education Academy". Archived from the original on 2 February 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  2. ^ "ADVANCE HE overview - Find and update company information - GOV.UK". find-and-update.company-information.service.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  3. ^ "ADVANCE HE - Charity 1101607". register-of-charities.charitycommission.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Helping HE shape its future | Advance HE". www.advance-he.ac.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Teacher Training up to the 1960s".[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "Teacher Training up to the Present Day".
  7. ^ "Should lecturers have teaching qualifications?". The Courier Online. 30 April 2012. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  8. ^ "Dearing Report". 1997. Archived from the original on 24 December 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  9. ^ HEFCE (2003). "Teaching Quality Enhancement Committee". Archived from the original on 2 February 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  10. ^ "ADVANCE HE - Charity 1101607". register-of-charities.charitycommission.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  11. ^ "ADVANCE HE overview - Find and update company information - GOV.UK". find-and-update.company-information.service.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2022.
  12. ^ "Advance HE". Advance HE. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  13. ^ HEA. "About The Higher Education Academy". Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  14. ^ BIS (2013). "Opening up Education: Innovative teaching and learning for all through New Technologies and Open Educational Resources". Retrieved 18 August 2014.
  15. ^ HEA. "UK Professional Standards Framework (UKPSF)". Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  16. ^ a b Fry, Heather; Ketteridge, Steve (2009). "Enhancing Personal Practice: Establishing Teaching and Learning Credentials". In Fry, Heather; Ketteridge, Steve; Marshall, Ketteridge (eds.). A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education: Enhancing Academic Practice (3rd ed.). Routledge. pp. 469–484. ISBN 978-0-415-43464-5.
  17. ^ Department for Education and Skills (2003). "The Future of Higher Education" (PDF) (white paper). Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  18. ^ HEA. "Professional Recognition". Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  19. ^ Barnard, Sarah (2017), White, Kate; O'Connor, Pat (eds.), "The Athena SWAN Charter: Promoting Commitment to Gender Equality in Higher Education Institutions in the UK", Gendered Success in Higher Education: Global Perspectives, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 155–174, doi:10.1057/978-1-137-56659-1_8, ISBN 978-1-137-56659-1, retrieved 19 September 2021
  20. ^ a b Ellery, Ben (18 June 2022). "Cambridge academics reject trans 'thought control'". The Times. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  21. ^ a b HEA. "Framework Guidance Note 2: What are the UK Professional Standards Framework Descriptors?". Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  22. ^ Attwood, Rebecca (25 November 2010). "Academics express 'profound consternation' at support-centre closures". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 4 May 2014.

External links[edit]