|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
December 31, 2007
Serving with Cindy Hyde-Smith
|Preceded by||Trent Lott|
|Ranking Member of the Senate Commerce Committee|
|Assumed office |
February 3, 2021
|Preceded by||Maria Cantwell|
|Chair of the Senate Commerce Committee|
January 3, 2019 – February 3, 2021
|Preceded by||John Thune|
|Succeeded by||Maria Cantwell|
|Chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee|
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Jerry Moran|
|Succeeded by||Cory Gardner|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Mississippi's 1st district
January 3, 1995 – December 31, 2007
|Preceded by||Jamie Whitten|
|Succeeded by||Travis Childers|
|Member of the Mississippi Senate|
from the 6th district
January 5, 1988 – January 3, 1995
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Succeeded by||Alan Nunnelee|
Roger Frederick Wicker
July 5, 1951
Pontotoc, Mississippi, U.S.
|Education||University of Mississippi (BA, JD)|
|Branch/service||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1976–2004|
|Unit||Air Force Judge Advocate General's Corps|
Roger Frederick Wicker (born July 5, 1951) is an American attorney and politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Mississippi, in office since 2007. A member of the Republican Party, Wicker previously served as a member of the United States House of Representatives and the Mississippi State Senate.
Born in Pontotoc, Mississippi, Wicker is a graduate of the University of Mississippi and the University of Mississippi School of Law. He was an officer in the United States Air Force from 1976 to 1980 and a member of the United States Air Force Reserves from 1980 to 2003. During the 1980s, he worked as a political counselor to then-Congressman Trent Lott on the House Rules Committee. In 1987, Wicker was elected to the Mississippi State Senate, representing the 6th district, which included Tupelo.
Wicker was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1994, succeeding longtime Representative Jamie Whitten. Wicker served in the House from 1995 to 2007, when he was appointed to the Senate by Governor Haley Barbour to fill the seat vacated by Lott. Wicker subsequently won a special election for the remainder of the term in 2008 and was reelected to a full term in 2012. Wicker served as chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee from 2015 to 2017 and is a deputy Republican whip. He was reelected in 2018, defeating Democratic nominee David Baria.
Early life and education
Wicker was born on July 5, 1951, in Pontotoc, Mississippi, the son of Wordna Glen (née Threadgill) and Thomas Frederick Wicker. In 1967, the 16-year-old Wicker worked as a United States House of Representatives Page for Democratic Representative Jamie L. Whitten of Mississippi's 1st congressional district. He earned a bachelor's degree in journalism and political science and a J.D. degree from the University of Mississippi, where he was a member of the Sigma Nu fraternity and student body president. He was inducted into Omicron Delta Kappa for his student leadership and academic merit while at the University of Mississippi.
After graduation, Wicker served as an officer in the United States Air Force from 1976 to 1980. Starting in 1980, he was a member of the Air Force Reserve; he retired from the reserve in 2003 as a lieutenant colonel. Wicker served as a judge advocate.
Early political career
Wicker began his political career in 1980 as House Rules Committee counsel to U.S. Representative Trent Lott. He was elected to the Mississippi State Senate in 1987, spending $25,000 on the race. He represented the 6th district, which included Tupelo, from 1988 to 1994.
U.S. House of Representatives
In 1994, Whitten declined to seek reelection; he had represented the 1st District for 54 years, longer than any other congressman at the time. Wicker ran to succeed him, spending $750,000 on his campaign. He finished first in a crowded six-way Republican primary with 7,156 votes (26.62%) and proceeded to a runoff with attorney Grant Fox, who received 5,208 votes (19.37%). Former U.S. Attorney Bob Whitwell finished 600 votes short of the runoff with 4,606 votes (17.14%), 1992 nominee Clyde E. Whitaker came fourth with 4,602 votes (17.12%), 1986 nominee Larry Cobb came fifth with 4,162 votes (15.48%) and 1990 nominee Bill Bowlin took the remaining 1,147 votes (4.27%). In the runoff, Wicker defeated Fox, 11,905 votes (53.07%) to 10,527 (46.93%).
In the general election, Wicker defeated Fulton attorney Bill Wheeler, 80,553 votes (63.06%) to 47,192 (36.94%), making him the first Republican to represent the 1st district in over a century. This was not considered an upset, as the 1st has always been a rather conservative district (especially in the Memphis suburbs). The district had only supported the Democratic nominee for president once since 1956, when Jimmy Carter carried the district in 1976. Although Whitten had a nearly unbreakable hold on the district, it had been considered very likely that he would be succeeded by a Republican once he retired.
Wicker was reelected six times without serious difficulty, never receiving less than 65% of the vote. In 2004, he was unopposed by a Democratic candidate, facing only Reform Party nominee Barbara Dale Washer, whom he defeated by 219,328 votes (79.01%) to 58,256 (20.99%).
In Congress, Wicker worked on issues related to medical research and on economic development for his home state. He advocated private-public partnerships to bring investment to rural areas. Wicker also worked for veterans' issues while serving as a member of the Military Construction and Veterans Affairs Subcommittee. In his final year as representative, Wicker topped the list in earmarks.
In 2007, Wicker was criticized after securing a $6 million earmark for a defense company whose executives had made significant contributions to his campaign.
Committee assignments, 117th Congress
- Senate Committee on Armed Services
- Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works
- United States Senate Committee on Rules and Administration
- Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
- Congressional Human Rights Caucus
- Congressional Immigration Reform Caucus
- International Conservation Caucus
- Interstate 69 Caucus (Co-Chair)
- Sportsmen's Caucus
- Tennessee Valley Authority Congressional Caucus
On November 26, 2007, Senator Trent Lott announced that he would resign before the end of the year to become a lobbyist. At a press conference on December 31, 2007, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour appointed Wicker to fill the Senate seat Lott vacated on December 18, 2007. He was sworn in by the Senate clerk just before that news conference.
Wicker ran for the remainder of Lott's term in the November 2008 special election against Democrat Ronnie Musgrove, Barbour's predecessor as governor. Wicker defeated Musgrove, 683,409 votes (54.96%) to 560,064 (45.04%). Wicker's resignation from the House also triggered a May 13, 2008, special election to fill the vacancy in the House, which was won by Democratic nominee Travis Childers.
Wicker ran for reelection to a full term in 2012. He was opposed by Robert Maloney and Tea Party activist E. Allen Hathcock in the Republican primary, defeating them by 254,936 votes (89.17%) to 18,857 (6.60%) and 12,106 (4.23%), respectively. In the general election, he defeated Albert Gore, the Chairman of the Oktibbeha County Democratic Party and a distant relative of former Vice President Al Gore, 709,626 votes (57.16%) to 503,467 (40.55%).
On September 16, 2010, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate Wicker as representative of the United States to the Sixty-fifth Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
In the Senate, Wicker is a member of the Senate Republicans' whip team and has repeatedly introduced a bill to overturn Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court decision ruling abortion bans unconstitutional. Wicker called the Affordable Care Act the "great fight for the rest of this term, maybe our lifetimes" and later introduced a bill to enable state officials to challenge the law. In the interest of protecting gun owners, he amended a fiscal 2010 transportation spending bill to allow Amtrak passengers to carry firearms and ammunition in checked baggage.
Wicker and Representative Gene Taylor pushed amendments allowing purchasers of federal flood insurance to add wind coverage to their policies, helpful to a hurricane-prone state. As a member of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission) monitoring human rights and other issues, in late 2012 Wicker worked with Senator Ben Cardin to enact a bill imposing penalties on Russians accused of violating human rights. The measure led Russian President Vladimir Putin to announce a subsequent ban on U.S. adoptions of Russian-born children.
Wicker was one of three politicians targeted during the April 2013 ricin letters bioterrorism attack. On April 16, 2013, a letter addressed to Wicker tested positive for the poison ricin as part of a series of letters. The letter was detected by postal officials and law enforcement and prevented from reaching the Capitol. The letter was tested three times, with each test confirming the presence of ricin.
In July 2013, Wicker proposed that the Senate meet to discuss a controversial change to filibuster rules. The Senate held the private meeting in the Old Senate chamber to discuss Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid's threat of the so-called "nuclear option", which would change the rules for Senate votes on Obama's executive branch nominees. Wicker said he hoped the chamber's bipartisan past could serve as an inspiration for the debate about the nuclear option: "I think there are concessions that can be made on both sides. And then I would just hope that, institutionally, we can get away from this mindset."
Wicker supported the Bipartisan Sportsmen's Act of 2014 (S. 2363; 113th Congress), a bill related to hunting, fishing, and outdoor recreation, aimed at improving "the public's ability to enjoy the outdoors." He said, "Mississippians know the importance of efforts to preserve our natural resources for future generations."
Weeks after the 2014 Hong Kong class boycott campaign and Umbrella Movement broke out, demanding genuine universal suffrage among other goals, Wicker joined Senator Sherrod Brown and Representative Chris Smith's effort to introduce the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, which would update the United States–Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 and U.S. commitment to Hong Kong's freedom and democracy. "U.S. should stand steadfast with the people of Hong Kong in their fight to exercise self-determination," Wicker said, and "speak with a unified American voice in support of universal freedom and democratic values. The Congress and the Obama Administration should act to ensure China honors its longstanding obligation under international law to maintain Hong Kong's autonomy."
In March 2017, Wicker co-sponsored the Israel Anti-Boycott Act (s. 720), which made it a federal crime for Americans to encourage or participate in boycotts against Israel and Israeli settlements in the West Bank if protesting actions by the Israeli government.
In May 2020, a group of Senate Republicans planned to introduce a privacy bill that would regulate the data collected by coronavirus contact tracing apps. The COVID-19 Consumer Data Protection Act would "provide all Americans with more transparency, choice, and control over the collection and use of their personal health, geolocation, and proximity data", according to a joint statement. Wicker said the legislation also would "hold businesses accountable to consumers if they use personal data to fight the COVID-19 pandemic." The act would permit the creation of "platforms that could trace the virus and help flatten the curve and stop the spread – and maintaining privacy protections for U.S. citizens", Wicker said.
In September 2020, less than two months before the next presidential election, Wicker supported an immediate Senate vote on Trump's nominee to fill the Supreme Court vacancy caused by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg's death, saying that Senate Republicans had "promised to confirm well qualified, conservative judges" and that there was a "constitutional duty" to fill vacancies. In March 2016, Wicker had taken the opposite position by declining to consider Obama's Supreme Court nominee during a presidential election year, saying that the "American people should have the opportunity to make their voices heard before filling a lifetime appointment to the nation’s highest court."
Wicker announced before the 2021 United States Electoral College vote count that he would vote to certify the election on January 6, 2021. He was participating in the certification when Trump supporters stormed the U.S. Capitol. When the Capitol was secure and Congress returned to complete the certification, Wicker voted to certify the count, with his senate counterpart, Cindy Hyde-Smith objecting to the count. In the wake of the insurrection and certification, Wicker called for perpetrators to be prosecuted "to the fullest extent of the law" and said, "we must work together to rebuild confidence in our institutions." Wicker opposed Trump's removal from office, encouraging a peaceful transfer of power on Inauguration Day.
In March 2021, after Congress passed the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021, Wicker highlighted on social media that the bill awarded $28.6 billion of "targeted relief" to "independent restaurant operators" to "survive the pandemic". In that post, he neglected to mention that he had voted against the bill.
Confederate States of America
While discussing Mississippi's previous state flag, Wicker said his confederate military ancestors were "Americans" and were "brave".
In 2015, Wicker was the only U.S. senator to vote against an amendment declaring that climate change is real. Wicker, the incoming chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee, was the only no vote. The final vote was 98 to 1, with Senator Harry Reid, the Democratic leader from Nevada, not voting. The amendment affirmed that "climate change is real and not a hoax."
In 2017, Wicker was one of 22 senators to sign a letter to Trump urging him to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Wicker has received over $200,000 from the oil and gas industry since 2012.
Wicker's support for pro-gun legislation and gun rights has earned him an "A+" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA). The NRA endorsed Wicker during the 2012 election. Wicker has said that he will filibuster any bill that he feels "infringes" on the Second Amendment, including weapon bans. He has received $21,350 in funding from gun lobbyists for his political activities.
In 2009, Wicker introduced a bill allowing Amtrak passengers to check unloaded and locked handguns in their luggage. The law passed 68–30. His rationale for the bill was that people's Second Amendment rights were violated on a federally subsidized train system if they could not bring their guns.
One day after the 2015 San Bernardino attack, Wicker voted against a bill, co-sponsored by a Democrat and a Republican, that would make background checks mandatory when a person buys a gun. He said he voted against it because he feared it would have "opened the door to a national gun registry."
In 2017, Wicker voted in favor of "a joint resolution of disapproval aimed at former President Obama’s executive action requiring the Social Security Administration (SSA) place beneficiaries on the National Instant Criminal Background Check System 'mental defective' list."
Wicker asked the United States Navy to deny the admission of a secular humanist to the Chaplain Corps, saying, "It is troubling that the Navy could allow a self-avowed atheist to serve in the Chaplain Corps."
2021 storming of the United States Capitol
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2009)
The following is a partial summary of Wicker's election results.
|Republican||Roger Wicker (inc.)||547,619||58.49|
|Republican||Roger Wicker (inc.)||130,118||82.79|
|Republican||Roger Wicker (inc.)||709,626||57.16|
|Republican||Roger Wicker (inc.)||254,936||89.17|
|Nonpartisan||Roger Wicker (inc.)||683,409||54.96|
|2006 Mississippi 1st District United States Congressional election|
|Roger Wicker (R) (inc.) 66%|
|Ken Hurt (D) 34%|
|2004 Mississippi 1st District United States Congressional election|
|Roger Wicker (R) (inc.) 79%|
|Barbara Dale Washer (Reform) 21%|
|1994 Mississippi 1st District United States Congressional election|
|Roger Wicker (R) 63%|
|Bill Wheeler (D) 37%|
Wicker has been married to Gayle Long since 1975. They have three children and six grandchildren. The Wickers reside in Tupelo, where Wicker is a deacon and a member of the First Baptist Church Tupelo choir. He previously served on the Board of Advisors for the Global Panel Foundation, a nongovernmental organization that works in crisis areas.
On August 19, 2021, Wicker and fellow senators John Hickenlooper and Angus King tested positive for COVID-19. He fully recovered from the disease, saying, "Being fully vaccinated greatly reduced my risk of developing severe complications from the virus. Getting the shot is safe, easy, and free, and it could save your life."
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- About Roger Archived November 17, 2020, at the Wayback Machine from Wicker's official U.S. Senate website
- "They're back: Representatives reveal their earmarks". CNN. April 4, 2009. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
The top earmark requester in the House last year—now Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Mississippi—has not yet posted any earmarks for this year.
- Mosk, Matthew (January 16, 2009). "Wicker's Earmark Elicits Criticism". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Rupp, Leah (December 31, 2007). "Barbour names Wicker to Senate seat". Clarion-Ledger. Retrieved December 31, 2007.[permanent dead link]
- Nossiter, Adam, "Congressman Named to Fill Lott's Senate Seat" Archived November 17, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 1, 2008.
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- Johnson, Kevin; Korte, Gregory (April 16, 2013). "Possible ricin-tainted letter sent to Sen. Wicker". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Ferrechio, Susan (April 16, 2013). "Poison-laced letter sent to senator". The Examiner. Retrieved April 17, 2013.
- Greve, Joan E. "Old Chamber Tapped as Symbolic Venue for 'Dysfunctional' Senate to Compromise". ABC News. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- "Wicker, Cochran Sign on to Sportsmen's Legislative Package". Office of Senator Wicker. June 17, 2014. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
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- "Wicker Joins Bill to Support Hong Kong's Freedom and Democracy". wicker.senate.gov. November 13, 2014. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- S.2922 - Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act Archived September 27, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Congress.gov, November 13, 2014
- Crovitz, L. Gordon (December 14, 2014). "China 'Voids' Hong Kong Rights: Beijing abrogates the 1984 treaty it signed with Britain to guarantee the city's autonomy". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "Review & Outlook: A Useful Hong Kong Rebuke". The Wall Street Journal. January 30, 2015. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "Cosponsors - S.720 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Israel Anti-Boycott Act". www.congress.gov. March 23, 2017. Archived from the original on June 21, 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- Levitz, Eric (July 19, 2017). "43 Senators Want to Make It a Federal Crime to Boycott Israeli Settlements". Intelligencer. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved September 24, 2019.
- Lyons, Kim (May 1, 2020). "Senators' plan for reining in contact tracing apps doesn't make a lot of sense". The Verge. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
- Desjardins, Lisa (September 22, 2020). "What every Republican senator has said about filling a Supreme Court vacancy in an election year". PBS NewsHour. Archived from the original on October 31, 2020. Retrieved September 27, 2020.
- Dixon, Justin (January 6, 2021). "Sen. Roger Wicker to certify Biden's presidential win". WLBT. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
- Beveridge, Lici (January 7, 2021). "How did Mississippi congressmen and senators act on accepting Electoral College votes?". The Clarion-Ledger. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
- Carter, Josh (January 8, 2021). "Sen. Wicker: Division in America which lead to Capitol Hill riot 'cannot be ignored'". WLBT. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
- Carlisle, Zac (January 11, 2021). "Congressmen from Mississippi respond to ongoing effort to remove President Trump from office". WTVA News. Retrieved January 12, 2021.
- Cochrane, Emily; Kaplan, Thomas (March 10, 2021). "A G.O.P. senator tweets approvingly about part of the stimulus bill, without mentioning one detail: his 'no' vote". The New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2021.
- "Our Work: The Lugar Center". thelugarcenter.org (in German). Archived from the original on January 15, 2020. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
- Everett, Burgess (June 24, 2015). "Mississippi GOP senators reverse course on state flag". Politico.com. Retrieved June 17, 2021.
- Rogers, Alex (January 21, 2015). "Mississippi Sen. Roger Wicker Only No Vote on 'Climate Change is Real'". Time.com. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Malakoff, David; Puneet Kollipara (January 21, 2015). "By 98 to 1, U.S. Senate passes amendment saying climate change is real, not a hoax". Science. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
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- Becker, Bernie. "Senate Votes to O.K. Checked Guns on Amtrak". The Caucus. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
- Dreher, Arielle. "Cochran, Wicker Voted No on Gun Background Checks". Jackson Free Press. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
- Wicker, Roger. "Miss. Senators Vote to Overturn Obama-era Rule Infringing on Second Amendment". www.wicker.senate.gov. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
- Pender, Geoff (March 13, 2018). "Wicker, other senators oppose atheist Navy chaplain". Clarion-Ledger. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- "Which senators supported a Jan. 6 Capitol riot commission". Washington Post. May 28, 2021.
- "Sen. Roger Wicker". American Conservative Union Foundation. The American Conservative Union. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
- "Roger Wicker Biography". Roger Wicker Senate. Archived from the original on November 17, 2020. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Global Panel Foundation | Meeting the World in Person". Globalpanel.org. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Sheehey, Maeve. "Sens. Wicker, King, Hickenlooper test positive for Covid-19 after vaccination". POLITICO. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
- "Mississippi Sen. Wicker says he has recovered from COVID-19". ABC News. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roger Wicker.|
- Senator Roger Wicker official U.S. Senate website
- Roger Wicker for Senate
- Roger Wicker at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN