Jolarpettai–Shoranur line

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Jolarpettai–Shoranur line
Overview
Status Operational
Locale Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Termini Jolarpettai
Shoranur
Operation
Opening 1861
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Southern Railway, South Western Railway
Depot(s) Erode, Jolarpettai
Rolling stock WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDM-3D, WDG-3A and WDG-4 diesel locos; and WAG-7 and WAP-4 electric locos.
Technical
Track length Main line: 390 km (242 mi)
Branch lines
Salem-Yeshvantapur 229 km (142 mi)
Salem-Mettur Dam 39 km (24 mi)
Irugur-Coimbatore-Mettupalayem 54 km (34 mi)
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Operating speed Up to 130 km/h
Highest elevation Jolarpettai 405 metres (1,329 ft)
Coimbatore 411 metres (1,348 ft)
Yeshvantapur 919 metres (3,015 ft)
Jolarpettai–Shoranur line
Kms
Kms
Chennai-Bangalore line 
000 Jolarpettai
008 Tirupattur
012 Molakarampatti
to Bangalore City 
019 Kagankarai
229
Yeshvantapur 
to Hubli 
025 Kunnathur
225
Lottegallohalli 
222
Hebbal 
031 Samalpatti
210
Banaswadi 
Chennai Central-
Bangalore City line
 
039 Dasampatti
197
Belandur Road 
194
Karmelaram 
 Ponnaiyar River
183
Heelalige 
National Highway 7 National Highway 7 (India)
 
173
Anekal Road 
048 Dodampatti
Tamil Nadu
Karnataka
border 
158
Hosur 
055 Morappur
144
Kelamangalam 
135
Periyanaga Thunai 
061 Thonganur
119
Rayakottai 
101
Marandahalli 
068 Buddireddippati
89
Palakkodu 
Hosur-Erode Road 
078 Bommidi
66
Dharmapuri 
National Highway 7 National Highway 7 (India) 
088 Lokur
55
Sivadi 
47
Muttampatti 
097 Danishpet
35
Toppur 
National Highway 7 National Highway 7 (India) 
104 Tinapatti
23
Karuvalli 
39
Mettur Dam 
114 Karuppur
27
Mecheri Road 
19
Tolasampatti 
 National Highway 7 (India) National Highway 7
11
Omalur 
3
Magnesite 
117 Magnesite
0
Salem 
120 Salem
 to Vriddhachalam
Salem Steel plant
 to Karur
128 Neykkarapatti
131 Virapandy Road
142 Madudanchavadi 
154 Mavelipalaiyam
159 Sankaridurg
167 Anangur
177 Cauvery
 Kaveri
 to Karur
182 Erode
189 Totiyapalayam
196 Perundurai
201 Ingur
209 Vijayamangalam
219 Uttukuli
 State Highway India.png State Highway 81
222 Tiruppur Kulipalayam
232 Tiruppur
 Tiruppur-Avinashi Road
240 Tiruppur Vanjipalayam
 State Highway India.png State Highway 166
250 Tiruppur Somanur
 State Highway India.png State Highway 165
259 Sulur Road
265 Irugur
14
Singanallur 
282 Podanur
9
Pilamedu  
National Highway 209 National Highway 209 (India) 
000 Coimbatore Main
3
Coimbatore North  
17
Periyanayikanpalayam 
 State Highway India.png State Highway 162
28
Karaimadal 
36
Mettupalayam 
 to Pollachi
Nilgiri Mountain Railway
(narrow gauge)
 National Highway 209 (India) National Highway 209
 ACC Limited plant
286 Madukkarai
291 Ettimadai
 
Tamil Nadu
Kerala
border
300 Walayar
304 Chullimada
311 Kanjikode
 Malampuzha River
319 Kottekad
326 Palakkad
 Road marker IN NH.svg National Highway 213
 to Pollachi
334 Parli
342 Mankara
349 Lakkidi
353 Palappuram
357 Ottappalam
364 Mannanur
 
to Shoranur–
Cochin Harbour section
370 Shoranur
to Nilambur–
Shoranur railway line
 
to Shoranur–
Mangalore section

The Jolarpettai–Shoranur line connects Jolarpettai, on the Chennai Central-Bangalore City line in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala. There are several branch lines: Salem-Dharmapuri-Hosur-Yeshvantapur, Salem-Mettur Dam and Irugur/Podanur-Coimbatore-Mettupalayem connecting to Udhagamandalam (Ooty) via Nilgiri Mountain Railway. This network links the railway network in Kerala to the networks in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, and subsequently other states.

History[edit]

The first train service in southern India and the third in India was operated by Madras Railway from Royapuram / Veyasarapady to Wallajah Road (Arcot) in 1856. Madras Railway extended its trunk route to Beypur / Kadalundi (near Calicut) in 1861[1]

The 229 km (142 mi) long 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) wide metre gauge Salem-Bangalore line was opened in 1969.[2][3] It was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge in 1997.[4]

The Podanur-Mettuapalayam line was opened to traffic in 1873. The UNESCO heritage track, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was opened in two stages. The Mettupalayam-Coonoor section was opened in 1899 and it was extended up to Udhagamandalam (Ooty) in 1908.[5] The 46 km (29 mi) long railway rises from 330 metres (1,080 ft) at Mettuapalaym to 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) at Udhagamandalam.[6]

Two 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) wide narrow gauge famine protective lines were opened in the early years of the twentieth century. The 25.25 mi (41 km) long Tirupattur-Krishnagiri line was opened in 1905 and the 18.5 mi (30 km) long Morappur-Dharmapuri line was opened in 1906 and extended to Hosur - 54.5 mi (88 km) long . The Hosur-Dharmapuri line was decommissioned in 1941 and other two lines were closed around 1945.[7][8]

Electrification[edit]

The mainline was electrified in stages. The Jolarapettai-Morapur sector was electrified in 1989-90, the Morapur-Salem (excluded) in 1990-91, the Salem-Erode sector in 1991-92, the Tripur-Waylar sector including Coimbatore in 1995-96, and the Waylar-Vallatolnagar (beyond Shoranur, towards Ernakulam) in 1996-97. The Magnesite-Mettur Dam sector was electrified in 1990-91.[9]

As of 2013, electrification of Coimbatore-Mettuapalayem is to be taken up this fiscal.[10]

Speed limit[edit]

The Arakkonam-Jolarpettai-Salem-Erode-Coimbatore-Ernakulam line is classified as a “Group B” line which can take speeds up to 130 km/h.[11]

Loco sheds[edit]

Erode diesel loco shed holds WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDM-3D, WDG-3A and WDG-4 locos. Erode loco shed holds WAG-7 and WAP-4 locos. It is home to the largest fleet of WAP-4 locos on Indian Railways and handles some of the longest routes for electric trains in the country.[12]

Jolarpettai has an electric/ diesel trip shed.[12]

Passenger movement[edit]

Salem, Coimbatore, Erode and Palakkad, on this line, are amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[13]

Railway reorganization[edit]

In the early 1950s legislation was passed authorizing the central government to take over independent railway systems that were there. On 14 April 1951 the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway, the South Indian Railway Company and Mysore State Railway were merged to form Southern Railway. Subsequently, Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway was also merged into Southern Railway. On 2 October 1966, the Secunderabad, Solapur, Hubli and Vijayawada Divisions, covering the former territories of Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway and certain portions of Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway were separated from Southern Railway to form the South Central Railway. In 1977, Guntakal division of Southern Railway was transferred to South Central Railway and the Solapur division transferred to Central Railway. Amongst the seven new zones created in 2010 was South Western Railway, which was carved out of Southern Railway.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IR History – Early days". 1832-1869. IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Manning, Ian. "Mysore". Bangalore-Salem. IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "IR History: Part IV – 1947-1970". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "IR History: Part VI – 1995-1999". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Mettupalam-Udhagamandalam (Ooty) Train". india invites. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "Mettuapalayam" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "Salem District (1916)". IRFCA. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Chronology of Railways in India, Part 3 (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Mettuapalayam-Coimbatore sector electrification to be taken up this fiscal year: DRM". The Hindu, 16 August 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Chapter II : The Maintenance of Permanent Way". Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Geography - Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 

External links[edit]