Jolarpettai–Shoranur line

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Jolarpettai–Shoranur line
Overview
Status Operational
Locale Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Termini Jolarpettai
Shoranur
Operation
Opened 1861
Owner Indian Railway
Operator(s) Southern Railway, South Western Railway
Depot(s) Erode, Jolarpettai
Rolling stock WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDM-3D, WDG-3A and WDG-4 diesel locos; and WAG-7 and WAP-4 electric locos.
Technical
Track length Main line: 390 km (242 mi)
Branch lines
Salem-Yeshvantapur 229 km (142 mi)
Salem-Mettur Dam 39 km (24 mi)
Irugur-Coimbatore-Mettupalayem 54 km (34 mi)
Track gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge
Operating speed Up to 130 km/h
Highest elevation Jolarpettai 405 metres (1,329 ft)
Coimbatore 411 metres (1,348 ft)
Yeshvantapur 919 metres (3,015 ft)
Jolarpettai–Shoranur line
km
km
Chennai-Bangalore line
0 Jolarpettai
8 Tirupattur
12 Molakarampatti
to Bangalore City
Yeshvantapur 229
19 Kagankarai
to Hubli
Lottegallohalli 225
25 Kunnathur
Hebbal 222
Banaswadi 210
31 Samalpatti
Chennai Central-
Bangalore City line
Belandur Road 197
39 Dasampatti
Karmelaram 194
Heelalige 183
Ponnaiyar River
National Highway 7 National Highway 7 (India)
Anekal Road 173
48 Dodampatti
Tamil Nadu
Karnataka
border
Hosur 158
55 Morappur
Kelamangalam 144
Periyanaga Thunai 135
61 Thonganur
Rayakottai 119
Marandahalli 101
68 Buddireddippati
Palakkodu 89
Hosur-Erode Road
78 Bommidi
Dharmapuri 66
National Highway 7 National Highway 7 (India)
88 Lokur
Sivadi 55
Muttampatti 47
97 Danishpet
Toppur 35
National Highway 7 National Highway 7 (India)
104 Tinapatti
Karuvalli 23
Mettur Dam 39
114 Karuppur
Mecheri Road 27
Tolasampatti 19
National Highway 7 (India) National Highway 7
Omalur 11
Magnesite 3
117 Magnesite
Salem 0
120 Salem
to Vriddhachalam
Salem Steel plant
to Karur
128 Neykkarapatti
131 Virapandy Road
142 Magudanchavadi
NH544-IN.svg National Highway 544
154 Mavelipalaiyam
159 Sankaridurg
India Cements factory
167 Anangur
177 Cauvery
River Kaveri
to Karur
on Erode-Tiruchi line
182 Erode Junction
189 Totiyapalayam
196 Perundurai
201 Ingur
209 Vijayamangalam
219 Uttukuli
222 Kulipalayam
232 Tiruppur
240 Vanjipalayam
250 Somanur
259 Sulur Road
NH544-IN.svg National Highway 544
265 Irugur
Singanallur 14
282 Podanur
Pilamedu 9
National Highway 209 National Highway 209 (India)
0 Coimbatore Main
Coimbatore North 3
Periyanayikanpalayam 17
State Highway India.png State Highway 162
Karaimadal 28
Mettupalayam 36
to Pollachi
Nilgiri Mountain Railway
(narrow gauge)
National Highway 209 (India) National Highway 209
ACC Limited plant
286 Madukkarai
291 Ettimadai
Tamil Nadu
Kerala
border
300 Walayar
304 Chullimada
311 Kanjikode
Malampuzha River
319 Kottekad
326 Palakkad
Road marker IN NH.svg National Highway 213
to Pollachi
334 Parli
342 Mankara
349 Lakkidi
353 Palappuram
357 Ottappalam
364 Mannanur
to Shoranur–
Cochin Harbour section
370 Shoranur
to Nilambur–
Shoranur railway line
to Shoranur–
Mangalore section

The Jolarpettai–Shoranur line connects Jolarpettai, on the Chennai Central-Bangalore City line in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala. There are several branch lines: Salem-Dharmapuri-Hosur-Yeshvantapur, Salem-Mettur Dam and Irugur/Podanur-Coimbatore-Mettupalayem. This network links the railway network in Kerala to the networks in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, and subsequently other states.

History[edit]

The first train service in southern India and the third in India was operated by Madras Railway from Royapuram / Veyasarapady to Wallajah Road (Arcot) in 1856. Madras Railway extended its trunk route to Beypur / Kadalundi (near Calicut) in 1861[1]

The metre gauge Podanur-Mettuapalayam line was opened to traffic in 1873. The UNESCO heritage track, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was opened in two stages. The Mettupalayam-Coonoor section was opened in 1899 and it was extended up to Udhagamandalam (Ooty) in 1908.[2] The Podanur-Mettuapalayam section was converted to broad gauge in early 2000s.

Two 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) wide narrow gauge famine protective lines were opened in the early years of the twentieth century. The 25.25 mi (41 km) long Tirupattur-Krishnagiri line was opened in 1905 and the 18.5 mi (30 km) long Morappur-Dharmapuri line was opened in 1906 and extended to Hosur - 54.5 mi (88 km) long . The Hosur-Dharmapuri line was decommissioned in 1941 and other two lines were closed around 1945.[3][4]

The 229 km (142 mi) long 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) wide metre gauge Salem-Bangalore line was opened in 1969.[5][6] It was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge in 1997.[7]

Electrification[edit]

The mainline was electrified in stages. The Jolarapettai-Morapur sector was electrified in 1989-90, the Morapur-Salem (excluded) in 1990-91, the Salem-Erode sector in 1991-92, the Tripur-Waylar sector including Coimbatore in 1995-96, and the Waylar-Vallatolnagar (beyond Shoranur, towards Ernakulam) in 1996-97. The Magnesite-Mettur Dam sector was electrified in 1990-91. The electrification of Coimbatore-Mettuapalayem was completed in 2015.[8][9]

Speed limit[edit]

The Arakkonam-Jolarpettai-Salem-Erode-Coimbatore-Ernakulam line is classified as a "Group B" line which can take speeds up to 130 km/h.[10]

Loco sheds[edit]

Erode diesel loco shed holds WDM-2, WDM-3A, WDM-3D, WDG-3A and WDG-4 locos. Erode electric loco shed holds WAG-7 and WAP-4 locos. It is home to the largest fleet of WAP-4 locos on Indian Railways and handles some of the longest routes for electric trains in the country.[11]

Jolarpettai has an electric/ diesel trip shed.[11]

Passenger movement[edit]

Salem, Coimbatore, Erode and Palakkad, on this line, are among the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IR History – Early days". 1832-1869. IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Mettupalam-Udhagamandalam (Ooty) Train". india invites. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Salem District (1916)". IRFCA. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "Chronology of Railways in India, Part 3 (1900-1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Manning, Ian. "Mysore". Bangalore-Salem. IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "IR History: Part IV – 1947-1970". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "IR History: Part VI – 1995-1999". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Coimbatore-Mettupalayam electric train service commences
  10. ^ "Chapter II : The Maintenance of Permanent Way". Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Sheds and Workshops". IRFCA. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 

External links[edit]