Macushi language

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Native to Brazil, Guyana, a few in Venezuela Huicholes in Mexico.
Ethnicity Macushi
Native speakers
18,000 (2006)[1]
  • Venezuelan Carib
    • Pemóng–Panare
      • Pemóng
        • Macushi
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mbc
Glottolog macu1259[2]

Macushi is the most populous of the Cariban languages, spoken by 30,000 in Brazil and Guyana. It is also spelled Makushi, Makusi, Makuxi, Macusi and Macussi and it also known as Teweya or Teueia. Abbot (1991) describes Macushi as having OVS word order, with SOV word order being used to highlight the subject.[3]


Labial Dental Alveolar Postalveolar Velar Glottal
Stop Voiceless p
Voiced b d ɡ
Fricative Voiceless s ʃ h
Voiced β ð z ʒ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Flap ɾ
Approximant w j


  1. ^ Macushi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Macushi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Abbott, Miriam (1991). "Macushi". In Derbyshire, Desmond C.; Pullum, Geoffrey K. Handbook of Amazonian Languages. 3. Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 23–160. 
  4. ^ Carla Maria Cunha (2004). "Um estudo de fonologia da língua Makuxi (karib): inter-relações das teorias fonológicas" (PDF) (in Portuguese). 

External links[edit]