List of R-7 launches (1960–1964)

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This is a list of launches made by the R-7 Semyorka ICBM, and its derivatives between 1960 and 1964. All launches are orbital satellite launches, unless stated otherwise.

Date and Time (GMT) Configuration Serial Number Launch Site Result Payload Remarks

1960[edit]

20 January 1960, 16:35 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I1-2 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
Battleship upper stage
24 January 1960, 16:15 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I1-3 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure N/A ICBM test. Longitudinal vibration led to combustion chamber failure and explosion in the Blok V strap-on. Missile disintegrated T+31 seconds.
31 January 1960, 16:17 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I1-2 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
Battleship upper stage
17 March 1960, 23:55 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I1-5 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
24 March 1960, 02:06 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
L1-5 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
15 April 1960, 15:06 Luna
(8K72)
I1-9 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Luna 1960A Third stage premature shutdown due to ground crews forgetting to fill the RP-1 tank completely.
16 April 1960, 16:07 Luna
(8K72)
L1-9A LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Luna 1960B Blok B strapon developed insufficient thrust and tore away from the booster at liftoff. The vehicle disintegrated.
15 May 1960, 00:00 Vostok-L
(8K72L)
L1-11 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Sputnik 4 (Vostok) Maiden flight of Vostok-L 8K72L
4 June 1960, 15:49 R-7 Semyorka
(8K71)
L1-9 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
5 July 1960, 15:56 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I1-6 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
7 July 1960, 16:15 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I1-7 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
28 July 1960, 09:31 Vostok-L
(8K72L)
L1-10 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Korbal-Sputnik (Vostok) Longitudinal vibration caused a breakdown of the combustion chamber and explosion in the Blok G strap-on. The launch vehicle disintegrated.
19 August 1960, 08:44 Vostok-L
(8K72L)
L1-12 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Sputnik 5 (Vostok)
10 October 1960, 14:27 Molniya
(8K78)
L1-4M LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Mars 1960A 3rd stage guidance failure
Maiden flight of Molniya 8K78
14 October 1960, 13:51 Molniya
(8K78)
L1-5M LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Mars 1960B 3rd stage failed to ignite
1 December 1960, 07:30 Vostok-L
(8K72L)
L1-13 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Sputnik 6 (Vostok) Spacecraft failed and disintegrated during re-entry
22 December 1960, 07:45 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
L1-13A LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Korbal-Sputnik (Vostok) Third stage gas generator failure
Maiden flight of Vostok-K 8K72K

1961[edit]

14 January 1961, 16:15 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test, First launch from LC-31
4 February 1961, 01:18 Molniya
(8K78)
L1-7 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Sputnik 7 (Venera) Venus probe
Fourth stage ignition failed, achieved Earth orbit
12 February 1961, 00:34 Molniya
(8K78)
L1-6 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Venera 1 First successful Venus mission
13 February 1961, 04:39 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I1-3T LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
27 February 1961, 00:52 R-7 Semyorka
(8K71)
L2-1 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
Final flight of R-7 Semyorka 8K71.
9 March 1961, 06:29 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-14 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Sputnik 9 (Vostok)
25 March 1961, 05:54 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-15 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Sputnik 10 (Vostok)
12 April 1961, 06:07 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-16 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Vostok 1 First manned spaceflight, 1 cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin
14 April 1961, 19:24 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Failure N/A ICBM test
15 June 1961, 05:45 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
E15001-06 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
4 July 1961, 04:00 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I2-4 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
4 July 1961, 20:20 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
I2-2 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
6 August 1961, 06:00 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-17 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Vostok 2 Manned orbital flight, 1 cosmonaut, Gherman Titov
21 September 1961, 16:30 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
E15003-03 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
29 November 1961, 08:15 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
11 December 1961, 09:39 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-21 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Zenit-2 Premature third stage cutoff

1962[edit]

26 April 1962, 10:02 Vostok-K
(8K27K)
E103-20 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Kosmos 4 (Zenit-2)
1 June 1962, 09:38 Vostok-2
(8A92)
E15000-01 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Zenit-2 First use of Vostok-2 8A92. Blok D strap-on shut down at liftoff. The launch vehicle crashed near the pad.
2 June 1962, 16:36 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
28 July 1962, 09:18 Vostok-2
(8A92)
T15000-07 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 7 (Zenit-2)
11 August 1962, 08:30 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-23 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Vostok 3 Manned orbital flight, 1 cosmonaut, Andrian Nikolayev
12 August 1962, 08:02 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-22 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Vostok 4 Manned orbital flight, 1 cosmonaut, Pavel Popovich
25 August 1962, 02:56 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-12 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Sputnik 19 (Venera) Escape stage failed
1 September 1962, 02:12 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-13 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Sputnik 20 (Venera) Escape stage failed
12 September 1962, 00:59 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-14 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Sputnik 21 (Venera) Third stage exploded
27 September 1962, 09:40 Vostok-2
(8A92)
T15000-06 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 9 (Zenit-2)
17 October 1962, 09:21 Vostok-2
(8A92)
E15000-03 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 10 (Zenit-2)
24 October 1962, 17:55 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-15 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Sputnik 22 (Mars) Failed in Earth orbit
1 November 1962, 16:14 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-16 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Mars 1 Spacecraft later failed due to loss of signal.
No data returned during Mars fly-by
4 November 1962, 15:35 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-17 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Sputnik 24 (Mars) Fuel pump cavitation in the Blok A core stage starting at T+260 seconds. The upper stages and payload reached orbit, but suffered damage from vibration and could not be restarted to boost the probe out of LEO.
22 December 1962, 09:24 Vostok-2
(8A92)
T15000-10 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 12 (Zenit-2)

1963[edit]

4 January 1963, 07:49 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-09 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Sputnik 25 (Luna) Trans Lunar Injection failed
3 February 1963, 09:29 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-10 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Luna 1963B Upper stage gyro failure
21 March 1963, 08:24 Vostok-2
(8A92)
T15001-01 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 13 (Zenit-2)
2 April 1963, 08:16 Molniya
(8K78)
T103-11 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Luna 4 Spacecraft later failed to land on Moon
22 April 1963, 08:24 Vostok-2
(8A92)
T15000-08 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 15 (Zenit-2)
22 April 1963, 12:32 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
28 April 1963, 08:50 Vostok-2
(8A92)
E15000-02 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 16 (Zenit-2)
18 May 1963, 07:41 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
24 May 1963, 10:34 Vostok-2
(8A92)
E15000-12 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 18 (Zenit-2)
14 June 1963, 11:59 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-24 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Vostok 5 Manned orbital flight, 1 cosmonaut, Valery Bykovsky
16 June 1963, 09:29 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
E103-25 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Vostok 6 Manned orbital flight, 1 cosmonaut, Valentina Tereshkova
First woman in space
10 July 1963 Vostok-2
(8A92)
E15000-04 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Zenit-2 Blok B strap-on shut down at liftoff. Vehicle crashed near the pad.
14 October 1963, 13:56 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
18 October 1963, 09:30 Vostok-2
(8A92)
G15001-01 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 20 (Zenit-2)
1 November 1963, 08:56 Polyot
(11A59)
E15003-02A LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Polyot 1 Maiden flight of Polyot 11A59
11 November 1963, 06:23 Molniya
(8K78)
G15000-17 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Kosmos 21 (Venera) Upper stage failed
16 November 1963, 10:34 Voskhod
(11A57)
G15000-06 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 22 (Zenit-4) Maiden flight of Voskhod 11A57
28 November 1963, 09:20 Vostok-2
(8A92)
G15001-02 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Zenit-2 Upper stage failed
19 December 1963, 09:29 Vostok-2
(8A92)
G15001-03 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 24 (Zenit-2)

1964[edit]

30 January 1964, 09:45 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
G103-18 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Elektron-1
Elektron-2
19 February 1964, 05:37 Molniya-M
(8K78M)
T15000-26 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Venera 1964A Maiden flight of Molniya-M 8K78M
LOX leak in a fuel duct led to an explosion at Blok I ignition.
21 March 1964, 08:14 Molniya-M
(8K78M)
T15000-20 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Luna 1964A Stuck engine valve in the Blok I stage caused low thrust and premature shutdown at T+489 seconds.
27 March 1964, 03:24 Molniya-M
(8K78M)
G15000-27 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Kosmos 27 (Venera) Gyroscope malfunction caused loss of pitch control during Blok I burn.
2 April 1964, 02:42 Molniya-M
(8K78M)
G15000-28 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Zond 1
4 April 1964, 09:45 Vostok-2
(8A92)
G15001-04 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 28 (Zenit-2)
12 April 1964, 09:31 Polyot
(11A59)
T15001-04A LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Polyot-2 Final flight of Polyot 11A59
20 April 1964, 08:08 Molniya-M
(8K78M)
T15000-21 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Luna 1964B Blok I power failure caused premature engine shutdown T+340 seconds
25 April 1964, 10:21 Vostok-2
(8A92)
R15001-01 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 29 (Zenit-2)
18 May 1964, 09:42 Voskhod
(11A57)
G15000-12 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 30 (Zenit-4)
3 June 1964, 06:04 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
4 June 1964, 04:00 Molniya
(8K78)
G103-18 LC-1/5, Baikonur Failure Molniya-1 Electrical circuit in the Blok A throttle control failed, causing loss of thrust at T+104 seconds.
Also identified as Zond 1964A, a failed Lunar flyby
10 June 1964, 10:48 Vostok-2
(8A92)
R15001-02 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 32 (Zenit-2)
23 June 1964, 10:19 Vostok-2
(8A92)
G15001-05 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 33 (Zenit-2)
1 July 1964, 11:16 Voskhod
(11A57)
T15000-04 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 34 (Zenit-4)
10 July 1964, 21:51 Vostok-K
(8K72K)
G103-19 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Elektron-3 Final flight of Vostok-K 8K72K
Elektron-4
15 July 1964, 11:27 Vostok-2
(8A92)
R15001-03 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 35 (Zenit-2)
27 July 1964, 14:00 R-7A Semyorka
(8K74)
LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful N/A ICBM test
14 August 1964, 09:36 Vostok-2
(8A92)
R15001-04 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 37 (Zenit-2)
22 August 1964, 07:21 Molniya
(8K78)
G103-19 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 41 (Molniya-1)
28 August 1964, 16:19 Vostok-2M
(8A92M)
T15000-05 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 44 (Meteor) Maiden flight of Vostok-2M 8A92M
13 September 1964, 09:45 Voskhod
(11A57)
R15001-01 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 45 (Zenit-4)
24 September 1964, 12:04 Vostok-2
(8A92)
R15001-05 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 46 (Zenit-2)
6 October 1964, 07:12 Voskhod
(11A57)
R15000-02 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 47 (Voskhod)
12 October 1964, 07:30 Voskhod
(11A57)
R15000-04 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Voskhod 1 Manned orbital flight, 3 cosmonauts
First multi-person spaceflight
14 October 1964, 09:50 Vostok-2
(8A92)
R15002-01 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 48 (Zenit-2)
28 October 1964, 10:48 Vostok-2
(8A92)
R15002-02 LC-31/6, Baikonur Successful Kosmos 50 (Zenit-2)
30 November 1964, 13:25 Molniya
(8K78)
G15000-29 LC-1/5, Baikonur Successful Zond 2


References[edit]