List of Satish Dhawan Space Centre launches

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The following list gives a detailed record of the launches taken place in Satish Dhawan Space Centre. It is the main satellite launch centre for the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is located in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, 80 km (50 mi) north of Chennai. Originally called Sriharikota High Altitude Range (SHAR), an acronym that ISRO has retained to the present day and then Sriharikota Launching Range, the centre was renamed in 2002 after the death of ISRO's former chairman Satish Dhawan.

No. of launches[edit]

As of 7 December 2016,

Total no. of launches = 57[Note 1]

Mission status wise[edit]

Successful launches = 45

Launches which left payloads usable = 49[Note 2]

Failed launches = 8

Rocket used wise[edit]

SLV = 4 (1 failure, 1 partial success & 2 successful)

ASLV = 4 (2 failures, 1 partial success & 1 successful)

PSLV = 38 (1 failure, 1 partial success & 36 successful)

GSLV = 10 (4 Failures, 1 partial success & 5 successful)

GSLV Mk III = 1 (1 successful)

Launch Pad used wise[edit]

SLV Launch Pad = 8 (3 Failures, 2 partial success & 3 successful)

First Launch Pad = 31 (2 Failures, 1 partial success & 28 successful)

Second Launch Pad = 18 (3 Failures, 1 partial success & 14 successful)

Launch log[edit]

Launches sorted by launch date
# Launch date Launch pad Launch Vehicle & Variant Version /
Serial [1]
Result Notes
1 10 August 1979 SLV LP SLV-3 D1 Failure Faulty valve and wrong assessment causes vehicle to crash into the Bay of Bengal (317 s after take off), Developmental Flight.[2]
2 18 July 1980 SLV LP SLV-3 D2 Success Developmental Flight.
3 31 May 1981 SLV LP SLV-3 D3 Partial Success Did not reach intended height. Satellite only orbits for 9 days, Developmental Flight.[2]
4 17 April 1983 SLV LP SLV-3 D4 Success Developmental Flight.
5 24 March 1987 SLV LP ASLV D1 Failure First stage did not ignite after strap-on burnout, Developmental Flight.[3]
6 13 July 1988 SLV LP ASLV D2 Failure Insufficient control gain, Developmental Flight.[3]
7 20 May 1992 SLV LP ASLV D3 Partial Success Lower than expected orbit and incorrect spin-stabilisation, payload decayed quickly.[4]
8 20 September 1993 First PSLV D1 Failure Unexpected large disturbance at the second stage separation resulting in a sub-orbital flight of the vehicle. One of the retro rockets designed to pull the burnt second stage away from the third stage failed.[5]
9 4 May 1994 SLV LP ASLV D4 Success SROSS-C2 launched.[4]
10 15 October 1994 First PSLV D2 Success With the successful launch, India became the sixth country in the world to launch satellite in low-Earth orbit.[5]
11 21 March 1996 First PSLV D3 Success Third developmental test flight, PSLV placed the 922 kg IRS-P3 satellite in the intended 817 km polar orbit.
12 29 September 1997 First PSLV C1 Partial Success PSLV's first operational flight, placed IRS-1D into a polar orbit. However, it did not place the satellite in the desired circular orbit of 817 km, but in an elliptical orbit due to a leak of helium gas from one of the components.[6][7]
13 26 May 1999 First PSLV C2 Success PSLV's first commercial launch and also was for the first time an Indian launch vehicle carried multiple satellites.[8]
14 18 April 2001 First GSLV Mk I(a) D1 Failure Developmental Flight, payload placed into lower than planned orbit, and did not have sufficient fuel to reach a usable orbit.[9]
15 22 October 2001 First PSLV C3 Success Placed three satellites in orbit - TES of India, PROBA (PRoject for On Board Autonomy) of the European Space Agency and the BIRD (Bispectral and Infrared Remote Detection) of Germany.
16 12 September 2002 First PSLV C4 Success India's first launch to place a satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit. The flight path of PSLV-C4 was specially modified to inject the satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit having a perigee 250 km and an apogee of 36,000 km.
17 8 May 2003 First GSLV Mk I(a) D2 Success Developmental Flight[10]
18 17 October 2003 First PSLV C5 Success Payload capability had been progressively increased by more than 600 kg since the first PSLV launch. Launch took place despite heavy rain.[11]
19 20 September 2004 First GSLV Mk I(b) F01 Success First operational flight[12]
20 5 May 2005 Second PSLV C6 Success First launch from the Second Launch Pad, inaugurated on the immediately preceding day. After its integration in the Vehicle Assembly Building, the PSLV-C6 was transported on rails to the Umbilical Tower (UT) located 1 km away using the Mobile Launch Pedestal where the final operations were carried out.[13]
21 10 July 2006 Second GSLV Mk I(b) F02 Failure Both rocket and satellite had to be destroyed over the Bay of Bengal after the rocket's trajectory veered outside permitted limits.
22 10 January 2007 First PSLV C7 Success For the first time, a Dual Launch Adopter (DLA) was used in the PSLV to accommodate two primary satellites at the same time.[14] Space capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1) also launched. The SRE-1 module remained in orbit for 12 days before re-entering the Earth's atmosphere and splashing down into the Bay of Bengal 22 January 2007. The re-capture of the SRE-1 module made India the fourth country to do so after the USA, Russia and China.[15]
23 23 April 2007 Second PSLV-CA C8 Success First flight of the 'Core-Alone' version. ISRO's first exclusively commercial launch.[16]
24 2 September 2007 Second GSLV Mk I(b) F04 Partial Success Successful Launch,[17] apogee lower and inclination higher than expected, due to minor error in guidance subsystem.[18] Eventually the 2160 kg payload reached the designated geostationary transfer orbit.[19][20]
25 21 January 2008 First PSLV-CA C10 Success An Israeli reconnaissance satellite, and ISRO's first fully commercially launch.[21]
26 28 April 2008 Second PSLV-CA C9 Success Rocket put 10 satellites into orbit in a precisely timed sequence, highest by any Indian launch vehicle. Two satellites belonged to India and the remaining were very small ones built by universities in different countries.[22]
27 22 October 2008 Second PSLV-XL C11 Success First flight of the PSLV-XL version.
Chandrayaan-1, India's first mission to the Moon launched.[23]
28 20 April 2009 Second PSLV-CA C12 Success India's first all weather observation spy satellite RISAT-2 launched.[24]
29 23 September 2009 First PSLV-CA C14 Success 7 satellites launched.[25] SwissCube-1[26] and ITUpSAT1,[27] Switzerland's and Turkey's first home-grown satellites launched into space.
30 15 April 2010 Second GSLV Mk II D3 Failure First flight test of the ISRO designed and built Cryogenic Upper Stage. Failed to reach orbit due to malfunction of Fuel Booster Turbo Pump (FBTP) of the Cryogenic Upper Stage.[28]
31 12 July 2010 First PSLV-CA C15 Success Main satellite Cartosat-2B and Algeria's ALSAT-2A along with AISSat-1, TIsat-1, and StudSat. TIsat-1 is the second ever Swiss satellite launched into Space. AISSat-1 and TIsat are part of NLS-6.[29]
32 25 December 2010 Second GSLV Mk I(c) D4 Failure First flight of GSLV Mk.I (c) Destroyed by range safety officer after loss of control of liquid fuelled boosters.[30]
33 20 April 2011 First PSLV C16 Success The standard version, with six solid strap-on booster motors strung around the first stage, was used. ResourceSat-2 launched.[31]
34 15 July 2011 Second PSLV-XL C17 Success Indigenously developed flight computer 'Vikram' used for the first time. GSAT-12 launched.[32]
35 12 October 2011 First PSLV-CA C18 Success The Megha-Tropiques satellite for climate research launched along with three microsatellites: SRMSAT, the remote sensing satellite Jugnu and the VesselSat-1 to locate ships on high seas.[33][34]
36 26 April 2012 First PSLV-XL C19 Success Radar Imaging Satellite-1 (RISAT-1) launched.[35]
37 9 September 2012 First PSLV-CA C21 Success ISRO's 100th mission.[36]
38 25 February 2013 First PSLV-CA C20 Success Indo-French SARAL and six other foreign satellites launched.[37][38]
39 1 July 2013 First PSLV-XL C22 Success Launch of IRNSS-1A, the first satellite of the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System.[39]
40 5 November 2013 First PSLV-XL C25 Success Mars Orbiter Mission or Mangalyaan, India's first mission to Mars.[40]
41 5 January 2014 Second GSLV Mk II D5 Success Launch of GSLV with indigenously built cryogenic engine and carrying GSAT-14 satellite.[41][42][43]
42 4 April 2014 First PSLV-XL C24 Success IRNSS-1B, the second out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[44][45]
43 30 June 2014 First PSLV-CA C23 Success Five foreign satellites including France's SPOT-7 launched.[46]
44 16 October 2014 First PSLV-XL C26 Success IRNSS-1C, the third out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[47]
45 18 December 2014 Second GSLV Mk III LVM3-X Success Sub-orbital development test flight. It carried the CARE module.[48][49][50]
46 28 March 2015 Second PSLV-XL C27 Success IRNSS-1D, the fourth out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[51]
47 10 July 2015 First PSLV-XL C28 Success UK-DMC 3 and two other foreign satellites launched. Heaviest ever commercial launch mission undertaken by ISRO.[52][53]
48 27 August 2015 Second GSLV Mk II D6 Success GSAT-6 launched and second successful launch of GSLV with indigenous cryogenic upper stage (CE-7.5).[54]
49 28 September 2015 First PSLV-XL C30 Success Launch of India's first dedicated astronomy satellite Astrosat and ISRO's first launch of US satellites.[55]
50 16 December 2015 First PSLV-CA C29 Success Commercial launch of 6 Singaporean satellites. Fourth stage re-ignition demonstrated successfully after payload deployment.[56]
51 20 January 2016 Second PSLV-XL C31 Success IRNSS-1E, the fifth out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[57]
52 10 March 2016 Second PSLV-XL C32 Success IRNSS-1F, the sixth out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched.[58][59][60]
53 28 April 2016 First PSLV-XL C33 Success IRNSS-1G, the last out of seven in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) launched. [61][62]
54 22 June 2016 Second PSLV-XL C34 Success Simultaneous launch of 20 satellites including 17 foreign satellites, 2 student satellites and Cartosat-2C.[63][64][65]
55 08 September 2016 Second GSLV Mk II F05 Success First operational flight of GSLV Mk II with indigenous CUS carrying INSAT-3DR.[66][67]
56 26 September 2016 First PSLV C35 Success First mission of PSLV to launch its payloads into two different orbits. Launch of ScatSat-1, 5 foreign and 2 student satellites.[68][69]
57 7 December 2016 First PSLV C36 Success Launch of Resourcesat-2A. First mission of PSLV to use India's own regional navigation system (NavIC) to navigate PSLV.[70][71]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Manually counting from the below given list of launches. All the stats given in this section have been found out using the same way. No launches by sounding rockets have been included either here or in the launch log.
  2. ^ A partial success occurs when the payload is placed into an orbit where it was still usable even though the intended height or orbit was not reached, or which could be corrected with the spacecraft's own propulsion.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SLV, ASLV, PSLV and GSLV launch history". Spacecraft Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010)". Spacelaunchreport.com. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "ASLV". Astronautix.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  4. ^ a b "Stretched Rohini Satellite Series 3 & C2". Heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  5. ^ a b "Space Craft Encyclopedia". Claudelafleur.qc.ca. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  6. ^ "Front Line". Frontlineonnet.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  7. ^ Kyle, Ed. "India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010)". Spacelaunchreport.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  8. ^ "Current Science". Ias.ac.in. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  9. ^ Kyle, Ed (28 December 2010). "India (SLV/ASLV/PSLV/GSLV) Flight History by Variant/Year (1979-2010)". Spacelaunchreport.com. Page 2 of 2: Comprehensive Orbital Launch Failure List. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "GSLV-D2 Mission". ISRO.org. Archived from the original on March 14, 2009. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  11. ^ "Frontline: A remote-sensing success". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  12. ^ "EDUSAT mission". ISRO. Archived from the original on March 18, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Spaceref Asia: India's PSLV-C6 Successfully Launches Two Satellites". 
  14. ^ "PSLV-C7 launch a success". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 11 January 2007. 
  15. ^ "46-Minute Splash into Elite Space Club". The Telegraph. 23 January 2007. 
  16. ^ "First commercial launch of PSLV-C8 successful". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2007-04-23. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  17. ^ "Of six GSLV launches, only two were successes". Sriharikota: Hindustan Times. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2010. 
  18. ^ Clark, Stephen (2 September 2007). "India's large satellite launcher returns to flight". Spaceflight Now. 
  19. ^ "INSAT-4CR successfully placed in orbit". Times of India. 2 September 2007. 
  20. ^ "GSLV-F04 Launch Successful - Places INSAT-4CR in orbit". ISRO. Archived from the original on March 1, 2009. 
  21. ^ http://www.ndtv.com/convergence/ndtv/story.aspx?id=NEWEN20080039084&ch=1/21/2008%2012:33:00%20PM. Retrieved March 12, 2013.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  22. ^ "PSLV puts 10 satellites in orbit". The Hindu. 29 April 2008. Retrieved 2013-02-28. 
  23. ^ T.S. Subramanian (23 October 2008). "Chandrayaan-1 bound for Moon". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  24. ^ "India's spy in the sky: ISRO launches RISAT-2:IBNLive Videos". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  25. ^ "News Archives". The Hindu. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  26. ^ "Satnews Publishers: Daily Satellite News". Satnews.com. 2009-09-21. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  27. ^ "First Turkish-made Satellite Launched In India". Turkishweekly.net. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  28. ^ "GSLV-D3 Failure Analysis Report". ISRO. 
  29. ^ "UTIAS Space Flight Laboratory". Utias-sfl.net. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  30. ^ "Rocket failed after 45 seconds, says ISRO". Hindustan Times. 25 December 2010. Retrieved 25 December 2010. 
  31. ^ T.S., Subramanian (19 April 2011). "PSLV-C16 launch today". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  32. ^ "ISRO-developed computer helped PSLV-C17 put satellite in orbit". The Hindu. 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  33. ^ "ISRO launches Megha-Tropiques satellite to study monsoon". NDTV. 12 October 2011. 
  34. ^ "PSLV-C18 carrying weather satellite launched - The Times of India". The Times Of India. 
  35. ^ "PSLV-C19 puts RISAT-1 in orbit". The Hindu. 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  36. ^ "Isro's 100th mission: PSLV-C21 puts 2 foreign satellites in orbit". Time of India. Retrieved 9 September 2012. 
  37. ^ "PSLV-C20 puts SARAL, 6 other satellites in precise orbits". The Hindu. 26 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
  38. ^ "India successfully launches Indo-French, 6 foreign satellites". Indian Express. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  39. ^ "PSLV-C22 Successfully Launches IRNSS-1A, India's First Navigation Satellite" (Press release). ISRO. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  40. ^ "India launches rocket in hope of joining elite Mars explorer club". Cnn.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  41. ^ "Isro successfully launches indigenous cryogenic engine-powered GSLV-D5". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2014-01-05. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  42. ^ "GSLV-D5 Carrying Communication Satellite Blasts Off". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  43. ^ "GSLV rocket`s success will mean immense savings: ISRO chief | Zee News". Zeenews.india.com. 2014-01-04. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  44. ^ "Isro successfully launches navigation satellite IRNSS-1B". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2014-04-04. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  45. ^ William Graham (2014-04-03). "India's PSLV successfully launches the IRNSS-1B spacecraft". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 2016-02-12. 
  46. ^ "Isro's PSLV C23 launch successful, rocket injects five foreign satellites into orbits". Jun 30, 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  47. ^ G. Ravikiran (October 16, 2014). "India launches third navigation satellite". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 July 2015. 
  48. ^ "GSLV MkIII to launch Isro's next mission". Hindustan times. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  49. ^ "India cracks cryogenic jinx as GSLV takes off". Hindustantimes.com/. Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  50. ^ "Mars conquered, Isro gears up for more". Hindustan Times. New Delhi. 24 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-01. 
  51. ^ "India's Fourth Navigational Satellite IRNSS-1D Launched From Sriharikota". Ndtv.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  52. ^ Manish Raj (10 July 2015). "Isro successfully launches PSLV-C28 carrying 5 UK satellites". Times of India. Retrieved 11 July 2015. 
  53. ^ Dennis S. Jesudasan (10 July 2015). "PSLV C-28 launches five UK satellites". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 July 2015. 
  54. ^ "ISRO's GSLV D-6 puts GSAT-6 satellite in orbit". The Hindu. 27 August 2015. 
  55. ^ "ASTROSAT, India's first astronomical mission, set for September 28 launch". PTI. Economic Times. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015. 
  56. ^ "ISRO Successfully Tests Multiple Burn Fuel Engine During Launch of Six Singaporean Satellites". The New Indian Express. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
  57. ^ Dennis S. Jesudasan; S. Murali (20 January 2016). "ISRO puts fifth GPS satellite in orbit". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 January 2016. 
  58. ^ "India's sixth navigation satellite, IRNSS-1F, put into orbit". The Hindu. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  59. ^ "ISRO successfully launches navigational satellite IRNSS-1F". The Economic Times. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  60. ^ "PSLV-C32/IRNSS-1F". ISRO. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  61. ^ "A gift to people from scientists: India's GPS named 'NAVIC'". Hindustan Times. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  62. ^ Avinash Bhat (28 April 2016). "India's very own GPS is ready with seventh navigation satellite launch". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  63. ^ U Tejonmayam (22 June 2016). "India sets new record in space mission; PSLV C34 successfully injects 20 satellites into orbit". Times of India. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  64. ^ Dennis S. Jesudasan (22 June 2016). "ISRO's 20-in-1 mission successful". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  65. ^ "Big boost to India's space mission: ISRO sets record, launches PSLV-C34 with 20 satellites". PTI. The Economic Times. 22 June 2016. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  66. ^ "GSLV-F05 lobs advanced weather satellite INSAT-3DR into orbit". T.K. Rohit. The Hindu. 8 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  67. ^ "In many firsts, heavy-lift GSLV of ISRO places 2,211-kg weather satellite into orbit". Johnson T A. Indian Express. 8 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
  68. ^ Dennis S. Jesudasan (26 September 2016). "In a first, PSLV puts 8 satellites in two different orbits". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 September 2016. 
  69. ^ U Tejonmayam (26 September 2016). "Isro's PSLV-C35 places SCATSAT-1, seven other satellites in orbit in longest ever launch mission". The Times of India. Retrieved 29 September 2016. 
  70. ^ Tejonmayam, U (Dec 7, 2016). "ISRO successfully places remote sensing satellite Resourcesat-2A in orbit". TNN. 
  71. ^ "PSLV-36 blasts off, Isro readies two more launches in January". TNN. The Times of India. 8 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016. 

External links[edit]