List of Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launches

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Left to right: Falcon 9 v1.0, v1.1, v1.2 "Full Thrust", Falcon 9 Block 5, Falcon Heavy, and Falcon Heavy Block 5.

Since June 2010, rockets from the Falcon 9 family have been launched 191 times, with 189 full mission successes, one partial failure and one total loss of the spacecraft. In addition, one rocket and its payload were destroyed on the launch pad during the fueling process before a static fire test was set to occur.

Designed and operated by private manufacturer SpaceX, the Falcon 9 rocket family includes the retired versions Falcon 9 v1.0, v1.1, and v1.2 "Full Thrust" Block 1 to 4, along with the currently active Block 5 evolution. Falcon Heavy is a heavy-lift derivative of Falcon 9, combining a strengthened central core with two Falcon 9 first stages as the side boosters.[1]

The Falcon design features reusable first-stage boosters, which land either on a ground pad near the launch site or on a drone ship at sea.[2] In December 2015, Falcon 9 became the first rocket to land propulsively after delivering a payload into orbit.[3] This reusability has resulted in significantly reduced launch costs.[4][5] Falcon family core boosters have successfully landed 153 times in 164 attempts. A total of 32 boosters have flown multiple missions, with a record of 14 missions by the same booster.

Falcon 9's typical missions include cargo delivery and crewed flights to the International Space Station (ISS) with the Dragon and Dragon 2 capsules, launch of communications satellites and Earth observation satellites to geostationary transfer orbits (GTO), and low Earth orbits (LEO), some of them at a polar inclination. The heaviest payload launched to LEO is a batch of 54 Starlink v1.5 satellites weighing a total of around 16,700 kg (36,800 lb) to 300 km (190 mi) on 28 August 2022.[6] The heaviest payload launched to a geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) was Intelsat 35e with 6,761 kg (14,905 lb).[a] Launches to higher orbits have included the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) probe to the Sun–Earth Lagrange point L1, the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) space telescope on a lunar flyby trajectory, the Falcon Heavy test flight which launched Elon Musk's Tesla Roadster into a heliocentric orbit extending beyond the orbit of Mars, and Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) into the minor-planet moon Dimorphos of the double asteroid Didymos.

Launch statistics[edit]

Rockets from the Falcon 9 family have been launched 191 times over 13 years, resulting in 189 full mission successes (99%), one partial success (SpaceX CRS-1 delivered its cargo to the International Space Station (ISS), but a secondary payload was stranded in a lower-than-planned orbit), and one full failure (the SpaceX CRS-7 spacecraft was lost in flight in an explosion). Additionally, one rocket and its payload AMOS-6 were destroyed before launch in preparation for an on-pad static fire test. The currently active version, Falcon 9 Block 5, has flown 131 missions, all full successes.

On 20 October 2022 Falcon 9 set a new record of 48 launches (all successful) by the same launch vehicle type in a calendar year. The previous record was held by Soyuz-U, which had 47 launches (45 successful) in 1979.[7]

The first rocket version Falcon 9 v1.0 was launched five times from June 2010 to March 2013, its successor Falcon 9 v1.1 15 times from September 2013 to January 2016, and the Falcon 9 Full Thrust 167 times from December 2015 to present. The latest Full Thrust variant, Block 5, was introduced in May 2018.[8] While the Block 4 boosters were only flown twice and required several months of refurbishment, Block 5 versions are designed to sustain 10 flights with just some inspections.[9]

The Falcon Heavy derivative consists of a strengthened Falcon 9 first stage as its center core, with two additional Falcon 9 first stages attached and used as boosters, both of which are fitted with an aerodynamic nosecone instead of a usual falcon 9 interstage.[10]

Falcon 9 first-stage boosters landed successfully in 153 of 164 attempts (93.3%), with 127 out of 132 (96.2%) for the Falcon 9 Block 5 version. A total of 129 re-flights of first stage boosters have all successfully launched their payloads.

Past launches[edit]

2010 to 2019[edit]

2020[edit]

In late 2019, Gwynne Shotwell stated that SpaceX hoped for as many as 24 launches for Starlink satellites in 2020,[11] in addition to 14 or 15 non-Starlink launches. At 26 launches, 14 of which were for Starlink satellites, Falcon 9 had its most prolific year, and Falcon rockets were second most prolific rocket family of 2020, only behind China's Long March rocket family.[12]

Flight No. Date and
time (UTC)
Version,
booster
[b]
Launch
site
Payload[c] Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
Booster
landing
78 7 January 2020,
02:19:21[13]
F9 B5
B1049.4
CCAFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 2 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Third large batch and second operational flight of Starlink constellation. One of the 60 satellites included a test coating to make the satellite less reflective, and thus less likely to interfere with ground-based astronomical observations.[15]
79 19 January 2020,
15:30[16]
F9 B5
B1046.4
KSC,
LC-39A
Crew Dragon in-flight abort test[17]
(Dragon C205.1)
12,050 kg (26,570 lb) Sub-orbital[18] NASA (CTS)[19] Success No attempt
An atmospheric test of the Dragon 2 abort system after Max Q. The capsule fired its SuperDraco engines, reached an apogee of 40 km (25 mi), deployed parachutes, and splashed down in the ocean 31 km (19 mi) downrange from the launch site. The test was previously slated to be accomplished with the Crew Dragon Demo-1 capsule;[20] but that test article exploded during a ground test of SuperDraco engines on 20 April 2019.[21] The abort test used the capsule originally intended for the first crewed flight.[22] As expected, the booster was destroyed by aerodynamic forces after the capsule aborted.[23] First flight of a Falcon 9 with only one functional stage — the second stage had a mass simulator in place of its engine.
80 29 January 2020,
14:07[24]
F9 B5
B1051.3
CCAFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 3 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Third operational and fourth large batch of Starlink satellites, deployed in a circular 290 km (180 mi) orbit. One of the fairing halves was caught, while the other was fished out of the ocean.[25]
81 17 February 2020,
15:05[26]
F9 B5
B1056.4
CCAFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 4 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Failure
(drone ship)
Fourth operational and fifth large batch of Starlink satellites. Used a new flight profile which deployed into a 212 km × 386 km (132 mi × 240 mi) elliptical orbit instead of launching into a circular orbit and firing the second stage engine twice. The first stage booster failed to land on the drone ship[27] due to incorrect wind data.[28] This was the first time a flight proven booster failed to land.
82 7 March 2020,
04:50[29]
F9 B5
B1059.2
CCAFS,
SLC-40
SpaceX CRS-20
(Dragon C112.3 ♺)
1,977 kg (4,359 lb)[30] (excl. Dragon mass) LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) Success Success
(ground pad)
Last launch of phase 1 of the CRS contract. Carries Bartolomeo, an ESA platform for hosting external payloads onto ISS.[31] Originally scheduled to launch on 2 March 2020, the launch date was pushed back due to a second stage engine failure. SpaceX decided to swap out the second stage instead of replacing the faulty part.[32] It was SpaceX's third flight of the Dragon C112 and the last launch of the cargo Dragon spacecraft.
83 18 March 2020,
12:16[33]
F9 B5
B1048.5
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 5 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Failure
(drone ship)
Fifth operational launch of Starlink satellites. It was the first time a first stage booster flew for a fifth time and the second time the fairings were reused (Starlink flight in May 2019).[34] Towards the end of the first stage burn, the booster suffered premature shut down of an engine, the first of a Merlin 1D variant and first since the CRS-1 mission in October 2012. However, the payload still reached the targeted orbit.[35] This was the second Starlink launch booster landing failure in a row, later revealed to be caused by residual cleaning fluid trapped inside a sensor.[36]
84 22 April 2020,
19:30[37]
F9 B5
B1051.4
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 6 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Sixth operational launch of Starlink satellites. The 84th flight of the Falcon 9 rocket, it surpassed Atlas V to become the most-flown operational US rocket.[38] Used fairings launched on AMOS-17 (August 2019).[39]
85 30 May 2020,
19:22[40]
F9 B5
B1058.1[41]
KSC,
LC-39A
Crew Dragon Demo-2[42]
(Crew Dragon C206.1 Endeavour)
12,530 kg (27,620 lb)[43] LEO (ISS) NASA (CCDev) Success Success
(drone ship)
First crewed orbital spaceflight from American soil since Space Shuttle STS-135 in July 2011, carrying NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley to the International Space Station.[42] The SpaceX live stream was peaked at 4.1 million viewers, while NASA estimated roughly 10 million people watched on various online platforms, and approximately 150,000 people gathered on Florida's space coast despite the risks of the COVID-19 pandemic.[44]
86 4 June 2020,
01:25[45]
F9 B5
B1049.5
CCAFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 7 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Seventh operational launch of Starlink satellites, occurred on the 10th anniversary of the first Falcon 9 flight. Included "VisorSat" satellite test that uses a sunshade to limit reflectivity.[46] First booster to successfully land five times, and first to land on Just Read The Instructions since it was moved to the East Coast.
87 13 June 2020,
09:21[47]
F9 B5
B1059.3
CCAFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 8 v1.0 (58 satellites),[48][49]
SkySats-16, -17, -18
15,410 kg (33,970 lb)[47] LEO SpaceX
Planet Labs
Success Success
(drone ship)
Eighth operational launch of Starlink satellites, included the first rideshare in SpaceX's SmallSat Program, of three SkySat satellites.[50][51] One payload fairing half launched on JCSat-18 / Kacific 1 mission in December 2019. The other payload fairing half flew on Starlink 2 v1.0 in January 2020.[52] For the first time, SpaceX did not perform a static fire before launch.
88 30 June 2020,
20:10:46[53]
F9 B5
B1060.1
CCAFS,
SLC-40
GPS III-03 (Matthew Henson) 4,311 kg (9,504 lb)[54] MEO U.S. Space Force[54] Success Success
(drone ship)
Payload manufacturing contract awarded January 2012,[55] fully assembled in August 2017,[56][57] and completed thermal vacuum testing in June 2018.[58] Launch contract was awarded initially for US$96.5 million,[59] but later, this was discounted in exchange for allowing to launch configuration enabling booster recovery.[60] The vehicle nicknamed Columbus was transported to Florida in February 2020,[61] but launch was delayed by the customer from April 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[62] The launch was dedicated to the memory of the recently deceased, late commander of the 21st Space Wing, Colonel Thomas G. Falzarano,[63][64] and after launch, in October 2020, the nickname was changed to that of the Arctic explorer Matthew Henson.[65][66] The second stage featured a gray band to allow more heat to be absorbed during the longer coasting period,[67] while both fairings were recovered out of the water without attempting a catch in the net.
89 20 July 2020,
21:30[68]
F9 B5
B1058.2[69]
CCAFS,
SLC-40
ANASIS-II 5,000–6,000 kg (11,000–13,000 lb) GTO Republic of Korea Army Success Success
(drone ship)
At 5–6 tonnes, the satellite formerly known as K-Milsat-1 is South Korea's first dedicated military satellite. Contracted by South Korea's Defense Acquisition Program Administration in 2014.[70] 57th successful recovery of a Falcon 9 first stage. For the first time both fairing halves were also successfully caught by fairing catching ships.[71] This launch featured a booster reflight within 51 days, a new record turnaround time for a Falcon booster.[72] It was the same booster that launched the Crew Dragon Demo-2 spacecraft on 30 May 2020.[68] The satellite was delivered to a super-synchronous transfer orbit of 211 km × 45,454 km (131 mi × 28,244 mi), while both fairing halves were caught in the catch nets of the supports ships.[73]
90 7 August 2020,
05:12[74]
F9 B5
B1051.5
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 9 v1.0 (57 Satellites),[48]
SXRS-1 (BlackSky Global 7 and 8)
14,932 kg (32,919 lb) LEO SpaceX
Spaceflight Industries (BlackSky)
Success Success
(drone ship)
Ninth operational launch of Starlink satellites. This mission carried 57 Starlink satellites and two BlackSky satellites as rideshare.[75] This first rideshare contracted with Spaceflight Industries was dubbed internally as "SXRS-1".[76] After previously testing on a single Starlink, the launch will have all 57 satellites include a "VisorSat" to reduce their brightness.[77]
91 18 August 2020
14:31[78]
F9 B5
B1049.6[69]
CCAFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 10 v1.0 (58 satellites)
SkySat-19, -20, -21
~15,440 kg (34,040 lb) LEO SpaceX
Planet Labs
Success Success
(drone ship)
Tenth operational launch of Starlink satellites. Starlink flight including three SkySat rideshare satellites.[50] First time a booster made a 6th flight.[79] The fairings previously flew on Starlink 3 v1.0. One fairing half was caught by Go Ms. Tree, the other was scooped out of the ocean.[50]
92 30 August 2020
23:18[80]
F9 B5
B1059.4
CCAFS,
SLC-40
SAOCOM 1B[81]
GNOMES 1[81]
Tyvak-0172[82]
3,130 kg (6,900 lb)[83] SSO CONAE
PlanetIQ
Tyvak
Success Success
(ground pad)
The 100th launch in SpaceX's history, first time a commercial launch on a fourth launch of a booster, it deployed Earth-observing satellites built by Argentina's space agency CONAE and two rideshares. SpaceX was contracted in 2009 for an initial launch as early as 2013.[84] Originally planned for launch from Vandenberg but launched from Cape Canaveral, which made it the first flight from there using the southern corridor to a polar orbit since 1969.[85][86]
93 3 September 2020
12:46:14[87]
F9 B5
B1060.2[88]
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 11 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Eleventh operational launch of Starlink satellites, bringing the total to 713 launched Starlink satellites.[87]
94 6 October 2020
11:29:34[89]
F9 B5
B1058.3[90]
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 12 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Twelfth operational launch of Starlink satellites, which for the first time used a fairing half on its third launch.[91] Also, the B1058 holds the title for the shortest time a booster reached 3 flights which is 129 days beating B1046 by 77 days.
95 18 October 2020
12:25:57[92]
F9 B5
B1051.6[93]
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 13 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb)[14] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Thirteenth operational launch of Starlink satellites. Second time a booster was flown six times and first time both fairing halves were flown a third time. Both fairing halves landed on their respective ships but one fairing broke the net on Ms Tree.[94]
96 24 October 2020
15:31:34[95]
F9 B5
B1060.3
CCAFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 14 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Fourteenth operational launch of Starlink satellites and the 100th successful launch of a Falcon vehicle.[96]
97 5 November 2020
23:24:23[97]
F9 B5
B1062.1
CCAFS,
SLC-40
GPS III-04 (Sacagawea)[65][98] 4,311 kg (9,504 lb) MEO USSF Success Success
(drone ship)
Manufacturing contract awarded in January 2012,[55] underwent thermal vacuum testing in December 2018,[99] while the launch contract was awarded in March 2018.[100] A launch attempt on 3 October 2020 was aborted two seconds before liftoff due to early start in two engines.[101][102] Following the abort, two engines from B1062 were sent for further testing.[103] The abort also caused delays to the Crew-1 launch to allow time for data review.[104][105]
98 16 November 2020
00:27[106]
F9 B5
B1061.1[107]
KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-1
(Crew Dragon C207.1 Resilience)
~12,500 kg (27,600 lb) LEO (ISS) NASA (CCP)[19] Success Success
(drone ship)
First crew rotation of the commercial crew program, following the return in August of the crewed test flight mission Crew Demo 2. Originally designated "USCV-1" by NASA. Carried astronauts Victor Glover, Mike Hopkins, Shannon Walker and Soichi Noguchi, for a 6-month stay aboard the ISS, during which the Boeing Starliner OFT flight launched but was unable to dock as expected.[108] The first flight of the crew program was initially expected to launch in 2017,[109][110] and finished final certifications in November 2020.[111]
99 21 November 2020
17:17:08[112]
F9 B5
B1063.1
VAFB,
SLC-4E
Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich (Jason-CS A) 1,192 kg (2,628 lb) LEO NASA / NOAA / ESA / EUMETSAT Success Success
(ground pad)
Named after the former director of NASA's Earth science program, it is a radar altimeter satellite part of the Ocean Surface Topography constellation located at 1,336 km (830 mi) and 66° inclination, and a follow-up to Jason 3 as a partnership between the United States (NOAA and NASA), Europe (EUMETSAT, ESA, CNES).[113]
100 25 November 2020
02:13[114]
F9 B5
B1049.7[115]
CCAFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 15 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
First time a booster was launched for a seventh time and first time SpaceX completed four launches in a single month.
101 6 December 2020
16:17:08[116]
F9 B5
B1058.4[117]
KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-21
(Dragon C208.1)
2,972 kg (6,552 lb) (excl. Dragon mass) LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) Success Success
(drone ship)
First launch of phase 2 of the CRS contract of six launches awarded in January 2016.[118] It was the first launch of the upgraded version Cargo Dragon 2 spacecraft, with increased payload capacity and autonomous docking to the ISS. Payloads included Nanoracks Bishop Airlock[119] and CFIG-1 (Cool Flames Investigation with Gases).[120] It's also the 100th successful Falcon 9 launch.
102 13 December 2020
17:30:00[121]
F9 B5
B1051.7
CCSFS,
SLC-40[122]
SXM-7 7,000 kg (15,000 lb) GTO Sirius XM Success Success
(drone ship)
Launched the largest, high-power broadcasting satellite for SiriusXM's digital audio radio service (DARS). SXM-7 was built by Maxar Technologies; intended to operate in the S-band spectrum, it will replace the SXM-3 satellite. The satellite will deliver the highest power density of any commercial satellite on-orbit,[123] generate more than 20 kW of power, and have a large unfoldable antenna reflector, which enables broadcast to radios without the need for large dish-type antennas on the ground. Due to the heavy weight, the payload was injected into a sub-synchronous orbit of 224 km × 19,411 km (139 mi × 12,061 mi) and the satellite itself will transfer to full GTO.[124] It was the first time a commercial primary payload flew on a booster which had been flown more than 4 times before.[125] First dedicated customer launch where the fairings were previously used.[126]
103 19 December 2020
14:00:00[127]
F9 B5
B1059.5
KSC,
LC-39A
NROL-108 Classified LEO NRO Success Success
(ground pad)
The planned launch was not known by the public until FCC filings appeared in late September followed by confirmation from the NRO on 5 October 2020, likely a relatively light payload that allows the return of the booster to the launch site.[128]

2021[edit]

In October 2020, Elon Musk indicated he wanted to be able to increase launches to 48 in 2021.[129] Regulatory documents filed in February 2020 specified a maximum of 60 launches for Falcon 9 and another ten for Falcon Heavy from Florida, according to its 2020 environmental assessment.[130]

Flight No. Date and
time (UTC)
Version,
booster
[b]
Launch
site
Payload[c] Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
Booster
landing
104 8 January 2021
02:15[131]
F9 B5
B1060.4
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Türksat 5A[132] 3,500 kg (7,700 lb) GTO Türksat Success Success
(drone ship)
A 3,500 kg (7,700 lb) satellite intended to be stationed at 31.0° east.[132] This is the most powerful satellite in Türksat's fleet[133] and will provide Ku-band television broadcast services over Turkey, the Middle East, Europe and Africa. The satellite was injected in to a Super-synchronous transfer orbit of 280 km × 55,000 km (170 mi × 34,180 mi) with 17.6° inclination.[134]
105 20 January 2021
13:02:22[135]
F9 B5
B1051.8[136]
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 16 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
The first booster to successfully launch and land eight times. Achieved a record turnaround time between two launches of the same booster of only 38 days and brought the total of launched Starlink satellites to over 1000.[137] SpaceX stated that the landing would occur during higher winds than usual; this test to expand the landing envelope was successfully passed by the booster.[138]
106 24 January 2021
15:00[139]
F9 B5
B1058.5[140]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Transporter-1: (143 smallsat rideshare) ~5,000 kg (11,000 lb) SSO Various Success Success
(drone ship)
First dedicated smallsat rideshare launch, targeting a 525 km (326 mi) altitude orbit.[141] The launch deployed a record 143 satellites, consisting of 120 CubeSats, 11 microsatellites, 10 Starlinks, and 2 transfer stages. In addition, 2 hosted payloads and 1 non-separating dummy satellite[142] were launched.[143] These include SpaceBEE (x 36), Lemur-2 (x 8), ICEYE (x 3), UVSQ-SAT,[144] ELaNa 35 (PTD-1),[145] and Kepler nanosats (x 8).[146][147] D-Orbit ION Satellite Carrier and 10 Starlink satellites made for testing optical laser inter-satellite links placed in a polar orbit[148] and 2 of 15 payloads remained attached to SHERPA-FX1. Exolaunch deployed several small satellites and cubesats via their own deployment mechanisms. First flight of a Falcon 9 with a SHERPA-FX transfer stage called SHERPA-FX1.[149][150]
107 4 February 2021
06:19[151]
F9 B5
B1060.5[152]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 18 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
This set a new booster turnaround record, at 27 days, and it was the first time a Falcon 9 flew twice within a month.[153]
108 16 February 2021
03:59:37[154]
F9 B5
B1059.6
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 19 v1.0 (60 satellites)[155] 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Failure
(drone ship)
A hole in a heat-shielding engine cover, which likely developed through fatigue, allowed recirculating hot exhaust gases to damage one of the Merlin 1D first-stage engines, causing it to shut down early during ascent. Engine-out capability of the Falcon 9 allowed the mission to continue and successfully deploy the 60 Starlink satellites to orbit.[156] The issue caused the booster to fail its landing attempt and miss the droneship Of Course I Still Love You (OCISLY) after its entry burn, breaking the longest streak of 24 landing successes (since surpassed).[157] During this mission, GO Ms. Tree and GO Ms. Chief were used for the last time to recover the fairings;[158][159] SpaceX retired the fairing catching program in favor of fairing fishing.[160] Both fairing catching ships were retired from SpaceX use.
109 4 March 2021
08:24:54[161]
F9 B5
B1049.8[162]
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 17 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Launch had previously been postponed multiple times, causing the payload Starlink L17 to launch after the L18 and L19 missions. Featured for the first time, a fairing which was flying on its fourth flight.[163] The second-stage deorbit burn failed, causing an uncontrolled reentry on 26 March 2021 over the west coast of the United States.[164]
110 11 March 2021
08:13:29[165]
F9 B5
B1058.6[166]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 20 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Twentieth operational launch of Starlink satellites, bringing the total to 1,265 (including prototypes) launched Starlink satellites.[167]
111 14 March 2021
10:01:26[168]
F9 B5
B1051.9
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 21 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
First time a first-stage booster flew and landed for the ninth time. This flight also marked the fastest turnaround time for a fairing half, at 49 days. Both fairing halves previously flew on the Transporter-1 mission.[169]
112 24 March 2021
08:28:24[170]
F9 B5
B1060.6[171]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 22 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Fairing "wet recovery" achieved by contracted recovery vessel Shelia Bordelon for the first time. Both fairing halves were retrieved from the water.[172]
113 7 April 2021
16:34:18
F9 B5
B1058.7
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 23 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
23rd operational launch of Starlink satellites, bringing the total to 1,385 launched Starlink satellites (including prototype). This launch featured the second fastest booster turnaround time at 27 days and 8 hours (after Starlink 18 with B1060.5, which was 4 hours faster).[173]
114 23 April 2021
09:49:02[174]
F9 B5
B1061.2[175]
KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-2
(Crew Dragon C206.2 Endeavour ♺)
~13,000 kg (29,000 lb)[176] LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[19] Success Success
(drone ship)
Second operational flight of Crew Dragon for Commercial Crew Program. Transported NASA astronauts Shane Kimbrough and Megan McArthur, JAXA Astronaut Akihiko Hoshide and ESA astronaut Thomas Pesquet to the ISS.[177] The four astronauts will spend 6 months aboard the ISS. Beginning with the Crew-2 mission, NASA has modified the contract to allow NASA astronauts to use flight-proven Dragon capsules and booster.[178] Thus SpaceX reflew the Dragon used on Demo-2 and used Booster B1061-2 which had been used to launch Crew-1 in November 2020.
115 29 April 2021
03:44:30[179]
F9 B5
B1060.7[180]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 24 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
24th operational launch of Starlink satellites, bringing the total to 1,434 Starlink satellites still in orbit. This launch also paid tribute to Apollo 11 crew Michael Collins, who died hours before the launch.[181]
116 4 May 2021
19:01:07[182]
F9 B5
B1049.9[183]
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink 25 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
25th operational launch of Starlink satellites, bringing the total to 1,494 Starlink satellites still in orbit, second time a booster flew for the ninth time.
117 9 May 2021
06:42:45[184]
F9 B5
B1051.10[185]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink 27 v1.0 (60 satellites) 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
This was the first time a booster flew 10 times. Brought the total number of operational Starlink satellites in the first shell to approximately 1516 out of a planned 1584.[186]
118 15 May 2021
22:56[187]
F9 B5
B1058.8[188]
KSC,
LC-39A[189]
Starlink 26 v1.0 (52 Satellites)
Capella-6 &Tyvak-0130[190]
~14,000 kg (31,000 lb) LEO SpaceX
Capella Space and Tyvak
Success Success
(drone ship)
Rideshare launch with a targeted orbit at 569x582, significantly higher than typical Starlink launches, to allow for needs of the rideshare payloads.[191] Fairing "wet recovery" done by contracted recovery vessel Shelia Bordelon for the last time.
119 26 May 2021
18:59:35[192]
F9 B5
B1063.2[193]
CCSFS,
SLC-40[193]
Starlink 28 v1.0 (60 Satellites)[193] 15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Will likely complete the first shell of the Starlink network located at 550 km altitude and containing 1584 satellites.[191] It was 40th launch a fairing was reused, with one half being used for the 5th time (first fairing to do so) and the other for a 3rd time.[194] This launch marks SpaceX's 100th successful launch in a row without in-flight failure since December 2015.
120 3 June 2021
17:29:17[195]
F9 B5
B1067.1[196]
KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-22
(Dragon C209.1)
3,328 kg (7,337 lb) (excl. Dragon mass) LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) Success Success
(drone ship)
Second of a minimum of six new cargo missions under the CRS-2 contract, which NASA awarded SpaceX in 2015. Mission was flown with an uncrewed Dragon 2 capsule,[197] which carried solar panels, catalytic reactor for the station's life support system, an emergency air supply system, Kurs remote control unit, and a Potable Water Dispense (PWD) filter. Also carried were the RamSat cubesat as payload for ELaNa 36,[198] the SOAR cubesat for the University of Manchester[199] and the first Mauritian satellite MIR-SAT1[200] to be launched from the station later. This was the last mission the Of Course I Still Love You droneship supported on the east coast,[201] since SpaceX plans to launch Starlink satellites from the West Coast starting in July, which will require a droneship landing. OCISLY will be replaced by the new A Shortfall Of Gravitas droneship later this summer.[202]
121 6 June 2021
04:26[203]
F9 B5
B1061.3
CCSFS,
SLC-40
SXM-8[204] 7,000 kg (15,000 lb) GTO Sirius XM Success Success
(drone ship)
A large, high-power broadcasting satellite for SiriusXM's digital audio radio service (DARS) contracted together with SXM-7 to replace the aging XM-4 satellite and allow broadcast to radios without the need for large dish-type antennas on the ground.[125][205]
122 17 June 2021
16:09:35[206]
F9 B5
B1062.2[207]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
GPS III-05 (Neil Armstrong)[65][208] 4,331 kg (9,548 lb)[209] MEO USSF[54] Success Success
(drone ship)
Manufacturing contract awarded February 2013.[210] In March 2018, the Air Force announced it had awarded the launch contract for three GPS satellites to SpaceX.[211] This is the first reused booster launch for a 'national security' mission.[212] Fairing "wet recovery" was attempted by contracted recovery vessel Hos Briarwood for the first time. Both fairing halves were retrieved from water.[213][214]
123 30 June 2021
19:31[215]
F9 B5
B1060.8
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Transporter-2: (88 payloads Smallsat Rideshare) Unknown[d] SSO Various Success Success
(ground pad)
A total of 88 payloads including prototype Starlink v1.5 satellites made for testing optical laser inter-satellite links[216] (3x), Polar Vigilance (4x), Exolaunch YAM-2 & 3, Satellogic,[217] Capella-5[218] HawkEye Cluster 3 (multiple sats), Spaceflight Industries (multiple sats including on two space tugs Sherpa-FX2 Sherpa-LTE1).[215] LINCS 1 and 2 were reported to be tumbling uncontrolled due to "an issue with the launch vehicle".[219]
124 29 August 2021
07:14:49[220]
F9 B5
B1061.4
KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-23
(Dragon C208.2 ♺)
~2,200 kg (4,900 lb) (excl. Dragon mass) LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) Success Success
(drone ship)
Third of six new cargo missions NASA awarded in 2015 to SpaceX under the CRS-2 contract to be flown after the initial 20 missions of phase 1 were completed in 2020.[197] Includes FBCE, SoFIE. First time a booster landed on SpaceX's fourth droneship, A Shortfall Of Gravitas (ASOG),[221][222] marking the first use when SpaceX has three droneships in operation.
125 14 September 2021
03:55:50[223]
F9 B5
B1049.10[224]
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 2-1 (v1.5 L1, 51 satellites)[225][226] ~13,260 kg (29,230 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
First launch of Starlink satellites from Vandenberg Space Force Base, and first West coast launch in 10 months. The 70-degree inclination launch is the first Starlink launch into a high-inclination, non-SSO orbit.[191] The satellites were the upgraded and operational 1.5 version that featured "laser inter-satellite links, which are needed for high latitudes & mid ocean coverage".[225] It was the second booster to make a tenth flight and landing.
126 16 September 2021
00:02:56[227]
F9 B5
B1062.3[228]
KSC,
LC-39A
Inspiration4
(Crew Dragon C207.2 Resilience ♺)
~12,519 kg (27,600 lb) LEO Jared Isaacman
[note 1][229][230]
Success Success
(drone ship)
SpaceX signed in February 2021, its first all-civilian flight for a crewed spacecraft with Jared Isaacman (Leadership), founder and CEO of Shift4 Payments, who commands and pilots the mission, and who donated the three other seats in the Crew Dragon vehicle's launch to LEO. The first of these three seats (Generosity) was won by Christopher Sembroski in a lottery, who donated to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, the second seat (Hope) was awarded to Hayley Arceneaux, an ambassador associated with that hospital, and the third seat (Prosperity) was awarded to Sian Proctor, the winner of a contest between entrepreneurs who use Shift4Shop. The seats were awarded on 30 March 2021.[231][232] The mission reached a circular orbit of about 585 km and lasted about three days. The docking adapter of Crew Dragon Resilience was replaced by a dome window.[233][234][235]
127 11 November 2021
02:03:31[236]
F9 B5
B1067.2[237]
KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-3
(Crew Dragon C210.1 Endurance)
~13,000 kg (29,000 lb)[238] LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[19] Success Success
(drone ship)
SpaceX's third operational Crew Dragon flight carried NASA astronauts Thomas Marshburn, Kayla Barron and Raja Chari as well as German ESA astronaut Matthias Maurer.[239] It also carried up to 100 kg (220 lb) of cargo to the ISS.[19]
128 13 November 2021
12:19[240]
F9 B5
B1058.9[241]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-1 (53 satellites)[242] ~15,635 kg (34,469 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
First east-coast Starlink launch after the v1.0 L28 launch which completed the first shell of the Starlink network located at 540 km altitude. Fairing "wet recovery" was attempted by SpaceX multipurpose ship, Bob for the first time, and both fairing halves were retrieved from water.[243][213]
129 24 November 2021
06:21[244]
F9 B5
B1063.3[245]
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART)[246] 624 kg (1,376 lb) Heliocentric NASA (LSP) Success Success
(drone ship)
Dart mission will measure the kinetic effects of crashing an impactor into the surface of the moon of 65803 Didymos asteroid. It is the first mission aiming to demonstrate asteroid redirect capability[247] and the first NASA scientific mission using a previously flown booster.[248] The launch contract was awarded to SpaceX for $69 million.[249]
130 2 December 2021
23:12[250]
F9 B5
B1060.9[251]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-3 (48 satellites)
SXRS-2: BlackSky Global (2 sats)[252]
~14,500 kg (32,000 lb) LEO SpaceX
Spaceflight, Inc. (BlackSky Global)
Success Success
(drone ship)
This mission carried 48 Starlink satellites[253] and two BlackSky Gen-2 satellites (numbered 12 and 13)[254] as rideshare payloads. The BlackSky satellites were released prior to the Starlink deployment, to a 435x425 km orbit at 53.2° inclination.[255]
131 9 December 2021
06:00[256]
F9 B5
B1061.5
KSC,
LC-39A
Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE)[257] 325 kg (717 lb) LEO NASA (LSP) Success Success
(drone ship)
SMEX 14 mission with three identical NASA telescopes on a single spacecraft, designed to measure X-rays. The launch contract was awarded to SpaceX for US$50.3 million,[257] and is the smallest dedicated payload ever launched by Falcon 9 launch vehicle.[258] However, the required exact equatorial orbit required an orbital plane change that meant an approximately 30% of Falcon 9's maximum theoretical performance for such an orbital profile (1.5-2 tons).[259]
132 18 December 2021
12:41[260]
F9 B5
B1051.11
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 4-4
(52 satellites)[261]
15,600 kg (34,400 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
First West coast and third overall 53.2-degree inclination Starlink launch. First time a Falcon 9 first stage booster flew for an eleventh time.
133 19 December 2021
03:58[262]
F9 B5
B1067.3
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Türksat 5B[263] 4,500 kg (9,900 lb) GTO Türksat Success Success
(drone ship)
The first GTO satellite partially built in Turkey, the 4,500 kg (9,900 lb) satellite is intended to be placed at 42.0° east.[264] By launching at the opening of the Turksat-5B window, SpaceX set a new record for the shortest time between two Falcon 9 launches at 15 hours and 17 minutes. The previous record time was 44 hours and 17 minutes, set between the Starlink Group 2-1 and Inspiration4 missions.[265]
134 21 December 2021
10:06[266]
F9 B5
B1069.1
KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-24
(Dragon C209.2 ♺)
2,989 kg (6,590 lb) (excl. Dragon mass) LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) Success Success[e]
(drone ship)
Fourth of six new cargo missions NASA awarded in 2015 to SpaceX under the CRS-2 contract to be flown after the initial 20 missions of phase 1 were completed in 2020.[197] First time SpaceX launched 5 rockets within the same calendar month. The ELaNa 38 mission, consisting of 4 cubesats, launched on this flight.[268] SpaceX achieved the feat of 100 successful orbital rocket booster landings in this mission, coinciding with the 6th anniversary of its first booster landing. The rough seas led to the Octograbber robot not being able to secure the booster to the deck, leading to both the booster and the Octagrabber robot being heavily damaged in transit.[267]

2022[edit]

SpaceX reflected up to 60 launches each year from its two Florida launch sites when it filed its environmental assessment in February 2020.[130] In January 2022, information became public that SpaceX intended to increase the pace of launches to 52 during 2022, after launching a record 31 times in 2021.[269] In March 2022, Elon Musk stated that SpaceX was aiming for 60 Falcon launches in 2022.[270] In the event, SpaceX did increase their launch cadence, exceeding the previous yearly record of 31 launches in just the first 29 weeks of 2022.[271] There have been, to date, 54 launches in 2022.

Flight No. Date and
time (UTC)
Version,
booster
[b]
Launch
site
Payload[c] Payload mass Orbit Customer Launch
outcome
Booster
landing
135 6 January 2022
21:49[272][273]
F9 B5
B1062.4
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-5
(49 satellites)[274]
~14,500 kg (32,000 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
After the weather-related damage to the landed booster in the previous launch, SpaceX changed the Starlink launch trajectory from Northeast to Southeast intending to increase odds of good booster and fairing recovery conditions in the winter months, on a course just North of the Bahamas via a plane change maneuver to line up with the proper orbital plane for the Starlink satellites.[272]
136 13 January 2022
15:25:38[275]
F9 B5
B1058.10
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Transporter-3: (105 payloads Smallsat Rideshare)[276] Unknown[d] SSO Various Success Success
(ground pad)
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to Sun-synchronous orbit. A total of 105 payloads including: Planet Labs SuperDoves (×44),[277] and some of the customer payloads on SpaceFlight's SXRS-6 mission.[278] In addition, four secret satellites, were likely test sats built by SpaceX based on the Starshield bus (based on Starlink Block v1.5 technology), were also deployed for the US army. Their purpose has not been revealed, but is likely either technical demonstration, communications, earth observation or signals intelligence.[279] In 2020 SpaceX had won a US$149 million contract for developing and launching missile tracking satellites based on the Starlink architecture.[280]
137 19 January 2022
02:02:40[281]
F9 B5
B1060.10
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-6
(49 satellites)
~14,500 kg (32,000 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. Second Starlink launch where SpaceX has significantly customized a Starlink launch trajectory to optimize for booster recovery after Starlink Group 4–5.[282]
138 31 January 2022
23:11[283]
F9 B5
B1052.3
CCSFS,
SLC-40
CSG-2 2,205 kg (4,861 lb) SSO ASI Success Success
(ground pad)
Second COSMO-SkyMed 2nd-generation satellite. Originally scheduled to launch in 2021 on an Arianespace Vega-C launch vehicle, resulting delays caused by the pandemic and two Vega launch failures led to ASI purchasing a Falcon 9 launch contract in September 2021 for the 2.2-ton satellite. First launch of a converted Falcon 9 that was previously used as a FH side booster.[284][285]
139 2 February 2022
20:27[286]
F9 B5
B1071.1
VSFB,
SLC-4E
NROL-87 Classified SSO NRO Success[287] Success
(ground pad)
Classified payload. The contract requirements for this launch called for a 512 km Sun-synchronous orbit at 97.4° inclination.[288]
140 3 February 2022
18:13[289]
F9 B5
B1061.6
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-7
(49 satellites)
~14,500 kg (32,000 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A fairing half on this mission was flown and recovered for a record 6th time. A G2-rated geomagnetic storm on 4 February significantly increased the atmospheric density at the initial deployment orbit, resulting in 38 satellites reentering over the following eight days.[290][291]
141 21 February 2022
14:44[292]
F9 B5
B1058.11
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-8 (46 satellites) ~13,600 kg (30,000 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Mission was the first Group 4 mission to feature 2 upper stage burns like v1.0 Starlink launches, with deployment of the 46 satellites approximately 1 hour after lift-off into a higher circular orbit. This is aimed at reducing the risk of high drag that caused 38 of the Group 4-7 satellites to fail reaching their intended orbits, and instead, reenter shortly after launch.[293]
142 25 February 2022
17:12[294]
F9 B5
B1063.4
VSFB
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 4-11 (50 satellites)[295] ~14,750 kg (32,520 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A west-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
143 3 March 2022
14:25[296]
F9 B5
B1060.11
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-9 (47 satellites) ~13,900 kg (30,600 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. First time one of SpaceX multipurpose ships, Bob, retrieved both fairing halves and towed the droneship and the Falcon booster on its return journey to Port Canaveral.
144 9 March 2022
13:45[297]
F9 B5
B1052.4[298]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-10
(48 satellites)
~14,160 kg (31,220 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
This was the 40th Starlink launch.
145 19 March 2022
04:42[299]
F9 B5
B1051.12
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-12 (53 satellites)[300] ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb)[301] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
First time a Falcon 9 first-stage booster flew and landed for the twelfth time. Heaviest Falcon 9 payload to LEO enabled by optimizations to the launch setup and flight profile.[302]
146 1 April 2022
16:24[303]
F9 B5
B1061.7
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Transporter-4: (40 payloads Smallsat Rideshare) Unknown[d] SSO Various Success Success
(drone ship)
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to Sun-synchronous orbit. The heaviest payload aboard was Environmental Mapping and Analysis Program (EnMAP) German satellite. Other payloads included D-Orbit ION, Hawk-6A/6B/6C, CNCE (2), Heron Mk II, GNOMES-3, Kilimanjaro-1.[304][305]
147 8 April 2022[306][307]
15:17:52
F9 B5
B1062.5
KSC,
LC-39A
Axiom-1
(Crew Dragon C206.3 Endeavour ♺)[307]
~13,000 kg (29,000 lb) LEO (ISS) Axiom Space Success Success
(drone ship)
Announced in March 2020, the flight is the first fully private flight to the ISS. Crew Dragon is commanded by Axiom professional astronaut Michael López-Alegría.[308] Larry Connor is the pilot, and Mark Pathy and Eytan Stibbe are mission specialists.
148 17 April 2022[309]
13:13:12
F9 B5
B1071.2
VSFB,
SLC-4E
NROL-85 (Intruder 13A (NOSS-3 9A) and Intruder 13B (NOSS-3 9B))[310] Classified LEO NRO Success[311] Success
(ground pad)
Classified mission awarded to SpaceX in February 2019.[312] The contract requirements for this launch called for a 1220 km × 1024 km orbit at 63.5° inclination, which corresponds to a Naval Reconnaissance (Intruder) mission.[313] With only a year before the launch, the launch site was switched from Florida to California at no extra cost in exchange for reusing a previously flown booster.[314]
149 21 April 2022
17:51[315]
F9 B5
B1060.12
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-14 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb)[301] LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
150 27 April 2022
07:52[316]
F9 B5
B1067.4[317]
KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-4[110]
(Crew Dragon C212.1 Freedom)[318]
~13,000 kg (29,000 lb) LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[19] Success Success
(drone ship)
Fourth Crew Dragon CCP mission. Carried four astronauts and 100 kg (220 lb) of cargo to the ISS and function as a lifeboat to evacuate astronauts from ISS in case of an emergency.[19] NASA's Kjell Lindgren, Bob Hines, and Jessica Watkins as well as ESA's Samantha Cristoforetti assigned to fly this mission.[319]
151 29 April 2022
21:27[320]
F9 B5
B1062.6
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-16 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. This mission set four SpaceX turnaround records: Booster turnaround at 21 days (previously 27 days), pad turnaround at 8 days, Just Read the Instructions departed just 19 hours after arriving, and it was the first time there were 6 launches in a single calendar month.
152 6 May 2022
09:46[321]
F9 B5
B1058.12
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-17 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
153 13 May 2022
22:07[322]
F9 B5
B1063.5
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 4-13 (53 satellites)[323] ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A west-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
154 14 May 2022
20:40[324]
F9 B5
B1073.1
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-15 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. First Starlink launch on a new first-stage booster.
155 18 May 2022
10:59[325]
F9 B5
B1052.5
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-18 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
156 25 May 2022
18:35[326]
F9 B5
B1061.8[327]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Transporter-5: (59 payloads Smallsat Rideshare) Unknown[d] SSO Various Success Success
(ground pad)
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission launching 59 satellites to Sun-synchronous orbit. Mission included 3 different payload dispensers by Momentus (Vigoride space tug), Spaceflight, and D-Orbit, and payloads from 11 countries by Exolaunch.[328]
157 8 June 2022
21:03[329]
F9 B5
B1062.7[329]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Nilesat-301[330] ~4,100 kg (9,000 lb)[331] GTO Nilesat Success Success
(drone ship)
Built by Thales Alenia Space, the Egyptian satellite will be stationed at 7.0° west.[330] SpaceX successfully executed the furthest downrange landing of a Falcon 9 booster on this mission by landing 687 km (427 mi) away from the launch site.[331]
158 17 June 2022
16:09[332]
F9 B5
B1060.13[332]
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-19 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. This mission marked SpaceX's 100th reuse of a booster, 50th consecutive landing, 1st booster to fly for a 13th time, and 50th SpaceX launch from LC-39A.[333]
159 18 June 2022[334]
14:19[335]
F9 B5
B1071.3
VSFB,
SLC-4E
SARah 1[336] ~4,000 kg (8,800 lb)[337] SSO German Intelligence Service Success[338] Success
(ground pad)
Airbus-built phased-array-antenna satellite intended to upgrade the German SAR-Lupe surveillance satellites.[339]
160 19 June 2022
04:27[340]
F9 B5
B1061.9[340]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Globalstar-2 M087 (FM15)[341]
USA 328-331[342][343]
~700 kg (1,500 lb)
(excluding secret payloads)
LEO Globalstar
Unknown US Government Agency
Success Success
(drone ship)
Mission launched the first Globalstar satellite since 2013, a spare satellite that was still waiting on ground for its launch.[340] The mission was not known by the public until early June, when a FCC filing appeared.[344] The low mass of the satellite, together with the lack of return to the launch site and the use of an unconventional payload dispenser, led to speculations about there being a second, undisclosed governmental payload.[345] After launch, four USA designated satellites were cataloged, confirming the presence of four secret US Government payloads that were released between second-stage cutoff 1 and second-stage startup 2.[342][279][343] Likely the satellites were test sats built by SpaceX based on the Starshield bus (based on Starlink Block v1.5 technology), based on the deployment structure seen in the launch video. Their purpose has not been revealed, but is likely either technical demonstration, communications, earth observation or signals intelligence. SpaceX set a new record for the shortest time between two Falcon 9 launches at 14 hours and 8 minutes. The previous record time was 15 hours and 17 minutes, set between the Starlink Group 4-4 and Türksat 5B missions.
161 29 June 2022
21:04[346]
F9 B5
B1073.2[346]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
SES-22 ~3,500 kg (7,700 lb) GTO SES Success Success
(drone ship)
Following the award for the launch of SES-18 and SES-19, SpaceX was awarded another launch contract for SES-22. Built by Thales Alenia Space, the C-band-only satellite will be stationed at 135° west and is expected to start operations by early August 2022.[347]
162 7 July 2022
13:11[348]
F9 B5
B1058.13[349]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-21 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch to a 53.2° inclination orbit at 540 km altitude.
163 11 July 2022
01:39[350]
F9 B5
B1063.6
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 3-1 (46 satellites)[351] ~14,100 kg (31,100 lb)[352] SSO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A west-coast Starlink network launch to a 97.6° inclination orbit at 560 km altitude, first launch of group 3.
164 15 July 2022
00:44:22[353]
F9 B5
B1067.5
KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-25
(Dragon C208.3 ♺)[354]
2,668 kg (5,881 lb)[353]
(excl. Dragon mass)
LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) Success Success
(drone ship)
Fifth of the six ISS cargo missions awarded in 2015 under the CRS-2 contract, and carried Earth Surface Mineral Dust Source Investigation (EMIT) external payload.[197]
165 17 July 2022
14:20[355][356]
F9 B5
B1051.13[356]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-22 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. It was the first time SpaceX launched an 8th rocket within 30 days.[357]
166 22 July 2022
17:39[271]
F9 B5
B1071.4
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 3-2 (46 satellites)[358] ~14,100 kg (31,100 lb) SSO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A west-coast Starlink network launch for 97.6° inclination Sun-synchronous orbit located at 560 km altitude.
167 24 July 2022
13:38[359]
F9 B5
B1062.8
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-25 (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
168 4 August 2022
23:08[360]
F9 B5
B1052.6
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Danuri (Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter)[361] ~679 kg (1,497 lb)[362] Ballistic lunar transfer (BLT) KARI Success Success
(drone ship)
“Launch Your Photo into Deep Space Orbit” mosaic[363] (hosted) Heliocentric Tesla Success
South Korea's first lunar mission. Second stage included a hosted promotional payload by automotive manufacturer Tesla, which in 2018 offered a referral bonus to customers where they could send an image of their choice to be laser-etched into a mosaic plaque and launched to deep space.[363][364]
169 10 August 2022
02:14[365]
F9 B5
B1073.3[366]
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-26[367] (52 satellites) ~16,000 kg (35,000 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
170 12 August 2022[368]
21:40:20[369]
F9 B5
B1061.10
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 3-3[370] (46 satellites) ~14,100 kg (31,100 lb) SSO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A west-coast Starlink network launch for 97.6° inclination Sun-synchronous orbit located at 560 km altitude.
171 19 August 2022
19:21:20[371]
F9 B5
B1062.9
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-27[372] (53 satellites) ~16,250 kg (35,830 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
172 28 August 2022
03:41[6]
F9 B5
B1069.2[373]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-23[374] (54 satellites)[375] ~16,700 kg (36,800 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
Heaviest Falcon 9 launch carrying an east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. This flight, Group 4-23, was moved from 39A to 40 to deconflict with Artemis I operations at 39B. Booster B1069.2 was repaired after suffering damage to all 9 engines upon its initial landing.[376]
173 31 August 2022
05:40[377]
F9 B5
B1063.7
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 3-4[378] (46 satellites) ~14,200 kg (31,300 lb) SSO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A west-coast Starlink network launch for 97.6° inclination Sun-synchronous orbit located at 560 km altitude.
174 5 September 2022
02:09[379]
F9 B5
B1052.7
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-20 (51 satellites)
Sherpa-LTC2
~16,000 kg (35,000 lb)[380][381] LEO SpaceX
Spaceflight Industries
Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. Sherpa-LTC2 space tug's sole hosted payload was Boeing's Varuna Technology Demonstration Mission, a pathfinder for a planned constellation of broadband satellites. Initial orbit of Sherpa LTC-2 is same as that of Starlink but later it will fire its thrusters to reach a 54° inclination low Earth orbit located at 1060 km altitude.
175 11 September 2022
01:20[382]
F9 B5
B1058.14
KSC,
LC-39A
Starlink Group 4-2[383] (34 satellites)
BlueWalker-3
~11,938 kg (26,319 lb) LEO SpaceX
AST SpaceMobile
Success Success
(drone ship)
Bluewalker-3 is a rideshare[384] mission launched to 513 km altitude 53° inclination.[385] B1058 became the first booster to be launched and recovered fourteen times. In addition to this, the 2nd stage first executed two burns to deploy the Bluewalker 3, followed by executing two more burns to deploy the Starlinks to a 330 km altitude 53.2° inclination orbit, concluding with deorbit burn, which made it one of the most complex F9 missions upto date.[386]
176 19 September 2022
00:18[387]
F9 B5
B1067.6[388]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-34 (54 satellites)[389] ~16,700 kg (36,800 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
177 24 September 2022
23:32[390]
F9 B5
B1073.4[391]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-35 (52 satellites)[392] ~16,100 kg (35,500 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
178 5 October 2022
16:00[393]
F9 B5
B1077.1
KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-5[110]
(Crew Dragon C210.2 Endurance ♺)
~13,000 kg (29,000 lb) LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[19] Success Success
(drone ship)
Fifth USCV launches out of NASA award of six Crew Dragon mission, to carry four astronauts and 100 kg (220 lb) of cargo to the ISS as well as feature a lifeboat function to evacuate astronauts from ISS in case of an emergency.[19] NASA Astronauts Nicole Mann, Josh Cassada, JAXA Astronaut Koichi Wakata, and Roscosmos Cosmonaut Anna Kikina will fly on this mission.[394] This will be the first Russian Cosmonaut to fly on a US Commercial Crew Vehicle as part of a NASA-Roscosmos seat barter agreement.[395]
179 5 October 2022
23:10[396]
F9 B5
B1071.5
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 4-29 (52 satellites) ~16,100 kg (35,500 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A west-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. SpaceX set a new record for the shortest time between two Falcon 9 launches at 7 hours and 10 minutes. The previous record time was 14 hours and 8 minutes, set between the SARah 1 and Globalstar-2 M087 (FM15) with USA 328-331 missions.
180 8 October 2022
23:05[397]
F9 B5
B1060.14[398]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Galaxy 33 and Galaxy 34 (2 satellites)[399] 7,350 kg (16,200 lb) GTO[400] Intelsat Success Success
(drone ship)
Northrop Grumman-built satellites for C-band clearing.[401][402] At 7,350 kg total mass, this launch was one of the heaviest GTO SpaceX launches to date. This necessitated that the satellite be launched into a lower-energy orbit than a usual GTO, with its initial apogee at roughly 19,800 km (12,300 mi).[403]
181 15 October 2022
05:22[404]
F9 B5
B1069.3
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Hotbird 13F ~4,500 kg (9,900 lb) GTO Eutelsat Success Success
(drone ship)
Built by Airbus, the 4500 kg satellite will maneuver to a 13° east orbit.[405] The satellite reached a supersynchronous geostationary transfer orbit of 376 km × 55,950 km inclined at 27.1°.
182 20 October 2022
14:50[406]
F9 B5
B1062.10[407]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-36 (54 satellites) ~16,700 kg (36,800 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude. The 48th Falcon 9 launch of the year beat the record launches in a year for a vehicle type held by Soyuz-U in 1979.[7][408]
183 28 October 2022
01:14:10[409]
F9 B5
B1063.8
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 4-31[410] (53 satellites) ~16,400 kg (36,200 lb) LEO SpaceX Success Success
(drone ship)
A west-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
FH 4 1 November 2022
13:41[411]
Falcon Heavy B5
B1066 (core)
KSC,
LC-39A
USSF-44 (Shepherd Demonstration & LDPE-2)[412] ~3,800 kg (8,400 lb)[dubious ] GEO USSF, Millennium Space Systems and Lockheed Martin Space Success No attempt
B1064.1 (side) Success
(ground pad)
B1065.1 (side) Success
(ground pad)
Classified payload totaling 3,750 kg (8,270 lb) using new side boosters and center core. The core lacked any fins and landing gear, as it was deliberately expended, underwent the most energetic reentry, and impacted at 1,300 km (810 mi) downrange, 8.3% further than STP-2 mission,[413] while the two side boosters were recovered, marking the 150th and 151st successful landing respectively, and 21st landing at LZ-1 and 4th at LZ-2. It was the 50th launch of a Falcon-family rocket this year. The launch carried Shepherd Demonstration for the Space Force, intended to "test new technologies to enhance safe and responsible rendezvous and proximity operations",[414] as well as the LDPE-2 space tug (with hosted payloads), Tetra-1,[415] Alpine, LINUSS A1 and A2. The flight featured a Falcon mission-extension kit, which equipped the second stage with a dark-painted band (for thermal control), extra COPVs for pressurization control, and additional TEA-TEB ignition fluid. The upgrades afforded the second stage with the endurance needed to inject the payloads directly into geosynchronous orbit six hours after launch.[416]
184 3 November 2022
05:22[417]
F9 B5
B1067.7
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Hotbird 13G ~4,500 kg (9,900 lb) GTO Eutelsat Success Success
(drone ship)
Built by Airbus, the 4500 kg satellite will maneuver to a 13° east orbit.[405] 50th Falcon 9 launch in 2022. The satellite reached a supersynchronous geostationary transfer orbit of 410 km × 57,503 km inclined at 27.7°.
185 12 November 2022
16:06[418]
F9 B5
B1051.14
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Galaxy 31 and Galaxy 32 (2 satellites) ~6,600 kg (14,600 lb) GTO Intelsat Success No attempt
Maxar Technologies built satellites for C-band clearing.[402][401] Intelsat says that it paid SpaceX an additional fee to devote all of the Falcon 9 rocket's propellant to deliver the satellites into a higher orbit than the normal sub-syncronous orbit, given the payload's high total mass of 6,600 kg (14,600 lb). The Falcon 9 first-stage booster B1051, flying on its 14th flight, was expended, the first deliberately expended Falcon 9 booster since B1046 in January 2020.[419] The satellites reached the supersynchronous geostationary transfer orbit of 283 km × 58,433 km inclined at 24.2°.
186 23 November 2022
02:57[420]
F9 B5
B1049.11[421]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Eutelsat 10B 5,500 kg (12,100 lb)[422] GTO Eutelsat Success No attempt
Built by Thales Alenia Space, the satellite was launched into a geostationary transfer orbit targeting the 10° east GSO slot. The Falcon 9 first-stage booster B1049 flew its 11th mission and was expended into the Atlantic Ocean following the launch for the same reason as the previous Galaxy 31 and 32 mission's booster B1051. The satellites reached the supersynchronous geostationary transfer orbit of 261 km × 59,831 km inclined at 22.8°.
187 26 November 2022
19:20[423]
F9 B5
B1076.1
KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-26
(Dragon C211.1)[424]
3,528 kg (7,778 lb)[425] LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS) Success Success
(drone ship)
Last of the six additional cargo missions NASA awarded in 2015 to SpaceX under the CRS-2 contract flown after the initial 20 missions of phase 1 were completed in 2020.[197]

Future launches[edit]

Future launches are listed chronologically when firm plans are in place. The order of the later launches is much less certain, as the official SpaceX manifest does not include a schedule.[204] Tentative launch dates are cited from various sources for each launch.[426][427][428] Launches are expected to take place "no earlier than" (NET) the listed date. The number of Starlink satellites per launch indicated with an ~ is an expectation based on previous launches to the same orbit, as the exact number is rarely published more than three days in advance.

2022[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Version,
booster
[b]
Launch site Payload[c] Orbit Customer
8 December 2022
22:27[428]
F9 B5
B1069.4[429]
KSC,
LC-39A[426]
OneWeb Flight #15 (40 satellites)[426] Polar LEO OneWeb
Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, OneWeb suspended launches on Soyuz rockets.[430] In March 2022, OneWeb announced they had signed an agreement with SpaceX to resume satellite launches.[431] This will be the first commercial (non-Starlink, non-NASA, non-government) satellite launch from LC-39A since Axiom Space Dragon mission 1.
11 December 2022
07:38[428]
F9 B5
B1073.5[432]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
Hakuto-R Mission 1[433]
(including Emirates Lunar Mission)

Lunar Flashlight[434]

TLI ispace, MBRSC, NASA
ispace's Hakuto-R (for Reboot) is derived from the Hakuto project that was one of the defunct Google Lunar X Prize contestants. The rebooted project aims to launch the first Hakuto-R lander and also carry the Emirates Lunar Mission, a rover called Rashid (in collaboration with MBRSC) in 2022. A separate 2023 Hakuto mission will include a Japanese rover.[435][436] Three Canadian companies supported by Canadian Space Agency grants have arranged secondary payloads with iSpace as follows: Mission Control Space Services will have a computer fly on the Rashid rover to test artificial intelligence algorithms, Canadensys Aerospace Corporation is arranging a 360-degree camera to fly, and NGC Aerospace Ltd will take pictures from orbit to compare them to maps in order to test a navigation system.[437]
13 December 2022
~21:20[426]
delay likely
F9 B5 CCSFS,
SLC-40
O3b mPOWER 1 and 2 MEO SES
In September 2019, SES signed a contract to launch the first part of their seven MEO satellites for its O3b low-latency, high-performance connectivity services.[438][439]
15 December 2022
11:46[428]
F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E[440]
Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT)[441] LEO NASA
American-European satellite intended to measure the surface altitude of water bodies with centimeter-level precision.[442]
Mid December 2022[427] F9 B5 CCSFS,
SLC-40
Transporter-6, SmallSat Rideshare SSO Various
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit. Expected to include Launcher Orbiter SN1,[443] Tomorrow R1 & R2[citation needed][444] and Menut.
29 December 2022
06:58 UTC[445]
F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E
EROS-C3[446] SSO Israeli Ministry Of Defense
Israeli spy satellite
December 2022[428] F9 B5[447] CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 4-37[448] (~52-54 satellites) LEO SpaceX
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 53.2° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.
December 2022[449] F9 B5
B1061.11[450]
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Starlink Group 2-4 (52 satellites) LEO SpaceX
A west-coast Starlink network launch for 70° inclination orbit located at 570 km altitude.
December 2022
F9 B5 CCSFS,
SLC-40
Starlink Group 2-2[451] (~50-53 satellites) LEO SpaceX
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 70° inclination orbit located at 570 km altitude.
December 2022[428]
F9 B5
CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Starlink Group 5-1 (~53 satellites) LEO SpaceX
An east-coast Starlink network launch for 97.6° inclination orbit located at 540 km altitude.

2023[edit]

According to Elon Musk, SpaceX is aiming for up to 100 launches for 2023.[452]

Date and time (UTC) Version,
booster
[b]
Launch site Payload[c] Orbit Customer
18 January 2023[453][426] F9 B5
B1077.2[453]
CCSFS,
SLC-40
GPS III-06 (Amelia Earhart)[65][208] MEO USSF[54]
Space vehicle manufacturing contract awarded February 2013.[210] In September 2018, the space vehicle was integrating harnesses.[58] In March 2018, the Air Force announced it had awarded the launch contract for three GPS satellites to SpaceX.
January 2023[454] F9 B5[455] CCSFS,
SLC-40[426]
WorldView Legion 1 & 2 Mission 1 (2 Sats)[455] SSO Maxar Technologies
Two Maxar Technologies satellites built by subsidiary SSL for subsidiary DigitalGlobe.[455]
January 2023[456] Falcon Heavy B5
B1079 (core)[457]
KSC,
LC-39A
USSF-67 (CBAS-2 & LDPE-3A)[458] GEO USSF
B1064.2 (side)[459]
B1065.2 (side)[459]
First launch of Phase 2 US Air Force contract. US$316 million cost for the fiscal year of 2022 for the first flight,[460] mostly includes the cost of an extended payload fairing, upgrades to the company's West Coast launch pad at Vandenberg Space Force Base in California, and a vertical integration facility required for NRO missions, while the launching price does not increase.[461] SpaceX will deliberately expend the center core which thus lacks grid fins and landing gear needed for a landing, while the two side-boosters are expected to be recovered.[462]
January 2023[463] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
O3b mPOWER 3 and 4 MEO SES
Second part of SES' MEO satellites for its O3b low-latency, high-performance connectivity services.[438]
January 2023[464] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Intelsat 40e
TEMPO
GTO Intelsat
NASA
Maxar Technologies built satellite that will service North and Central America.[465]
January 2023[427] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40[466]
OneWeb Flight #16 (~40 satellites)[431][467] LEO OneWeb
Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, OneWeb suspended launches on Soyuz rockets.[468] In March 2022, OneWeb announced they had signed an agreement with SpaceX to resume satellite launches.[431]
January 2023[426][469] F9 B5
B1071.6[470]
VSFB,
SLC-4E
Transport and Tracking Layer (Tranche 0, Flight 1) LEO SDA
First launch of SDA Transport and Tracking Layer satellites. The Transport layer is an interoperable mesh network of satellites intended to provide periodic low-latency and high-capacity data connectivity, while the Tracking Layer consists of interconnected satellites with cross-links and wide field of view infrared sensors for hypersonic missile tracking.
February 2023[471] F9 B5 CCSFS,
SLC-40
Amazonas Nexus GTO Hispasat
This 4,500 kg (9,900 lb) geostationary high-throughput satellite features a new generation Digital Transparent Processor (DTP).[472]
Early Q1 2023[473] F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E
SARah 2 & 3[474] SSO German Intelligence Service
In January 2019, the satellites were expected to be launched between November 2020 and September 2021.[475]
Early Q1 2023[476] Falcon Heavy B5
B1068 (core)[477]
KSC,
LC-39A
ViaSat-3 Americas[478][479]
Aurora 4A (Arcturus)[480][481]
Nusantara-H1-A
GEO ViaSat
Astranis / Pacific Dataport
PT Pasifik Satelit Nusantara
B1052.9 (side)[477]
B1053.3 (side)[482]
This mission will inject the satellites in close proximity to geostationary orbit, thus allowing them to be operational faster. Satellites of the ViaSat-3 class use electric propulsion, which requires less fuel for stationkeeping operations over their lifetime, but typically would need several months to raise their orbit from GTO to GEO.[479]
15 February 2023[483][426] F9 B5
B1078.1
KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-6
(Crew Dragon C206.4 Endeavour ♺)[484]
LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[19]
Last USCV launches out of original NASA award of six Crew Dragon missions, to carry up to four astronauts and 100 kg (220 lb) of cargo to the ISS as well as feature a lifeboat function to evacuate astronauts from ISS in case of an emergency.[19]
February 2023[463] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
O3b mPOWER 5 and 6 MEO SES
Second part of SES' MEO satellites for its O3b low-latency, high-performance connectivity services.[438]
February 2023[485] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-27 LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
Three more CRS-2 missions for Dragon 2 covering up to CRS-29 were announced in December 2020.[486]
February 2023[487] F9 B5 VSFB or CC Transporter-7, SmallSat Rideshare SSO Various
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit. The On-Orbit Servicing, Assembly and Manufacturing Mission 2 (OSAM-2), formerly known as Archinaut One, may launch on this rideshare mission in early 2023.[488][489] Launcher's Orbiter SN2 vehicle will fly on this mission.[443]
February 2023[490][491] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Inmarsat I6 F2 GTO Inmarsat
Inmarsat maintained its launch option after a scheduled 2016 Falcon Heavy launch (a European Aviation Network satellite) was switched for an Ariane 5 launch in 2017.[492] This option could be used for launching Inmarsat-6B.[493] In February 2022, Inmarsat confirmed Inmarsat-6 F2 will launch on a Falcon 9 rocket.[491]
March 2023[494][495] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Polaris Dawn[496]
(Crew Dragon C207.3 Resilience ♺)
LEO Jared Isaacman
First of two Crew Dragon missions for the Polaris Program. Crew will consist of Jared Isaacman, Scott Poteet, Sarah Gillis and Anna Menon and will spend up to five days in orbit. Flying higher than any crewed Earth orbiting spacecraft has ever flown, Polaris Dawn will conduct research with the aim of better understanding the effects of spaceflight and space radiation on human health. At approximately 500 kilometers above the Earth, the crew will attempt the first-ever commercial extravehicular activity (EVA) with SpaceX-designed extravehicular activity (EVA) spacesuits, upgraded from the current intravehicular (IVA) suit.
March 2023[454] F9 B5[455][497] VSFB,
SLC-4E
WorldView Legion 3-4 Mission 2 (2 sats)[498] SSO Maxar Technologies
Maxar Technologies built satellites.
March 2023[499] F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E
Transport and Tracking Layer (Tranche 0, Flight 2) LEO SDA
Second launch of SDA Transport and Tracking Layer satellites. The Transport layer is an interoperable mesh network of satellites intended to provide periodic low-latency and high-capacity data connectivity, while the Tracking Layer consists of interconnected satellites with cross-links and wide field of view infrared sensors for hypersonic missile tracking.
March 2023[426] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
IM-1 Nova-C lunar lander TLI NASA (CLPS)
Intuitive Machines
First mission of NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services program, and would be the first private American company to land a spacecraft on the Moon. The lander is expected to carry five payloads of up to 100 kg (220 lb) total (LRA, NDL, LN-1, SCALPSS, and ROLSES) and transmit data from the lunar surface in a mission lasting 2 weeks.[500][501][502] DOGE-1 will be a secondary rideshare payload massing 40 kg.[503][504]
Q1 2023[505] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
SES-18 and SES-19 GTO SES
SpaceX will launch two C-band satellites for SES, with the option to launch a third satellite on a second flight.[506][507]
Q1 2023[508] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Türksat 6A GTO Türksat
First domestically produced Turkish communications satellite.
Q1 2023[509] F9 B5[510] CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40[511]
USSF-36 TBA USSF
Launch part of Phase 2 US Air Force contract awarded in 2021.[512]
Q1 2023[513][467] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40[466]
OneWeb SpaceX Flight #3 (~40 satellites)[431][467] LEO OneWeb
Following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, OneWeb suspended launches on Soyuz rockets.[514] In March 2022, OneWeb announced they had signed an agreement with SpaceX to resume satellite launches.[431]
Q1 2023[515][516] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Nusantara Lima[517] GTO? PT Pasifik Satelit Nusantara
A hot backup system for SATRIA-1.
May 2023[518][487] F9 B5 VSFB or CC Transporter-8, SmallSat Rideshare SSO Various
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit. Expected to fly on this mission are Launcher's Orbiter SN3 vehicle,[443] and the first of Satellite Vu Mid-wave Infrared imaging satellite.
May 2023[426] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Ax-2[519] LEO (ISS) Axiom Space
Contract for 3 additional missions was signed in June 2021.[520] Peggy Whitson and John Shoffner were signed on as commander and pilot.[521][522] The third and fourth seats were bought by Saudi Arabia.[523]
5 June 2023[524] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-28 LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
Three more CRS-2 missions for Dragon 2 covering up to CRS-29 were announced in December 2020.[486]
Q2 2023[525] Falcon Heavy B5
B1070 (core)[526]
KSC,
LC-39A
USSF-52 GTO USSF
B1064.3 (side)[526]
B1065.3 (side)[526]
Classified payload contract awarded in June 2018 for US$130 million,[527] increased to $149.2 million in August 2021 due to "a change in the contract requirements" and expected to be completed by 14 April 2022.[528] Draft solicitation said the launch was 6,350 kg (14,000 lb) to GTO.[529]
Q2 2023[530] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40[531]
IM-2 Nova-C lunar lander
Sherpa-ES
TLI NASA (CLPS)
Intuitive Machines
Spaceflight, Inc.
Intuitive Machines is sending its second lander aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9, with a projected launch time frame in 2023. Intuitive Machines has already booked a first lander mission via SpaceX, which is also hosting payloads for other private companies seeking to make lunar landfall under NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services program. NASA's PRIME-1 is expected to be included.[532] The Sherpa-ES Go Beyond orbital transfer vehicle will deploy rideshare payloads to trans-lunar orbit, low-lunar orbit and beyond to GEO.[533][534][535] NASA's Lunar Trailblazer mission will fly as a secondary payload on this mission.[536]
Q2 2023[537] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Galaxy 37 GTO Intelsat
Launch was previously awarded to Arianespace.[538][539] Also known as Galaxy 13R, as it will replace Galaxy 13.[540]
Q2 2023[454] F9 B5[455][497] VSFB,
SLC-4E
WorldView Legion 5 & 6 Mission 3 (2 sats)[498] SSO Maxar Technologies
Maxar Technologies built satellites.
H1 2023[525][541] Falcon Heavy B5
TBD[542]
KSC,
LC-39A
Jupiter-3 (EchoStar-24)[543] GTO EchoStar
B1073.x (side)[542]
B1076.x (side)[542]
Satellite will weigh 9200 kg at launch.[543]
Mid 2023 F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E
Iridium-NEXT[544] (5 satellites)
Rideshare
Polar LEO Iridium
Iridium-9 rideshare mission, carrying five spare Iridium-NEXT satellites along with other rideshare satellites.
July 2023[545][546] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
SATRIA-1 GTO PT Pasifik Satelit Nusantara
PSN selected Falcon 9 in September 2020 to launch its satellite instead of a Chinese rocket or Ariane 5.
Summer 2023[547][548] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
MicroGEO (4 satellites) GTO / GEO (Unclear) Astranis
Dedicated Falcon 9 launch to put four Astranis MicroGEO communications satellites into service in 2023.[547] The MicroGEOs will be launched to a custom geostationary orbit, with the four satellites individually conducting on-orbit maneuvers to inject themselves into their orbital slots. However, it is currently unclear whether this will be a direct to geostationary orbit insertion, or an optimized geostationary transfer orbit. The four spacecraft will be mounted to a standard adapter ring, known as an ESPA-Grande, for ease of deployment.
Q3 2023[509] F9 B5[510] CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40[511]
NROL-69 TBA USSF
Launch part of Phase 2 US Air Force contract awarded in 2021.[512]
Q3 2023[549] F9 B5 VSFB or CC Euclid[550] Sun–Earth L2 injection ESA
Euclid is a visible to near-infrared space telescope to better understand dark energy and dark matter by accurately measuring the acceleration of the universe
10 October 2023[551] Falcon Heavy B5
B1074 (core)[552]
KSC,
LC-39A
Psyche[553] Heliocentric NASA (Discovery)
B1072.1 (side)[552]
B1075.1 (side)[552]
Discovery Program mission designed to explore asteroid 16 Psyche to investigate the formation of the early Solar System.[554] Mission will feature an expendable center core, while both side-boosters will return to Cape Canaveral for landings at LZ-1 and LZ-2.[555]
20 October 2023[524] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-29 LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
Three more CRS-2 missions for Dragon 2 covering up to CRS-29 were announced in December 2020.[486]
October 2023[487] F9 B5 VSFB or CC Transporter-9, SmallSat Rideshare SSO Various
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit. A possible payload is the 700 kg MBZ SAT from UAE by customer Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre which is a rideshare mission launching in the second half of 2023.[556] Launcher's Orbiter SN4 vehicle will fly on this mission.[443]
Fall 2023[557] F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E
ASBM 1 (GX 10A),[558] ASBM 2 (GX 10B) HEO Space Norway / Inmarsat
Space Norway will launch 2 satellites of the Arctic Satellite Broadband Mission (ASBM) system into highly elliptical orbits (apogee: 43,509 km (27,035 mi), perigee: 8,089 km (5,026 mi), 63.4° inclination)[559] to provide communication coverage to high latitudes not served by geosynchronous satellites.[560]
Fall 2023[561] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-7[562] LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[19]
After first six Crew Dragon launches of NASA USCV award, a further three missions for SpaceX were announced on 3 December 2021. These launches carry up to four astronauts and 100 kg (220 lb) of cargo to the ISS as well as feature a lifeboat function to evacuate astronauts from ISS in case of an emergency.[19]
2023[563] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
BADR-8 GTO Arabsat
Includes Airbus's TELEO optical communications payload demonstrator.[564]
2023[565] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
O3b mPOWER 7 and 8 MEO SES
In August 2020, SES expanded the O3b mPOWER contract with two additional launches, raising the number of satellites from 7 to 11 satellites at nearly 2 tons each.[566][567]
2023 F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Intelsat satellite GTO Intelsat
Intelsat contracted both SpaceX and Arianespace to launch its fifth Maxar Technologies built satellite, and award whichever doesn't launch it with a separate contract at a later date.[401]
2023[568] F9 B5 VSFB or CC CAS500-4 SSO Korea Aerospace Industries
A satellite to monitor Korean agriculture.
2023[569] F9 B5 VSFB or CC 425 Project SAR Satellite[570] LEO South Korea
A military satellite of South Korea with a mass of 800 kg.
2023 F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Ax-3[520] LEO (ISS) Axiom Space
Contract for 3 additional missions was signed in June 2021.
2023 F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Ax-4[520] LEO (ISS) Axiom Space
Contract for 3 additional missions was signed in June 2021.
Late 2023 F9 B5 Unknown CRS NG-20 (Cygnus (enhanced))[571] LEO (ISS) Northrop Grumman (CRS)
Northrop Grumman acquired three flights from SpaceX while a replacement engine is developed for its Antares rocket.
Late 2023 F9 B5 VSFB or CC BlueBird (5 Satellites)[572] LEO AST SpaceMobile
Cellphone-compatible broadband constellation. Each satellite is to be a similar size and weight to its 1,500-kilogram BlueWalker 3 prototype and have a 64 square meter phased array antenna.

2024[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Version,
booster
[b]
Launch site Payload[c] Orbit Customer
January 2024 F9 B5 VSFB or CC Transporter-10, SmallSat Rideshare[487] SSO Various
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.
30 April 2024[524] Falcon Heavy B5 KSC,
LC-39A
GOES-U[573] GEO NASA
In September 2021, NASA awarded SpaceX a $152.5 million contract to provide launch services for the GOES-U weather satellite.
May 2024[574] F9 B5 CCSFS,
SLC-40
PACE SSO NASA (LSP)
Plankton, Aerosol, Cloud, ocean Ecosystem is a 1.7 tonne, US$800 million craft that will orbit at 676 km (420 mi) altitude. It will include the Ocean Color Imager intended to study phytoplankton in the ocean, and two polarimeters for studying properties of clouds, aerosols and the ocean. The launch price was US$80.4 million.[575]
June 2024 F9 B5 VSFB or CC Transporter-11, SmallSat Rideshare[487] SSO Various
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.
Q2 2024[530] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
IM-3 Nova-C lunar lander TLI NASA (CLPS)
Intuitive Machines
Third mission for Intuitive Machines, with multiple rideshare payloads.[576] This mission was selected by NASA to the CLPS in November 2021.[577][578]
Q2 2024[579] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Mission Robotic Vehicle (MRV) × 1
Mission Extension Pod (MEP) × 3
GTO Northrop Grumman
Developed from Northrop Grumman's 2,000 kg Mission Extension Vehicle architecture. One MEP (400 kg each) will be attached to Optus D3.[580]
H1 2024[581][582] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Blue Ghost M1 TLI Firefly Aerospace
NASA (CLPS)
Firefly Aerospace has selected SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket to deliver the Blue Ghost lunar lander to the lunar surface.[583] Blue Ghost will carry 10 payloads for NASA's Commercial Lunar Payload Services task order 19D mission along with other separately contracted payloads.[584]
October 2024 Falcon Heavy B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Europa Clipper Heliocentric NASA
Europa Clipper will conduct a detailed survey of Europa and use a sophisticated suite of science instruments to investigate whether the icy moon has conditions suitable for life. Key mission objectives are to produce high-resolution images of Europa's surface, determine its composition, look for signs of recent or ongoing geological activity, measure the thickness of the moon's icy shell, search for subsurface lakes, and determine the depth and salinity of Europa's ocean.[585] The mission will fly past Mars and Earth before arriving at Jupiter in April 2030.[586][587]
October 2024[550] F9 B5 Unclear Hera with Juventas and Milani Heliocentric ESA
Hera is a space mission in development at the European Space Agency in its Space Safety program. Its primary objective is to study the Didymos binary asteroid system that was impacted by DART and contribute to validation of the kinetic impact method to deviate a near-Earth asteroid in a colliding trajectory with Earth. It will measure the size and the morphology of the crater created by and momentum transferred by an artificial projectile impacting an asteroid, which will allow measuring the efficiency of the deflection produced by the impact. It will also carry two nano-satellite CubeSats, called Milani and Juventas.
November 2024[588] Falcon Heavy B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Griffin Mission 1 TLI Astrobotic
NASA (Artemis)
Astrobotic's Griffin lunar lander will deliver NASA's VIPER spacecraft to the lunar south pole.[589]
November 2024[590] Falcon Heavy B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Power and Propulsion Element (PPE)
Habitation and Logistics Outpost (HALO)[591]
TLI NASA (Artemis)
First elements for the Gateway station as part of the Artemis program, awarded in February 2021. The launch will cost NASA $331.8 million.
Q4 2024[487] F9 B5 VSFB or CC Transporter-12, SmallSat Rideshare SSO Various
Dedicated SmallSat Rideshare mission to sun-synchronous orbit.
2024[592] F9 B5 Unclear Ispace's 2nd lunar lander[593] TLI ispace
Second series 1 moon lander.
2024[565] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
O3b mPOWER 9-11[594] MEO SES
In August 2020, SES expanded the O3b mPOWER contract with a fourth launch.[567]
2024 F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
SpainSat NG I[595] GTO Hisdesat
First of two launches for Hisdesat.
2024[596] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Thuraya 4-NGS GTO Thuraya
Planned replacement for Thuraya 2.[597]
2024 F9 B5 Unknown CRS NG-21 (Cygnus (enhanced))[571] LEO (ISS) Northrop Grumman (CRS)
Second of three launches Northrop Grumman acquired from SpaceX while a replacement engine is developed for its Antares rocket.
2024 F9 B5 Unknown CRS NG-22 (Cygnus (enhanced))[571] LEO (ISS) Northrop Grumman (CRS)
Third of three launches Northrop Grumman acquired from SpaceX while a replacement engine is developed for its Antares rocket.
2024[598][599] Falcon Heavy B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Dragon XL TLI NASA (Gateway Logistics Services)
In March 2020, NASA announced its first contract for the Gateway Logistics Services that guarantees at least two launches on a modified Crew Dragon spacecraft that will carry over 5 tonnes of cargo to the Lunar orbit on 6–12 months long missions.[600]
2024 F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-8[562] LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[19]
After first six Crew Dragon launches of NASA USCV award, a further three missions for SpaceX were announced on 3 December 2021. These launches carry up to four astronauts and 100 kg (220 lb) of cargo to the ISS as well as feature a lifeboat function to evacuate astronauts from ISS in case of an emergency.[19]
2024 F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Crew-9[562] LEO (ISS) NASA (CTS)[19]
After first six Crew Dragon launches of NASA USCV award, a further three missions for SpaceX were announced on 3 December 2021. These launches carry up to four astronauts and 100 kg (220 lb) of cargo to the ISS as well as feature a lifeboat function to evacuate astronauts from ISS in case of an emergency.[19]
2024[601] F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
USSF-124[602] LEO USSF
Launch part of Phase 2 US Air Force contract awarded in 2022.
2024[601] F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E
USSF-62 (WSF-M 1)[602] LEO USSF
Launch part of Phase 2 US Air Force contract awarded in 2022. Mission will launch the first Weather System Follow-on Microwave weather satellite, which will replace the aging Defense Meteorological Satellite Program satellites.
2024[601] F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E
Transport Layer (Tranche 1, Flight 1)[602] LEO SDA & USSF
Launch part of Phase 2 US Air Force contract awarded in 2022.
2024–2026
(6 flights)
F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
SpaceX CRS-30 to SpaceX CRS-35[603] LEO (ISS) NASA (CRS)
Six additional CRS-2 missions for Dragon 2 were announced in March 2022, resupplying the ISS until 2026.
2024–2025 F9 B5 TBD Arabsat 7A TBD Arabsat
Announced in September 2022, Arabsat 7A will enter a geostationary orbit after its launch by a Falcon 9 rocket.[563][604]

2025 and beyond[edit]

Date and time (UTC) Version,
booster
[b]
Launch site Payload[c] Orbit Customer
April 2025[605] F9 B5 VSFB,
SLC-4E
SPHEREx
PUNCH[606]
SSO[607] NASA
In February 2021, NASA announced a $99 million contract for its Astrophysics Division.
December 2025[608] F9 B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe (IMAP)[609] Sun–Earth L1 NASA
In September 2020, NASA selected SpaceX to launch IMAP mission, which will help researchers better understand the boundary of the heliosphere, a magnetic barrier surrounding our solar system. The total launch cost is approximately US$109.4 million. The secondary payloads include two NASA heliophysics missions of opportunity and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Space Weather Follow On-Lagrange 1 (SWFO-L1) mission.[609]
2025 F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Koreasat 6A[610] GTO KT Sat
2025 F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
Skynet 6A[611] GTO Airbus Defence and Space / UK Ministry of Defence
2025 F9 B5 CC,
LC-39A or SLC-40
SpainSat NG II[595] GTO Hisdesat
Second of two launches for Hisdesat.
2026–2030 TBD TBD 5 more launches (Crew-10 through Crew-14)[612] TBD NASA (ISS)
In June 2022, NASA announced it purchased an additional 5 crewed flights from SpaceX in addition to the previous 9 missions on top of the 3.5 billion contract.[613]
2025–2027 TBD TBD about 9 more launches [460] TBD USSF
Launches part of Phase 2 US Air Force contract awarding SpaceX 40% of the about 34 launches expected to occur between 2022 and 2027.[460]
October 2026 Falcon Heavy B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope[614] Sun–Earth L2 NASA
Infrared space telescope
2026 Falcon Heavy B5 KSC,
LC-39A
Dragon XL[615] TLI NASA (Gateway Logistics Services)
Second Dragon XL logistics module.[615]

Notable launches[edit]

First flights and contracts[edit]

Launch of Falcon 9 Flight 1 with a boilerplate Dragon
Dragon CRS-1 berthed to the International Space Station (ISS) on 14 October 2012, photographed from the Cupola.

On 4 June 2010, the first Falcon 9 launch successfully placed a test payload into the intended orbit.[616] The second launch of Falcon 9 was COTS Demo Flight 1, which placed an operational Dragon capsule in orbit on 8 December 2010.[617] The capsule re-entered the atmosphere after two orbits, allowing for testing the reentry procedures. The capsule was recovered off the coast of Mexico[618] and then placed on display at SpaceX headquarters.[619] The remaining objectives of the NASA COTS qualification program were combined into a single Dragon C2+ mission, on the condition that all milestones would be validated in space before berthing Dragon to the ISS.[620] The Dragon capsule was propelled to orbit in May 2012, and following successful tests in the next days it was grabbed with the station's robotic arm (Canadarm2) and docked to the ISS docking port for the first time on 25 May. After successfully completing all the return procedures, the recovered Dragon C2+ capsule was put on display at Kennedy Space Center.[621] Thus, Falcon 9 and Dragon became the first fully commercially developed launcher to deliver a payload to the International Space Station, paving the way for SpaceX and NASA to sign the first Commercial Resupply Services agreement for cargo deliveries.[622]

The first operational cargo resupply mission to ISS, the fourth flight of Falcon 9, was launched in October 2012. But an engine suffered a loss of pressure at 76 seconds after liftoff, which caused an automatic shutdown of that engine, but the remaining eight first-stage engines continued to burn and the Dragon capsule reached orbit successfully and thus demonstrated the rocket's "engine out" capability in flight.[623] Due to ISS visiting vehicle safety rules, at NASA's request, the secondary payload Orbcomm-2 was released into a lower-than-intended orbit.[624] Despite this incident, Orbcomm said they gathered useful test data from the mission and later in 2014, launched more satellites via SpaceX.[625] The mission continued to rendezvous and berth the Dragon capsule with the ISS where the ISS crew unloaded its payload and reloaded the spacecraft with cargo for return to Earth.[626]

Following unsuccessful attempts at recovering the first stage with parachutes, SpaceX upgraded to a much larger first stage booster and with greater thrust, termed Falcon 9 v1.1, and performed a demonstration flight of this version in September 2013.[627] After the second stage separation and delivering CASSIOPE, a very small payload relative to the rocket's capability, SpaceX conducted a novel high-altitude, high-velocity flight test wherein the booster attempted to reenter the lower atmosphere in a controlled manner and decelerate to a simulated over-water landing.[628]

Loss of CRS-7 mission[edit]

SpaceX CRS-7 disintegrating two minutes after liftoff, as seen from a NASA tracking camera.

In June 2015, Falcon 9 Flight 19 carried a Dragon capsule on the seventh Commercial Resupply Services mission to the ISS. The second stage disintegrated due to an internal helium tank failure while the first stage was still burning normally. This was the first (and only as of July 2022) primary mission loss for any Falcon 9 rocket.[629] In addition to ISS consumables and experiments, this mission carried the first International Docking Adapter (IDA-1), whose loss delayed preparedness of the station's US Orbital Segment (USOS) for future crewed missions.[630]

Performance was nominal until T+140 seconds into launch when a cloud of white vapor appeared, followed by rapid loss of second-stage LOX tank pressure. The booster continued on its trajectory until complete vehicle breakup at T+150 seconds. The Dragon capsule was ejected from the disintegrating rocket and continued transmitting data until impact with the ocean. SpaceX officials stated that the capsule could have been recovered if the parachutes had deployed; however, the Dragon software did not include any provisions for parachute deployment in this situation.[631] Subsequent investigations traced the cause of the accident to the failure of a strut that secured a helium bottle inside the second-stage LOX tank. With the helium pressurization system integrity breached, excess helium quickly flooded the tank, eventually causing it to burst from overpressure.[632][633] NASA's independent accident investigation into the loss of SpaceX CRS-7 found that the failure of the strut which led to the breakup of the Falcon-9 represented a design error. Specifically, that industrial grade stainless steel had been used in a critical load path under cryogenic conditions and flight conditions, without additional part screening, and without regard to manufacturer recommendations.[634]

Full-thrust version and first booster landings[edit]

After pausing launches for months, SpaceX launched on 22 December 2015, the highly anticipated return-to-flight mission after the loss of CRS-7. This launch inaugurated a new Falcon 9 Full Thrust version of its flagship rocket featuring increased performance, notably thanks to subcooling of the propellants. After launching a constellation of 11 Orbcomm-OG2 second-generation satellites,[635] the first stage performed a controlled-descent and landing test for the eighth time, SpaceX attempted to land the booster on land for the first time. It managed to return the first stage successfully to the Landing Zone 1 at Cape Canaveral, marking the first successful recovery of a rocket first stage that launched a payload to orbit.[636] After recovery, the first stage booster performed further ground tests and then was put on permanent display outside SpaceX's headquarters in Hawthorne, California.[637]

On 8 April 2016, SpaceX delivered its commercial resupply mission to the International Space Station marking the return-to-flight of the Dragon capsule, after the loss of CRS-7. After separation, the first-stage booster slowed itself with a boostback maneuver, re-entered the atmosphere, executed an automated controlled descent and landed vertically onto the drone ship Of Course I Still Love You, marking the first successful landing of a rocket on a ship at sea.[638] This was the fourth attempt to land on a drone ship, as part of the company's experimental controlled-descent and landing tests.[639]

Loss of AMOS-6 on the launch pad[edit]

On 1 September 2016, the 29th Falcon 9 rocket exploded on the launchpad while propellant was being loaded for a routine pre-launch static fire test. The payload, Israeli satellite AMOS-6, partly commissioned by Facebook, was destroyed with the launcher.[640] On 2 January 2017, SpaceX released an official statement indicating that the cause of the failure was a buckled liner in several of the COPV tanks, causing perforations that allowed liquid and/or solid oxygen to accumulate underneath the COPVs carbon strands, which were subsequently ignited possibly due to friction of breaking strands.[641]

Zuma launch controversy[edit]

Zuma was a classified United States government satellite and was developed and built by Northrop Grumman at an estimated cost of US$3.5 billion.[642] Its launch, originally planned for mid-November 2017, was postponed to 8 January 2018 as fairing tests for another SpaceX customer were assessed. Following a successful Falcon 9 launch, the first-stage booster landed at LZ-1.[643] Unconfirmed reports suggested that the Zuma spacecraft was lost,[644] with claims that either the payload failed following orbital release, or that the customer-provided adapter failed to release the satellite from the upper stage, while other claims argued that Zuma was in orbit and operating covertly.[644] SpaceX's COO Gwynne Shotwell stated that their Falcon 9 "did everything correctly" and that "Information published that is contrary to this statement is categorically false".[644] A preliminary report indicated that the payload adapter, modified by Northrop Grumman after purchasing it from a subcontractor, failed to separate the satellite from the second stage under the zero gravity conditions.[645][642] Due to the classified nature of the mission, no further official information is expected.[644]

Falcon Heavy test flight[edit]

Liftoff of Falcon Heavy on its maiden flight (left) and its two side-boosters landing at LZ-1 and LZ-2 a few minutes later (right)

The maiden launch of the Falcon Heavy occurred on 6 February 2018, marking the launch of the most powerful rocket since the Saturn V, with a theoretical payload capacity to low Earth orbit more than double the Delta IV Heavy.[646][647] Both side boosters landed nearly simultaneously after a ten-minute flight. The central core failed to land on a floating platform at sea.[648] The rocket carried a car and a mannequin to an eccentric heliocentric orbit that reaches further than aphelion of Mars.[649]

First crewed flights[edit]

On 2 March 2019, SpaceX launched its first orbital flight of Dragon 2 (Crew Dragon). It was an uncrewed mission to the International Space Station. The Dragon contained a mannequin named Ripley, which was equipped with multiple sensors to gather data about how a human would feel during the flight. Along with the mannequin was 300 pounds of cargo of food and other supplies.[650] Also on board was Earth plush toy referred to as a "Super high tech zero-g indicator".[651] The toy became a hit with astronaut Anne McClain, who showed the plushy on the ISS each day[652] and also deciding to keep it on board to experience the crewed SpX-DM2.

The Dragon spent six days in space, including five days docked to the International Space Station. During the time, various systems were tested to make sure the vehicle was ready for US astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken to fly in it in 2020. The Dragon undocked and performed a re-entry burn before splashing down on 8 March 2019, at 08:45 EST, 320 km (200 mi) off the coast of Florida.[653]

SpaceX held a successful launch of the first commercial orbital human space flight on 30 May 2020, crewed with NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken. Both astronauts focused on conducting tests on the Crew Dragon capsule. Crew Dragon successfully returned to Earth, splashing down in the Gulf of Mexico on 2 August 2020.[654]

Reuse of the first stage[edit]

SpaceX has developed a program to reuse the first-stage booster, setting multiple booster reflight records:

  • B1021 became, on 30 March 2017, the first booster to be successfully recovered a second time, on Flight 32 launching the SES-10 satellite. After that, it was retired and put on display at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.[655]
  • B1046, the first Block 5 booster, became the first to launch three times, carrying Spaceflight SSO-A on 3 December 2018.
  • B1048 was the first booster to be recovered four times on 11 November 2019, and the first to perform a fifth flight on 18 March 2020, but the booster was lost during re-entry.
  • B1049 was the first booster to be recovered five times on 4 June 2020, six times on 18 August 2020, and seven times on 25 November 2020.
  • B1051 became the first booster to be recovered eight times on 20 January 2021, nine times on 14 March 2021, and ten times on 9 May 2021, achieving one of SpaceX's milestone goals for reuse. It then became the first booster to be recovered eleven times on 18 December 2021 and twelve times on 19 March 2022.[656][657][658][659]
  • B1060 became the first booster to be recovered 13 times on 17 June 2022.
  • B1058 became the first booster to be recovered 14 times on 11 September 2022.
  • B1062 booster holds the record for fastest turnaround at 21 days. It launched on 8 April and again on 29 April 2022.[320]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Telstar 18V and Telstar 19V satellites were heavier, but were launched into a lower-energy transfer orbit achieving an apogee well below the geostationary altitude.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Falcon 9 first-stage boosters are designated with a construction serial number and an optional flight number when reused, e.g. B1021.1 and B1021.2 represent the two flights of booster B1021. Launches using reused boosters are denoted with a recycled symbol ♺.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Dragon 1 or 2 are designated with a construction serial number or name and an optional flight number when reused, e.g. Dragon C106.1 and Dragon C106.2 represent the two flights of Dragon C106. Dragon spacecraft that are reused are denoted with a recycled symbol ♺.
  4. ^ a b c d Many Transporter payloads are not public, or don't have a publicly revealed mass. SpaceX has not published a payload mass estimate for this mission.
  5. ^ After landing, de-tanking and heading back home, the stage and Octagrabber were damaged in heavy seas. This is still considered a successful landing as the stage damage occurred while in transport.[267]
  1. ^ Promotion aimed at assisting St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Simberg, Rand (8 February 2012). "Elon Musk on SpaceX's Reusable Rocket Plans". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  3. ^ Wall, Mike (21 December 2015). "Wow! SpaceX Lands Orbital Rocket Successfully in Historic First". Space.com. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  4. ^ Smith, Rich (5 October 2020). "How Much Cheaper Are SpaceX Reusable Rockets? Now We Know". The Motley Fool. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  5. ^ Brown, Mike (22 August 2020). "SpaceX: Elon Musk breaks down the cost of reusable rockets". Inverse. Retrieved 21 May 2022.
  6. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (27 August 2022). "SpaceX launch sets record for Falcon 9 payload mass". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 28 August 2022.
  7. ^ a b @elonmusk (20 October 2022). "Congrats to @SpaceX team on 48th launch this year! Falcon 9 now holds record for most launches of a single vehicle type in a year" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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  9. ^ Baylor, Michael (17 May 2018). "With Block 5, SpaceX to increase launch cadence and lower prices". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  10. ^ Jeff Foust (29 September 2017). "Musk unveils revised version of giant interplanetary launch system Archived 8 October 2017 at Archive-It". SpaceNews. Archived from the original on 8 October 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Orbital Launches of 2020".
  12. ^ "SpaceX launches more Starlink satellites, tests design change for astronomers". spaceflightnow. 7 January 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i "SpaceX and Cape Canaveral Return to Action with First Operational Starlink Mission". NASASpaceFlight.com. 11 November 2019. Retrieved 11 November 2019.
  14. ^ "SpaceX working on fix for Starlink satellites so they don't disrupt astronomy". 7 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  15. ^ Clark, Stephen. "Live coverage: SpaceX successfully performs Crew Dragon abort test". Spaceflight Now.
  16. ^ Foust, Jeff (2 July 2015). "NASA and SpaceX Delay Dragon In-Flight Abort Test". SpaceNews. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  17. ^ Pietrobon, Steven (18 January 2020). "UNITED STATES SUBORBITAL LAUNCH MANIFEST (18 January 2020)". Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Boeing, SpaceX Secure Additional Crewed Missions Under NASA's Commercial Space Transport Program". 4 January 2017. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  19. ^ Gebhardt, Chris (11 August 2017). "SpaceX and Boeing in home stretch for Commercial Crew readiness". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  20. ^ Berger, Eric (25 April 2019). "NASA safety panel offers more detail on Dragon anomaly, urges patience". Ars Technica. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
  21. ^ William Harwood (28 May 2019). "NASA says SpaceX readying Crew Dragon capsule for possible piloted test flight by end of year". Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  22. ^ Atkinson, Ian (17 January 2020). "SpaceX conducts successful Crew Dragon In-Flight Abort Test". NASASpaceFlight.com.
  23. ^ "SpaceX launches fourth batch of Starlink satellites, tweaks satellite design". 29 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  24. ^ "SpaceX launches 60 Starlink satellites, catches a fairing". 18 December 2019.
  25. ^ "SpaceX launches 60 Starlink satellites for new megaconstellation, misses rocket landing". space.com. 17 February 2020. Retrieved 18 February 2020.
  26. ^ "SpaceX successfully conducts fifth Starlink launch - booster misses drone ship". NASASpaceFlight.com. 17 February 2020.
  27. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (6 March 2020). "@Alejandro_DebH Recent missed landing (at sea) was due to incorrect wind data. If this (land) landing fails, it will most likely be for a different reason" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 16 November 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2021 – via Twitter.
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