List of countries by external debt

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This is a list of countries by external debt, which is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt is the money or credit owed by any level of government, from central to local, and the private debt the money or credit owed by private households or private corporations based in the country under consideration.

For informational purposes, several non-sovereign entities are also included in this list.

Note that while a country may have a relatively large external debt (either in absolute or per capita terms) it could actually be a "net international creditor" if its external debt is less than the total of the external debt of other countries held by it. For example, although the UK has more external debt than France, it has more external assets giving it a stronger NIIP.

List of countries by external debt
Rank Country/Region External debt
US dollars
Date Per capita
US dollars
% of GDP
1  United States 1.9765887×10^13 31 December 2018[1] 58,200 115
2  United Kingdom 8.475956×10^12 31 December 2017[2] 127,000 313
3  France 5.689745×10^12 31 December 2017[3] 87,200 213
4  Germany 5.398267×10^12 31 December 2017[4] 65,600 141
5  Netherlands 4.5104×10^12 31 December 2017[5] 265,400 522
6  Luxembourg 3.781×10^12 31 December 2017[6] 6,968,000 6,307
7  Japan 3.586817×10^12 31 December 2017[7] 28,200 74
8  Italy 2.51069×10^12 31 December 2017[8] 42,300 124
9  Spain 2.259127×10^12 31 December 2017[9] 48,700 167
 China 2.0325×10^12 30 September 2019 1,326 15
10  Canada 1.9319×10^12 31 December 2017[10] 52,300 115
11   Switzerland 1.820695×10^12 31 December 2017[11] 213,100 269
12  Australia 1.48772×10^12 30 June 2017[12] 60,800 126
13  Singapore 1.320567×10^12 30 June 2017[13] 231,000 453
14  Belgium 1.278465×10^12 30 June 2017[14] 112,000 265
 Hong Kong 1.08160806×10^12 30 June 2017[15] 14,820 35
15  Sweden 9.939396629×10^11 30 June 2017[16] 94,500 177
16  Austria 6.3834×10^11 30 June 2017[17] 73,100 167
17  Norway 6.044238×10^11 30 June 2017[18] 117,000 169
18  Brazil 5.56418×10^11 30 September 2017[19] 3,200 30
19  Russia 4.688×10^11 01 July 2019[20] 3,700 28
20  India 5.29×10^11 5 July 2019[21] 383 19
21  Denmark 4.91617×10^11 30 June 2017[22] 85,700 163
22  Finland 4.83369×10^11 30 June 2017[23] 87,500 196
23  Greece 4.76997×10^11 31 December 2017[24] 42,800 228
24  Turkey 4.534×10^11 30 September 2019 [25] 2,983 33.7
25  Portugal 4.47022×10^11 30 June 2017[26] 43,300 216
26  Mexico 4.37367×10^11 31 December 2017[27] 3,300 38
 South Korea 4.07341×10^11 30 June 2017[28] 7,500 27
27  Poland 3.63658×10^11 30 June 2017[29] 9,500 70
28  Indonesia 3.35289×10^11 30 June 2017[30] 1,300 34
29  Malaysia 2.278445×10^11 31 March 2018[31] 6,800 75
30  Ireland  2.276×10^11 31 December 2017[32] 49,000 64
31  United Arab Emirates 2.204×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[33] 23,500 59
32  Saudi Arabia 2.009×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[34] 6,100 31
33  Argentina 3.63117×10^11 31 December 2017[35] 8,280 66
34  Mauritius 1.9971×10^11 30 June 2018[36] 148,000 1,536
 Taiwan 1.99051×10^11 30 June 2018[37] 7,400 33
35  New Zealand 1.98815×10^11 31 March 2018[38] 40,300 100
36  Chile 1.86697×10^11 31 March 2019[39] 9,771 66
 Puerto Rico 1.674×10^11 31 January 2015 est. 47,800 164
37  Kazakhstan 1.65501×10^11 31 March 2017[40] 9,100 117
38  Qatar 1.592×10^11 31 December 2016 est.[41] 68,100 102
39  Thailand 1.4942955×10^11 31 December 2017[42] 2,170 33
40  Hungary 1.48024×10^11 30 June 2017[43] 15,000 121
41  South Africa 1.42833×10^11 31 December 2016[44] 2,600 48
42  Czechia 1.37606×10^11 31 December 2016[45] 13,000 70
43  Colombia 1.210972×10^11 31 January 2017[46] 2,500 43
 Cyprus 1.19672×10^11 30 June 2017[47] 97,200 597
44  Ukraine 1.14836×10^11 30 June 2017[48] 2,600 122
45  Pakistan 1.11047×10^11 31 December 2019[49] 525 36
46  Venezuela 1.10878×10^11 30 September 2015[50] 3,500 23
47  Romania 1.0888×10^11 31 July 2017[51] 5,100 55
48  Malta 9.62513×10^10 30 June 2017[52] 223,000 879
 Israel 8.94384×10^10 30 June 2017[53] 10,700 26
49  Slovakia 8.663×10^10 30 June 2017[54] 15,900 91
50  Peru 7.46512×10^10 31 December 2016[55] 2,300 38
51  Philippines 7.2493×10^10 30 June 2017[56] 720 25
52  Iraq 6.801×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[57] 1,800 44
53  Egypt 6.73226×10^10 31 December 2016[58] 700 41
54  Vietnam 5.09377×10^10 31 December 2015[59] 500 26
55  Slovenia 4.995×10^10 30 June 2017[60] 24,000 109
56  Morocco 4.88303×10^10 30 June 2017[61] 1,400 44
57  Kuwait 4.789×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[62] 11,700 43
58  Sri Lanka 4.65857×10^10 31 December 2016[63] 2,200 59
59  Croatia 4.60847×10^10 30 June 2017[64] 10,700 87
60  Sudan 4.5×10^10 31 December 2015[65] 1,100 47
61  Latvia 4.1147×10^10 30 June 2017[66] 21,200 147
62  Bulgaria 4.0419×10^10 31 January 2018[67] 5,700 66
63  Belarus 3.8975×10^10 30 June 2017[68] 4,000 83
64  Angola 3.77×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[69] 1,400 41
65  Ecuador 3.67472×10^10 31 August 2017[70] 2,100 35
66  Lithuania 3.64277×10^10 30 June 2017[71] 12,700 86
67  Serbia 2.7954×10^10 30 June 2017[72] 3,200 78
68  Lebanon 2.7796×10^10 31 December 2016[73] 4,600 54
69  Jordan 2.77564×10^10 30 June 2017[74] 3,400 30
70  Cuba 2.632×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[75] 2,300 34
71  Uruguay 2.61492×10^10 31 December 2016[76] 7,600 50
72  Dominican Republic 2.605×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[77] 2,400 36
73  Bangladesh 2.5963×10^10 30 June 2016[78] 160 12
74  Mongolia 2.5215×10^10 30 June 2017[79] 7,800 186
75  Tunisia 2.51247×10^10 31 December 2012[80] 2,200 56
76  Costa Rica 2.491×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[81] 5,100 43
77  Iceland 2.43906×10^10 30 June 2017[82] 72,700 118
78  Ethiopia 2.249×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[83] 220 32
79  Kenya 2.21719×10^10 30 June 2017[84] 370 26
80  Papua New Guinea 2.204×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[85] 2,800 111
81  Trinidad & Tobago 2.15321×10^10 31 December 2016[86] 15,700 76
82  Ghana 2.117×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[87] 700 50
83  Bahrain 2.116×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[88] 14,900 66
84  Oman 2.085×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[89] 4,400 35
85  Estonia 2.05251×10^10 31 December 2016[90] 15,700 91
86  Guatemala 1.909×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[91] 1,100 28
87  Palau 1.838×10^10 31 December 2014 est.[92] 846,000 6,209
88  Panama 1.8341×10^10 28 February 2018[93] 4,400 30
89  Bahamas 1.756×10^10 31 December 2013 est.[94] 44,200 194
90  Jamaica 1.676×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[95] 6,000 122
91  Monaco 1.65×10^10 30 June 2010 est. 434,000 240
92  Georgia 1.64165×10^10 30 June 2017[96] 3,900 108
93  Paraguay 1.61224×10^10 31 December 2016[97] 2,400 58
94  Tanzania 1.589×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[98] 280 34
95  Uzbekistan 1.575×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[99] 500 24
96  Nigeria 1.5047×10^10 30 June 2017[100] 60 3
97  El Salvador 1.49×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[101] 2,400 56
98  Laos 1.198×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[102] 1,700 87
99  Nicaragua 1.11×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[103] 1,800 83
100  Zimbabwe 1.09×10^10 31 December 2016 est.[104] 670 77
 Armenia 1.0044×10^10 30 June 2017[105] 3,300 94
101  Ivory Coast 1.00281×10^10 31 December 2015[106] 420 28
102  Cambodia 9.8244×10^9 31 December 2016[107] 600 49
103  Mozambique 9.554×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[108] 320 79
104  Zambia 9.27×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[109] 540 45
105  Albania 8.6315×10^9 30 June 2017[110] 2,900 73
106  Honduras 8.042×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[111] 1,000 38
107  Kyrgyzstan 7.8668×10^9 31 December 2016[112] 1,300 120
108  Macedonia 7.6455×10^9 31 December 2016[113] 3,700 74
109  Cameroon 7.375×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[114] 300 24
110  Yemen 7.1915×10^9 31 January 2015[115] 260 21
111  Iran 7.116×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[116] 90 2
112  Azerbaijan 6.9132×10^9 31 December 2016[117] 1,300 20
113  Moldova 6.5947×10^9 31 December 2016[118] 1,600 98
114  Namibia 6.515×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[119] 2,500 64
115  Myanmar 6.4012×10^9 31 December 2015[120] 120 17
116  Bolivia 6.3408×10^9 31 December 2015[121] 600 19
117  Uganda 6.241×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[122] 150 24
118  Senegal 6.186×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[123] 390 42
119  Syria 5.918×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[124] 300 24
120  Democratic Republic of the Congo 5.331×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[125] 70 13
121  Gabon 5.158×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[126] 2,900 35
 North Korea 5×10^9 2013 est.[127] 200 18
122  Republic of the Congo 4.817×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[128] 1,000 55
123  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7166×10^9 30 June 2017[129] 1,300 31
124  Barbados 4.49×10^9 2010 est.[130] 15,700 100
125  Madagascar 4.007×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[131] 160 41
126  Mali 3.626×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[132] 200 26
127  Mauritania 3.585×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[133] 840 76
128  Libya 3.531×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[134] 550 9
129    Nepal 3.4502×10^9 31 July 2015[135] 120 16
130  Algeria 3.139×10^9 30 June 2016[136] 80 2
131  Burkina Faso 3.092×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[137] 160 26
132  Somalia 3.054×10^9 31 December 2013 est.[138] 270 52
133  Niger 2.729×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[139] 130 36
134  Montenegro 2.64×10^9 30 June 2018[140] 4,260 60
135  Seychelles 2.552×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[141] 26,200 180
136  Rwanda 2.442×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[142] 200 29
 Bermuda 2.435×10^9 2015 est.[143] 39,700 47
 Kosovo 2.3897×10^9 30 June 2017[144] 1,200 34
137  Benin 2.34×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[145] 200 26
138  Tajikistan 2.2741×10^9 31 December 2016[146] 260 35
139  Bhutan 2.261×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[147] 2,900 108
140  Haiti 2.022×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[148] 180 24
141  Malawi 1.921×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[149] 100 35
142  Chad 1.875×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[150] 130 18
143  Botswana 1.6854×10^9 31 March 2017[151] 720 10
 Palestine 1.662×10^9 31 March 2016 est.[152] 340 17
144  Cape Verde 1.66×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[153] 3,100 99
145  Sierra Leone 1.561×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[154] 230 36
146  Equatorial Guinea 1.364×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[155] 1,500 12
147  Djibouti 1.339×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[156] 1,500 71
148  Guinea 1.332×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[157] 100 20
149  Belize 1.327×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[158] 3,500 75
150  Afghanistan 1.28×10^9 FY-2010/11[159] 40 7
151  Suriname 1.235×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[160] 2,200 30
152  Togo 1.173×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[161] 150 26
153  Guyana 1.143×10^9 31 December 2015[162] 1,500 36
154  Liberia 1.111×10^9 31 December 2016 est.[163] 230 51
155  Guinea-Bissau 1.095×10^9 31 December 2010 est.[164] 570 94
156  Lesotho 948,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[165] 430 53
 Faroe Islands 888,800,000 2010[166] 18,400 38
157  Fiji 833,400,000 31 December 2016 est.[167] 900 18
158  Eritrea 820,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[168] 150 15
159  Maldives 741,600,000 2014 est.[169] 2,000 23
160  Burundi 705,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[170] 60 26
 Aruba 693,200,000 31 December 2014 est.[171] 6,600 28
161  Central African Republic 686,900,000 31 December 2016 est.[172] 130 39
162  Grenada 679,000,000 2013 est.[173] 6,300 66
163  Gambia 541,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[174] 260 61
164  Saint Lucia 513,200,000 31 December 2016 est.[175] 2,700 36
165  Turkmenistan 502,800,000 31 December 2016 est.[176] 90 1
166  Solomon Islands 491,500,000 31 December 2013 est.[177] 800 40
167  Swaziland 470,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[178] 360 14
168  Samoa 447,200,000 31 December 2013 est.[179] 2,300 51
169  Antigua and Barbuda 441,200,000 31 December 2012[180] 4,700 34
170  San Marino 352,000,000 2016[181] 10,604 22.5
171  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 321,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[182] 2,900 42
172  Timor-Leste 311,500,000 31 December 2014 est.[183] 250 12
173  Dominica 288,600,000 31 December 2016 est.[184] 3,900 55
 Cook Islands 281,200,000 31 December 2011[185] 13,400 23
174  Sao Tome and Principe 236,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[186] 1,200 67
175  Tonga 233,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[187] 2,200 54
176  Vanuatu 208,100,000 31 December 2016 est.[188] 750 27
177  Saint Kitts and Nevis 187,500,000 31 December 2016 est.[189] 3,300 20
178  Comoros 133,300,000 31 December 2016 est.[190] 160 21
 New Caledonia 112,000,000 31 December 2013 est.[191] 420 1
179  Marshall Islands 97,960,000 2013 est.[192] 1,800 52
180  Micronesia 93,600,000 2013 est.[193] 900 29
 Cayman Islands 79,000,000 1998 est. 2,100 7
 Greenland 36,400,000 2010[194] 650 2
181  Nauru 33,300,000 2004 est.[195] 3,200 22
 British Virgin Islands 17,670,000 31 December 2016[196] 570 2
182  Kiribati 13,600,000 2013 est.[197] 120 8
 Anguilla 8,800,000 1998[198] 590 5
 Wallis and Futuna 3,670,000 2004[199] 280 6
 Montserrat 1,040,000 31 December 2011[200] 200 2
183  Brunei 0 2014[201] 0 0
183  Liechtenstein 0 2001[202] 0 0
 Macau 0 31 December 2013[203] 0 0
 Niue 0 27 October 2016[204] 0 0
185  Andorra N/A
185  South Sudan N/A
185  Tuvalu N/A
185   Vatican N/A

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External links[edit]