List of shipwrecks in 1931

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The list of shipwrecks in 1931 includes all ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during 1931.

table of contents
1931
Jan Feb Mar Apr
May Jun Jul Aug
Sep Oct Nov Dec
Unknown date

January[edit]

1 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 January 1931
Ship Country Description
John W. Miller  Canada The schooner was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean (33°41′N 36°14′W / 33.683°N 36.233°W / 33.683; -36.233). The crew were rescued by Wibo ( Germany).[1]

2 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Fotini Carras  Greece The cargo ship ran aground south of Fontana.[2] She was refloated on 5 February.[3]
Hesperos  Norway The cargo ship ran aground at Karelina Bougaz, Soviet Union.[2] She was refloated on 5 January.[3]

5 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Raritan  United States The dredger collided with City of Montgomery ( United States) [3]
Tricolor  Norway The cargo liner caught fire, exploded and sank in the Indian Ocean 5 nautical miles (9.3 km) off Barberyn, Ceylon with the loss of four lives. Survivors were rescued by Porthos ( France).[4][5]

6 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Fleurus  Norway The cargo ship ran aground on West Falkland, Falkland Islands.[6] She was refloated on 18 January.[7]
Nurtureton  United Kingdom The cargo ship came ashore at Lade, Kent and broke her back.[8][9] She was abandoned as a total loss on 12 January.[10] The stern section was towed to Gravesend, Kent, arriving on 4 February.[11] The bow section arrived on 20 February.[12] She was subsequently repaired and returned to service.[13]

7 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Carl  Germany The cargo ship collided with Themis ( Sweden) off Swinemünde, Pomerania and sank.[14]
Hercules  United Kingdom The tug collided with Napier Star ( United Kingdom) and sank in the River Tyne at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland with the loss of three crew.[14]

10 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Cesar  Spain The cargo ship foundered off Cape Peñas, Asturias.[6]
Werdenfels  Germany The cargo ship came ashore 16 nautical miles (30 km) south of Okha Port, India.[6] She was refloated on 15 January.[15]

12 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Barbara  Germany The auxiliary galeas was driven ashore at Arnager, Denmark. The crew were rescued.[16]
Hakutetsu Maru No.2  Japan The cargo ship ran aground 25 nautical miles (46 km) west of Moji. She sank the next day.[16]

13 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Crown of Denmark  United Kingdom The auxiliary schooner came ashore at Portland, Dorset and was wrecked. The crew were rescued by Portwey ( United Kingdom).[17]

17 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Steingrim  Norway The cargo ship ran aground at Vyborg, Finland. She was refloated on 11 February.[18]

18 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Kabinda  Belgium The cargo ship ran aground on Mafia Island, Tanganyika.[19] She was refloated on 4 February.[11]
Tatra  Hungary The cargo ship was abandoned in the Aegean Sea off Serifos (37°07′N 24°25′E / 37.117°N 24.417°E / 37.117; 24.417), where she drifted ashore.[7][19]
Vesuvio  Italy The barquentine came ashore as Scilla, Calabria and was wrecked. The crew were rescued.[7]

19 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Baron de Catelin  Belgium The cargo ship was driven ashore at Zonguldak, Turkey and sank.[7]

20 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Lindisfarne  United Kingdom The cargo ship collided with Tancred ( Norway) in the Nieuwe Waterweg between Schiedam and Vlaardingen, South Holland, Netherlands and was beached.[20]
Sirius  United Kingdom The cargo ship collided with Otava ( Finland) in the River Thames at Charlton, London and was beached.[21]

22 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Commercial Mariner  United States The cargo ship collided with San Simeon ( United States at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and sank.[22]
Glenarch  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground at the Inishmore Lighthouse, County Galway, Ireland. She was refloated on 5 February.[23]
Zavaslia  Soviet Union The ship foundered in the Black Sea with the loss of all 50 people on board.[24]

23 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Frank M  United Kingdom The cargo ship collided with the motor barge Louis Ghemor 7 ( Belgium) in the Scheldt at Tamise, Belgium and was beached.[25]

25 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Hato Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground on the Korean coast and sank.[26]

26 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Drina  Yugoslavia The cargo ship ran aground on Pearl Rock, Gibraltar.[27] She was declared a total loss.[26]
Gleneden  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground at Ras Fatma, Italian Eritrea.[28] She was refloated on 30 January.[29]

27 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Enton  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground on a reef off New Caledonia (22°50′S 176°45′E / 22.833°S 176.750°E / -22.833; 176.750).[30] She was declared a total loss.[31]

30 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Enterprise II  United Kingdom The tug sank at Preston, Lancashire.[32]

31 January[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 January 1931
Ship Country Description
Dancho Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground and sank off Wakayama.[33]
Elise  Germany The auxiliary sailing vessel was struck by Teal ( United Kingdom at Hamburg and sank.[26]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1931
Ship Country Description
Yesil Irmak  Turkey The cargo ship ran aground at Zonguldak. She was refloated on 20 September.[34]

February[edit]

1 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Arabia Maru  Japan The cargo ship collided with Takao Maru ( Japan) off Kannonsaki and was beached.[33] She was refloated on 6 February.[35]

2 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Valvanera  Spain The cargo ship was beached at Saint-Jean-de-Luz, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, France.[33]

5 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Gardelaki  Greece The cargo ship ran aground north east of Sulaki.[23] She was refloated on 18 February.[36]
Ichang  China The ship collided with another vessel in the Yangtze and was beached downstream of Tungchow.[23]

6 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Chofuku Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Point Cloates, Western Australia whilst going to the aid of Shunsei Maru ( Japan).[37] She was declared a total loss on 10 February and her crew were transferred to Chofuku Maru.[38]
Golden Rod  United States The cargo ship ran aground at the mouth of the Fraser River, British Columbia, Canada. She was refloated the next day and returned to service.
Mado  United Kingdom The tug sank in the River Thames at Canning Town, London.[35]
Shunsei Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Point Cloates.[37] She was still aground on 19 February and was reported to be in "a dangerous position".[39]

10 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Daliu Maru  Japan The cargo ship collided with a tug at Shibauru and was beached.[40]
Kikusui Maru  Japan The passenger ship collided with Porthos ( France) at Kobe and sank with the loss of twenty lives.[40]

12 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Leo le Blanc  United Kingdom The schooner came ashore on Grand Turk Island and was wrecked.[41]
Penobscot  United States The tug was destroyed by fire at Bucksport, Maine.[42]

13 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Nereus  United Kingdom The dredger foundered off Tamar Heads, Tasmania, Australia with the loss of two crew.[42]

17 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Hallmoor  United Kingdom The cargo ship was driven ashore on the Pin Cushion Rocks in the North Sea off Sunderland, Co Durham.[43] She was refloated on 21 February.[44]

18 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Captain Rokos  Greece The cargo ship ran aground on Anegada, British Virgin Islands. She was abandoned as a total loss on 20 February.[45]
Leander  Germany The coaster caught fire off Domesnaes, Latvia and was abandoned by her crew.

19 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Diana  Norway The cargo ship collided with Alferrarede ( Portugal) off Cuxhaven, Germany and was beached.[36]
Julia  United Kingdom The schooner was wrecked on the Arklow Banks, Irish Sea with the loss of all five crew.[46][47]
Theotokos  Greece The cargo ship collided with P.L.M. 14 ( France) off the Longships Lightship ( United Kingdom).[39] All 29 crew survived.[48]

21 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Krawang flag unknown The dredger sank at Rotterdam, South Holland, Netherlands.[44]

22 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Kurland  Germany The cargo ship sank in the North Sea 15 nautical miles (28 km) north west of the Terschelling Lightship ( Netherlands). The crew survived.[49]
Sea Foam  United States The coaster came ashore 120 nautical miles (220 km) north of San Francisco, California and was wrecked. The crew were rescued.[50]
Volos  Germany The cargo ship ran aground on the Lephari Rocks, Skiathos.[51] She was abandoned as a total loss on 16 March.[52]

24 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Solfrid  Sweden The coaster ran aground in the Menai Strait at Caernarfon, United Kingdom.[46] She was refloated on 2 March.[53]

25 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Agiena II  Netherlands The cargo ship ran aground north of Rønne, Denmark and was abandoned.[46]
Benmohr  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground at Prawle Point, Devon.[54] All 49 crew were taken off by Restorer ( United Kingdom via breeches buoy or landed on shore using rocket apparatus.[55]
Mumbles  United Kingdom The tug came ashore at Oxwich Point, Glamorgan. The crew were rescued.[46]
Trevean  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground in the Black Sea east of the entrance to the Bosporus. She broke in two and sank. All 36 crew were rescued by Raila ( Norway).[46][56] She was refloated on 23 May.[57]
Wellfield  United Kingdom The tanker ran aground in the Black Sea near the entrance to the Bosporus and was wrecked. All crew survived.[56] She was refloated on 6 May.[58]

26 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Ceres  Germany The cargo ship ran aground in the Black Sea 4 nautical miles (7.4 km) east of the entrance to the Bosporus. She was refloated on 10 March.[59]
Teceliadalet  Turkey The cargo ship was driven ashore at Şile.[60] She broke in two on 28 February and was abandoned as a total loss.[61]

27 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Maria Grazia  Italy The coaster caught fire in the Mediterranean Sea 60 nautical miles (110 km) south of Capri, Italy (approximately 40°N 14°E / 40°N 14°E / 40; 14) and was abandoned.[62]

28 February[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 February 1931
Ship Country Description
Comercio Luarca  Spain The coaster foundered off Cabo Peñas, Asturias with the loss of six of her seven crew. The survivor was rescued by Alzkori Mendi ( Spain).[63][64]
Mena  Polish Navy The minesweeper was driven against the quayside at Gdynia, Pomeranian Voivodeship and sank.[63]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1931
Ship Country Description
Kurtland  Germany The cargo ship foundered in the North Sea following an onboard explosion. Twelve crew were rescued by the trawler Chikara ( United Kingdom) and landed at Grimsby, Lincolnshire on 28 February.[65]

March[edit]

1 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 March 1931
Ship Country Description
John Manning  United Kingdom The auxiliary three-masted schooner foundered 100 nautical miles (190 km) south east of the Ambrose Channel.[53]

5 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Emerett  United States The schooner sprang a leak in the Atlantic Ocean and was abandoned by her crew. She was sighted by Sea Thrush ( United States at 31°45′N 73°20′W / 31.750°N 73.333°W / 31.750; -73.333.[66]

6 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Hsin Chang  China The passenger ship ran aground in the Elliot Group Islands. The passengers and some of the crew were taken off.[67]
Yawata Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Ōshima, Fukuoka.[68] She was refloated on 9 March.[67]

7 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 March 1931
Ship Country Description
USCGC CG-111  United States Coast Guard The cutter was destroyed by a fire.[69]
Roseville  Norway The cargo ship ran aground on Kiushan Tao, China.[70] She was refloated on 11 June.[71]

8 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Tern  United Kingdom The coaster collided with City of Malines ( United Kingdom) in the North Sea off the Hull Lightship ( United Kingdom) and sank.[67][70] The seventeen crew were rescued by the pilot cutter J. H. Fisher.[72]

9 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Warons  Latvia The schooner ran aground on Salt Island Point, Holyhead, Anglesey, United Kingdom and was wrecked.[67]

11 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Ta Chi  China The cargo liner caught fire in the Yangtze 80 nautical miles (150 km) upstream of Woosung. She was beached, but about 300 of the approximately 500 people were killed. Chuentiao ( Chinese Navy) and Taho ( China) rescued 183 people between them.[73] Ta Chi was a total loss.[74]

13 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Cormoran  Netherlands The coaster struck a submerged wreck in Kiel Bay and was beached.[74]

14 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Britannia  United States The tug collided with Coahoma County ( United States) at New York and sank.[75]

15 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Viking  Canada The whaler exploded and sank off Horse Islands. Twenty seven of her crew were killed.

16 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Andreas K  Greece The cargo ship ran aground at Kilias Point, Turkey.[76] She was refloated on 23 March.[77]
Chang Kiang  France The cargo ship ran aground on the Heihan Islands and was a total loss.[78]
Shinsei Maru No.6  Japan The cargo ship ran aground on Hainan Bluff, China.[76] She was still aground on 28 March.[79]

17 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Citrine  United Kingdom The coaster struck rocks at Bradda Head, Port Erin, Isle of Man and sank with the loss of nine of her eleven crew.[80][81]

19 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Hera  Norway The cargoliner ran aground at Havøygavlen, Norway, and sank with the loss of seven crew.[78]
Pet  United Kingdom The schooner came ashore at Bruns Ness, Caithness. Her crew were rescued by lifeboat.[82]

20 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Sir William  United Kingdom The schooner became trapped in ice off Horse Islands, Newfoundland. She was set on fire and abandoned by her crew, who were rescued by Eagle ( United Kingdom).[83]

21 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Montclare  United Kingdom The ocean liner ran aground on Little Cumbrae, Ayrshire. Approximately 300 passengers were taken off by the ship's lifeboats. She was refloated the next day.[84]
Norma  Italy The cargo ship collided with Registan ( United Kingdom in the English Channel off Dungeness, Kent, United Kingdom. Norma was towed to Dover and beached.[85][86]

23 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Evgenia Malona  Greece The cargo ship ran aground at Sigri, Lesbos.[87] She was refloated on 3 April.[88]
Kanju Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Erimosaki.[87] She was declared a total loss on 8 April.[89]
Mangana  Australia The hulk was beached and abandoned at Port Adelaide, South Australia.[90]
Ruta  Italy The cargo ship was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean off Madeira, Portugal (approximately 30°N 25°W / 30°N 25°W / 30; -25). Her crew were rescued by Ville de Verdun ( France).[91][92]

24 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Aghios Ioannis  Greece The three-masted schooner collided with Frinton ( Greece) at Piraeus and sank.[93]

27 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Lucerna  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground on the Angelica Reef in the Flores Sea.[79] She was refloated on 4 April.[88]

28 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Arniston  United Kingdom The cargo ship was crushed by ice in the Gulf of Riga (57°35′N 23°03′E / 57.583°N 23.050°E / 57.583; 23.050) and sank. The crew survived.[94]
Taxiarchis  Greece The cargo ship ran aground on Lundy Island, Devon, United Kingdom.[95] She was a total loss.[96]

29 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Naiad  United Kingdom The schooner ran aground on the Nailce Rocks, Looe, Cornwall and was wrecked. The crew were rescued.[95][97]

30 March[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 March 1931
Ship Country Description
Tai Hing  United Kingdom The cargo ship struck rocks at Hong Kong and was beached.[97]

April[edit]

2 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Florida  France The ocean liner was rammed by HMS Glorious ( Royal Navy) in the Mediterranean Sea off Málaga, Andalusia, Spain.[98] One of Glorious's crew was killed, as were 24 passengers on board Florida.[99] The passengers were transferred to Glorious, which towed Florida stern-first to Gibraltar, where she was beached.[98]
Malabar  United Kingdom
Malabar

The cargo liner ran aground off Long Bay, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia and was a total loss.[100] All on board survived.[98]

Tonjer  Norway The cargo ship ran aground at Chingmae Point, China.[98] She was refloated on 6 April.[101]

3 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Ipswich Trader  United Kingdom The cargo ship sprang a leak and was beached in Morlaix Bay, Finistère, France.[98] She was refloated the next day.[88]
Symor  United Kingdom The cargo ship was rammed and sunk by USCGC Legare ( United States Coast Guard) in the Atlantic Ocean 30 nautical miles (56 km) north of the Nantucket Lightship ( United States Coast Guard) and sank. All ten crew were rescued by Legare.[102]

4 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Harold Conrad  United Kingdom The schooner sank in Garnish Fortune Bay, Newfoundland. The crew were rescued.[103]
Sagona  United Kingdom The coaster was driven ashore at Fogo, Newfoundland.[104] She was refloated on 8 April.[105]

7 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Cleone  United States The cargo ship sprang a leak in the Pacific Ocean and was abandoned by her crew.[106]
Hiyeizan Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at the western entrance of the Shimonoseki Strait. She was refloated on 20 April.[107]

9 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Harry and Verna  United Kingdom The schooner was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean.[106]
Nuna Alvirez D. Laviero  Portugal The sailing ship caught fire and was abandoned in the Atlantic Ocean (40°49′N 9°31′W / 40.817°N 9.517°W / 40.817; -9.517). The crew were rescued by Marrakech ( France).[108]

10 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 April 1931
Ship Country Description
HMAS Huon  Royal Australian Navy The River-class torpedo-boat destroyer was scuttled after use as a gunnery target by the heavy cruisers HMAS Australia and HMAS Canberra, the destroyer leader HMAS Anzac, and the seaplane tender HMAS Albatross (all  Royal Australian Navy).

13 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Glenlyon  United Kingdom The cargo ship was driven onto a reef and sank in Palephterish Bay, Tiree, Inner Hebrides. The crew were rescued.[109]
Wisla  Poland The cargo ship sprang a leak off Gedser, Sjælland, Denmark and was beached.[109]

14 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Dah Chong  China The cargo ship collided with Tah Hwa ( China) at Woosung and sank with the loss of six crew.[110]

17 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Calder  United Kingdom The cargo ship departed Hamburg, Germany for Goole, Yorkshire. A lifeboat washed up at Chapel St. Leonards, Lincolnshire on 20 April. Presumed foundered in the North Sea with the loss of all hands.[111]

18 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Cyclope  France The dredger foundered in the North Sea 15 nautical miles (28 km) south east of Flamborough Head, Yorkshire.[107]

20 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 April 1931
Ship Country Description
City of Washington  United States The ship was destroyed by fire at Wilmington, Delaware.[107]
West River  United States The cargo ship was destroyed by fire at Wilmington.[107]

21 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Hwah Yang  China The passenger ship came ashore on Saddle Island, Heinan Group, South China Sea. All on board were rescued by Kung Ping ( China) and Rajputana ( United Kingdom).[112][113]

25 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Maria  Italy The brigantine was rammed by Citta di Marsala ( Italy at Trapani, Sicily and sank.[114]

27 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Ten-An Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground on the south coast of Korea and sank. The crew were rescued.[115][116]

28 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Castor  Sweden The tanker caught fire in the Atlantic Ocean (39°47′N 21°44′W / 39.783°N 21.733°W / 39.783; -21.733) and was abandoned. The crew were rescued by Excalibur ( United States).[117] She was taken in tow by Ousebridge ( United Kingdom and arrived at Ponta Delgada, Azores, Portugal on 2 May.[118]
Hirosaki Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Nemuro.[116] She was refloated on 4 May.[119]

30 April[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 April 1931
Ship Country Description
Nefeli  Greece The cargo ship ran aground at Cape Akin.[120] She was refloated on 4 May.[121]
Raymond R  United Kingdom The schooner departed Miquelon for Oporto, Portugal. No further trace, presumed foundered with the loss of all hands.[122]

May[edit]

4 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Ibasa  Spain The barque came ashore at Zumaya, Spain and was wrecked.[119]
Koit  Latvia The cargo ship caught fire in the Baltic Sea and was abandoned. Her crew were rescued.[119]

6 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Raffio  Italy The salvage vessel capsized and sank off Sark, Channel Islands with the loss of one of her eighteen crew.[123][124]

7 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Trimount  United States The tug collided with New York ( United States) in Long Island Sound and sank. Four crew were rescued by New York.[125]

8 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Ruth Kellogg  United States The tanker caught fire 250 nautical miles (460 km) south of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. The steamer John D. Archbold stood by to assist. The fire was extinguished the next day, and Ruth Kellogg proceeded to New York, arriving on 11 May 1931.[126][127] She was repaired and returned to service.

10 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Milewater  United Kingdom The tug ran aground on the Mull of Oa, Islay and was wrecked. All seven crew were rescued.[128]

12 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Lucille B. Creaser  United Kingdom The schooner foundered off Cape St. Mary's, Newfoundland. The crew were rescued by Alice B. Hayden ( United Kingdom).[129]

13 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 May 1931
Ship Country Description
J. O. Webster  United States The schooner came ashore in Long Island Sound and was wrecked.[129][130]

14 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 May 1931
Ship Country Description
HNLMS Sumatra  Royal Netherlands Navy The Java-class cruiser ran aground off Koemba Island, Netherlands East Indies. She was refloated three days later. Subsequently repaired and returned to service.

17 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Pravia  Spain The cargo ship foundered off the Spanish coast.[131]

22 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Rabochiy  Soviet Navy The submarine collided with Krasnoarmeyets ( Soviet Navy) in the Gulf of Finland 5 nautical miles (9.3 km) south west of the Aerandsgrund Lightship ( Finland) and sank with the loss of all 39 crew.[132][133][134]

26 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 May 1931
Ship Country Description
El Golea  France The cargo ship ran aground at Cape Freu, Majorca, Spain.[135] She was still agrount on 15 June,[136] but was subsequently declared a total loss.[137]

27 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Corretora Primeiro  Portugal The coaster caught fire in the Bay of Biscay (45°04′N 7°55′W / 45.067°N 7.917°W / 45.067; -7.917). The crew were rescued by Dunkwa ( United Kingdom).[138] She was taken in tow by Seine ( France) but foundered the next day (44°58′N 7°56′W / 44.967°N 7.933°W / 44.967; -7.933).[139]

30 May[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 May 1931
Ship Country Description
Harvard  United States
Harvard.

The passenger ship was wrecked 4 nautical miles (7.4 km) north of Point Arguello, California. All on board were rescued by Louisville ( United States) and USCGC Tamaroa ( United States Coast Guard).[140]

Shirakami Maru  Japan The cargo ship collided with Sanjin Maru ( Japan) off Muroran and sank.[141]

June[edit]

5 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Amphitrite  France The auxiliary sailing vessel sank off the French coast. All crew were rescued.[142]
Vera  Denmark The schooner ran was driven ashore at Bolderāja, Latvia.[143] She was refloated on 9 June.[144]
Via  United Kingdom The auxiliary schooner ran aground on the Helly Hunter Reef off Carlingford Lough, Ireland and was wrecked. The crew were rescued.[143]

7 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Anatolia  Germany The cargo ship ran aground in the River Amazon, Brazil.[145] She was refloated on 12 June.[146]

9 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 June 1931
Ship Country Description
HMS Poseidon  Royal Navy The Parthian-class submarine collided with Yuta ( China) off Weihai, China and sank with the loss of 22 of her 59 crew.

11 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Yeijin Maru  Japan The cargo ship passed the Hinomisaki Lighthouse, Izumo, Shimane bound for Tokyo. No further trace, presumed foundered in a typhoon with the loss of all hands.[147]

12 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Shuben Acadia  United Kingdom The cargo ship collided with a United States Coast Guard destroyer in the Atlantic Ocean 50 nautical miles (93 km) south of Montauk Point, New York, United States and sank.[148]

13 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Urania  Greece The cargo ship collided with Beaufort ( Norway) in the North Sea (51°44′N 2°43′E / 51.733°N 2.717°E / 51.733; 2.717) and sank. The crew were rescued by Beaufort.[146]

14 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 June 1931
Ship Country Description
St. Philibert  France
St. Philibert

The passenger ship foundered in the Bay of Biscay off Pointe Saint-Gildas, Loire-Atlantique. There were eight survivors of the 500 people on board.

Ungheria  Italy The cargo ship collided with Rochambeau ( France) in the Bay of Biscay off Ouessant, Finistère, France and sank. All crew were rescued by Rochambeau.[146]
Werner Vinnen  Germany The auxiliary five-masted schooner ran aground in the Paraná River, Argentina.[149] She was refloated on 15 August.[150]

17 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Bermuda  United Kingdom The ocean liner caught fire at Hamilton, Bermuda with the loss of two lives.[151] She was extensively damaged, with her superstructure destroyed.[152] She departed Bermuda on 6 July for repair at Belfast.[153] A further fire occurred on 19 November whilst she was under repair.[154] Bermuda was declared a total loss.[155]

18 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Anglia  Sweden The cargo ship collided with Agire Mendi ( Spain) at San Nicolás, Buenos Aires, Argentina and sank. Her crew were rescued.[156]
Elisabeth  Germany The coaster was rammed and sunk by Penelope ( Danzig) at Nordenham, Germany.[156]

19 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Anastassios Pateras  Greece The cargo ship ran aground in the Paraná River, Argentina.[156] She was refloated on 23 June.[157]

20 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Dixmude  United Kingdom The schooner sprang a leak and sank in Placentia Bay.[158]

22 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Empress  United Kingdom The passenger ship was destroyed by fire at Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.[159]

27 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 June 1931
Ship Country Description
King Bleddyn  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground at Punta Indigo, Argentina.[160] She was refloated on 21 July.[161]

28 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Nervi  Italy The cargo ship ran aground at Ténès, Algeria. She was refloated two days later but foundered in the Mediterranean Sea 20 nautical miles (37 km) north of Cape Ivi (36°44′N 0°12′E / 36.733°N 0.200°E / 36.733; 0.200). All crew were rescued.[162][163]

29 June[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 June 1931
Ship Country Description
Kohso Maru  Japan The cargo ship caught fire at Candon, Philippines and was beached.[147] She was refloated on 3 July.[164]

July[edit]

1 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Currier  United States The tanker was severely damaged by fire at Port Arthur, Texas.[163]
Gulf of Mexico  United States The tanker was severely damaged by fire at Port Arthur.[163]
Shenango  United States The tanker was severely damaged by fire at Port Arthur.[163]

3 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Aleco  Greece The cargo ship ran aground at Injeh Burnu, Turkey.[164] She was refloated on 6 July.[165]

4 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Borg  Norway The cargo ship grounded on the North Shoal. She refloated but was found to be holed and was beached in Birsay Bay, Orkney Islands, United Kingdom.[164] She was abandoned as a total loss.[166]

7 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Yaye Maru No.2  Japan The tanker foundered in the Yellow Sea 200 nautical miles (370 km) west of Arusomu, Korea.[167]

8 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Erik Larsen  Germany The cargo ship ran aground at Slettnes, Norway. She was consequently beached at Honningsvåg.[168] She was refloated the next day.[169]

10 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 10 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Annie B. Gerhardt  United Kingdom The schooner was destroyed by fire in the Atlantic Ocean 10 nautical miles (19 km) off Miquelon. All crew survived.[170]
Erkki  Finland The sailing ship came ashore east of Ystad, Sweden and was wrecked. The crew survived.[170]
Zampa  Denmark The schooner came ashore at Ystad and was severely damaged. The crew were rescued. She was refloated on 18 July[170][171]

11 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Basque  United Kingdom The cargo ship struck rocks at Isle aux Morts, Newfoundland and was beached.[172] She was declared a total loss.[173]
Gote  Sweden The auxiliary schooner sank in the Baltic Sea off North Cape, Oland with the loss of one crew member. Survivors were rescued by Irmgard ( Germany).[172]

15 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Porto Alegre  Portugal The coaster sank off Calabar, Nigeria. The crew survived.[174]

18 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Promptitude  United Kingdom The Thames barge collided with Kew Railway Bridge and sank in the River Thames. Both crew survived.[171][175]
Towanjiro Maru  Japan The cargo ship was destroyed by fire at Shimoda.[171]

19 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Chitose  Imperial Japanese Navy The Kasagi-class cruiser was sunk as target in a live fire exercise off Kōchi.
Keishin Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Nagasaki and was abandoned by her crew.[171]

20 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Chohaku Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Ushima and was beached.[176] She was refloated the next day.[161]

22 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Dainichi Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Ornai Zaki in the Suruga Gulf.[177] She was declared a total loss on 29 July.[178]

27 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Pennsylvania  Denmark The cargo ship ran aground on Swona, Orkney Islands, United Kingdom.[179] She was declared a total loss on 30 July.[180]

30 July[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 July 1931
Ship Country Description
Cowlitz  United States The shallow-draft sternwheeler was swamped by large waves, capsized, and sank in the Columbia River 5 miles (8 km) west of The Dalles, Oregon. All aboard survived.[181][182][183]

August[edit]

2 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Lark  United Kingdom The Thames barge sank at Pelican Wharf, Wapping, London.[184]

3 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Dolphin  United Kingdom The tug was sunk at Montreal, Quebec, Canada when Rapids Prince ( United Kingdom) struck lock gates in the Lachine Canal and carried them away.[184]

6 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Kotare  United Kingdom The coaster was destroyed by fire at Invercargill, New Zealand.[185]

7 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 August 1931
Ship Country Description
J. N. Challoner  United Kingdom The schooner foundered in Bonne Bay, Newfoundland.[186]

8 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Kwong Sang  United Kingdom The cargo ship was last reported off Taichow Island, China. She subsequently foundered in a typhoon off Fuyan Island. with the loss of 53 of her 56 crew.[187] Survivors were rescued by Sepoy ( Royal Navy) after they had been captured by pirates.[188]
Western World  United States The Design 1029 passenger ship ran aground at Porto do Boi, Brazil. The 85 passengers were taken off by General Osorio ( Germany) and landed at Rio de Janeiro. She was refloated on 10 September.

11 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Ryburn  United Kingdom The cargo ship foundered in the Norwegian Sea (62°39′N 4°50′E / 62.650°N 4.833°E / 62.650; 4.833) with the loss of one of her 26 crew. Survivors were rescued by Jotunfjeld ( Norway).[189][190]
Wai-Shing  China The cargo ship ran aground off Soaliyan.[189] She was refloated on 20 August.[191]

12 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Amity  Sweden The cargo ship ran aground at Gravelines, Nord, France and broke in two.[192]
Omiros  Greece The cargo ship struck rocks at Skantzoura and sank.[192]

13 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Vorma  Norway The cargo ship came ashore in Penobscot Bay, Maine, United States.[192] She was refloated on 17 August.[193]

14 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Kronstad  Norway The cargo ship sprang a leak in the Norwegian Sea and was beached at Sandtorg, Norway.[194]

15 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Huasco  Chile The cargo ship ran aground on the Tres Hermanas Bank, off Corral.[195] She was refloatedd on 11 September.[196]

17 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Jinju Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground on the Kamchatka Peninsula, Soviet Union.[197] She was refloated on 28 August.[198]

18 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Eagle  United Kingdom The Thames barge sank at the Royal Arsenal Coaling Pier, Woolwich, London. She was raised later that day and towed to Rotherhithe.[199]
Electric Flash  United Kingdom The schooner struck rocks off White Island, Labrador, Canada. She sailed to Griquet but was declared a total loss.[193]

21 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Marija Petrinovic  Yugoslavia The cargo ship ran aground in the Paraná River, Argentina.[200] She was refloated on 22 September.[201]

23 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Flying Dutchman  Netherlands The coaster foundered in the North Sea (52°54′30″N 4°01′30″E / 52.90833°N 4.02500°E / 52.90833; 4.02500). All seven on board were rescued by Heron ( United Kingdom).[202]

25 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Antonio Diaz  Chile The cargo ship sank at Puerto Caballo, Venezuela.[203]
Saint Mungo  United Kingdom The coaster collided with the coaster Mayflower in the River Mersey at Liverpool, Lancashire. Saint Mungo sank with the loss of two of her eighteen crew. Mayflower was beached at New Brighton, Cheshire.[204] Mayflower was refloated on 27 August.[205] Saint Mungo was refloated on 4 September and beached at Tranmere, Cheshire.[206]

26 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 August 1931
Ship Country Description
King Edgar  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground in the Black Sea off Berezan Island, Soviet Union.[205] She was refloated on 3 September.[206]

27 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Liverpool Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground on Kunshiri Island.[207] She was refloated on 2 September.[208]

31 August[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 August 1931
Ship Country Description
Lady Allen  United Kingdom The Thames barge collided with Llanstephan Castle ( United Kingdom) in the Thames Estuary and sank. Both crew were rescued by Llanstephan Castle.[198]

September[edit]

1 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Evgenia Chandri  Greece The cargo ship ran aground on La Nata Island. She sank on 6 September.[209]

2 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Balva  Latvia The cargo ship struck a rock and sank at Pärnu, Estonia. The crew survived.[210]

3 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Kaiapoi  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground on a reef at 4°29′N 119°22′E / 4.483°N 119.367°E / 4.483; 119.367.[211] She was refloated on 1 October.[212]
Saint Anthony  United Kingdom The coaster ran aground in Balephetrish Bay, Ireland and sank.[206]

4 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Burgenland  Germany The cargo liner ran aground in the Yellow Sea at Chinto, Korea (36°04′N 126°10′E / 36.067°N 126.167°E / 36.067; 126.167).[213][214] All 85 people on board abandoned ship.[215] She was refloated on 18 September.[214]

5 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Gioconda  Italy The cargo ship collided with Stampalia ( Italy) at Ancona, Marche and sank.[216] She was refloated on 5 November.[217]
Opal  United Kingdom The coaster foundered in the Atlantic Ocean off Land's End, Cornwall with the loss of two of her eleven crew.[218] Survivors were rescued by Wild Rose ( United Kingdom).[219]
Zachariosa  Greece The cargo ship grounded on the Mansell Shoal, Turkey and was holed. She was consequently beached.[216] Zachariosa was refloated on 14 September.[220]

7 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 September 1931
Ship Country Description
North Devon  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground in Tutoya Bay, Brazil.[211] She was refloated on 11 September.[221]

9 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Koraaga  United Kingdom : The trawler ran aground off Bass Point, New South Wales. She sank the next day.

13 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Colombia  United States The ocean liner ran aground at Point Tosco. Lower California, Mexico. All 234 people on board were rescued by La Perla and San Mateo (both  United States).[222]

15 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Siangwo  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground between Hangkow and Shasi, China. She was refloated on 19 September.[223]

16 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Herbert Green  United Kingdom The cargo ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean whilst on a voyage from Burgeo, Newfoundland to Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The crew survived.[201]
Norna  Danzig The cargo ship ran aground near the Grinna Lighthouse, Norway.[224] She was declared a total loss.[201]

18 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Roma  United Kingdom The coaster ran aground at Barrow-in-Furness, Lancashire.[225] She was refloated on 24 September.[226]

19 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Lyminge  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground on Ebal Rocks off Gurnard's Head and was a total loss. All nineteen crew and three passengers rowed ashore. The ship's cat was rescued later.[34][227][228]

23 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Tokalou  United Kingdom The schooner came ashore on Noggin Cove Island, Newfoundland and was a total loss.[226]

24 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Atlanticos  Greece The cargo ship ran aground at Diamante, Calabria, Italy.[226] She was refloated on 29 September.[229]

25 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Fritz  Germany The dredger foundered in the Bay of Biscay whilst under tow.[212]

27 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Laine  Estonia The cargo ship sank in the Baltic Sea off Lyserort, Latvia. The crew were rescued.[230]

28 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Rosandra  Italy The cargo ship ran aground at Walvis Bay, at that time a South African enclave in South-West Africa.[231] She was refloated on 11 October.[232]

29 September[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 September 1931
Ship Country Description
Baychimo  United Kingdom The cargo ship became mired in ice near Barrow, Alaska, United States.[229]
Elloughton  United Kingdom The cargo ship sank in the Blavet at Hennebont, Morbihan, France.[229] She was refloated on 13 October.[233]

October[edit]

1 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Hesleyside  United Kingdom The coaster ran aground in the River Foyle at Derry, County Londonderry.[212] She was refloated on 6 October.[234]

2 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 2 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Abington  United Kingdom The coaster ran aground at Ramsey, Isle of Man.[235] She was refloated on 9 October.[236]
Margaret Lake  United Kingdom The schooner came ashore on Peckford Island, Newfoundland and was a total loss.[234][237]

3 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Johanna  Netherlands The cargo ship ran aground off the Ar Men Lighthouse, Île de Sein, Finistère, France. All passengers and crew were taken off. She was a total loss.[237]

5 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Agios Nicolaos  Greece The coaster ran aground at Cape Drepano and sank with the loss of a crew member.[234][238]

6 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Henri Mory  France The cargo ship ran aground at Cabo Carvoeiro, Portugal.[239] She was abandoned as a total loss.[240]

11 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Maria Celina  Spain The cargo ship ran aground at Cabo de Perros. The crew were rescued.[232]

12 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Charles H. Bradley  United States The cargo ship caught fire in the Great Lakes and was destroyed.[233]
Cynthia G. Parker  United Kingdom The schooner came ashore at English Point, Newfoundland and was a total loss.[233]

13 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Hyugo Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Nomo, Nagasaki. The crew were rescued.[241]
Tosei Maru  Japan The cargo ship foundered off the Okinawa Islands. The crew were rescued.[241]

15 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Canusa  United Kingdom The cargo ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean 150 nautical miles (280 km) east of Watlings Island, Bahamas. The crew were rescued.[242]

16 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Kaitsu Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground off the east coast of Sakhalin, Soviet Union.[243] She was refloated on 27 October.[244]
Selfoss  Iceland The coaster ran aground at Stykkisholm.[245] She was refloated on 23 October.[246]
Yonan Maru  Japan The cargo ship foundered in the Pacific Ocean off Sitka, Alaska, United States.[243]

19 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Aghios Spyridon  Greece The cargo ship sprang a leak and was beached at Ustica, Palermo, Italy.[247] She was refloated on 24 or 25 October.[248]
Emile Louis (schooner)  United Kingdom The schooner came ashore at South Point, Anticosti Island, Quebec, Canada and was abandoned by her crew.[249]

21 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Magallanes  Chile The cargo ship ran aground on Cahuache Island and was beached at Point Chonos.[250] She was refloated on 26 October.[251]
Peder Most  Denmark The cargo ship ran aground on Scharhörn, Hamburg, Germany.[242] She was refloated on 24 October.[248]

22 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Emil  Germany The auxiliary three-masted schooner came ashore at the Bjørnøy Lighthouse, Norway and was wrecked.[252]
Oakford  United Kingdom The cargo ship collided with Portia ( Germany) in the River Thames at Woolwich, London with the loss of one of her crew. She was beached.[246] She was refloated on 24 October.[248]

23 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 October 1931
Ship Country Description
USCGC CG-243  United States Coast Guard The cutter was destroyed, circumstances unknown.[69]
Shinyetsu Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Yetorup, Kurile Islands and sank.[253]

27 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 October 1931
Ship Country Description
City of Stamford  United States The cargo ship sank in the East River off Blackwell's Island, New York.[244]
Marelton  United Kingdom The schooner caught fire at Saint-Pierre, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and was a total loss.[254]
Ullstad  Norway The cargo ship ran aground at Yeniköy, Istanbul, Turkey.[244] She was refloated on 7 November.[255]
Yoro Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground in the Bonin Islands and was a total loss.[244]

28 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Bronte  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground at Rosario, Brazil.[254] She was refloated on 31 October.[256]
Heddy  Sweden The cargo ship ran aground in Lake Vener.[254] She was refloated on 2 November.[257]

31 October[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 October 1931
Ship Country Description
Saka  Latvia The cargo ship sprang a leak and sank in the Baltic Sea off Trelleborg, Skåne County, Sweden. The crew were rescued.[256]

November[edit]

1 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Persephone  Greece The tug foundered in the Aegean Sea off Kythnos with the loss of all four crew.[257]

3 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Ansio  Finland The barquentine ran aground at Holmsund, Västerbotten County, Sweden and was wrecked.[258]
Maurice Colignon  Belgium The cargo ship was driven ashore at Alexandretta, Turkey.[258] She was refloated on 6 November.[259]
Sainte Annen  France The schooner lost her rudder and sails in heavy seas and went ashore at Porthleven, Cornwall, United Kingdom whilst trying to put into the harbour for repairs.[260][261]

4 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Havet  Denmark The auxiliary schooner collided with Konsul Schulte ( Germany) in the Baltic Sea off Swinemünde, Western Pomerania, Germany. She capsized and sank.[258]
Vettern II  Sweden The cargo ship collided with Elfkungen ( Sweden) at Gothenburg and sank.[258] She was raised on 14 November.[262]

6 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Hybert  United States The cargo ship ran aground on the Goodwin Sands, Kent, United Kingdom.[263] She was refloated on 9 November.[264]

7 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Theologos  Greece The sailing ship foundered in the Aegean Sea off Laurium.[255]

8 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Baden-Baden  Costa Rica The auxiliary schooner foundered in the Caribbean Sea off Cartagena, Colombia with the loss of five of her sixteen crew. Survivors were rescued by USS Swan ( United States Navy).[265]
Pakri  Estonia The cargo ship ran aground at Ristna Point, Hiiumaa.[255] She was refloated on 13 November.[265]

11 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 11 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Georgios M  Greece The cargo ship foundered in the Atlantic Ocean (45°25′N 7°30′W / 45.417°N 7.500°W / 45.417; -7.500) with the loss of eighteen of her 23 crew. Survivors were rescued by P.L.M. 22 ( France).[266][267][268]
Panama Transport  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground in the Paraná River, Argentina.[268] She was refloated on 18 November.[269]
St. Ives  United Kingdom The dredger sank in the North Sea (52°21′N 2°26′E / 52.350°N 2.433°E / 52.350; 2.433)) whilst under tow.[266]

12 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 12 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Petrolea  Finland The cargo ship caught fire at Hangö and was beached.[268]

15 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 15 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Aranguren  Spain The cargo ship was rammed and sunk in the Sea of Marmara off Khairsis Island, Turkey by Le Loing ( Marine Nationale) with the loss of one crew member. The survivors were rescued by Le Loing.[262][270]
Unione Secundo  Italy The sailing ship was in collision with Christina ( Greece at Genoa and sank with the loss of a crew member.[262]

17 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 17 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Ria  Dominion of Newfoundland The schooner foundered in the Atlantic Ocean (35°58′N 38°10′W / 35.967°N 38.167°W / 35.967; -38.167). All six crew were rescued by Aztec ( United Kingdom).[271][272]

18 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 18 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Itu  United States The cargo ship caught fire in the Yangtze above Ichang, China and was beached.[273] She was refloated on 23 November.[274]
Lady Green  United Kingdom The schooner caught fire off St. John's, Newfoundland and was abandoned. She was towed into port by Prospero ( United Kingdom).[269]
Pandelis  Greece The cargo ship ran aground in the Dardanelles at Ak Bashi Liman, Turkey.[275] she was refloated on 24 November.[276] She was refloated on 24 November.[276]

19 November[edit]

For the loss of the British ocean liner Bermuda on this day, see the entry for 17 June 1931

List of shipwrecks: 19 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Nambucca  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground at Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.[269] She was still aground on 24 November.[276]
Planorbis  United Kingdom The tanker ran aground at Balikpapan, Netherlands East Indies.[269] She was refloated on 26 November.[277]

20 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 20 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Mayals  United Kingdom The auxiliary three-masted schooner was rammed and sunk at Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire by the fishing vessel Neves ( United Kingdom). The crew were rescued.[278]

21 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Baron Glenconner  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground at Point Judith, Rhode Island, United States.[279] She was refloated on 27 November.[280]

22 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 22 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Michael L. Embiricos  Greece The cargo ship ran aground on Plane Island, Tunisia and was beached in Andaluses Bay. Thirty crew were rescued by Alaya ( Germany).[279][281] She was refloated on 28 November.[282]

23 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 23 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Eleni  Greece The sailing vessel ran aground whilst on a voyage from Salonica to Kavala and was destroyed by fire with the loss of a crew member.[274]
Maraboe  Netherlands The cargo ship collided with Sibier ( Soviet Union) in the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal and sank.[274] She was refloated on 26 November.[283]

25 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Edith and Elinor  United States The schooner collided with Gypsum Prince ( United Kingdom) in the Atlantic Ocean off the Baccaro Lighthouse, Nova Scotia, Canada and sank with the loss of six of her nineteen crew.[283]
Sanokawa Maru No.2  Japan The cargo ship ran aground at Hirado, Nagasaki.[284] She was refloated on 5 December.[285]

27 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 27 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Duke of Lancaster  United Kingdom caught fire in Heysham Harbour, Lancashire. She capsized on 28 November. Duke of Lancaster was raised in January 1932, repaired and returned to service.[286]

28 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Alameda  United States The cargo liner caught fire at Seattle, Washington and was a total loss.[277]

29 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Mildburg  Germany The cargo ship ran aground on Öland, Sweden.[277] She was refloated on 21 December.[287]
River Ribble  United Kingdom The cargo ship collided with Selby ( United Kingdom at Hamburg, Germany and was beached at Altona. She was refloated the next day. Selby was severely damaged.[277][288]

30 November[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 30 November 1931
Ship Country Description
Alameda  United States The passenger ship caught fire at Seattle, Washington and was severely damaged.[289]

December[edit]

1 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 1 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Victoria  Germany The cargo ship ran aground in lake Mälaren, Sweden.[290] She was refloated on 7 December.[291]

3 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 3 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Pasages  United Kingdom The fishing trawler ran aground on the Isle of Man.[292]

4 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 4 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Betty  Sweden The auxiliary three-masted schooner ran aground near Oxelosund. She refloated but subsequently foundered.[293]
East Anglia  United Kingdom The Thames barge was struck by another Thames barge, the Edgar Scholey in the River Thames at Erith, Kent and sank.[293] She was refloated the next day.[285]

5 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 5 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Kwanan Maru  Japan The cargo ship ran aground on the north east coast of Formosa.[285] She broke in two on 10 December, with the stern section sinking. Kwanan Maru was declared a total loss.[294]

6 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 6 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Egitto  Italy The cargo ship ran aground at Alexandria, Egypt and was beached.[285] She was refloated on 10 December and later drydocked for repairs.[294]
Fushiki Maru  Japan The ship ran aground on Quelpart, Korea. The passengers and crew were taken off.[295]

7 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 7 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Inga  Sweden The cargo ship came ashore at Vano Kalkskar and was wrecked with the loss of a crew member.[291]

8 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 8 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Marjan  Yugoslavia The cargo ship ran aground at Medulin.[295] She was refloated on 22 December.[296]

9 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 9 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Grete  Denmark The schooner sprang a leak and sank in the Baltic Sea off Falsterbo, Skåne County, Sweden. The crew were rescued.[297]

13 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 13 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Georgios Paleocrassis  Greece The cargo ship ran aground at Gallipoli, Turkey and was abandoned.[298] She was declared a total loss on 15 December.[299]
Teseo  Royal Navy The tug foundered in the Tyrrhenian Sea off Sardinia, Italy with the loss of all 36 crew.[300][301]

14 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 14 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Asta  Sweden The cargo ship ran aground at Falsterbo, Skåne County.[301] She was refloated on 21 December.[302]
Ta Te  China The passenger ship caught fire in the Yangtze 40 nautical miles (74 km) from Shanghai and sank with the loss of twenty of the approximately 300 people on board.[299][301]

16 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 16 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Admiral Beatty  United Kingdom The schooner was driven ashore on Grand Turk and was wrecked.[303]
Gertrude  United Kingdom The Thames barge collided with Havel ( Germany) in the River Thames at Barking, Essex and sank.[303]
Lukas  Estonia The schooner collided with a breakwater at Liepāja, Latvia and sank with the loss of all hands.[303]

19 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 19 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Eland  Netherlands The coaster struck a rock at Tønsberg, Norway. An attempt was made to beach her but she foundered.[304] She was refloated on 23 December.[296]
Newton Elm  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground at Crescent Head, New South Wales, Australia.[304] She was refloated on 28 December but was found to be extensively damaged.[305]
Regina  Finland The auxiliary schooner ran aground on Middelgrunden, Øresund.[304] She was refloated on 24 December.[306]

21 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 21 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Lucas  United Kingdom The tug capsized and sank in the River Ribble at Preston, Lancashire whilst assisting to refloat Fido ( Norway). The crew were rescued.[307] She was refloated on 23 December.[296]
Segovia  United States The almost completed refrigerated cargo liner was destroyed by fire at Newport News, Virginia.[287]

24 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 24 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Yayewara Maru  Japan The passenger ship collided with Kwansai Maru ( Japan) in the Kurushima Strait and sank with the loss of 50 lives.[306]

25 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 25 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Bartava  Latvia The cargo ship ran aground near Liepāja.[306] She was refloated on 25 January 1932.[308]
Livonia  Latvia The cargo ship was driven ashore at Lyserort.[306] All 23 crew were rescued by Rota ( Latvia).[309]
Minnie  United Kingdom The Thames barge was rammed by Hunterfield ( United Kingdom) and sunk in the River Thames at Woolwich, London.[306]

26 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 26 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Mariongoula  Greece The cargo ship ran aground at Gedser, Sjælland, Denmark.[306] She was refloated on 3 January 1932.[310]

28 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 28 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Dos Esquis  Mexico The cargo ship ran aground at Cabo Roio, Florida, United States.[311] She was refloated on 6 January 1932.[312]
Helga  Germany The auxiliary schooner ran aground at Kungshamn, Västra Götaland County, Sweden.[313] She was refloated on 4 January 1932.[314]
Orion  Finland The cargo ship ran aground off Helsingfors. All twenty crew were rescued.[315]
Royalist  United Kingdom The tug collided with American Trader ( United States) in the River Thames at Woolwich, London and sank with the loss of seven of the eight people on board.[316] She was raised the next day and beached at Charlton.[311]

29 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 29 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Wenchow  United Kingdom The cargo ship ran aground in the Yangtze 40 nautical miles (74 km) downstream of Kiukang.[311] She was refloated on 5 January 1932.[314]

31 December[edit]

List of shipwrecks: 31 December 1931
Ship Country Description
Danaos  Greece The cargo ship ran aground in the Paraná River, Argentina.[317] She was refloated on 10 January 1932.[318]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date December 1931
Ship Country Description
Liro  Estonia The cargo ship departed Hull, Yorkshire, United Kingdom for Tallinn.[319] She foundered in the Baltic Sea with the loss of all twenty people on board.[320] Wreckage from the ship washed up at Rybachy, Kaliningrad Oblast, Soviet Union on 30 December.[321]

Unknown date[edit]

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1931
Ship Country Description
Alacrity  Australia The tugboat was driven ashore and wrecked by a gale while anchored in Cockburn Sound, Western Australia.
Ernest Renan  French Navy The decommissioned armored cruiser was sunk as a target by ships and aircraft.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45710). London. 2 January 1931. col G, p. 18. 
  2. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45711). London. 3 January 1931. col G, p. 19. 
  3. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45713). London. 6 January 1931. col G, p. 21. 
  4. ^ "Motor-ship sunk by explosion". The Times (45713). London. 6 January 1931. col C, p. 11. 
  5. ^ "Norwegian motor vessel lost". The Times (45713). London. 6 January 1931. col G, p. 21. 
  6. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45718). London. 12 January 1931. col G, p. 18. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45725). London. 20 January 1931. col E, p. 17. 
  8. ^ "British steamer aground". The Times (45714). London. 7 January 1931. col E, p. 12. 
  9. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45714). London. 7 January 1931. col G, p. 12. 
  10. ^ "British steamer abandoned off Dungeness". The Times (45719). London. 13 January 1931. col D, p. 9. 
  11. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45739). London. 5 February 1931. col F, p. 17. 
  12. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45753). London. 21 February 1931. col G, p. 17. 
  13. ^ "News in Brief". The Times (46145). London. 28 May 1932. col G, p. 9. 
  14. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45715). London. 8 January 1931. col G, p. 20. 
  15. ^ "The Werdenfels refloated". The Times (45722). London. 16 January 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  16. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45719). London. 13 January 1931. col F, p. 17. 
  17. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45720). London. 14 January 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  18. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45745). London. 12 February 1931. col E, p. 17. 
  19. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45724). London. 19 January 1931. col G, p. 21. 
  20. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45727). London. 22 January 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  21. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45726). London. 21 January 1931. col E, p. 8. 
  22. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45728). London. 23 January 1931. col G, p. 24. 
  23. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45740). London. 6 February 1931. col G, p. 24. 
  24. ^ "Telegrams in Brief". The Times (45728). London. 23 January 1931. col G, p. 13. 
  25. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45731). London. 24 January 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  26. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45736). London. 2 February 1931. col G, p. 20. 
  27. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45732). London. 28 January 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  28. ^ "Reinsurance rates". The Times (45731). London. 27 January 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  29. ^ "Higher rate on the Enton". The Times (45735). London. 31 January 1931. col F, p. 21. 
  30. ^ "British ship ashore off New Caledonia". The Times (45732). London. 28 January 1931. col E, p. 11. 
  31. ^ "The Enton uninsurable". The Times (45736). London. 2 February 1931. col G, p. 20. 
  32. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45735). London. 31 January 1931. col E, p. 21. 
  33. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45737). London. 3 February 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  34. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45933). London. 21 September 1931. col C, p. 21. 
  35. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45741). London. 7 February 1931. col E, p. 21. 
  36. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45752). London. 20 February 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  37. ^ a b "Japanese steamers ashore". The Times (45741). London. 7 February 1931. col E, p. 21. 
  38. ^ "The wreck of the Chofuku Maru". The Times (45743). London. 10 February 1931. col F, p. 23. 
  39. ^ a b "Greek steamer lost". The Times (45752). London. 20 February 1931. col B, p. 24. 
  40. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45744). London. 11 February 1931. col F, p. 18. 
  41. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45746). London. 13 February 1931. col B, p. 24. 
  42. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45747). London. 14 February 1931. col F, p. 20. 
  43. ^ "British ship aground". The Times (45750). London. 18 February 1931. col E, p. 14. 
  44. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45754). London. 23 February 1931. col D, p. 21. 
  45. ^ "The Captain Rokos uninsurable". The Times (45753). London. 21 February 1931. col G, p. 17. 
  46. ^ a b c d e "Casualty reports". The Times (45757). London. 26 February 1931. col D, p. 23. 
  47. ^ "Irish schooner wrecked on sandbank". The Times (45757). London. 26 February 1931. col C, p. 9. 
  48. ^ "Steamer sunk off Land's End". The Times (45752). London. 20 February 1931. col C, p. 11. 
  49. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45756). London. 25 February 1931. col C, p. 26. 
  50. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45755). London. 24 February 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  51. ^ "Heavy weather damage". The Times (45755). London. 24 February 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  52. ^ "The Volos uninsurable". The Times (45773). London. 17 March 1931. col F, p. 24. 
  53. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45763). London. 5 March 1931. col F, p. 4. 
  54. ^ "Steamer ashore at Prawle Point". The Times (45757). London. 26 February 1931. col C, p. 9. 
  55. ^ "Crew of stranded steamer rescued". The Times (45758). London. 27 February 1931. col D, p. 16. 
  56. ^ a b "Two British steamers wrecked". The Times (45757). London. 26 February 1931. col D, p. 23. 
  57. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45831). London. 25 May 1931. col G, p. 16. 
  58. ^ "The Wellfield refloated". The Times (45816). London. 7 May 1931. col C, p. 24. 
  59. ^ "British steamer ashore". The Times (45768). London. 11 March 1931. col F, p. 5. 
  60. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45758). London. 27 February 1931. col C, p. 26. 
  61. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45760). London. 2 March 1931. col E, p. 21. 
  62. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45759). London. 28 February 1931. col D, p. 21. 
  63. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45761). London. 3 March 1931. col B, p. 25. 
  64. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45762). London. 4 March 1931. col A, p. 24. 
  65. ^ "News in Brief". The Times (45760). London. 2 March 1931. col G, p. 9. 
  66. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45764). London. 6 March 1931. col G, p. 4. 
  67. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45767). London. 10 March 1931. col C, p. 25. 
  68. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45765). London. 7 March 1931. col G, p. 18. 
  69. ^ a b http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/USCG_Cutter_Losses.asp
  70. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45766). London. 9 March 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  71. ^ "Towage of a floating dock". The Times (45847). London. 12 June 1931. col C, p. 27. 
  72. ^ "Brave rescue at sea". The Times (45798). London. 16 April 1931. col C, p. 11. 
  73. ^ "300 lives lost in burning ship". The Times (45770). London. 13 March 1931. col C, p. 14. 
  74. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45771). London. 14 March 1931. col F, p. 20. 
  75. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45772). London. 16 March 1931. col C, p. 20. 
  76. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45773). London. 17 March 1931. col F, p. 24. 
  77. ^ "The Andreas K. refloated". The Times (45779). London. 24 March 1931. col C, p. 27. 
  78. ^ a b "Two steamers lost". The Times (45776). London. 20 March 1931. col G, p. 21. 
  79. ^ a b "British motor-ship ashore". The Times (45783). London. 28 March 1931. col G, p. 6. 
  80. ^ "British steamer lost". The Times (45775). London. 19 March 1931. col C, p. 25. 
  81. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45775). London. 19 March 1931. col C, p. 25. 
  82. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45776). London. 20 March 1931. col G, p. 21. 
  83. ^ "British schooner lost". The Times (45777). London. 21 March 1931. col G, p. 6. 
  84. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45778). London. 23 March 1931. col C, p. 12. 
  85. ^ "Collision in the Channel". The Times (45778). London. 23 March 1931. col C, p. 12. 
  86. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45778). London. 23 March 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  87. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45779). London. 24 March 1931. col C, p. 27. 
  88. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45789). London. 6 April 1931. col G, p. 16. 
  89. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45792). London. 9 April 1931. col C, p. 23. 
  90. ^ "MANGANA". Clydesite. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  91. ^ "Italian steamer lost". The Times (45780). London. 25 March 1931. col F, p. 26. 
  92. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45781). London. 26 March 1931. col G, p. 24. 
  93. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45780). London. 25 March 1931. col F, p. 26. 
  94. ^ "British steamer lost". The Times (45784). London. 30 March 1931. col G, p. 19. 
  95. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45784). London. 30 March 1931. col G, p. 19. 
  96. ^ "Greek steamer wrecked". The Times (45785). London. 31 March 1931. col G, p. 26. 
  97. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45785). London. 31 March 1931. col G, p. 26. 
  98. ^ a b c d e "Casualty reports". The Times (45788). London. 4 April 1931. col G, p. 10. 
  99. ^ Hayward, Roger (1998). The Fleet Air Arm in Camera. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 0-7509-1979-5. 
  100. ^ "Valuable vessel wrecked". The Times (45788). London. 4 April 1931. col G, p. 19. 
  101. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45790). London. 7 April 1931. col E, p. 18. 
  102. ^ "British vessel rammed off U.S. coast". The Times (45789). London. 6 April 1931. col B, p. 9. 
  103. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45795). London. 13 April 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  104. ^ "News in Brief". The Times (45789). London. 6 April 1931. col G, p. 9. 
  105. ^ "The Sagona refloated". The Times (45793). London. 10 April 1931. col E, p. 6. 
  106. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45793). London. 10 April 1931. col D, p. 6. 
  107. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45802). London. 21 April 1931. col C, p. 24. 
  108. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45794). London. 11 April 1931. col F-G, p. 5. 
  109. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45796). London. 14 April 1931. col G, p. 23. 
  110. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45800). London. 18 April 1931. col C, p. 19. 
  111. ^ "British steamer overdue". The Times (45803). London. 22 April 1931. col G, p. 22. 
  112. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45804). London. 24 April 1931. col G, p. 23. 
  113. ^ "Rescue in the China Sea". The Times (45829). London. 22 May 1931. col A, p. 13. 
  114. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45807). London. 27 April 1931. col F, p. 22. 
  115. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45808). London. 28 April 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  116. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45809). London. 29 April 1931. col F, p. 26. 
  117. ^ "Swedish motor-vessel abandoned". The Times (45806). London. 29 April 1931. col F, p. 26. 
  118. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45813). London. 4 May 1931. col C, p. 24. 
  119. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45814). London. 5 May 1931. col F, p. 20. 
  120. ^ "Greek steamer ashore". The Times (45811). London. 1 May 1931. col E, p. 25. 
  121. ^ "The Nefeli refloated". The Times (45814). London. 5 May 1931. col F, p. 20. 
  122. ^ "Overdue vessel". The Times (45918). London. 3 September 1931. col G, p. 18. 
  123. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45816). London. 7 May 1931. col E, p. 11. 
  124. ^ "Salvage ship sunk off Sark". The Times (45817). London. 8 May 1931. col A, p. 18. 
  125. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45817). London. 8 May 1931. col F, p. 21. 
  126. ^ "Casualty Reports". The Times (45819). London. 11 May 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  127. ^ "Casualty Reports". The Times (45820). London. 12 May 1931. col D, p. 26. 
  128. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45819). London. 11 May 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  129. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45823). London. 15 May 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  130. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45822). London. 14 May 1931. col G, p. 24. 
  131. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45825). London. 18 May 1931. col C, p. 2. 
  132. ^ "Feared loss of Soviet submarine". The Times (45833). London. 27 May 1931. col D, p. 11. 
  133. ^ "Lost Soviet submarine". The Times (45834). London. 28 May 1931. col B, p. 11. 
  134. ^ "Russian & Soviet Peacetime Submarine Losses". Lostsubs. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  135. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45833). London. 27 May 1931. col G, p. 17. 
  136. ^ "Reinsurance rates". The Times (45849). London. 15 June 1931. col D, p. 21. 
  137. ^ "British steamer ashore". The Times (45854). London. 20 June 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  138. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45834). London. 28 May 1931. col G, p. 9. 
  139. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45835). London. 29 May 1931. col G, p. 25. 
  140. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45837). London. 1 June 1931. col C, p. 24. 
  141. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45838). London. 2 June 1931. col C, p. 26. 
  142. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45841). London. 5 June 1931. col C, p. 24. 
  143. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45842). London. 6 June 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  144. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45845). London. 10 June 1931. col C, p. 27. 
  145. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45844). London. 9 June 1931. col F, p. 20. 
  146. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45849). London. 15 June 1931. col D, p. 21. 
  147. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45862). London. 30 June 1931. col E, p. 8. 
  148. ^ "Telegrams in Brief". The Times (45849). London. 15 June 1931. col G, p. 11. 
  149. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45850). London. 16 June 1931. col E, p. 20. 
  150. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45903). London. 17 August 1931. col F, p. 17. 
  151. ^ "Fire in British liner". The Times (45852). London. 18 June 1931. col F, p. 14. 
  152. ^ "French motor vessel ashore". The Times (45853). London. 19 June 1931. col C, p. 25. 
  153. ^ "British motor-ship fire". The Times (45868). London. 7 July 1931. col F, p. 13. 
  154. ^ "Luxury liner on Fire". The Times (45985). London. 20 November 1931. col C, p. 14. 
  155. ^ "Contract for new liner". The Times (45996). London. 3 December 1931. col E, p. 12. 
  156. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45854). London. 20 June 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  157. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45857). London. 24 June 1931. col G, p. 21. 
  158. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45855). London. 22 June 1931. col B, p. 22. 
  159. ^ "Big New Brunswick fire". The Times (45856). London. 23 June 1931. col B, p. 15. 
  160. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45861). London. 29 June 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  161. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45881). London. 22 July 1931. col E, p. 17. 
  162. ^ "Italian steamer lost". The Times (45865). London. 3 July 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  163. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45865). London. 3 July 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  164. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45868). London. 7 July 1931. col F, p. 20. 
  165. ^ "The Alecos refloated". The Times (45869). London. 8 July 1931. col G, p. 23. 
  166. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45867). London. 6 July 1931. col G, p. 22. 
  167. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45869). London. 8 July 1931. col G, p. 23. 
  168. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45870). London. 9 July 1931. col E, p. 23. 
  169. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45871). London. 10 July 1931. col F, p. 25. 
  170. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45872). London. 11 July 1931. col C, p. 21. 
  171. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45879). London. 20 July 1931. col B, p. 21. 
  172. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45873). London. 13 July 1931. col G, p. 19. 
  173. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45877). London. 17 July 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  174. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45876). London. 16 July 1931. col E, p. 21. 
  175. ^ "News in Brief". The Times (45879). London. 20 July 1931. col G, p. 9. 
  176. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45880). London. 21 July 1931. col E, p. 23. 
  177. ^ "Japanese steamer ashore". The Times (45882). London. 23 July 1931. col E, p. 23. 
  178. ^ "Two vessels uninsurable". The Times (45888). London. 30 July 1931. col F, p. 17. 
  179. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45886). London. 28 July 1931. col F, p. 21. 
  180. ^ "The Pennsylvania uninsurable". The Times (45889). London. 31 July 1931. col C, p. 23. 
  181. ^ "River Boat Sinks, 12 Aboard Saved — Steamer Cowlitz Lost Near The Dalles", Morning Oregonian, Portland, OR, 70 (22,058), p. 1 col. 4, Jul 21, 1931 
  182. ^ Newell, Gordon R., ed. (1966). H.W. McCurdy Marine History of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, WA: Superior Pub. Co. pp. 290, 324, 404. LCCN 66025424. 
  183. ^ Marshall, Don (1984). Oregon Shipwrecks. Portland, OR: Binford and Mort Publishing. p. 205. ISBN 0-8323-0430-1. LCCN 84071477. 
  184. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45892). London. 4 August 1931. col C, p. 15. 
  185. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45895). London. 7 August 1931. col C, p. 19. 
  186. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45897). London. 10 August 1931. col C, p. 19. 
  187. ^ "The Kwong Sang wreck". The Times (45908). London. 22 August 1931. col F, p. 10. 
  188. ^ "Kwong Sang survivors rescued". The Times (45909). London. 24 August 1931. col C, p. 10. 
  189. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45899). London. 12 August 1931. col D, p. 19. 
  190. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45900). London. 13 August 1931. col C, p. 18. 
  191. ^ "The Wai-Shing refloated". The Times (45907). London. 21 August 1931. col C, p. 17. 
  192. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45901). London. 14 August 1931. col E, p. 15. 
  193. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45906). London. 20 August 1931. col G, p. 15. 
  194. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45902). London. 15 August 1931. col D, p. 17. 
  195. ^ "Chilean steamer stranded". The Times (45904). London. 18 August 1931. col D, p. 18. 
  196. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45927). London. 14 September 1931. col G, p. 20. 
  197. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45904). London. 18 August 1931. col D, p. 18. 
  198. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45916). London. 1 September 1931. col E, p. 6. 
  199. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45905). London. 17 August 1931. col G, p. 15. 
  200. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45908). London. 22 August 1931. col F-G, p. 5. 
  201. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45936). London. 23 September 1931. col G, p. 21. 
  202. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45910). London. 25 August 1931. col D, p. 20. 
  203. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45912). London. 27 August 1931. col C, p. 18. 
  204. ^ "Steamers in collision". The Times (45912). London. 27 August 1931. col B, p. 7. 
  205. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45913). London. 28 August 1931. col C, p. 19. 
  206. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45920). London. 5 September 1931. col G, p. 3. 
  207. ^ "Japanese steamer stranded". The Times (45913). London. 28 August 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  208. ^ "The Liverpool Maru refloated". The Times (45918). London. 3 September 1931. col F, p. 18. 
  209. ^ "The Evgenia Chandri uninsurable". The Times (45921). London. 7 September 1931. col E, p. 17. 
  210. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45918). London. 3 September 1931. col F, p. 18. 
  211. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45922). London. 8 September 1931. col G, p. 19. 
  212. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45943). London. 2 October 1931. col F-G, p. 5. 
  213. ^ "German motor vessel stranded". The Times (45920). London. 5 September 1931. col G, p. 3. 
  214. ^ a b "The Burgenland refloated". The Times (45932). London. 19 September 1931. col G, p. 15. 
  215. ^ "German steamer abandoned". The Times (45920). London. 5 September 1931. col C, p. 9. 
  216. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45921). London. 7 September 1931. col E, p. 17. 
  217. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45973). London. 6 November 1931. col E, p. 20. 
  218. ^ "Steamer sunk off Land's End". The Times (45920). London. 5 September 1931. col D, p. 10. 
  219. ^ "The loss of SS. Opal". The Times (45921). London. 7 September 1931. col C, p. 7. 
  220. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45928). London. 15 September 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  221. ^ "The North Devon refloated". The Times (45926). London. 12 September 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  222. ^ "U.S. liner wrecked". The Times (45928). London. 15 September 1931. col G, p. 11. 
  223. ^ "The Siangwo refloated". The Times (45933). London. 21 September 1931. col C, p. 21. 
  224. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45930). London. 17 September 1931. col G, p. 4. 
  225. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45932). London. 19 September 1931. col G, p. 15. 
  226. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45937). London. 25 September 1931. col F, p. 8. 
  227. ^ "1923–1939". St. Ives Trust. Retrieved 16 March 2008. 
  228. ^ "Steamer aground in Cornwall". The Times (45933). London. 21 September 1931. col B, p. 7. 
  229. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45941). London. 30 September 1931. col F, p. 16. 
  230. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45938). London. 28 September 1931. col B, p. 23. 
  231. ^ "Italian steamer ashore". The Times (45940). London. 29 September 1931. col C, p. 24. 
  232. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45952). London. 13 October 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  233. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45953). London. 14 October 1931. col G, p. 22. 
  234. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (447). London. 7 October 1931. col D, p. 23. 
  235. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45944). London. 3 October 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  236. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45950). London. 10 October 1931. col D, p. 21. 
  237. ^ a b "Dutch steamer stranded". The Times (45945). London. 5 October 1931. col C, p. 25. 
  238. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45946). London. 6 October 1931. col C, p. 18. 
  239. ^ "French steamer ashore". The Times (45947). London. 7 October 1931. col D, p. 23. 
  240. ^ "The Henri Mory uninsurable". The Times (45949). London. 9 October 1931. col E, p. 17. 
  241. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45954). London. 15 October 1931. col E, p. 23. 
  242. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45960). London. 22 October 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  243. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45956). London. 17 October 1931. col C, p. 21. 
  244. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45965). London. 28 October 1931. col F, p. 20. 
  245. ^ "German steamer ashore". The Times (45956). London. 17 October 1931. col C, p. 21. 
  246. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45962). London. 24 October 1931. col C, p. 19. 
  247. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45958). London. 20 October 1931. col E, p. 24. 
  248. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45963). London. 26 October 1931. col F, p. 20. 
  249. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45959). London. 21 October 1931. col F, p. 24. 
  250. ^ "Chilean steamer beached". The Times (45960). London. 22 October 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  251. ^ "Two steamers refloated". The Times (45964). London. 27 October 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  252. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45961). London. 23 October 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  253. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45964). London. 27 October 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  254. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45966). London. 29 October 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  255. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45975). London. 9 November 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  256. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45969). London. 2 November 1931. col B, p. 23. 
  257. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45970). London. 3 November 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  258. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45972). London. 5 November 1931. col F, p. 21. 
  259. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45974). London. 7 November 1931. col D, p. 19. 
  260. ^ Leonard, Alan (2008). "Profiting from Shipwrecks". Picture Postcard Annual: 14–16. 
  261. ^ Larn, R; Larn B (1991). Around Mounts Bay. Penryn: Tor Mark Press. ISBN 0 85025 326 8. 
  262. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45981). London. 16 November 1931. col C, p. 23. 
  263. ^ "Cargo steamer on the Goodwins". The Times (45974). London. 7 November 1931. col A, p. 12. 
  264. ^ "The Hybert refloated". The Times (45976). London. 10 November 1931. col E. 
  265. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45980). London. 14 November 1931. col G, p. 17. 
  266. ^ a b "Vessels in distress". The Times (45978). London. 12 November 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  267. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45978). London. 12 November 1931. col E, p. 19. 
  268. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45979). London. 13 November 1931. col E, p. 9. 
  269. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45985). London. 20 November 1931. col E, p. 24. 
  270. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45982). London. 17 November 1931. col E, p. 24. 
  271. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45983). London. 18 November 1931. col F, p. 21. 
  272. ^ "No. 33955". The London Gazette. 30 June 1933. p. 4380. 
  273. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45984). London. 19 November 1931. col G, p. 21. 
  274. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45988). London. 24 November 1931. col B, p. 20. 
  275. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (459). London. November 1931. 
  276. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (45989). London. 25 November 1931. col C, p. 22. 
  277. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45993). London. 30 November 1931. col D, p. 23. 
  278. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45986). London. 21 November 1931. col C, p. 21. 
  279. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45987). London. 23 November 1931. col B, p. 21. 
  280. ^ "The Baron Glenconner refloated". The Times (45992). London. 28 November 1931. col G, p. 15. 
  281. ^ "Greek steamer beached". The Times (45988). London. 24 November 1931. col G, p. 20. 
  282. ^ "The Michael L. Embiricos refloated". The Times (45993). London. 20 November 1931. col D, p. 23. 
  283. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45991). London. 27 November 1931. col G, p. 17. 
  284. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45990). London. 26 November 1931. col G, p. 22. 
  285. ^ a b c d "Casualty reports". The Times (45999). London. 7 December 1931. col C, p. 23. 
  286. ^ Patton, Brian (2007). Irish Sea Shipping. Kettering: Silver Link Publications. pp. 178–84. ISBN 978 1 85794 271 2. 
  287. ^ a b "British steamer ashore". The Times (46012). London. 22 December 1931. col G, p. 19. 
  288. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45994). London. 1 December 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  289. ^ "Fire in the Alameda". The Times (45994). London. 1 December 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  290. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (45995). London. 2 December 1931. col E, p. 18. 
  291. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (46000). London. 8 December 1931. col C, p. 24. 
  292. ^ Ramsey Courier 4 December 1931. page 5
  293. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (45998). London. 5 December 1931. col C, p. 19. 
  294. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (46003). London. 11 December 1931. col G, p. 23. 
  295. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (46001). London. 9 December 1931. col G, p. 4. 
  296. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (46014). London. 24 December 1931. col C, p. 23. 
  297. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46002). London. 10 December 1931. col C, p. 24. 
  298. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46005). London. 14 December 1931. col E, p. 23. 
  299. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (4607). London. 16 December 1931. col C, p. 23. 
  300. ^ "Italian naval vessel sunk". The Times (46006). London. 15 December 1931. col E, p. 11. 
  301. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (46006). London. 15 December 1931. col F, p. 22. 
  302. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46012). London. 22 December 1931. col F, p. 19. 
  303. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (46008). London. 17 December 1931. col E, p. 22. 
  304. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (46011). London. 21 December 1931. col G, p. 16. 
  305. ^ Board of Trade (11 March 1932). "Stranding of steamship "Newton Elm."" (PDF). His Majestey's Stationery Office. Retrieved 4 July 2012. 
  306. ^ a b c d e f "Casualty reports". The Times (46015). London. 28 December 1931. col C, p. 19. 
  307. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46013). London. 23 December 1931. col F, p. 17. 
  308. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46042). London. 28 January 1932. col B, p. 19. 
  309. ^ "A Baltic rescue". The Times (46020). London. 2 January 1932. col C, p. 9. 
  310. ^ "The Mariongoula refloated". The Times (46021). London. 4 January 1932. col G, p. 19. 
  311. ^ a b c "Casualty reports". The Times (46017). London. 30 December 1931. col D, p. 17. 
  312. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46024). London. 7 January 1932. col C, p. 15. 
  313. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46016). London. 29 December 1931. col C, p. 17. 
  314. ^ a b "Casualty reports". The Times (46023). London. 6 January 1932. col C, p. 18. 
  315. ^ "Wreck off Helsingfors". The Times (46017). London. 30 December 1931. col E, p. 7. 
  316. ^ "Thames collision at night". The Times (46016). London. 29 December 1931. col G, p. 8. 
  317. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46019). London. 1 January 1932. col E-F, p. 4. 
  318. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46028). London. 12 January 1932. col D, p. 20. 
  319. ^ "Overdue vessel". The Times (46015). London. 28 December 1931. col C, p. 19. 
  320. ^ "News in Brief". The Times (46018). London. 31 December 1931. col G, p. 9. 
  321. ^ "Casualty reports". The Times (46018). London. 31 December 1931. col F, p. 16. 
Ship events in 1931
Ship launches: 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936
Ship commissionings: 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936
Ship decommissionings: 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936
Shipwrecks: 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936