Millstone, New Jersey

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Millstone, New Jersey
Borough of Millstone
John Van Doren House
John Van Doren House
Map of Millstone in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Millstone in Somerset County. Inset: Location of Somerset County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Millstone, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Millstone, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°29′59″N 74°35′45″W / 40.499817°N 74.595876°W / 40.499817; -74.595876Coordinates: 40°29′59″N 74°35′45″W / 40.499817°N 74.595876°W / 40.499817; -74.595876[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountySomerset
IncorporatedMay 14, 1894
Government
 • TypeBorough
 • BodyBorough Council
 • MayorRaymond Heck (Democratic Party, term ends December 31, 2018)[3][4]
 • Municipal clerkGregory Bonin[5]
Area
 • Total0.760 sq mi (1.969 km2)
 • Land0.738 sq mi (1.911 km2)
 • Water0.022 sq mi (0.058 km2)  2.95%
Area rank525th of 566 in state
19th of 21 in county[1]
Elevation56 ft (17 m)
Population
 • Total418
 • Estimate 
(2016)[11]
420
 • Rank558th of 566 in state
21st of 21 in county[12]
 • Density566.5/sq mi (218.7/km2)
 • Density rank434th of 566 in state
18th of 21 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP code
08844[13]
Area code(s)732 and 908[14]
FIPS code3403546590[1][15][16]
GNIS feature ID0885302[1][17]
Websitewww.millstoneboro.org

Millstone is a borough in Somerset County, New Jersey, United States. It was originally known as Somerset Courthouse and was the county seat. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 418,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 8 (+2.0%) from the 410 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 40 (-8.9%) from the 450 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Millstone was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 14, 1894, from portions of Hillsborough Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. The borough was reincorporated on March 12, 1928.[19] The borough was named for the Millstone River, whose name derives from an incident in which a millstone was dropped into it.[20][21][22]

Millstone Borough was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976 and encompasses 58 buildings. The borough possesses a military significance for 1700–1749, 1750–1799, 1850–1874.[23]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Millstone as its 7th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[24]

History[edit]

Millstone, then called Somerset Courthouse, was the county seat of Somerset County from 1738 until the British burned it to the ground in 1779 during the American Revolutionary War.[25] After the victory at Princeton on January 3, 1777, General George Washington headquartered at the Van Doren house, while the army camped nearby that night. The next day, they marched to Pluckemin on the way to their winter encampment at Morristown.[26][27]

Millstone was briefly connected to the Pennsylvania Railroad when the Mercer and Somerset Railway was extended to the town in the 1870s and connected via a bridge across the Millstone River to the Pennsylvania Railroad's Millstone and New Brunswick Railroad, but that arrangement did not last into the 1880s. Remnants of the railroad bridge can still be seen.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.760 square miles (1.969 km2), including 0.738 square miles (1.911 km2) of land and 0.022 square miles (0.058 km2) of water (2.95%).[1][2]

The borough borders Franklin Township and Hillsborough Township.[28]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900200
1910157−21.5%
192017813.4%
19301875.1%
194025234.8%
195028914.7%
196040941.5%
197063054.0%
1980530−15.9%
1990450−15.1%
2000410−8.9%
20104182.0%
Est. 2016420[11][29]0.5%
Population sources: 1900-1920[30]
1900-1910[31] 1910-1930[32]
1930-1990[33] 2000[34][35] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 418 people, 162 households, and 117.9 families residing in the borough. The population density was 566.5 per square mile (218.7/km2). There were 167 housing units at an average density of 226.3 per square mile (87.4/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.69% (400) White, 1.20% (5) Black or African American, 0.00% (0) Native American, 1.67% (7) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.96% (4) from other races, and 0.48% (2) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.59% (15) of the population.[8]

There were 162 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.[8]

In the borough, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.8 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 86.5 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $97,500 (with a margin of error of +/- $18,039) and the median family income was $102,708 (+/- $20,734). Males had a median income of $73,250 (+/- $8,715) versus $50,625 (+/- $15,872) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,678 (+/- $5,017). About 0.0% of families and 0.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.0% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 410 people, 169 households, and 126 families residing in the borough. The population density was 547.1 people per square mile (211.1/km2). There were 173 housing units at an average density of 230.9 per square mile (89.1/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.56% White, 0.98% African American, 0.98% Asian, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.17% of the population.[34][35]

There were 169 households out of which 25.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 18.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.79.[34][35]

In the borough the population was spread out with 19.3% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 34.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the borough was $76,353, and the median income for a family was $83,118. Males had a median income of $60,156 versus $36,406 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,694. About 3.1% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Millstone is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Millstone, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[37][38]

As of 2016, the Mayor of Millstone Borough is Democrat Raymond Heck, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Members of the Millstone Borough Council are Council President Scott J. Ross (R, 2017), Sal Ciurleo (D, 2016), Merry Emmich (R, 2018), Alan Kidd (R, 2017), Denene Smerdon (R, 2016) and Johnathan Stashek (D, 2018).[3][39][40][41][42][43]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Millstone is located in the 7th Congressional District[44] and is part of New Jersey's 16th state legislative district.[9][45][46] Prior to the 2010 Census, Millstone had been part of the 4th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[47]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[48] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[49] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).[50][51]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 16th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Christopher Bateman (R, Branchburg) and in the General Assembly by Andrew Zwicker (D, South Brunswick) and Roy Freiman (D, Hillsborough Township).[52][53] The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township).[54] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).[55]

Somerset County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and Deputy Director from among its members.[56] As of 2018, Somerset County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Patrick Scaglione (R, Bridgewater Township, term as freeholder and as freeholder director ends December 31, 2018),[57] Freeholder Deputy Director Brian D. Levine (R, Franklin Township, term as freeholder ends 2020; term as freeholder deputy director ends 2018),[58] Mark Caliguire (R, Skillman in Montgomery Township, 2018),[59] Brian G. Gallagher (R, Somerville, 2020)[60] and Patricia L. Walsh (R, Green Brook Township, 2019).[61][62] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Steve Peter (D, Somerville, 2022),[63] Sheriff Frank J. Provenzano (R, Raritan, 2019)[64] and Surrogate Frank Bruno (R, Branchburg, 2020).[65]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 309 registered voters in Millstone, of which 107 (34.6% vs. 26.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 85 (27.5% vs. 25.7%) were registered as Republicans and 117 (37.9% vs. 48.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[66] Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 73.9% (vs. 60.4% in Somerset County) were registered to vote, including 96.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 80.4% countywide).[66][67]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 49.8% of the vote (119 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 49.4% (118 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (2 votes), among the 240 ballots cast by the borough's 325 registered voters (1 ballot was spoiled), for a turnout of 73.8%.[68][69] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 143 votes (57.0% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 104 votes (41.4% vs. 52.1%) and other candidates with 2 votes (0.8% vs. 1.1%), among the 251 ballots cast by the borough's 309 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.2% (vs. 78.7% in Somerset County).[70] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 130 votes (50.6% vs. 51.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 123 votes (47.9% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 2 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 257 ballots cast by the borough's 304 registered voters, for a turnout of 84.5% (vs. 81.7% in the whole county).[71]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 61.0% of the vote (97 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 35.2% (56 votes), and other candidates with 3.8% (6 votes), among the 159 ballots cast by the borough's 320 registered voters for a turnout of 49.7%.[72][73] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 100 votes (54.6% vs. 55.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 62 votes (33.9% vs. 34.1%), Independent Chris Daggett with 18 votes (9.8% vs. 8.7%) and other candidates with 1 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 183 ballots cast by the borough's 303 registered voters, yielding a 60.4% turnout (vs. 52.5% in the county).[74]

Education[edit]

Several classical schools operated in the Millstone area. Queens College was relocated to Millstone in 1780 during the war. In 1814, a two-story building called the Academy was established as a co-ed public school on the lot owned by Daniel Disborough.[75][76] In 1860, the school was relocated to a newly constructed building later to be known as the Millstone Borough Schoolhouse, which then operated until 1940, after which it was known as Millstone Borough Hall.[77][76][78] Another classical school focusing on Latin started in 1826 at the home of Dominie Zabriskie.[76] Joseph P. Bradley, who would later become a U.S. Supreme Court Justice, also taught at a classical school in Millstone after graduating at Rutgers in 1836 and before attending law school where he was barred in 1839.[75][79][80][81]

There are no public schools currently operating in Millstone Borough; students attend public school in the Hillsborough Township School District, in Hillsborough Township as part of a sending/receiving relationship.[82][83]

Transportation[edit]

CR 514 in Millstone, the main road through the boro

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 4.41 miles (7.10 km) of roadways, of which 4.01 miles (6.45 km) were maintained by the municipality and 0.40 miles (0.64 km) by Somerset County.[84]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Millstone include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Borough Council, Borough of Millstone. Accessed August 1, 2016.
  4. ^ 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
  5. ^ Borough Staff, Millstone Borough. Accessed August 1, 2016.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 77.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Millstone, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Millstone borough, Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 13, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Millstone borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 13, 2013.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Millstone, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 28, 2013. Both 08510 and 08535 are listed in the search, which are ZIP Codes assigned to Millstone Township.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Millstone, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
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  20. ^ The History of Township of Millstone, New Jersey, Township of Millstone. Accessed September 7, 2015. "Our town is named after the Millstone River that originates in the Township. The river was first named by the Lenape Indians as the Mattawong and later renamed by early settlers as Millstone River."
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  28. ^ Areas touching Millstone, MapIt. Accessed February 2, 2015.
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External links[edit]