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Available structures
PDBHuman UniProt search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesCHRNA9, HSA243342, NACHRA9, cholinergic receptor nicotinic alpha 9 subunit
External IDsMGI: 1202403 HomoloGene: 9729 GeneCards: CHRNA9
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 4 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 4 (human)[1]
Chromosome 4 (human)
Genomic location for CHRNA9
Genomic location for CHRNA9
Band4p14Start40,335,329 bp[1]
End40,355,217 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CHRNA9 221107 at fs.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)Chr 4: 40.34 – 40.36 MbChr 5: 65.93 – 65.98 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-9, also known as nAChRα9, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CHRNA9 gene.[5] The protein encoded by this gene is a subunit of certain nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAchR).

This gene is a member of the ligand-gated ionic channel family and nicotinic acetylcholine receptor gene superfamily. It encodes a plasma membrane protein that forms homo- or hetero-oligomeric divalent cation channels. This protein is involved in cochlea hair cell function and is expressed in both the inner and outer hair cells (OHCs) of the adult cochlea, although expression levels in adult inner hair cells is low. The activation of the alpha9/10 nAChR is via olivocochlear activity, represented by cholinergic efferent synaptic terminals originating from the superior olive region of the brainstem. The protein is additionally expressed in keratinocytes, the pituitary gland, B-cells and T-cells.[5]

Selective block of α9α10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors by the conotoxin RgIA has been shown to be analgesic in an animal model of nerve injury pain.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000174343 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000029205 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CHRNA9 cholinergic receptor, nicotinic, alpha 9".
  6. ^ Vincler M, Wittenauer S, Parker R, Ellison M, Olivera BM, McIntosh JM (November 2006). "Molecular mechanism for analgesia involving specific antagonism of α9α10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103 (47): 17880–4. doi:10.1073/pnas.0608715103. PMC 1635975. PMID 17101979.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.