New Beckenham railway station

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New Beckenham National Rail
New Beckenham Railway Station - geograph.org.uk - 1581959.jpg
New Beckenham is located in Greater London
New Beckenham
New Beckenham
Location of New Beckenham in Greater London
LocationNew Beckenham
Local authorityBromley
Managed bySoutheastern
Station codeNBC
DfT categoryE
Number of platforms2
AccessibleYes[1]
Fare zone4
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 0.815 million[2]
2014–15Increase 0.817 million[2]
2015–16Decrease 0.799 million[2]
2016–17Decrease 0.788 million[2]
2017–18Decrease 0.747 million[2]
Railway companies
Original companyMid-Kent Railway
Pre-groupingSouth Eastern and Chatham Railway
Post-groupingSouthern Railway
Key dates
1 April 1864Opened
1866Resited north
Other information
External links
WGS8451°24′59″N 0°02′05″W / 51.4164°N 0.0348°W / 51.4164; -0.0348Coordinates: 51°24′59″N 0°02′05″W / 51.4164°N 0.0348°W / 51.4164; -0.0348
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

New Beckenham railway station serves Beckenham in the London Borough of Bromley in south-east London, in Travelcard Zone 4. It is 9 miles 44 chains (15.4 km) measured from London Charing Cross.

The station and all trains serving it are operated by Southeastern.

History[edit]

Early years (1857–1922)[edit]

The Mid-Kent line was built by the Mid-Kent and North Kent Junction Railway (MK&NKJR), and was opened as far as Beckenham Junction on 1 January 1857 (although at that time it was not technically a junction, for the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway’s line did not open until 3 May 1858).

From its opening the line was worked by the South Eastern Railway (SER).

Seven years later, the MK&NKJR built an extension from a new junction station at New Beckenham to Croydon (Addiscombe Road), which again was operated by the SER. This first short-lived station was located immediately south of the junction and may have had platforms on the 1857 and 1864 lines. Two years later, in October 1866, the current station built just north of the junction was opened.[3][4]

New spacious villas were laid out on the Cator estate between 1870 and 1880, attracting new business to the railway.

The Elmers EndHayes section was built by the West Wickham & Hayes Railway, but was sold to the South Eastern Railway on opening day, 29 May 1882.[Note 1]

Almost all services from the station have terminated at Charing Cross or Cannon Street stations; however, between 1880 and 1884 a service worked from Addiscombe Road calling at all stations to New Cross, and then via a connection to the East London Line, terminating at Liverpool Street.[5]

The South Eastern Railway and its bitter rival the London, Chatham and Dover Railway agreed in 1898 to work as one railway company, under the name of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway, and New Beckenham became an SECR station.

The station was rebuilt in 1904. At this time a middle road was laid, level crossings were replaced by road bridges, and a tiled subway and a new 50-lever signal box were provided. At this time there were, as well as through workings, services that terminated or attached to other London-bound trains at New Beckenham. The short link to Beckenham Junction was also served by a shuttle service from New Beckenham.[6][7]

Southern Railway (1923–1947)[edit]

Following the Railways Act 1921 (also known as the Grouping Act), New Beckenham became a Southern Railway station on 1 January 1923.

The Mid-Kent line was electrified with the 750 V DC third rail system, and electric services commenced on 28 February 1926. Early electric services were worked by early Southern Railway 3-car Electric Multiple Unit trains, often built from old SECR carriages.

The middle road was removed in 1929.[8]

British Railways (1948–1994)[edit]

After the Second World War and following nationalisation on 1 January 1948, the station fell under the auspices of British Railways Southern Region.

Colour light signalling was introduced between Ladywell and New Beckenham on 4 April 1971, with signalling being controlled by the signal box at New Beckenham. Semaphore signalling remained to the south of the station until 28 September 1975, when the control of the signalling was transferred to London Bridge signalling centre, and New Beckenham signal box (a two-storey structure located at the end of the down platform) was closed.[9][10]

Upon sectorisation in 1982, two passenger sectors were created: InterCity, operating principal express services; and London & South East (renamed Network SouthEast in 1986) which operated commuter services in the London area.[11]

The spur between New Beckenham and Beckenham Junction (the original 1857 route) was reduced to single track in 1987, with a stabling siding replacing the lifted line. Regular services had not been run over the line for many years, but in the 1990s a Cannon Street-Lewisham-New Beckenham-Bromley South-Orpington service briefly operated.[12]

The privatisation era (1994–present day)[edit]

Following privatisation of British Rail on 1 April 1994, the infrastructure at New Beckenham station became the responsibility of Railtrack, while a business unit operated the train services. On 13 October 1996, operation of the passenger services passed to Connex South Eastern which was originally due to run the franchise until 2011.

Following a number of accidents and financial issues, Railtrack plc was sold on 3 October 2002 to Network Rail, which became responsible for the infrastructure.[13][14]

The Strategic Rail Authority decided on 27 June 2003 to strip Connex of the franchise, citing poor financial management, and to run the franchise itself.[15][16] Connex South Eastern continued to operate the franchise until 8 November 2003, with the services transferring to the Strategic Rail Authority's South Eastern Trains subsidiary the following day.

On 30 November 2005, the Department for Transport awarded Govia the Integrated Kent franchise. The services operated by South Eastern Trains transferred to Southeastern on 1 April 2006.

Services[edit]

1912[edit]

In 1912, the daily down services to New Beckenham consisted of:[17]

From To Route Number per day Notes
Charing Cross Beckenham Junction or Addiscombe via Cannon Street & London Bridge 10 Train splits at New Beckenham
Charing Cross Addiscombe via Cannon Street and London Bridge 2
Charing Cross Addiscombe via London Bridge 2
Charing Cross Beckenham Junction via London Bridge 2
Charing Cross Addiscombe/Beckenham Junction & Orpington via London Bridge 1 Train splits at New Beckenham
Cannon Street Beckenham Junction & Orpington via London Bridge 12
Cannon Street Addiscombe via London Bridge 4
Cannon Street Beckenham Junction via London Bridge 3
Cannon Street Selsdon via London Bridge 1
Cannon Street Edenbridge via London Bridge 1
St Pauls (Blackfriars) Beckenham Junction via London Bridge 1 Terminates

2016[edit]

The typical off-peak train service per hour was:[18]

On Sundays, there is a half-hourly service to Cannon Street & Hayes.

A 1908 Railway Clearing House map of part of the Hayes Line, between Lower Sydenham and Elmers End, including New Beckenham (bottom centre)
Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Lower Sydenham   Southeastern
Hayes Line
  Clock House
  Southeastern
Limited Service
  Beckenham Junction

Layout[edit]

Side Platform Platform 1
Southeastern towards Charing Cross, Cannon Street
Southeastern towards Hayes
Side Platform Platform 2

Connections[edit]

London Buses route 352 serves the station.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The current Hayes service (2016) which serves the station uses the 1857 line to New Beckenham, the 1864 line to Elmers End and the 1882 line to Hayes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "London and South East" (PDF). National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. pp. 37–40.
  4. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 168. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508.
  5. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1996). East London Line. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. p. 5. ISBN 1 873793 80 4.
  6. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (September 1993). London Bridge to Addiscombe. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. p. 56. ISBN 1 873793 20 0.
  7. ^ Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. p. 45.
  8. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (September 1993). London Bridge to Addiscombe. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. p. 55. ISBN 1 873793 20 0.
  9. ^ Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. pp. 47, 48.
  10. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (September 1993). London Bridge to Addiscombe. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. pp. 56–58. ISBN 1 873793 20 0.
  11. ^ Thomas, David St John; Whitehouse, Patrick (1990). BR in the Eighties. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-9854-7.
  12. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (September 1993). London Bridge to Addiscombe. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. p. 58. ISBN 1 873793 20 0.
  13. ^ Network Rail closer to Railtrack takeover BBC News, 1 April 2016
  14. ^ "Accounting for Producer Needs: The case of Britain's rail infrastructure" (PDF). Centre for Management and Organisational History. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  15. ^ "BBC NEWS - UK - England - Train firm loses franchise". BBC News. 27 June 2003. Retrieved 1 April 2016.
  16. ^ Basher Bowker pulls the plug on Connex The Telegraph 29 June 2003
  17. ^ Jackson, Alan A (1999). London's Local Railways (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport Publishing. p. 46.
  18. ^ Table 203 National Rail timetable, May 2016

External links[edit]