New Cross railway station
This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011)
|Local authority||London Borough of Lewisham|
|Number of platforms||4|
|OSI||New Cross Gate |
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|– interchange||0.766 million|
|– interchange||0.840 million|
|– interchange||0.827 million|
|October 1850||East London Line opened|
|22 December 2007||London Underground services discontinued|
|27 April 2010||East London Line reopened|
|London transport portal|
New Cross railway station serves New Cross in south-east London, England. It is 4 miles 68 chains (7.8 km) down the line from London Charing Cross and is in London fare zone 2. The platforms are lettered rather than numbered to avoid confusion with those at New Cross Gate by staff who worked at both stations before privatisation of the stations in 1997. Platform D is used exclusively by London Overground services. Ticket barriers control access to all platforms.
On 14 October 1844 a large fire that broke out in a paint shop destroyed carriage and engine sheds and workshops adjacent to the station. The fire was witnessed by Louis Philippe I, King of France who was travelling from the station to Dover.
On 30 July 1849 the South Eastern Railway (SER) opened a station at North Kent Junction when the North Kent line opened linking Strood with the London and Greenwich Railway route to London Bridge. This station proved inconvenient so a new station called New Cross & Naval School was opened by the SER in October 1850 located adjacent to the New Cross Road in the heart of New Cross. In 1854 the station was renamed New Cross. Accordingly, both the South Eastern Railway (SER) and the London Brighton & South Coast Railway had stations named New Cross which caused confusion until the two companies were absorbed under the 1923 grouping into the Southern Railway and the name of the older station was changed to New Cross Gate; the ex-South Eastern station remained New Cross.
On 7 December 1869 the East London Line opened serving the LBSCR New Cross station but it was not until 1 April 1880 that services (which started at Addiscombe and worked through to Liverpool Street) started operation via New Cross SER. Freight trains also operated via the East London Line and were hauled by Great Eastern Railway locomotives through to Hither Green Goods Yards. From 30 June 1911 East London Line passenger services south of New Cross ceased.
After World War II and following nationalisation on 1 January 1948, the station was part of British Railways Southern Region.
The East London Line was closed to goods traffic in 1962.
In the 1950s and 1960s, London Underground planned a new line connecting north-west and south-east London. Approval for the first stage of the Fleet line (renamed the Jubilee line in 1975) to Charing Cross was granted in 1969, with second and third stages approved in 1971 and 1972. New Cross station was to be the penultimate station of phase 3 running to Lewisham. Southbound trains were to serve one of the existing platforms and northbound trains would have served a new platform in tunnel beneath the station. Although phases 2 and 3 were not carried out due to a lack of funds, a 200-yard (180 m) section of the northbound tunnel was constructed near New Cross in 1972 to test new tunnelling techniques.
The station was rebuilt in the 1970s and the original station buildings on the road bridge were replaced in 1975 by a wooden building which opened in Amersham Vale. Platforms on the down and up fast lines were closed and demolished and a new track layout was introduced at this time in connection with the wider London Bridge re-signaling scheme.
In 1985, the present buildings in Amersham Vale opened.
Until 22 December 2007 London Underground used to serve this station as the southern terminus to their East London Line. This closed for major engineering work to convert the East London Line to standard 750 V third rail electrification. The line reopened on 27 April 2010 with services now operated by London Overground using Class 378 Capitalstar units.
A 6 siding carriage shed was located just north of the station. Built by the East London Railway the shed was leased by the Metropolitan Railway and continued in service until the line closed in 2007. When the line re-opened the new Capitalstar units were maintained at a new depot at New Cross Gate.
- 8 northbound to Cannon Street
- 4 northbound to Dalston Junction (1 train per day to Highbury & Islington)
- 2 southbound to Hayes
- 4 southbound to Cannon Street via Sidcup, or via Bexleyheath and then returning via Greenwich
- 2 southbound to Orpington, calling at all stations
- Platform A is used by Southeastern trains to London Cannon Street
- Platform B is a bi-directional platform used by Southeastern trains to London Cannon Street, Dartford, Hayes, Orpington etc.
- Platform C is used by Southeastern trains to Dartford, Gravesend (evenings and Sunday), Hayes or Orpington
- Platform D is used by London Overground trains to Dalston Junction or Highbury & Islington
- The Spa Road Junction rail crash occurred outside the station on 8 January 1999.
- "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2021.
- "Out of Station Interchanges" (XLSX). Transport for London. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 5 November 2020.
- "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- "Destructive Fire at New Cross Railway Station". Illustrated London News. 19 October 1844. p. 253. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
- Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley
- Londons Disused Stations Volume 4 by J.E.Connor
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1996). East London Line. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. p. 5. ISBN 1 873793 80 4.
- Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. pp. 28–34. ISBN 1-85414-220-8.
- Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. p. 36. ISBN 1-85414-220-8.
- Horne, Mike (2000). The Jubilee Line. Capital Transport. p. 37. ISBN 1-85414-220-8.
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1996). East London Line. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. p. 60. ISBN 1 873793 80 4.
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1996). East London Line. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. p. 64. ISBN 1 873793 80 4.
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1996). East London Line. Midhurst, UK: Middleton Press. p. 65. ISBN 1 873793 80 4.
- Table 178, 200, 203 & 204 National Rail timetable, May 2016
- "New Cross (Zone 2)". TfL. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to New Cross railway station.|
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
South Eastern Main Line
Dartford Loop Line
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
|East London Line|
New Cross Branch
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|East London line|
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
Phase 3 (never constructed)