Next Croatian presidential election

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Next Croatian presidential election

← 2014–15 by 20 January 2020
(1st round)
by 3 February 2020
(2nd round, if necessary)
2025 →

President before election

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Independent[a]

Elected President

TBD

President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović will be eligible to seek re-election. Her term will expire on 18 February 2020.
Coat of arms
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Croatia
Constitution

The next elections for the President of Croatia are due to take place by direct popular vote on a date between 21 December 2019 and 20 January 2020, with a second round (if necessary) to take place on a date between 4 January 2020 and 3 February 2020 between the two candidates with the largest number of votes in the first round. Namely, the Constitution of Croatia states that a presidential election must be held no more than 60 days and no less than 30 days before the expiration of the incumbent president's term.[1] They will be the seventh presidential elections since the first direct ones were held in 1992.

Background[edit]

The incumbent President of Croatia, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, took office on 19 February 2015 and her term is due to end on 18 February 2020.[2] If Grabar-Kitarović serves out her term in full until that date, the new presidential term will begin on 19 February 2020 and will be due to end on 18 February 2025. However, if she were to permanently vacate the office before the end of her current term (due to death, resignation or removal from office by impeachment), the Speaker of the Croatian Parliament, currently Gordan Jandroković, would assume the powers and duties of the presidency as Acting President of the Republic, while an early election would have to take place no later than 60 days from the date of the vacancy occurring (as per Article 97 of the Constitution).[1]

President Grabar-Kitarović will be eligible for re-election to a second (and final) five-year term in this election. Furthermore, Ivo Josipović, her predecessor as president, is also eligible to run for re-election to a second and final term because he lost the 2015 elections after serving only one term from 2010 until 2015. If Grabar-Kitarović were to contest the elections and be defeated or if she were to choose not to run at all, the winner would be sworn in as the fifth President of Croatia since country's independence on 25 June 1991.

Electoral system[edit]

The President of Croatia is directly elected by secret ballot to a term of 5 years using a two-round system. The Constitution of Croatia requires that a presidential election be held no sooner than 60 days and no later than 30 days before the expiration of the incumbent president's term. An absolute majority (50% + 1 vote) of all votes cast (including invalid and blank ballots) is required to win in the first round. If no candidate acquires such a majority, a second round is to be held in 14 days time, with the two candidates with the highest number of votes in the first round taking part. The candidate who acquires the highest number of votes in the second round (a majority of valid cast votes) is declared the winner. If one of the candidates who has won a high enough number of votes to take part in the second round were to abandon his candidacy or die, the candidate with the next highest number of votes in the first round will earn the right to take part in the second round. Furthermore, Croatian presidents may serve a maximum of two 5-year terms in their lifetime (a total of 10 years if both terms are won and served out in full).[1]

In order for a potential candidate to be legally allowed to contest the election and have their name placed on the ballot, they must gather at least 10,000 signatures from eligible voters, with every such signatory being permitted to give his signature of support to only one potential candidate. The time frame for collecting the said number of signatures is set at 12 days, and after the expiry of this period potential candidates must submit them to the State Electoral Commission for verification.[3]

Candidates[edit]

Declared[edit]

Name Party Previous positions Date declared
Marko Vučetić Independent Member of the Croatian Parliament (2016–present) 14 November 2018[4]
Katarina Peović Workers' Front Member of the Zagreb Assembly (2018) 18 December 2018[5][6]

Speculative[edit]

Independent[edit]

Bruna Esih - Zlatko Hasanbegović: Independents for Croatia[edit]

Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ)[edit]

Social Democratic Party (SDP)[edit]

Bridge of Independent Lists (Most)[edit]

Human Shield (Živi zid)[edit]

Bandić Milan 365 - Labour and Solidarity Party (BM 365)[edit]

Civic Liberal Alliance (Glas)[edit]

Publicly declined[edit]

Several persons mentioned by media sources as possible candidates have gone on to publicly state that they will not be running in the election:

Opinion polling[edit]

National election (first round)[edit]

Date Polling Firm Grabar-Kitarović Milanović Orešković Josipović Sinčić Petrov Bandić Esih Vučetić Peović Karamarko Picula Kolakušić Mesić Matić Škoro Tomašić Beljak Mrak-Taritaš Others Undecided Lead
21 May 2019 Promocija plus 34,7 18,5 6,7 6,0 9,4 4,8 3,0 4,0 3,7 9,2 16,2
9 May 2019 Promocija plus 35,3 15,4 9,9 9,0 7,5 3,2 3,5 2,8 1,2 3,7 8,4 19,9
22 Apr 2019 Promocija plus 35,6 18,3 9,5 5,2 3,7 3,5 3,3 3,9 4,9 1,2 2,1 8,9 17,3
8 Apr 2019 Promocija plus 34,5 16,4 10,7 8,1 5,7 4,2 4,4 3,6 3,3 5,9 18,1
22 Mar 2019 Promocija plus 34,2 19,4 9,2 6,3 4,0 3,9 4,5 6,0 5,2 1,9 5,3 14,8
7 Mar 2019 Promocija plus 32,6 19,7 12,5 7,2 4,9 4,4 4,2 0,9 6,7 12,9
7 Feb 2019 Promocija plus 37,0 19,6 12,3 7,8 4,5 4,2 4,5 3,9 1,2 4,4 17,4
10 Jan 2019 Promocija plus 38,0 17,6 12,0 7,9 6,2 4,5 4,1 1,7 20,4
18 Dec 2018 Katarina Peović (RF) officially announces her candidacy.[5]
07 Dec 2018 Promocija plus 41,1 18,1 11,2 8,9 5,3 4,2 23
14 Nov 2018 Marko Vučetić (Ind.) officially announces his candidacy.[4]
06 Nov 2018 Dalija Orešković (Ind.) publicly declines her candidacy.[16]
03 Feb 2018 Promocija plus 43,5 22 11,9 6,6 5,9 10,1 21,5
17-18 Jan 2018 IPSOS PULS 41 21 15 12 5 6 20

National election (Second round)[edit]

Date Polling Firm Grabar-Kitarović Milanović Undecided Lead Grabar-Kitarović Orešković Undecided Lead
21 May 2019 Promocija plus 53,9 39,2 6,9 14,7
9 May 2019 Promocija plus 56,5 37,2 6,3 19,3 54,3 39,4 6,2 14,9
22 Apr 2019 Promocija plus 53,2 40,3 6,5 12,9
8 Apr 2019 Promocija plus 55,4 38,6 6,0 16,8 51,8 41,6 6,6 10,2
22 Mar 2019 Promocija plus 52,6 38,8 8,5 13,8
7 Mar 2019 Promocija plus 52,9 40,8 6,3 12,1
7 Feb 2019 Promocija plus 54,3 40,2 5,5 14,1
10 Jan 2019 Promocija plus 54,6 37,9 7,5 16,7
7 Dec 2018 Promocija plus 55,4 35,7 9,0 19,7

HDZ party nomination[edit]

Date Polling Firm Grabar-Kitarović Krstičević No one Someone else Don't know Don't want to say Lead
19 Jun 2018 Damir Krstičević declares he will not be a candidate.
17-18 Jan 2018 IPSOS PULS 62 15 1 1 15 6 47

SDP party nomination[edit]

Date Polling Firm Picula Milanović No one Someone else Don't know Don't want to say Lead
17-18 Jan 2018 IPSOS PULS 44 36 1 1 12 6 8

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Elected with HDZ affiliation, but resigned party membership as per the Constitution
  2. ^ Elected with HDZ affiliation, but resigned party membership as per the Constitution

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Važniji propisi Croatian Parliament (in Croatian)
  2. ^ Kolinda prisegnula za prvu predsjednicu Hrvatske HRT, 15 February 2015 (in Croatian)
  3. ^ "Bliže se predsjednički izbori! Ovo su datumi koje morate znati" [The presidential election is getting near! These are the dates you have to know.] (in Croatian). Dnevnik.hr. 20 November 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Marko Vučetić istaknuo kandidaturu za predsjednika RH, napao 'uvjetnu kandidatkinju' Grabar Kitarović" [Marko Vučetić declares his candidacy for President of the Republic of Croatia, attacks "conditional candidacy" of Grabar-Kitarović] (in Croatian). Tportal.hr. 14 November 2018. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Radnička fronta kandidirat će Katarinu Peović za predsjednicu" [Workers' Front will nominate Katarina Peović as a presidential candidate] (in Croatian). Večernji list. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Croatia's Socialist Champion Braces for Uphill Presidential Race". Balkan Insight. 29 January 2019. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  7. ^ a b [1] Novi List, 21 August 2018
  8. ^ [2] Vijesti.hr, 10 January 2019
  9. ^ a b Karamarko i Milanović ozbiljno razmišljalju o kandidaturi za predsjednika Hrvatske Slobodna Dalmacija, 20 November 2016
  10. ^ a b c Velika lista potencijalnih predsjedničkih kandidata koji mogu ugroziti Kolindu
  11. ^ Uoči konvencije, s utjecajnim SDP-ovcima pričali smo o budućnosti stranke i sljedećim izborima Telegram, 2 December 2016
  12. ^ PICULA ŽELI BITI PREDSJEDNIK, ILI SDP-a ILI DRŽAVE 'Ako me ne izaberu za šefa SDP-a, spreman sam se kandidirati za predsjednika Republike'
  13. ^ Tko će se naći u utrci za predsjednika Hrvatske? Kolinda se svađa s Plenkovićem, ali biračima je draga, a evo tko bi mogao biti SDP-ov kandidat'
  14. ^ "Obersnel o prozivanju s Pantovčaka: Predsjednica prvo treba pročitati Ustav, pa možemo razgovarati / Novi list". www.novilist.hr. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
  15. ^ a b Istraživanje Dnevnika Nove TV: Da su danas predsjednički izbori, kako bi glasovala Hrvatska? Dnevnik.hr, 28 January 2018
  16. ^ a b "Dalija Orešković opet napala Kolindu, spominjala Karamarka, Brkića i Mamića" [Dalija Orešković attacked Kolinda again and mentioned Karamarko, Brkić and Mamić] (in Croatian). Index.hr. 6 November 2018.