Nicholasville, Kentucky

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Nicholasville, Kentucky
City
Main Street
Main Street
Location of Nicholasville in Jessamine County, Kentucky.
Location of Nicholasville in Jessamine County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°52′58″N 84°34′36″W / 37.88278°N 84.57667°W / 37.88278; -84.57667Coordinates: 37°52′58″N 84°34′36″W / 37.88278°N 84.57667°W / 37.88278; -84.57667
Country United States
State Kentucky
County Jessamine
Incorporated February 13, 1837[1]
Government[2]
 • Type City commission
 • Mayor Pete Sutherland
 • Commissioners Doug Blackford
Betty Black
Patty Teater
Andy Williams
Area
 • Total 13.1 sq mi (33.9 km2)
 • Land 13.0 sq mi (33.7 km2)
 • Water 0.07 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 938 ft (286 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 28,015
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 30,006
 • Density 2,141.9/sq mi (827.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 40340, 40356
Area code(s) 859
FIPS code 21-56136
GNIS feature ID 0499462
Website www.nicholasville.org

Nicholasville is a home rule city[4] in Jessamine County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[5] The population was 28,015 during the 2010 U.S. Census, making Nicholasville the 11th-largest settlement in the state.

Since the late 20th century, Nicholasville has undergone rapid growth; the population increased 380% between 1970 and 2010. The city serves as both a residential area for Lexington-area commuters and as an employment and shopping center for central Kentucky.[6]

Geography[edit]

Nicholasville is located at 37°52′58″N 84°34′36″W / 37.882670°N 84.576585°W / 37.882670; -84.576585 (37.882670, -84.576585).[7] Downtown Nicholasville is approximately 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Fayette County. The city serves as a logistics and commuter hub between Lexington and Nicholasville's neighboring counties, especially Garrard County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.08 square miles (33.9 km2), of which 13.01 square miles (33.7 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2), or 0.52%, is water. Some artificial ponds, including Lake Mingo (named after the Native American Mingo people), are present in the city.[8] Town Fork, a partially channelized stream, runs south and passes underneath downtown, eventually draining into Jessamine Creek.[9]

Climate[edit]

Nicholasville is in the northern periphery of the humid subtropical climate zone,[10] with hot and humid summers, cool winters, and occasional mild periods, especially in autumn. The city and the surrounding Bluegrass region have four distinct seasons that include cool plateau breezes, moderate nights in the summer, and no prolonged periods of rain, snow, or other severe weather.

History[edit]

Nicholasville was founded in 1798 and incorporated in 1837.[11][1] The town was named in honor of Colonel George Nicholas, a father of the Kentucky Constitution in 1792.[12] The Young House in Nicholasville is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The city has grown rapidly since the late 20th century and is working to accommodate new highways and transportation needs. Many residents commute to Lexington; others are part of building Nicholasville as a center of retail services for the county.

Government[edit]

The Nicholasville government operates under a non-partisan city commission. The commission is composed of an elected mayor and four commissioners. All are elected at-large, requiring each candidate to gain the support of the majority of the electorate. The commissioners are elected to manage particular city departments. They serve two-year terms; the mayor is elected to a four-year term.[2] The commission wields all executive, legislative, and administrative powers.

In 2012, there was a proposal on the ballot to change the form of city government to that of a mayor–council government, but the proposal was defeated.[13][14]

Commissioners draft and pass laws and, by managing their respective departments, ensure the laws are carried out efficiently. The mayor administers oaths, signs documents on the city's behalf, and conducts commission meetings. As a member of the commission, the mayor has legislative powers equal to that of the commissioners. Commission meetings take place twice monthly.[2]

Education[edit]

Nicholasville has an elementary school and is served by county middle and high schools. There are fourteen schools in Jessamine County.[15] There are two high schools, East Jessamine High School and West Jessamine High School. There are two middle schools in Jessamine County, which are East Jessamine Middle School and West Jessamine Middle School. The six elementary schools in Jessamine County include the following: Brookside Elementary School, Nicholasville Elementary School, Rosenwald-Dunbar Elementary School, Warner Elementary School, Wilmore Elementary School, and Red Oak Elementary.

Demographics[edit]

Jessamine County Courthouse
Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 158
1830 408
1840 632 54.9%
1860 800
1870 1,089 36.1%
1880 2,303 111.5%
1890 2,157 −6.3%
1900 2,393 10.9%
1910 2,935 22.6%
1920 2,786 −5.1%
1930 3,128 12.3%
1940 3,192 2.0%
1950 3,406 6.7%
1960 4,275 25.5%
1970 5,829 36.4%
1980 10,400 78.4%
1990 13,603 30.8%
2000 19,680 44.7%
2010 28,015 42.4%
Est. 2016 30,006 [3] 7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]

As of the 2010 census,[17] there were 28,015 people, 10,492 households, and 7,503 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,141.9 per square mile (827.0/km2). There were 11,405 housing units at an average density of 872.0 per square mile (336.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White (89.5% non-Hispanic), 4.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 10,492 households, out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 26.5% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07.

The age distribution was 27.9% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.1 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

According to Census Bureau data for 2011 (American Community Survey 5-year estimates), the median income for a household in the city was $43,453, and the median income for a family was $52,419. Full-time male workers had a median income of $37,954 versus $33,330 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,526. About 14.5% of families and 17.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.7% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

U.S. highways[edit]

  • U.S. Route 27 is a major north-south artery. From the Lexington city limits to the Business U.S. 27 intersection north of the city center, it is a four-lane arterial highway with a center-turning lane. U.S. 27 diverts to the western edge of the city center on a four-lane, controlled-access bypass and continues south of the city toward the Kentucky River.

State routes[edit]

  • Kentucky Route 29 is an east-west two-lane highway that stretches from the western fringes of the city west of the U.S. 27 bypass to Business U.S. 27 in downtown Nicholasville. It is known as Wilmore Road west of U.S. 27 and east of Maple Street.
  • Kentucky Route 39 is a north-south highway that stretches from the farms south of the city before concluding at Business U.S. 27 at downtown. It is known as Maple Street, and as Sulphur Well Road and then Lancaster Road.
  • Kentucky Route 169 is an east-west highway that cuts through the city center. It has intersections with U.S. 27 and Business U.S. 27. It is known as Keene Road northwest of the city center, then 3rd Street, Richmond Road and Union Mills Road on the east side.
  • Kentucky Route 1980 is known as Ash Grove Road and travels into Fayette County to the east. It departs from U.S. 27 just south of the Lexington city limits.
  • Kentucky Route 3375 traverses west of U.S. 27, north of the city center, and is known as Catnip Hill Road.

Transportation planning[edit]

The Lexington Area MPO is responsible for transportation planning for Fayette and Jessamine counties. This includes activities such as carpool matching, administering a commuter vanpool program, air quality forecasting, bicycle and pedestrian planning, congestion management, and developing transportation plans and documents.

Culture[edit]

The city is home to the Kentucky Wine and Vine Fest.[18] The annual festival showcases wines from commercial vineyards and amateur winemakers from across Kentucky and the surrounding region. In 2014, it was named as the "Official Wine Festival of Kentucky" by the Kentucky General Assembly.[19][20]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Nicholasville, Kentucky". Accessed 15 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "Government: City Commission". www.nicholasville.org. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "2009 Report to the community" (PDF) (Press release). City of Nicholasville. 2009. p. 5. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "NJCPR: Parks & Pictures". Nicholasville/Jessamine County Parks & Recreation. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "Kentucky River Basin Assessment Report: Jessamine Creek". Kentucky Water Research Institute - University of Kentucky. August 2000. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  10. ^ "Map of American climate zones". Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  11. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer, p. 1320. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952).
  12. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1996). The WPA Guide to Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. p. 254. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Form of Government Change Campaigns, 2003–2012", International City/County Management Association; accessed 18 August 2016
  14. ^ "Nicholasville City Commission: Betty Black", Jessamine Journal, 26 March 2014; accessed 18 August 2016
  15. ^ "Jessamine County Schools". www.jessamine.k12.ky.us. Retrieved 2016-02-28. 
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  18. ^ "Kentucky Wine and Vine homepage". www.kywineandvine.com. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "2014 Press Release" (PDF) (Press release). www.kywineandvine.com. 23 April 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  20. ^ "Nicholasville NOW!: Kentucky Wine & Vine Fest named a Top 10 Festival". www.nicholasvillenow.org. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "Cheryl Avioli: Ky. can gain from growing biomass energy market". kentucky. Retrieved 2017-03-07. 

External links[edit]