Peter Henry Fonda
February 23, 1940
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||August 16, 2019 (aged 79)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Nebraska Omaha|
Susan Jane Brewer
(m. 1961; div. 1974)
Portia Rebecca Crockett
(m. 1975; div. 2011)
|Children||2, including Bridget Fonda|
Peter Henry Fonda (February 23, 1940 – August 16, 2019) was an American actor. He was the son of Henry Fonda, younger brother of Jane Fonda, and father of Bridget Fonda. He was a prominent figure in the counterculture of the 1960s. Fonda was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay for Easy Rider (1969), and the Academy Award for Best Actor for Ulee's Gold (1997). For the latter, he won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama. Fonda also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film for The Passion of Ayn Rand (1999).
Fonda was born by caesarean section on February 23, 1940 at LeRoy Hospital in New York City, the only son of actor Henry Fonda and socialite Frances Ford Seymour; his older sister is actress Jane Fonda. He and Jane had a half-sister, Frances de Villers Brokaw (1931–2008), from their mother's first marriage. Their mother committed suicide in a mental hospital when Peter, her youngest, was ten. He did not discover the circumstances or location of her death until he was fifteen.
On his eleventh birthday, he accidentally shot himself in the abdomen and nearly died. He went to the Indian hill station of Nainital and stayed for a few months for recovery. Years later, he referred to this incident while with John Lennon and George Harrison while taking LSD. He said, "I know what it's like to be dead." This inspired The Beatles' song "She Said She Said".
Peter attended the Fay School in Southborough, Massachusetts, and was a member of the Class of 1954. He then matriculated in Westminster School, a Connecticut boarding school in Simsbury, where he graduated in 1958.
Early years and film work
Upon his return to New York, Fonda joined the Cecilwood Theatre in 1960. Afterwards, he found work on Broadway and gained notice in Blood, Sweat and Stanley Poole, written by James and William Goldman, which ran for 84 performances in 1961. Fonda began guest starring on television shows like Naked City, The New Breed, Wagon Train, and The Defenders.
Fonda's first film came when producer Ross Hunter was looking for a new male actor to romance Sandra Dee in Tammy and the Doctor (1963). He was cast in the role, in what was a minor hit. He followed this with a support part in The Victors (1963), a bleak look at American soldiers in World War II, directed by Carl Foreman. Fonda's performance won him a Golden Globe Award for most promising newcomer.
Fonda continued to work in television, guest starring in Channing, Arrest and Trial, The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, and 12 O'Clock High. He also tested for the role of John F. Kennedy in PT-109. Fonda impressed Robert Rossen who cast him in what would be Rossen's last movie, Lilith (1964), alongside Warren Beatty, Jean Seberg and Gene Hackman. Fonda's performance was well reviewed. Shortly before dying, Rossen signed him to a seven-film contract which was to start with an adaptation of Bang the Drum Slowly. Fonda graduated to a starring role in The Young Lovers (1964), about out-of-wedlock pregnancy, the sole directorial effort of Samuel Goldwyn Jr.
Counterculture figure and Roger Corman
By the mid-1960s, Fonda was not a conventional "leading man" in Hollywood. As Playboy magazine reported, Fonda had established a "solid reputation as a dropout". He had become outwardly nonconformist and grew his hair long and took LSD regularly, alienating the "establishment" film industry. Desirable acting work became scarce. Through his friendships with members of the band The Byrds, Fonda visited The Beatles in their rented house in Benedict Canyon in Los Angeles in August 1965. While John Lennon, Ringo Starr, George Harrison, and Fonda were under the influence of LSD, Lennon heard Fonda say, "I know what it's like to be dead." Lennon used the phrase in the lyrics for his song, "She Said She Said", which was included on their 1966 album, Revolver.
In August 1966 Fonda was charged with possession of marijuana, and was later acquitted in December of that year. In November 1966 Fonda was arrested in the Sunset Strip riot, which the police ended forcefully. The band Buffalo Springfield protested the department's handling of the incident in their song "For What It's Worth". Fonda sang some and in 1967 recorded "November Night", a 45-rpm single written by Gram Parsons for the Chisa label, backed with "Catch the Wind" by Donovan, produced by Hugh Masekela.
Fonda's first counterculture-oriented film role was as a biker in Roger Corman's B movie The Wild Angels (1966). Fonda originally was to support George Chakiris, but graduated to the lead when Chakiris revealed he could not ride a motorcycle. In the film, Fonda delivered a "eulogy" at a fallen Angel's funeral service. The movie was a big hit at the box office, screened at the Venice Film Festival, launched the biker movie genre, and established Peter Fonda as a movie name. Fonda made a television pilot, High Noon: The Clock Strikes Noon Again, filmed in December 1965. It was based on the film High Noon (1952), starring Gary Cooper, with Fonda in the Cooper role. However, it did not become a series.
Fonda next played the male lead in Corman's film The Trip (1967), a take on the experience and "consequences" of consuming LSD, which was written by Jack Nicholson. His co-stars included Susan Strasberg, Bruce Dern, and Dennis Hopper. The movie was a hit. Fonda then traveled to France to appear in the portmanteau horror movie Spirits of the Dead (1968). His segment co-starred his sister Jane and was directed by her then-husband Roger Vadim. For American television, he appeared in a movie, Certain Honorable Men (1968), alongside Van Heflin, written by Rod Serling.
Fonda produced, co-wrote and starred in Easy Rider (1969), directed by Dennis Hopper. Easy Rider is about two long-haired bikers traveling through the southwestern and southern United States where they encounter intolerance and violence. Fonda played "Wyatt", a charismatic, laconic man whose motorcycle jacket bore a large American flag across the back. Dennis Hopper played the garrulous "Billy". Jack Nicholson played George Hanson, an alcoholic civil rights lawyer who rides along with them. Fonda co-wrote the screenplay with Terry Southern and Hopper.
Fonda tried to secure financing from Roger Corman and American International Pictures (AIP), with whom he had made The Wild Angels and The Trip, but they were reluctant to finance a film directed by Hopper. They succeeded getting money from Columbia Pictures. Hopper filmed the cross-country road trip depicted almost entirely on location. Fonda had secured funding of around $360,000, largely based on the fact he knew that it was the budget Roger Corman needed to make The Wild Angels. The guitarist and composer Robbie Robertson, of The Band, was so moved by an advance screening that he approached Fonda and tried to convince him to let him write a complete score, even though the film was nearly due for wide release. Fonda declined the offer, instead using Steppenwolf's "Born to Be Wild", Bob Dylan's "It's Alright, Ma (I'm Only Bleeding)" sung by The Byrds' Roger McGuinn, and Robertson's own composition "The Weight", performed by The Band, among many other tracks.
The film was released to international success. Jack Nicholson was nominated for a Best Supporting Actor Oscar. Fonda, Hopper and Southern were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. The film grossed over $40 million.
Director and action star
After the success of Easy Rider, both Hopper and Fonda were sought for film projects. Hopper directed the film The Last Movie (1971), in which Fonda co-starred along with singer Michelle Phillips of The Mamas and the Papas. Fonda directed and starred in the Western film The Hired Hand (1971). He took the lead role in a cast that also featured Warren Oates, Verna Bloom and Beat Generation poet Michael McClure. The film received mixed reviews and failed commercially upon its initial release, but many years later, in 2001, a fully restored version was shown at various film festivals and was re-released by the Sundance Channel on DVD that same year in two separate editions. Fonda later directed the science fiction film Idaho Transfer (1973). He did not appear in the film, and the film received mixed reviews upon its limited release. Around the same time, he co-starred with Lindsay Wagner in Two People (also 1973) for director Robert Wise, in which he portrayed a Vietnam War deserter.
Fonda starred alongside Susan George and longtime-friend (and frequent co-star) Adam Roarke in the film Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry (1974), a film about two NASCAR hopefuls who execute a supermarket heist to finance their jump into big-time auto racing. The film was a box-office hit that year. It led to Fonda's making a series of action movies: Open Season (1974), with William Holden; Race with the Devil (1975), fleeing devil worshippers with Warren Oates (another hit); 92 in the Shade (1975), again with Oates, for writer-director Thomas McGuane; Killer Force (1976) for director Val Guest; Futureworld (1976), a sequel to Westworld (1973), financed by AIP; Fighting Mad (1976), a reuniting with Roger Corman, directed by Jonathan Demme.
Outlaw Blues (1977) was a drama, with Fonda playing a musician opposite Susan Saint James. After some more action with High-Ballin' (1978), Fonda returned to directing, with the controversial drama Wanda Nevada (1979), wherein the 39-year-old Fonda starred as the "love" interest of the then 13-year-old Brooke Shields. His father, Henry Fonda, made a brief appearance as well, and it is the only film in which they performed together.
1980s and 1990s
Fonda was top billed in The Hostage Tower (1980), a television movie based on a story by Alistair MacLean. Fonda appeared in the hit film, The Cannonball Run (1981), as the "chief biker" that was a tongue-in-cheek nod to his earlier motorcycle films, and the film was a huge box office success that year with a large ensemble cast. He also played a charismatic cult leader in Split Image (1982), a film that also starred James Woods, Karen Allen and Brian Dennehy. Despite the strong cast and positive reviews, the film failed to find an audience.
Fonda later appeared in a series of films in the 1980s of varying genres — Daijōbu, My Friend (1983), shot in Japan; Dance of the Dwarfs (1983); Peppermint Peace (1983), shot in Germany; Spasms (1983), a Canadian horror film with Oliver Reed; A Reason to Live (1985), a TV movie; Certain Fury (1985), with Tatum O'Neal; Mercenary Fighters (1988); Hawken's Breed (1988), a Western; Sound (1988); Gli indifferenti (1989) with Liv Ullmann; and The Rose Garden (1989).
In the early 1990s Fonda also contributed to the script of Enemy (1990), in which he starred. He had the lead in Family Express (1991) and South Beach (1993), but then drifted into supporting roles in many independent films: Deadfall (1993), directed by Christopher Coppola; Bodies, Rest & Motion (1993), starring his daughter Bridget; Molly & Gina (1994) with Frances Fisher and Natasha Gregson; Love and a .45 (1994) with Renée Zellweger; Nadja (1994), produced by David Lynch. He had a good supporting role in Escape from L.A. (1996) from John Carpenter and was in Don't Look Back (1996). He also guest starred on In the Heat of the Night.
After years of films of varying success, Fonda received high-profile critical recognition and universal praise for his performance in Ulee's Gold (1997). He portrayed a taciturn North Florida beekeeper and Vietnam veteran who tries to save his son and granddaughter from a life of drug abuse. For his performance, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor. He had the lead in Painted Hero (1997). In 1998, Fonda starred in the TV movie The Tempest, based in part on William Shakespeare's play of the same name. It was directed by Jack Bender and starred Fonda, John Glover, Harold Perrineau, and Katherine Heigl.
He was in The Passion of Ayn Rand (1998), then appeared in the crime film The Limey (1999) as Terry Valentine, an aging rock music producer who accidentally kills his younger girlfriend. The film was directed by Steven Soderbergh.
Fonda wrote an autobiography, Don't Tell Dad (1998).
Fonda's work in the 2000s included parts in South of Heaven, West of Hell (2000), Second Skin (2000), Thomas and the Magic Railroad (2000) Wooly Boys (2001), The Laramie Project (2001), The Maldonado Miracle (2003), Capital City (2004), The Heart Is Deceitful Above All Things (2004), A Thief of Time (2004), Back When We Were Grownups (2004), Supernova (2005), and El cobrador: In God We Trust (2006).
In a 2007 interview, Fonda said that riding motorcycles helped him to focus, stating,
I ride an MV Agusta. This is an Italian racing motorcycle. It forces focus. You have to be focused and in my life, in this business, focus is hard to find sometimes. So I need to force focus and that's great. The bike takes you on a free road. There's no fences on the roads I ride and I don't ride freeways. That's as much as I can tell you, because there are more lands waiting for this little Christian boy. That's not true. I'm an atheist, but what the heck.
Fonda made a return to the big screen as the bounty hunter Byron McElroy in 3:10 to Yuma (2007), a remake of the 1957 Western. He appeared with Christian Bale and Russell Crowe. The film received two Academy Award nominations and positive reviews from critics. He also appeared in the last scenes of the biker comedy Wild Hogs as Damien Blade, founder of the biker gang Del Fuegos and father of Jack, played by Ray Liotta. Fonda also portrayed Mephistopheles, one of two main villains in the film Ghost Rider (also 2007). Although he wanted to play the character in the sequel, he was replaced by Ciarán Hinds.
He appeared in Journey to the Center of the Earth (2008), Japan (2008), and The Perfect Age of Rock 'n' Roll (2009) and as "The Roman", the main villain in The Boondock Saints II: All Saints Day (also 2009), the sequel to The Boondock Saints. Fonda also appeared on the television series Californication.
Fonda's later appearances include American Bandits: Frank and Jesse James (2010) for Fred Olen Ray; The Trouble with Bliss (2011); episodes of CSI: NY; Smitty (2012); Harodim (2012); As Cool as I Am (2013); Copperhead (2013); The Ultimate Life (2013); The Harvest (2013); HR (2014); House of Bodies (2014); Jesse James: Lawman (2015); The Runner (2015) with Nicolas Cage; The Ballad of Lefty Brown (2017); The Most Hated Woman in America (2017); Borderland (2017); You Can't Say No (2018); and Boundaries (2018) with Christopher Plummer. He was an executive producer of the documentary The Big Fix (2012).
His final portrayal was in the Vietnam War movie The Last Full Measure, whose director Todd Robinson, has recounted that Peter Fonda was able to view that film in its entirety before his death, and got emotional upon viewing it.
Fonda was married three times, he married his first wife Susan Brewer in 1961; together they had two children, Bridget and Justin. They divorced in 1974 after 13 years of marriage. Fonda married his second wife Portia Rebecca Crockett, in 1975. The marriage lasted for 36 years until they divorced in 2011. Fonda married his third wife Margaret DeVogelaere, in 2011. The marriage lasted for eight years until Fonda's death in 2019.
In 2011, Fonda and Tim Robbins produced The Big Fix, a documentary that examined the role of BP in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and its effects on the Gulf of Mexico. At a press conference at the Cannes Film Festival, Fonda stated that he had written to President Barack Obama about the spill and attacked him as a "fucking traitor" for allowing "foreign boots on our soil telling our military—in this case the Coast Guard—what they can and could not do, and telling us, the citizens of the United States, what we could or could not do.'"
In June 2018, Fonda went on Twitter to criticize President Donald Trump's administration's enforcement of U.S. immigration policy by Jeff Sessions, for separating children from their parents at the Mexican border, writing that "We should rip Barron Trump from the arms of First Lady Melania Trump and put him in a cage with pedophiles." He also suggested that Americans should seek out names of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents in order to protest outside of their homes and the schools of their children. The Secret Service opened an investigation based on a report from the Trump family. Huckabee's daughter, White House Press Secretary, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, was also the object of Fonda's tweets, in which he suggested that "Maybe we should take her (Sanders') children away..."
In another later deleted tweet, Fonda targeted United States Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen by calling her a "vulgar" name and calling for Nielsen to be "put in a cage and poked at by passersby ..."
Fonda stated that he deleted his tweet regarding Barron Trump, saying that he "immediately regretted it and sincerely apologize to the family for what I said and any hurt my words have caused." Backlash to Fonda's tweets resulted in a call for a boycott of his newest film, Boundaries, and other Sony projects. Sony Pictures released Boundaries as planned on June 22, 2018, but released a statement stating that Fonda's comments "are abhorrent, reckless and dangerous, and we condemn them completely."
Following Fonda's death, his older sister Jane Fonda made the following statement: "I am very sad. He was my sweet-hearted baby younger brother. The talker of the family. I have had beautiful alone time with him these last days. He went out laughing."
Awards and nominations
- Rabin, Nathan (October 1, 2003). "three questions with Peter Fonda". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- Rebecca Flint Marx (2012). "Peter Fonda". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
- Sweeney, Kevin (1992). Henry Fonda: a bio-bibliography. New York [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-26571-2.
- "Peter Fonda profile at". Film Reference. Retrieved September 3, 2011.
- "Fonda's Son, 10, is Wounded in Gun Accident". Chicago Daily Tribune. January 8, 1951. p. C6.
- Everett 1999, p. 62.
- Brown, Peter and Gaines, Steven (1983). The Love You Make: An Insider's Story of the Beatles. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-36134-4
- "Notable Alumni". Fay School. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
- Zolotow, Sam (August 10, 1960). "Biltmore is Sold; Plays to Return: $850,000 Paid for Theatre Used for TV — Director of Fetti Drama Quits". The New York Times. p. 26.
- Hopper, Hedda (June 26, 1962). "Looking at Hollywood: Ross Hunter Gives New Actors Chance". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. A1.
- Watts, Stephen (October 14, 1962). "Foreman View Of War: Writer-Producer Turns To Directing In European-Made 'The Victors' In Retrospect Appraisal". The New York Times. p. 131.
- Waugh, John C. (January 9, 1963). "Cliff Robertson Gropes for JFK Image: Hollywood Letter Paving the Way Research Made". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 14.
- "Filmland Events: Peter Fonda Signs for 7 Films". Los Angeles Times. August 17, 1963. p. B6.
- Constantine, Peggy (September 19, 1967). "Peter Fonda Not Really a Hippie". Los Angeles Times. p. D13.
- "Peter Fonda Faces Trial On Marijuana Charges". The New York Times. August 23, 1966. p. 33. Retrieved February 25, 2023.
- "Peter Fonda Freed In Marijuana Case". The New York Times. December 28, 1966. p. 34. Retrieved February 25, 2023.
- "Chisa Records: A Discography". Dougpayne.com. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- "Mary Martin's 'Dolly' Draws Royalty". Los Angeles Times. December 20, 1965. p. C20.
- Ager, Cecelia (August 20, 1967). "Peter Fonda: Was This Trip Necessary?". The New York Times. p. D11.
- Israel, Lee (September 8, 1968). "For Peter Fonda, It's All Now". The New York Times. p. D29.
- "Startseite". Zweirad.de. Retrieved October 27, 2007.
- Bramesco, Charles (July 15, 2019). "Easy Rider at 50: how the rebellious road movie shook up the system". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
- Peter Fonda interview, "Easy Rider: Shaking the Cage" (1999), documentary on Easy Rider DVD
- Dorsey, Helen (August 29, 1971). "What Peter Fonda Means to Say ...". The Washington Post. p. G1.
- "All-time Film Rental Champs". Variety. January 7, 1976. p. 46.
- Millar, Jeff (May 9, 1976). "Movies: Aubrey--Auguring Well Into the Future". Los Angeles Times. p. S34.
- Koetting, Christopher T. (2009). Mind Warp!: The Fantastic True Story of Roger Corman's New World Pictures. Hemlock Books. p. 99.
- Thomas, Bob (July 6, 1979). "'Wanda Nevada:' Henry Fonda makes a guest appearance in Peter's film". The Prescott Courier.
- Rosenfeld, Megan (June 15, 1985). "Peter Fonda's Cycles of Discontent: Working Through Scars and Struggles". The Washington Post. p. G1.
- Shelley, Jim (March 21, 1998). "Easy does it Peter Fonda has known trouble from the day he was born, and it wasn't all to do with having a Hollywood legend for a father". The Guardian. p. T014.
- "Shakespeare's The Tempest". Reelz. Archived from the original on January 2, 2014.
- Fonda, Peter (1998). Don't tell Dad: a memoir. New York City: Hyperion Books. ISBN 0-7868-6111-8.
- Raftery, Brian (2020). Best. Movie. Year. Ever.: How 1999 Blew Up the Big Screen (1st ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781501175398.
Chapter 14: "During filming in Los Angeles, Soderbergh spotted Fonda on a billboard..."
- Leigh, Danny (August 17, 2019). "Peter Fonda: the elegant rebel who set the counterculture in motion". The Guardian. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
- Murray, Rebecca (June 17, 2010). "Ben Foster and Peter Fonda Talk About 3:10 to Yuma". Movies.about.com. Archived from the original on June 16, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- Peter Fonda Got Emotional Seeing His Final Film 'The Last Full Measure' A Month Before He Died. Director Todd Robinson recalls a sad story of the legendary actor at an early screening of the war film.Brian Welk, January 22, 2020.
- "List by Date Dedicated" (PDF). Palm Springs Walk of Stars. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 13, 2012.
- "Peter Fonda, the 'Easy Rider' star and counterculture icon, has died at 79". Los Angeles Times. August 16, 2019.
- Yamato, Jen (May 19, 2011). "Peter Fonda Bashes President Obama in Cannes: 'You are a F*cking Traitor'". MovieLine. Archived from the original on August 19, 2011. Retrieved July 18, 2011.
- Tatum, Sophie (June 21, 2018). "Secret Service notified after Peter Fonda's obscene tweet about Barron Trump". CNN. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Price, Greg (June 20, 2018). "Peter Fonda Slammed for 'Ripping Barron Trump' From Melania Tweet and Other Violent, Disturbing Posts". Newsweek. New York City.
- Gutierrez, Lisa (June 20, 2018). "Peter Fonda movie boycott part of Barron Trump tweet backlash". The Kansas City Star.
- McCarthy, Tyler (June 20, 2018). "Peter Fonda apologizes for vulgar remarks made about Donald Trump's son". Fox News.
- "Peter Fonda apologizes for Barron Trump tweet that sparked movie boycott and scorn". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- "Peter Fonda apologizes for Barron Trump tweet that sparked movie boycott and scorn". The Miami Herald. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Petski, Denise (June 20, 2018). "Sony Pictures Classics Calls Peter Fonda Tweet "Abhorrent" But Will Open 'Boundaries' As Scheduled – Update". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
- Johnson, Ted (June 20, 2018). "Sony Pictures Classics Condemns Peter Fonda's Tweet but Won't Pull His Movie". Variety.
- Griffith, Janelle; Dasrath, Diana (August 16, 2019). "Peter Fonda, star of 'Easy Rider,' dead at 79". NBC News. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- Alexander, Maria Puente and Bryan. "Peter Fonda, star of 'Easy Rider,' dies at 79; sister Jane Fonda mourns 'baby brother'". USA Today. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
- Napoli, Jessica (August 17, 2019). "Jane Fonda speaks out following brother Peter's death: 'He was my sweet-hearted baby brother'". Fox News. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- Nozari, Aisha (August 17, 2019). "Jane Fonda leads the celebrity tributes after her brother Peter passes away". Hello. Retrieved August 17, 2019.
- "Peter Fonda". www.goldenglobes.com.
- Collier, Peter (1991). The Fondas: A Hollywood Dynasty. Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13592-8.
- Everett, Walter (1999). The Beatles as Musicians: Revolver Through the Anthology. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-512941-0.
- Playboy, "Playboy Interview: Peter Fonda", HMH Publishing Co., Inc., pp. 85–108, 278–79 (September 1970).
- Fonda, Peter (1998). Don't Tell Dad: A Memoir. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-6111-8.