Pierre N. Leval
Pierre Nelson Leval
|Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
|Assumed office |
August 16, 2002
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
October 20, 1993 – August 16, 2002
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by||George C. Pratt|
|Succeeded by||Richard C. Wesley|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
October 31, 1977 – November 8, 1993
|Appointed by||Jimmy Carter|
|Preceded by||Dudley Baldwin Bonsal|
|Succeeded by||Sidney H. Stein|
Pierre Nelson Leval
September 4, 1936
New York City, New York
|Education||Harvard University (A.B.)|
Harvard Law School (J.D.)
Pierre Nelson Leval (born September 4, 1936) is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. At the time of his appointment by President Bill Clinton in 1993, he was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York.
Born in New York City, New York, Leval received his Artium Baccalaureus degree from Harvard College in 1959 and his Juris Doctor magna cum laude in 1963 from Harvard Law School, where he served as Note Editor of the Harvard Law Review.
Leval served in the United States Army in 1959. He was a law clerk for Judge Henry Friendly of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit from 1963 until 1964. Leval was an Assistant United States Attorney in the Southern District of New York from 1964 until 1968, serving there as Chief Appellate Attorney from 1967 to 1968. From 1969 until 1975, Leval was in private law practice as an associate and then a partner in the New York firm of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton. He joined the New York County District Attorney’s Office in 1975, where he served first as First Assistant District Attorney, and subsequently as Chief Assistant District Attorney.
Federal judicial service
Leval was nominated by President Jimmy Carter on October 17, 1977, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York vacated by Judge Dudley Baldwin Bonsal. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 29, 1977, and received commission on October 31, 1977. His service terminated on November 8, 1993, due to elevation to the Second Circuit.
Leval was nominated by President Bill Clinton on August 6, 1993, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit vacated by Judge George C. Pratt. He was confirmed by the Senate on October 18, 1993, and received commission on October 20, 1993. He assumed senior status on August 16, 2002.
Leval was a board member of the Federal Judicial Center from 2002 to 2006.
Other service and awards
Leval was a member of the Adjunct Faculty of the New York University School of Law. He was awarded the Hillmon Memorial Fellowship by the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1988; the Donald R. Brace Memorial Lectureship by the Copyright Society of the U.S.A. in 1989; the Fowler Harper Memorial Fellowship by Yale Law School in 1992; the Melville Nimmer Lectureship by UCLA Law School in 1997; the Learned Hand Medal of the Federal Bar Council in 1997; and the University of Connecticut School of Law's Intellectual Property Keynote Lectureship for 2001. He assumed senior status in 2002.
- "United States Public Records, 1970-2009". FamilySearch.org. Intellectual Reserve, Inc. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Pierre N. Leval at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- "Toward a Fair Use Standard", 103 Harv. L. Rev. 1105 (1990) (an influential work of scholarship on the fair use exception to copyright infringement, arguing that the transformativeness of a work, discussed in the first fair use factor, is the most critical element of the fair use analysis)
Dudley Baldwin Bonsal
| Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
Sidney H. Stein
George C. Pratt
| Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
Richard C. Wesley
- Kyle K. Courtney and David R. Hansen (2019-03-01). "Fair Use, Innovation, and Controlled Digital Lending".
However, the decision, written by the creator of the modern transformative fair use doctrine, Judge Pierre Laval, contains several important lessons for CDL.Cite journal requires
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