Renault Twizy

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Renault Twizy
Eng Renault Twizy ZE.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerRenault
Also calledNissan New Mobility Concept
Production2012–present
Assembly
Body and chassis
ClassMicrocar Quadricycle
Body style2-door quadricycle
LayoutRear-engine, rear-wheel-drive
DoorsScissor
Powertrain
Electric motorISKRA asynchronous motor
TransmissionSingle gear
Battery6.1 kWh lithium-ion battery
Electric range90 km (56 mi) (NEDC)
Dimensions
Wheelbase1,686 mm (66.4 in)
Length2,338 mm (92.0 in)
Width1,234 mm (48.6 in)
Height1,454 mm (57.2 in)
Curb weight450 kg (992 lb)

The Renault Twizy is a two-seat microcar designed and marketed by Renault. It is classified in Europe as either a light or heavy quadricycle depending on the output power, which is either 4 kW (5.4 hp) for the 45 model or 13 kW (17 hp) for the 80 model, both names reflecting its top speed in km/h. Originally manufactured in Valladolid, Spain,[2][3] production was moved to Busan in South Korea in March 2019 to meet increased demand in Asia.[4]

The 2009 concept

The Twizy debuted as a concept car at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show[5] and was designed by Françoise Leboinne and Luciano Bove. In November 2010, Nissan announced a rebadged variant to the Twizy, called the New Mobility Concept, or NMC. In May 2011, Renault announced they would produce the Twizy and began taking reservations.

In March 2012, the Twizy was released to the French market, followed a month later by several other European countries.[6] Available in three models, starting at €6,990 up to €8,490 (in the UK: GB£6,990 to GB£7,400), the Twizy sales price does not include the battery pack, which is leased for a monthly fee that includes roadside assistance and a battery replacement guarantee.[7][8]

In 2020, in the UK, the Twizy is now available as a direct purchase. The battery rental is no longer required and the starting price is £10,685.[9]

The Twizy was the top-selling plug-in electric vehicle in Europe during 2012.[10] The milestone of 15,000 Twizys sold worldwide was achieved in April 2015.[11] Global cumulative sales totaled 29,118 units through December 2019, with Europe as its main market.[12]

Specifications[edit]

Construction and safety[edit]

The Twizy is an ultra-compact vehicle, with a length of 2.32 metres (7 ft 7 in), a width of 1.19 metres (3 ft 11 in) and a height of 1.46 metres (4 ft 9 in).

The vehicle's frame and body offer occupants extra protection with its deformable structure, while the outboard position of the four wheels and the lateral beams located either side of the chassis provide protection in case of a side impact. The safety retention systems include a driver's airbag, a four-point safety belt at the front and a three-point one at the rear.

The Twizy may be winterized with winter tires and adding flexi side windows to enclose the cabin. Heating would be provided by plugging in electric blankets to keep the driver warm.[13]

Models[edit]

The Twizy model is electric, and it therefore is part of Renault's Zero Emissions program.

Twizy Technic – doors are optional

Twizy Urban[edit]

Twizy Urban 45[edit]

The Twizy range starts with the light quadricycle-classed Urban 45 that is priced at €6,990 in Europe with a monthly battery lease charge of €50.[14] It has a motor power of 4 kW (5 hp), a maximum speed of 45 km/h (28 mph) and can thus be driven in most European countries by drivers from 14 years old with a special driving licence (France, Italy, Spain) or with a moped licence (Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, Austria, Finland, Slovenia).[15]

Twizy Urban 80[edit]

The heavy quadricycle-classed Urban 80 model features a 13 kW (17 hp) electric motor and can drive up to 80 km/h (50 mph). It is priced at €7,690.

Twizy Colour and Technic[edit]

The Colour model is a colourful and 'fun' Twizy available for both the 45 and 80 trims.[citation needed]

The Technic model brings additional design elements while sharing the technical features with the Urban. It is priced at €8,490, and it is available for both the 45 and 80 trims.[citation needed]

Twizy Cargo[edit]

In June 2013 Renault announced the introduction of the Twizy Cargo, a model designed for hauling goods. The space destined for the seat of the second passenger was replaced with a cargo box with a volume of 180 L (6.4 cu ft) and maximum weight capacity of 75 kg (165 lb).[16][17]

Twizy Cargo 45[edit]

The Cargo 45 has 4 kW of power and top speed is limited to 45 km/h (28 mph).The car only has 1 seat and there is a larger space behind the driver to store goods. Pricing starts at €6,750 (US$8,839) plus VAT and the monthly battery lease fee that starts at €50 (US$65.50).[16]

The Nissan New Mobility Concept, a rebadged version of the Twizy, was deployed for the "Choimobi Yokohama" carsharing program in Japan in 2013.
Twizy Cargo 80[edit]

The Cargo 80 delivers a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph). Pricing starts at €7,350(US$9,625) plus VAT and the monthly battery lease fee that starts at €50 (US$65.50).[16]

Nissan NMC[edit]

A rebadged version of the Twizy was launched in Japan as the Nissan New Mobility Concept (NMC). The electric vehicle was deployed in Yokohama on 11 October 2013 for service on a one-way carsharing program called "Choimobi Yokohama" (Choimobi means "easy mobility" in Japanese). During its first month on the market, over 2700 customers signed up for the service.[18][19] A total of 45 units were registered through the end of October 2013.[20] The NMC is classified as a kei car due to the car's dimensions and as such is equipped with yellow license plates.

The Nissan-badged version was also used by Scoot, an American scooter sharing company, as a pilot for car-sharing operation in San Francisco.[21]

Twizy F1[edit]

Following the footsteps of Renault Espace F1, in April 2013 Renault Sport exhibited the Twizy F1, a concept version of the car that featured Formula One technologies such as KERS. The KERS system and an upgraded electric motor boosted the car's power to 72 kW (97 hp), allowing to accelerate at comparable times with the Renault Sport Mégane R.S. 265 and reaching speeds up to 109 km/h (68 mph). The car is equipped with various open-wheel aerodynamic and other racing parts, including tyres from a Formula Renault 2.0 car and steering wheel from a Formula Renault 3.5 car.[22]

Battery[edit]

Twizy with charging wire out

The 6.1 kWh (22 MJ) lithium-ion battery is located underneath the front seat. Both motor variants carry the same weight of 474 kg (1,045 lb),[23] including batteries of 100 kg (220 lb). The range is homologated at 100 km (62 mi). In real conditions, Renault announces around 80 km (50 mi). At high speed and no eco-driving) the Twizy's range is about 50 km (31 mi).

The battery can be charged with an extendable spiral cable stored beneath a flap at the front of the vehicle. The integrated charger is compatible with roadside battery charging facilities as well as the standard 220-240 V 10 A household electrical supply. Charging an empty battery takes around three-and-a-half hours.

A planned Renault battery plant near Paris was delayed due to technical constraints. Construction will start in the second quarter of 2012[needs update] and production of batteries is expected to begin in 2014 or 2015[needs update]. In the meantime Renault intends to buy batteries for its EV range from a joint venture between Nissan Motor and NEC as well as LG Chem of South Korea.[24]

Twizy is only supplied with LG Chem modules. Batteries are assembled in Renault Valladolid plant.

Sales[edit]

Twizy charging at an Autolib' carsharing station in Paris

Since its market launch in March 2012, global sales reached 9,020 units through the end of 2012,[25] of which, 9,015 units were sold in Europe,[25] making the Twizy the best-selling plug-in electric vehicle in the European market that year.[10] In France, a total of 1,551 units were registered through June 2012, including 1,212 Twizy 80s and 339 Twizy 45s, representing a market share of 89% in the heavy quadricycle segment, and a market share of 28.5% among all categories of electric vehicles sold in France during the first half of 2012, surpassing the Bollore Bluecar, the top selling highway-capable all-electric car during this time period.[26]

Global sales fell 66.4% in 2013 from 2012, with 3,025 units delivered.[27] Cumulative sales reached 14,160 units through October 2014.[28] As of October 2014, the best-selling markets were Germany with 3,728 units and France with 3,276 units, followed by Italy with 2,265 units, Spain with 1,292, and Benelux with 1,137 units delivered since 2011.[27] The milestone of 15,000 Twizys sold worldwide was achieved in April 2015.[11]

Renault Twizy in Rome's historical center (Centro Storico)

In 2016, Renault introduced the Twizy to Ecuador, along with the Renault Kangoo, expecting to import at least 150 to 200 units between the two models. The carmaker teamed with a shopping centre in Cumbayá (a suburb of Quito) and the Ecuadorean Production Ministry to hold a draw for two examples in an introductory campaign. The winners received their cars on 17 February. All subsequent units are scheduled to arrive in-country from June, 2016, and will retail from US$14,990.[29] Sales in Latin America totaled 305 units through May 2016, with Colombia as the regional market leader with 252 units, followed by Brazil with 34 units.[30] The Renault Twizy 40 was certified by Transport Canada in March 2016, and was scheduled to be released on the Canadian market by mid-2016.[31]

As of May 2016, Twizy sales led by Germany with 4,404 units, followed by France with 4,048, Italy with 2,696, Spain with 1,551, Benelux with 1,355, and Switzerland with 1,141.[30] Until December 2016, a total of 18,592 units had been sold in Europe, representing 96.1% of global sales.[32] Global sales since inception totaled 29,118 units through December 2019.[12]

Carsharing programs[edit]

Renault tested a carsharing program called Twizy Way in Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, France, beginning in late June 2012. During the testing phase the program operated with a fleet of 50 Renault Twizys distributed over a pilot area covering around 27 km2 (10 sq mi), and around 200 were allowed to sign up for testing.[7] Twizy Way opened the service to the general public in December 2012.[33]

In 2015, the Scoot scooter sharing company offered rides within San Francisco in the "Scoot Quad", a Twizy with Nissan badging.[21]

Chinese copy[edit]

In September 2014 the Chinese company Zhejiang Litong New Energy Automobile Corporation launched the Rayttle E28 which greatly resembles the Twizy in outside appearance, size and claimed performance.[34]

Popular culture[edit]

David Guetta music videos[edit]

In the music video of Ludacris, Usher and David Guetta's song "Rest of My Life", a Twizy was shown in one of the scenes where it is seen in a tunnel, and it also appeared in his video for the song "Play Hard". A billboard for the Twizy also appears in Guetta's video for "Where Them Girls At".

Several Twizys are featured in his music video of the song "The Alphabeat". In it, Guetta himself and the video's main characters drive Twizys. The cars are then charged by electricity generated by the dancing and jumping of the people attending Guetta's gig.

Other media[edit]

Several Twizys are also featured as a futuristic vehicle in a film by Terry Gilliam called: "The Zero Theorem".

A Twizy appears in a Yung Lean music video for the song "Yoshi City".

Two Twizys appear in a Лео и Део music video for the song "Дай газ".

A few Twizys appear in a scene of the film Ready Player One.

The 2010 concept car was made available by download to players of The Sims 3[35]

A Twizy appears in Garuda Indonesia airlines' 2019 passenger safety video for their Boeing 777-300ER.[36]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Park Tae-joon (October 25, 2018). "[단독]르노 '트위지' 부산서 생산한다" [Exclusive: Renault 'Twizy' produced in Busan] (in Korean). Daum. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  2. ^ "Renault Twizy". Renault.com. Renault. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Renault ultima la primera hornada de su vehículo 100 % eléctrico, 'made in Spain'" (in Spanish). 24 February 2012.
  4. ^ "Renault to move Twizy production to South Korea". 16 December 2018.
  5. ^ Pulman, Ben. "Renault Twizy ZE electric concept at 2009 Frankfurt motor show". Car Magazine. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
  6. ^ King, Danny (2012-06-15). "Twizy Way brings Renault's tiny EV car-sharing in France". Autoblog. Retrieved 2020-05-23. Renault started selling the Twizy EV in France in March and debut sales of the model in the UK in April.
  7. ^ a b Loveday, Eric (2011-08-12). "After driving the Renault Twizy, reviewer calls it "the only EV I could imagine owning"". AutoblogGreen. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  8. ^ Pulman, Ben (2010-09-30). "Renault Twizy (2011): the tandem-seat electric city car". Car Magazine. Retrieved 2011-08-13.
  9. ^ https://www.renault.co.uk/electric-vehicles/twizy/configure.html?conf=https%3A%2F%2Fuk.co.rplug.renault.com%2Fproduct%2Fmodel%2FTWZ%2Ftwizy%2Fc%2FA
  10. ^ a b Eric Loveday (2013-02-15). "Video: Twizy Twists Its Way Through Renault's Indoor Technocentre". InsideEVs. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
  11. ^ a b "15,000 Renault Twizy Now in Circulation". AutoVolt magazine. 2015-04-01. Retrieved 2015-04-02. Electro mobility helps respect the environment, reduce acoustic pollution, and contributes to preserving our cultural heritage, damaged everyday by car exhaust gases... With 20% of vehicles using electric power, particulate concentration in the city air could be reduced by up to 30%, and NO2 concentration by 45%.
  12. ^ a b Groupe Renaul (2020-03-19). "2019 Universal Registration Document" (PDF). Renault. Retrieved 2020-05-22. See pp. 24: Since the launch of the Renault electric program, the Group has sold more than 252,000 electric vehicles in Europe and more than 273,550 electric vehicles worldwide. Since inception, a total of 181,893 Zoe cars, 48,821 Kangoo Z.E. electric vans and 29,118 Twitzy quadricycles have been sold globally through December 2019.
  13. ^ "Renault Twizy Comes to Canadian Cities". autoTRADER. 22 April 2016.
  14. ^ "Nissan Leaf sales begin in Spain". The Independent. 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2011-05-18.
  15. ^ "Renault Twizy will be launched over a year and will cost €5,000". Fantasi Cars. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
  16. ^ a b c Mark Kane (2013-06-24). "Renault Unveils Twizy Cargo Electric Delivery Vehicle". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
  17. ^ Michaël Torregrossa (2013-06-24). "Twizy Cargo – Renault lance une version utilitaire du Twizy pour les professionnels" [Twizy Cargo - Renault launches a utility version of the Twizy for professionals] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 2013-06-26.
  18. ^ Danny King (2013-09-27). "Nissan New Mobility Concept enters carsharing service in Japan". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
  19. ^ "More than 2,700 sign up in first month of "Choimobi Yokohama" Car Sharing Service using NISSAN New Mobility CONCEPT Ultra-Compact EV". House of Japan. 2013-11-18. Archived from the original on 2013-11-30. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
  20. ^ Jose Pontes (2013-11-30). "Japan October 2013". EV Sales. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
  21. ^ a b Voelcker, John (2015-11-11). "Is An Electric Scoot Quad (Nee Renault Twizy) Car-Sharing's Urban Future?". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
  22. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon. "Twizy Renault Sport F1 is a racy EV that defies categorization". Autoblog. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2013-02-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ Beresford, Helen (2011-06-15). "Renault says battery plant project delayed". Reuters.
  25. ^ a b "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault. 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2013-01-18. Click on Ventes mensuelles December 2012, and download the file 294 Ko.xls, and open the TWIZY tab.
  26. ^ "Véhicules électriques – Les immatriculations en France au premier semestre 2012" [Electric Vehicles – Registrations in France in the first half of 2012] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
  27. ^ a b Groupe Renault (November 2014). "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault.com. Retrieved 2014-11-29. Click on "Ventes mensuelles du groupe (décembre 2011) (xls, 183 Ko)" "Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2012) (xls, 289 Ko)" - Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2013) (xlsx, 227 Ko)" - "Ventes mensuelles (octobre 2014) (XLSX - 219 Ko)" to download the files for 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 sales, and open the tab "Twizy Renault".
  28. ^ Mark Kane (2014-11-22). "Renault Electric Car Sales Quietly Surpass 50,000". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2014-11-29.
  29. ^ Araujo, Alberto (2016-02-17). "Renault entregó sus dos primeros autos eléctricos en Cumbayá" [Renault Awards its First Electric Cars in Cumbayá]. ElComercio.com (in Spanish). Quito, Ecuador.
  30. ^ a b Groupe Renault (June 2016). "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault.com. Retrieved 2016-06-22. Click on "Ventes mensuelles (mai 2016)" to download the file "XLSX - 237 Ko" for CYTD sales through May 2016, and open the tab "TWIZY RENAULT" for details by country and by region.
  31. ^ Millikin, Mike (2016-03-18). "Renault Twizy 40 arrives in Canada". Green Car Congress. Retrieved 2016-03-20.
  32. ^ Groupe Renault (January 2017). "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). Renault.com. Retrieved 2017-01-19. Click on "(décembre 2016)" to download the file "XLSX - 239 Ko" for CYTD sales in 2016, and open the tab "TWIZY RENAULT".
  33. ^ "Twizy Way : retours d'expérience et ouverture d'une boutique" [Twizy Way: feedback and opening a boutique] (in French). Automobile Propre. 2012-12-04. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
  34. ^ Ning, W.E. (12 January 2015). "Spotted in China: Rayttle E28 EV is not a Renault Twizy". Car News China. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  35. ^ http://www.igcd.net/vehicle.php?id=28485
  36. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VZAbCj7zk1Y&t=486

External links[edit]