Renault Kangoo

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Renault Kangoo
Renault Kangoo III IMG 5862.jpg
Body and chassis
ClassLeisure activity vehicle/Light commercial vehicle (M)
Body style4/5-door van
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel drive
Front-engine, four-wheel drive (2001–present)
PredecessorRenault Express

The Renault Kangoo and the Renault Kangoo Express are a family of multi purpose vehicles manufactured and marketed by Renault since 1997, in commercial as well as passenger variants, across three generations. As of December 2019, the electric variant, the Renault Kangoo Z.E., is Europe's top selling all-electric light commercial vehicle, with global sales of 48,821 units since its inception in 2011.[1]

The Kangoo is manufactured at the MCA plant in Maubeuge, France. The version for the ASEAN markets was assembled by the Malaysian Tan Chong Euro Cars in its Segambut plant.[2][3]

The Kangoo was also marketed as a rebadged variant by Nissan in Europe as the Nissan Kubistar (first generation), Nissan NV250 (second generation) and Nissan Townstar (third generation). In September 2012, Mercedes-Benz began marketing a rebadged variant of the second generation Kangoo as the Mercedes-Benz Citan, which is also marketed as Mercedes EQT and Mercedes T-Class for the next generation.[4]

First generation (KC/KW; 1997)[edit]

First generation
Renault Kangoo I front 20090121.jpg
Also calledNissan Kubistar
  • 1997–2009 (Europe)[5][6]
  • 1998–2018 (Latin America)
  • 2003–2009 (Nissan Kubistar)
Body and chassis
Body style4/5-door van
5-door LAV
RelatedRenault Clio II (X65)
Electric motorPermanent-magnet brushless DC motors
Transmission5-speed Manual
4-speed Automatic
Hybrid drivetrainPHEV (Elect'road)
Battery13.2 kWh Ni-Cd
Wheelbase2,605 mm (102.6 in)
Length4,035 mm (158.9 in)
Width1,670 mm (65.7 in)
Height1,800 mm (70.9 in)
SuccessorNissan NV200 (for Nissan Kubistar)
Renault Kangoo II (Argentina)
Renault Kangoo (pre-facelift)
Renault Kangoo (first facelift)
Renault Kangoo (second facelift)

The first generation Kangoo was introduced in October 1997, and was facelifted in March 2003, with new front end nose styling, especially the grille, standardised across the Renault range, with the Renault diamond mounted on a body colour panel in the centre of the grille and teardrop headlamps.

The rear windows and seats of the Kangoo could be removed, producing the panel van Kangoo Express. The Kangoo became popular with mobility impaired and wheelchair users due to its height and accessibility, and because it could be adapted to include mounting points for wheelchairs. The rear of the vehicle is cut to allow a ramp to be fitted. A pair of front tie downs are fitted (retractable seat belts with a solenoid release to allow them to be extended, passed around the wheelchair frame, and then locked back when the solenoid is switched off and they retract); this stops the wheelchair from moving back. A pair of rear tie downs with the normal clamping buckles stop the wheelchair from moving forward. A normal, long seat belt is worn by the wheelchair user.

Both the Kangoo and Kangoo Express were available in four-wheel drive versions and a lengthened version was available, with an increased cargo area. A pickup version was sold in the Swedish market. In some countries, such as Malaysia, the Kangoo was assembled by Nissan with third row seats.

A badge-engineered version of the Kangoo panel van was sold as the Nissan Kubistar in many European markets.[10] Nissan offered it from 1999 to 2009. Nissan applied the "X76" model code to the Kubistar. From July 2003, Wallace and Gromit starred in adverts in the United Kingdom for the Kangoo.[11]


The Kangoo Break'Up was a four wheel drive concept car announced in August 2002 and previewed the facelift design due in 2003, together with a pick up-style rear. It was powered by 1.6 L engine producing 82 kW (110 hp).[12]

Four wheel drive[edit]

The 4WD version of the Kangoo was introduced in 2002, and was marketed under the model name Trekka. It should not be confused with the Skoda powered New Zealand built utility vehicle named Trekka, which was marketed in the Antipodes for several years circa 1970.

The Kangoo Trekka's all wheel drive system differed from the Renault Scénic RX4 in its inclusion of a Nissan sourced automatic torque coupling "ATC", a hydraulic coupling that would engage drive on all four wheels should the front wheels start to lose traction.

This allowed the Kangoo Trekka to run in front wheel drive in most conditions, thus saving fuel. Working in combination with the ATC, the Kangoo Trekka featured an electronically controlled "ASR" traction control system which could brake the front wheels to arrest traction loss.

The suspension on the front had longer front struts with revised coil springs, lower suspension arms were revised to a cast steel item. The rear suspension was completely revised from the standard Kangoo torsion bar suspension beam axle to a fully independent coil sprung system with wishbones. The rear differential was centrally mounted with two driveshafts transmitting power to the rear wheels. All this was carried on a subframe which increased the ground clearance and wheel travel.

These changes gave the Kangoo Trekka a 400 mm (15.7 in) fording depth and 28 degree hill climbing capability. The Kangoo Trekka was marketed in the UK with a choice of two engines, the 1.6 L 16 valve petrol engine and the 1.9 L dCi common rail turbodiesel both with a five speed manual gearbox.

In 2005, these models were priced at £12,600 and £13,600 respectively. The diesel produced a peak torque of 180 N⋅m (133 lb⋅ft) and achieved over 7 L/100 km (40 mpg‑imp; 34 mpg‑US) on the combined (urban and extra urban) fuel consumption test.

The petrol engine had a 0 to 100 km/h (0 to 60 mph) time of 14.3 seconds, and a combined fuel consumption of 9 L/100 km (31 mpg‑imp; 26 mpg‑US). The interior of the Kangoo Trekka was spartan. The rear bench seat could be folded forward to provide a 2.5 m3 (88 cu ft) loading area, with better access through the sliding side doors.


The Kangoo and Kangoo Express was/is available with a choice of multiple engines:

  • 1.0 L D Series petrol, 44 kW (59 hp) (8v) / 51 kW (68 hp) (16v)
  • 1.2 L D Series petrol, 45 kW (60 hp) (8v) / 56 kW (75 hp) (16v)
  • 1.4 L 8v Energy petrol, 56 kW (75 hp)
  • 1.6 L 16v K Series petrol, 71 kW (95 hp)
  • 1.5 L dCi turbo-diesel, 43 kW (57 hp) / 48 kW (65 hp) / 51 kW (68 hp) / 52 kW (70 hp) / 61 kW (82 hp) / 63 kW (85 hp) / 66 kW (88 hp)
  • 1.9 L F Series D diesel, 41 kW (55 hp)/48 kW (65 hp) (normally aspirated, indirect injection)
  • 1.9 L F Series dTi turbodiesel, 60 kW (80 hp) (direct injection)
  • 1.9 L F Series dCi turbodiesel, 60 kW (80 hp)/63 kW (85 hp)
  • Electric Electri'cité (limited edition)
  • Plug In Hybrid Elect'road (limited edition)

Some LPG and CNG variants of petrol engines have also been produced.

Electric vehicles based on Kangoo I[edit]

Cleanova II is a hybrid electric drive train system, used in a vehicle based on Renault Kangoo, with two electric versions: full electric vehicle (FEV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV).[citation needed]

Second generation (FC/FW; 2007)[edit]

Second generation
Renault Kangoo front 20080415.jpg
Also calledMercedes-Benz Citan
Nissan NV250 (2019–2021)
AssemblyFrance: Maubeuge (MCA)[13]
Body and chassis
Body style3/5-door panel van
5-door LAV
PlatformRenault–Nissan C platform
RelatedRenault Mégane II
Renault Scénic II
Wheelbase2,313 mm (91.1 in) (Compact)
2,679 mm (105.5 in) (Express)
3,081 mm (121.3 in) (Maxi)
Length3,898 mm (153.5 in) (Compact)
4,213 mm (165.9 in) (Express)
4,666 mm (183.7 in) (Maxi)
Width1,829 mm (72.0 in)
Height1,812 mm (71.3 in) (Compact)
1,844 mm (72.6 in) (Express)
1,836 mm (72.3 in) (Maxi)

The second-generation Kangoo are based on the Scénic and manufactured in Maubeuge. Sales began in May 2007. A seven seat version, which is longer by 40 cm, became available from July 2012.

They are also sold by Mercedes-Benz as the Mercedes-Benz Citan, with a revised front design, being launched in September 2012. In February 2012, Renault retired the Kangoo MPV, Espace, Laguna, Modus, and Wind lines in the United Kingdom.[14]

A facelifted version of both the van and the passenger versions was available from the beginning of 2013.[15][16]

In November 2018, it was announced that Nissan would rebadge the Kangoo, turning it into the NV250.[17] The Nissan NV250 launched in December 2019 and is currently sold in the United Kingdom.[18]

Body styles[edit]

The Kangoo is available in three wheelbase configurations: the Kangoo Express, the Kangoo Compact with a shorter wheelbase, and the Kangoo Express Maxi with a longer wheelbase – all three offered in passenger variants.[19][20][21] The short wheelbase version was sold as the Kangoo Be Bop between 2009 and 2012.[22]

The payload of the Kangoo Express and Express Maxi is between 650 kg (1,433 lb) and 825 kg (1,819 lb) depending on version and market, while the Kangoo Compact with its short wheelbase has a reduced payload of 500 kg (1,102 lb).[21][23] The Kangoo Express Maxi has up to 2.90 m (9.5 ft) of usable floor length.[24]


Model Type cylinder capacity
Max. power
kW (hp) / rpm.
Nm / rpm.
0–100 km/t
1.2 H5Ft 1197 84 (112) / 4500 190 / 2000 2016–
1.6 K4M 1598 78 (105) / 5750 148 / 3750 2007–16
1.5 K9K 1461 81 (109) / 4000 240 / 1750 2007–

Kangoo Z.E. / E-Tech electric[edit]

Kangoo II Z.E. / E.Tech electric
2012 Renault Kangoo Z.E. front II.JPG
AssemblyFrance: Maubeuge (MCA)
Body and chassis
ClassElectric panel van
Body styleVan
Electric motor44 kW (59 hp), 226 N⋅m (167 lb⋅ft) AC synchronous motor
Battery22 kWh lithium ion battery[25]
Range170 km (110 mi) NEDC[25]
Wheelbase2,697 mm
Length4,282 mm
Curb weight1,410 kg (3,110 lb)
Renault Kangoo Z.E. (rear)
Z.E. facelift

As part of its Z.E. electric car initiative, Renault has developed the Kangoo Z.E. model that is manufactured at its Maubeuge plant,[26] and released the electric van for retail sales in October 2011.[27]

A total of 3,652 Kangoo Z.E. utility vans were registered in France through December 2012,[28][29] and, with 2,869 units delivered in 2012, the electric van became the top selling plug-in electric vehicle in the country.[29] During 2011, the Kangoo Z.E. sold 991 units in Europe, and cumulative sales in the region reached 6,658 units sold in the region through December 2012, with global sales of 6,665 units.[30]

Worldwide cumulative sales passed the 10,000 mark by the start of September 2013, representing about 10% of overall Kangoo van global sales.[31] The Kangoo Z.E. is the leader of the small all electric van segment, and the best selling electric vehicle in France, with 9,125 units registered through June 2014.[28][29][32][33] The Kangoo Z.E. is Europe's top selling all-electric light commercial vehicle, with global sales of 48,821 units delivered since inception through December 2019.[1]

The Kangoo Z.E. has the same dimensions as the internal combustion model. It uses a synchronous electric motor with rotor coil. Its peak power is 44 kW (59 hp) at 10,500rpm, while maximum torque is 226 N⋅m (167 lbf⋅ft). Its top speed is capped electronically to 130 km/h (81 mph).[34]

The vehicle is powered by a 22 kWh lithium-ion battery pack that delivers a combined cycle range of 170 km (110 mi) NEDC that varies depending on factors such as type of road, temperature, speed or driving style.[25] In November 2011, the Kangoo Z.E. was voted International Van of the Year for 2012.[35][36] It was also elected Electric Vehicle of the Year in 2012 and 2013 by GreenFleet.[37]

Kangoo Z.E. Power+, released in 2017, includes four changes; new battery, new motor, new charger, and a heatpump. The new battery has a capacity of 33 kWh for a range of 270 km (170 mi) according to the NEDC cycle. The new motor R60 produces peak power 44 kW (59 hp), and is based on the R90 motor found in Renault Zoe.

It was introduced in Mexico on 15 October 2020.[38]

In 2021, the Kangoo Z.E. is renamed Kangoo E-Tech electric.[39]

Third generation (2021)[edit]

Third generation
Renault Kangoo III IMG 4925.jpg
Also calledMercedes-Benz Citan/T-Class/EQT
Nissan Townstar
AssemblyFrance: Maubeuge (MCA)[13]
Body and chassis
Body style3/5-door panel van
5-door LAV
PlatformRenault–Nissan CMF-CD platform[40]
Transmission6-speed manual
Wheelbase2,716 mm (106.9 in)
Length4,486 mm (176.6 in)
Width1,919 mm (75.6 in)
Height1,838 mm (72.4 in)
Curb weight1,475–1,688 kg (3,252–3,721 lb)
PredecessorNissan e-NV200 (for Townstar EV)

The third-generation Kangoo was revealed on 12 November 2020, alongside the lower-spec, separate model called Express.[41] It is based on an all-new CMF-CD platform developed by Renault and Nissan.

A rebadged version[42] called the Nissan Townstar was revealed in September 2021 to replace the NV200[43] and NV250 in various markets. In Europe, the electric Nissan e-NV200 will be replaced by a Townstar EV based on the Kangoo E-Tech Electric.


  1. ^ a b "2019 Universal Registration Document" (PDF). Renault. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2020. See pp. 24 and 39. Since the launch of the Renault electric program, the Group has sold more than 252,000 electric vehicles in Europe and more than 273,550 electric vehicles worldwide. Since inception, a total of 181,893 Zoe cars, 48,821 Kangoo Z.E. electric vans and 29,118 Twitzy quadricycles have been sold globally through December 2019.
  2. ^ "Milestones". Tan Chong Motor Holdings Berhad. Archived from the original on 4 January 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
  3. ^ "Renault – About Tan Chong Euro Cars". Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  4. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Citan: The Renault Van with the Three-Pointed Star". Car and Driver. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Renault – 2010 Annual Report" (PDF). 27 April 2011. p. 26. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 January 2012.
  6. ^ "Renault Maroc : Voitures neuves, véhicules utilitaires, monospace". Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  7. ^ "Cordoba plant (Renault)". Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Renault Argentina fabricó el último Kangoo en Santa Isabel". Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  9. ^ "Renault – 2004 Annual Report Summary" (PDF). 25 April 2005. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Nissan Kubistar 1.5dCi". Fleet News: Vans. Bauer Automotive. 1 March 2004. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Cartoon pair test out the new Renault Kangoo". 1 August 2003. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Renault unveils Kangoo break'up, a new concept based on Kangoo" (PDF). Renault. 2 August 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 July 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Renault – 2010 Registration Document" (PDF). Renault. 18 April 2011. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012.
  14. ^ "Renault to cut five UK models". 19 December 2011.
  15. ^ "New Renault Kangoo Van: a range of tailor-built vehicles for exacting business customers". Renault. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  16. ^ "New Renault Kangoo and Grand Kangoo: prices and range (French market)". Renault. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  17. ^ "Van production expands for Renault-Nissan-Mitsubishi in France". Renault Group. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Nissan offers major boost to compact van segment with NV250". Official Europe Newsroom. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  19. ^ "Nouveaux Renault Kangoo Express Maxi et Trafic". Autonews. 9 February 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  20. ^ "Renault Kangoo". Renault. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  21. ^ a b "Nouveau Kangoo Express". Renault France. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
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  23. ^ "Renault KANGOO – Renault Australia" (PDF).
  24. ^ "Renault Kangoo Express". Renault. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  25. ^ a b c "Renault Kangoo Z.E. and Maxi Z.E." Retrieved 29 July 2012.
  26. ^ "RENAULT TO PRODUCE ELECTRIC FLUENCE IN BURSA, TURKEY" (Press release). Renault. 13 November 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2010.
  27. ^ "Renault celebrates first anniversary of electric van". Renault Press Release. 29 October 2012. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012 – via The Green Car Website.
  28. ^ a b Aschard, Justin (30 November 2012). "Inmatriculations VP et VUL France à fin Oct. 2012 (2010–2012)" [Registrations of passenger cars and utility vehicles in France through October 2012 (2010–2012)] (PDF) (in French). France Mobilité Électrique. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 14 units were registered in 2010 and 768 in 2011.
  29. ^ a b c "Bilan des Immatriculations pour l'Année 2012" [Balance of Registrations for 2012]. France Mobilité Électrique – AVERE France (in French). AVERE. 7 January 2013. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013. A total of 2,869 units sold in 2012.
  30. ^ "Ventes Mensuelles" [Monthly Sales] (in French). 17 April 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013. Click on "Ventes mensuelles (décembre 2012) (xls, 294 Ko)" to download the files for 2012 sales, and open the tab "Sales by Model" for 2011 and 2012 sales.
  31. ^ Sunderland, Faye (13 September 2013). "Renault hits 10,000 sales of Kangoo electric van". The Green Car Website. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
  32. ^ "Baromètre AVERE-France Janvier 2014" [Barometer AVERE-France January 2014]. France Mobilité Électrique – AVERE France (in French). AVERE. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014. A total of 4,174 units were sold in France in 2013.
  33. ^ Torregrossa, Michaël (23 July 2014). "Utilitaires électriques – 2.099 immatriculations au premier semestre 2014" [Electric Utilities – 2099 registrations in the first half of 2014] (in French). Association pour l'Avenir du Véhicule Electrique Méditerranéen (AVEM). Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  34. ^ "RENAULT FLUENCE Z.E. AND KANGOO EXPRESS Z.E.: FINALIZED DESIGNS REVEALED AND PRE-RESERVATIONS OPEN" (PDF) (Press release). Renault. 15 April 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2010.
  35. ^ "Renault Kangoo Z.E. is International Van of the Year 2012". International Van of the Year. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  36. ^ "2012 International Van of the Year: Renault Kangoo Van Z.E." Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  37. ^ "Renault Kangoo Z.E. Retains GreenFleet Title of "Electric Vehicle of the Year"". InsideEVs. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
  38. ^ García, Gerardo (15 October 2020). "La Renault Kangoo Z.E. ya tiene precio: así es el primer vehículo comercial eléctrico en México". Motorpasión México (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  39. ^ "Renault Kangoo E-Tech electric". Renault UK. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  40. ^ "Renault Kangoo van to be first EV on alliance CMF-C/D platform". Automotive News Europe. 28 April 2021.
  41. ^ "2021 Renault Kangoo and Renault Express revealed, Kangoo confirmed for Australia | CarAdvice".
  42. ^ "Nissan's New Townstar Electric Van Is A Rebadged Renault Kangoo". InsideEVs.
  43. ^ "Nissan Replaces NV200 and e-NV200 With All-New Townstar, Updates The Rest Of Its LCV Range". Carscoops. 27 September 2021. Retrieved 27 September 2021.

External links[edit]