Nissan Navara

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Nissan Navara
2016 Nissan NP300 Navara Tekna DCi 3.0.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Nissan
Also called Nissan Frontier
Nissan NP300
Production 1997–present
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door truck
4-door truck
Related Nissan Terra
Nissan Xterra
Nissan Pathfinder
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan D21 series

The Nissan Navara is the name for the D22, D40 and D23 generations of Nissan pickup trucks sold in Asia, Europe and Australia. In North, Central and South America and some selected markets, it is sold as the Nissan Frontier or Nissan NP300. The D22 line began in 1997, replacing the model D21 compact pickup.

After more than 10 years with the D21, Nissan unveiled the similar sized D22. It was replaced with the bigger, taller, longer D40 mid-size pickup. In 2014, Nissan released its successor, the D23.

The Navara gets its name from the Navarre region of northern Spain. The European version is built at the Nissan factory in Barcelona.

First generation (D22; 1997–2004)[edit]

First generation (D22)
2004 Nissan Navara Diesel 4X4 2.5 Front.jpg
2004 Facelift Nissan D22 Navara
Overview
Also called
  • Nissan Frontier
  • Nissan NP300
  • Nissan Fiera
  • Nissan Hardbody
  • Nissan PickUp
  • Nissan Terrano
  • Nissan Winner
  • Nissan Big M Frontier
  • Nissan Frontier Bravado
  • Dongfeng/ZNA Rich
  • Peugeot Pick-Up
  • Giad Pickup
  • Bhamo Pickup
Production
  • USA: August 1997–2004
  • PRC: January 1999–present
  • PRC: April 2005–present (Facelift version)
  • THA: 1998–2007[1]
Assembly
Designer
  • Nishino Sadaaki (1994)
  • Jerry Hirschberg (1997: Crew Cab)
  • Diane Allen (facelift: 1999)[7]
Body and chassis
Class Compact pickup truck
Layout
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • Regular Cab: 104.3 in (2,649 mm)
  • King Cab / Crew Cab Short Bed: 116.1 in (2,949 mm)
  • Crew Cab Long Bed: 131.1 in (3,330 mm)
Length
  • 1998–2002 King Cab: 196.1 in (4,981 mm)
  • Regular Cab: 184.3 in (4,681 mm)
  • 1998–2002 Crew Cab: 193.1 in (4,905 mm)
  • 2003–04 King Cab: 202.9 in (5,154 mm)
  • 2003–04 Crew Cab: 199.9 in (5,077 mm)
  • 2003–04 Crew Cab Long Bed: 217.8 in (5,532 mm)
Width
  • 2WD: 66.5 in (1,689 mm)
  • 4WD & 2001–02 Desert Runner, Crew Cab 2WD & King Cab 2WD: 71.9 in (1,826 mm)
  • 2003–04: 71.2 in (1,808 mm)
  • 2003–04 King Cab 2WD: 67.7 in (1,720 mm)
Height
  • 1998–2002 King Cab 2WD: 62.6 in (1,590 mm)
  • King Cab 4WD & 2001–02 Desert Runner, Crew Cab 2WD & King Cab 2WD: 65.9 in (1,674 mm)
  • 1998–2000 Regular Cab 2WD: 62.5 in (1,588 mm)
  • 1998–2002 XE Regular Cab 2WD: 62.8 in (1,595 mm)
  • 1998–2000 Regular Cab 4WD: 66.1 in (1,679 mm)
  • 2003–04 King Cab 4WD & XE 2WD: 66.7 in (1,694 mm)
  • 2003–04 Crew Cab 4WD: 67.1 in (1,704 mm)
  • 2003–04 SVE & SC Long Bed Crew Cab 4WD: 71.8 in (1,824 mm)
  • 2003–04 King Cab 2WD: 63.2 in (1,605 mm)
  • SC 2WD: 69.9 in (1,775 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor D21 Series
Successor D40 Series
1997–2000 Pre-facelift Nissan D22 Frontier regular cab

The D22 was a compact size pick up truck manufactured from 1997 to 2004. However, Nissan continued to build the D22 as a cheaper alternative to the D40 in many markets. Originally planned to follow the D21 Hard Body in being designed by Nissan Design International in La Jolla, CA, design of the D22 was reluctantly given to Japan during the 1994–1995 period. This was due to NDI being busy with many design projects of for concepts and models, such as the Quest (VX54 II), Altima (L30), and Maxima (A32.5). Design of an updated D22 was eventually given to NDI in 1998.[9]

North America[edit]

In North America, it was built in Tennessee from 1997 to 2000 as the Nissan Frontier. Versions: Single cab, King Cab, Crew Cab (Introduced in 1999). Engines: Petrol (KA24DE) and Diesel (TD27) (2wd and 4wd) with 5 speed manual transmission. These models were also exported to Central and South America. US production in Tennessee started in 1997 with a Single cab and a King cab. A four-door version of the D22 was designed and developed during 1997–1998, being first produced in April 1999 and launched in May 1999 in the US as the 2000 Frontier Crew Cab.[10][11][12]

In 1999, a special edition was offered. Nissan called it the Desert Runner. It had a king cab base but on the 4X4 frame which gave it a boost in ride height, bigger tires and a 4- or 5-speed 2WD drivetrain. For 2001 the Desert Runner got a new look and a supercharged version of the V6 engine.

In 2005 the V6 VQ40DE was added. Standard on all Crew Cabs through current 2018.

Facelift[edit]

2001–2004 Facelift Nissan D22 Frontier extended cab
2009–2011 Facelift Nissan D22 Navara DX regular cab (Australia). Note: updated exterior door handles from 2009 onwards.

In February 2000 at the Chicago Auto Show, Nissan introduced a facelifted D22 Frontier for 2001, with bolder styling in an effort to make it more appealing to younger buyers in its second generation. The D22 Frontier was completely redone after the 2004 model year, which later resulted in the discontinuation of the regular cab model.[13] Sales and production started in North America, with Crew Cab and King Cab versions and new grille, bumper, headlights, taillights. Other body changes included built in fender flares and tailgates.

The D22s badged as "Frontier" had different grille facelift in contrast to the D22s badged as "Navara".

The D22 was no longer sold in Japan after 2002. Due to incompatible taxation rules and plummeting popularity of pickup trucks in Japan, Nissan discontinued it in their home market with no replacement afterwards, a fate shared by many of its competitiors there.

The Egyptian plant exports to the Middle East, and a South African plant to African countries. Mexican production started in 2008: D22 truck Single Cab Chassis and Long Bed (2WD or 4WD, 2.4-liter petrol or diesel), Crew Cab (2WD and petrol) called the D22 Pick up.

In 2009 the D22 was updated with redesigned exterior door handles.

In June 2017, Peugeot announced to produce the Peugeot Pick-Up for Northern African states. It is equipped with a 2.5-litre inline 4 turbodiesel, 86 kW (115 hp), 280 N⋅m (207 lb⋅ft), manual 5-speed transmission, rear wheel drive or all-wheel drive, with optional gear reduction. It is a badge engineering version of the DongFeng Rich, which has a partnership with PSA.[14] It comes as a Crew Cab (5 passengers) Short Bed (1,40 m x 1,39 m bed) version (5,08 m in length) with a payload of 815 kg. Market introduction started in September 2017.

Australia[edit]

For the Australian market, the D22 Navara ran as a series 1 from the end of the D21 until 2003, when a series 2 was released with a new ZD30 Diesel engine and updated front end. The ZD30 powered D22's were exceptionally reliable unlike the Patrol counterparts, but were replaced in 2008 with an upgraded Common Rail 2.5L Diesel engine. The D22 Navara was run in parallel with the larger D40 until 2015. Both were replaced by the D23 Navara - locally known as the NP300 Navara as of 2015.

Brazil[edit]

The Brazilian Nissan plant started production around 2002 (Crew Cab Diesel 2WD or 4WD, five-speed manual, or single cab 2WD diesel. Only for Mexican market: petrol 2.4-liter manufactured in Mexico) and it was exported to Argentina (all Brazilian versions) and Mexico (Crew Cab, petrol 2.4-liter, 2WD, five-speed manual).

Bolivia[edit]

Nissan Bolivia imported from Japan the Nissan Frontier D22 Crew Cab, 2.4-liter petrol or diesel, 4WD. Imported from Mexico, the D22 Crew Cab and single cab long bed, petrol 2WD. Some Frontiers were gray imported from the USA. These were V6 with automatic transmission for private importers.

Chile[edit]

In Chile, the D22 was marketed as the "Nissan Terrano" (a name previously used in the WD21 SUV) due to KIA Motors already using the "Frontier" moniker in its Bongo minivan series. It was sold from 1998 to 2014 and according to the National Automobile Association of Chile it was the most sold automobile in 2010.[15] The facelifted "Navara" version arrived in 2003, in 2.4L petrol, 2.5L turbo diesel, 3.0L turbo diesel and 3.2L diesel. Even with the unveiling of the D40 Navara in 2008, it continued to be sold as a cheaper and more work-oriented alternative, outselling the D40. Starting in 2012, all D22 models were imported from Mexico replacing the Japanese model's injection pump with a common rail fuel-injection system, among other changes and the 3.0L and 3.2L models were discontinued. The D22 was replaced by the Nissan D23 "NP300" in 2015.

Models[edit]

2003–2004 Facelift Nissan D22 Frontier crew cab

The Japanese-made facelift D22 Navara was available in 5 different versions:[16][17][18]

  • STD Standard model. Black plastic bumpers, grill, hood scoop and mirrors, 1-din stereo, 2 speakers, manual windows. 14x5J steel rims with 185R14 tires. Manual locking hubs.
  • DX: Same characteristics as STD, but sightly taller, narrower loadbed. Including side mudguards. 6-J-16 steelrims with 205R16 tires.
  • DXS: Same characteristics as DX, including ABS brakes, air conditioning, double air-bag, body-colored hood scoop.
  • AX: Body-colored hood scoop and bumpers, chromed grill, side steps, electric windows, 7-JJ-16 steel rims with 255/70R16 tires, double airbag, air conditioning, ABS brakes, 1-DIN CD Stereo with 4 speakers.
  • AXS: Same characteristics as AX, including ABS brakes, double DIN 6 CD-loader stereo with 4 speakers, chromed electric mirrors, 7-JJ-16 alloy rims with 255/70R16 tires. Optional sunroof. Automatic locking hubs.

Engines[edit]

Nissan first offered the D22 with a 4-cylinder engine, the KA24DE, but added the V6 engine, the VG33E in 1999. In Australia the D22 had the KA24E till 1999, then changed to KA24DE option that year, a 3.0L V6 was introduced in June 2000. In February 2003, 4x4 models received a larger 3.3L V6 (available only with a 5-speed manual), while 4x2 models continued with the 3.0L V6 (with manual or automatic transmissions). The V6 was dropped in 2005, leaving the 2.5L turbo diesel as the only available engine.

The first series of D22s had larger (QD32) 3.2-litre normally aspirated Diesel engines producing 75 kW. It also had a (NA20S) 2.0 litre petrol sohc 8 valve engine producing 75 kW.

Engine Displacement Power Torque Info
SOHC 4-Cylinder (NA20S) 2.0 L (121 CID) 100 hp (75 kW) 123 lb⋅ft (167 N⋅m)
DOHC 4-Cylinder (KA24E) 2.4 L (146 CID) 1997-1999 (Australia)
DOHC 4-Cylinder (KA24DE) 2.4 L (146 CID) 143 hp (107 kW) 154 lb⋅ft (209 N⋅m)
DOHC 4-Cylinder (YD25DDTi (133 PS)) 2.5 L (153 CID) 131 hp (98 kW) 304 N⋅m (31 kg⋅m; 224 lb⋅ft) Turbo diesel intercooler
DOHC 4-Cylinder (ZD30DDT) 3.0 L (183 CID) 110 hp (82 kW) 314 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft) Turbo diesel (non-intercooler)
DOHC 4-Cylinder (QD323) 3.2 L (195 CID) Diesel
SOHC V6 (VG33E) 3.3 L (201 CID) 170 hp (127 kW) 200 lb⋅ft (271 N⋅m) Available in a V6 Supercharged version.

International names[edit]


Second generation (D40; 2004–present)[edit]

Second generation (D40)
2nd Nissan Frontier SE crew cab.jpg
Overview
Also called
  • Suzuki Equator
  • Nissan Frontier
  • Nissan Navara Brute
  • Nissan Frontier Navara
  • ACMAT ALTV
Production 20 October 2004–present
Assembly
Designer Kiyoshi Yanase (2002)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size pickup truck
Layout
Platform Nissan F-Alpha platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • manual
  • 5-speed
  • 6-speed
  • automatic
  • 5-speed
  • 7-speed (V9X)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 125.9 in (3,198 mm)
Length
  • LWB: 219.4 in (5,573 mm)
  • SWB: 205.5 in (5,220 mm)
Width 72.8 in (1,849 mm)
Height
  • XE King Cab: 68.7 in (1,745 mm)
  • SE King Cab: 69.7 in (1,770 mm)
  • Crew Cab: 70.1 in (1,781 mm)
  • LE Crew Cab 2WD: 73.9 in (1,877 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Nissan Frontier (D22)
Successor Nissan Navara (D23)

Initially, the Frontier was considered a compact, but beginning with the totally redesigned model year 2005 Frontier (introduced at the 2004 North American International Auto Show), it became more mid-sized (as did rival Toyota Tacoma for this model year). It uses the new Nissan F-Alpha platform and exterior body styling resembles that of the company's full-size Nissan Titan truck. In 2012 production was shifted from Smyrna, Tennessee to Canton, Mississippi.

The new truck has a fully boxed ladder frame. The wheelbase is 125.9 in (3.20 m) with a 205.5 in (5.22 m) overall length. Towing capacity is 6500 lb (2,950 kg). A 4.0 Liter VQ-family V6, the VQ40DE, is the standard engine, and it produces 261 hp (195 kW) and 281 pound-feet (381 N⋅m) of torque. Also available is the QR25DE four-cylinder engine, which is also found in the Nissan Altima. It produces 152 hp (113 kW) and 171 pound-feet (232 N⋅m) of torque. A six-speed manual is standard with a five-speed automatic optional. Both rear and four-wheel drive are available. Traction control and hill-descent control are also available.

The Frontier is called Navara when sold in Europe. The engine is a 2.5 L YD25DDTi diesel, with 142 hp (106 kW) or 172 hp (128 kW). The stronger version has 403 N⋅m (297 lb⋅ft) of torque.

  • Nissan of Bolivia imports the D40 and D22. Sourced from Japan are the Nissan Frontier D-22 Crew Cab 4x4 and from Mexico the D-22 Crew Cab and single cab long bed 4x2. Nissan of Bolivia imports a Nissan Navara D40 Crew Cab as well. Some Frontier D40s are imported from the United States with a V6 and automatic transmission.

Suzuki sold a Frontier-based mid-sized pickup produced by Nissan North America at the Smyrna plant.[20] The truck debuted at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show as the Suzuki Equator.[21] For 2009 the Frontier received a face lift with more options, colors, and new wheels. The Nismo model was replaced by the PRO-4X model. Suzuki discontinued the Equator in 2013, as part of the shutdown of their American passenger car division.

Sales of the PRO-4X model continue in Mexico.[22]

In 2014 Nissan released a concept truck with a 2.8-liter Inline-four engine Cummins Diesel engine paired with a ZF 8HP transmission.[23]

D40 Navara[edit]

The Navara in Europe came with an updated Euro IV compliant engine on post September 2006 vehicles. It has four trim levels, the S, SE, Outlaw and Aventura. The Aventura trim package is equipped with leather upholstery, dual zone climate control, six-stacker CD/MP3 changer and satellite navigation as standard.

In Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, the D40 Navara has a few differences from the UK versions. There are two engines available, 2.5-liter turbocharged diesel engine and the V6 petrol. The diesel engine in 4WD models produces 128 kW (172 hp) at 4000 rpm and 403 N⋅m (297 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm, with the 2WD models producing less at 106 kW (142 hp) at 4000 rpm and 356 N⋅m (263 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm. The V6 produces 198 kW (266 hp) at 5600 rpm of power and 385 N⋅m (284 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm. Both engines come with a standard five-speed automatic, with a six-speed manual available for the diesel. These models do not have leather, climate control or satellite navigation system like their UK versions.

The 2008 model of the Navara was launched on 2 July. Changes included a new style of alloy wheels, bluetooth as standard, side work lights and indicators on the wing mirrors.

The 2008 Single Cab became available in Thailand 6 March. The 2.5-liter engine reduces the torque output from 356 N⋅m (263 ft⋅lbf) to 294 N⋅m (217 ft⋅lbf) @ 2,000 rpm. This model has 15-inch wheels. Power steering is standard. Also available are electric mirrors and central power locking as optional extra. Nissan planned to sell the single cab and began to export worldwide at the same month. Nissan also continues to sell the D22 pickups with minor updates for a lower price (now called as Frontier LCV).

The Nissan Navara Double Cab became available in Malaysia on 5 November 2008. It is available with a 2.5-liter diesel engine producing 128 kW (172 hp) and 403 N⋅m (297 ft⋅lbf), only with a five-speed automatic. A year later the six-speed manual version became available. The D22 series Nissan Frontier remains on sale in Malaysia with a manual transmission.[24]

In November 2008 Nissan Thailand Released the all new Nissan Navara Calibre with a 144 PS (106 kW) @4000 rpm 36.3 kg·m (356 N·m; 263 ft·lbf) @2000 rpm available with a five-speed automatic or a six-speed manual transmission.

Facelift[edit]

2011 Nissan Frontier Pro-4X (US)

For North American Frontiers model year 2009, and European Navaras model year 2010, Nissan updated the shape of some minor components.

The 2010 Nissan Navara facelift are now powered by a new 3.0-litre V9X V6 turbodiesel engine producing 240 hp (175 kW),369 lb-ft (500 Nm) @ 2,500 rpm and a revised 2.5-litre dCi unit(YD25DDTi High Power). The 2011 Nissan Navara and Pathfinder facelift V6 develop 170 kW (231 PS) and 550 Nm of torque between 1,700 rpm and 2,500 rpm and the famous YD engine which produces 190 PS (140 kW) and 450 Nm of torque and the VQ40DE remains the same with the 261 hp (195 kW) @5600 rpm; 281 pound-feet (381 N⋅m) @4000 rpm.

There are subtle changes to the headlights and the bonnet. The V-shaped grille shell is less pronounced and the bumper is rounder and projects 80 mm further forward, but the six-spoke 17-inch alloy wheels or optional 18-inch alloy wheels are the biggest change.

Inside the new Navara (top of the line model), Nissan designers have specified softer materials of a better quality for the dash, seats and interior moulds. The centre console and fascia designs have been revised, as have the instrument binnacle layout and door trims. Additional bright/gloss finish surfacing is used throughout the cabin. The six-stack CD audio system or the TV Navigation entertainment console is upgraded with speed-sensing volume, MP3 compatibility and Bluetooth connectivity for the (six disc CD audio system). Other new or revised features include dual-zone climate control, remote audio/Bluetooth/trip computer controls on the steering wheel, trip computer, external temperature gauge, speed-sensitive variable windscreen wipers and 'follow me home' lighting. The electric mirrors now fold in fully for car washes or parking in narrow spaces.

Importantly, the upgraded Navara (diesel only) gains stability control, which Nissan calls Vehicle Dynamics Control and all petrol V6 and diesel variants gain side-impact and side-curtain airbags to complement the dual front airbags.

Safety[edit]

The D40 Navara has undergone Euro NCAP crash testing along with the Mitsubishi Triton and Isuzu D-Max, and received one star with a strikeout; however, after retesting with upgraded computer software it went from the lowest in the group to the highest (overall) with 3 stars. Among the problems discovered during the test was delayed airbag deployment and insufficient seatbelt restraint, which were solved with the software upgrade.

The car receives good rating in Frontal Offset Test, Side Impact, and Roof Test by IIHS but only Acceptable in rear impact.[citation needed]

It has issues with rust that can make it split in half under some conditions.[25]

Awards and recognition[edit]


Third generation (D23; 2014–present)[edit]

Third generation (D23)
2016 Nissan NP300 Navara (D23) ST 4-door utility (2017-09-22) 01.jpg
Overview
Also called Mercedes-Benz X-Class
Nissan NP300
Nissan NP300 Navara
Renault Alaskan
Production July 2014–present
Assembly Thailand: Samut Prakan
Spain: Barcelona (Nissan Motor Ibérica, since 2015)
Mexico: Aguascalientes (Nissan Mexico)
Argentina: Santa Isabel (Renault Argentina, since 2017)
China: Zhengzhou, Henan (Zhengzhou Nissan, since 2017)
Designer Mamoru Aoki (2012)
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size pickup truck
Layout
Related Nissan Terra
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 7-speed automatic
  • 6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 3,150 mm (124 in)
Length 5,255 mm (207 in)
Width 1,850 mm (73 in)
Height 1,820 mm (72 in)
Nissan Navara NP300 ST (Australia)

On 11 June 2014, Nissan unveiled the third generation Navara (now known as the NP300 Navara) and is codenamed D23. The D23 will not be available in the US. Series production will commence at a new $360 million plant in Samut Prakan, Thailand in July 2014 and deliveries began in August. A Nissan North America spokesperson, Dan Bedore, has stated that the D23 is not indicative of a D40 Frontier replacement.[29][30][31][32] The European model will feature a 2.3-litre engine from the Nissan NV400.[33] After the release of the D23, which is only available with 4-cylinder engines, the D40 remained on production only with the V6 and automatic transmission.

2016 Nissan Navara EnGuard Concept[edit]

The EnGuard concept is a modified D23 Navara pitched directly towards emergency rescue organisations.[34] Unveiled at the 2016 Hannover Motor Show, the concept is notable for being the first prototype with a Nissan designed and developed portable battery pack.[35] Other features that cater for rescue organisations include an onboard DJI Phantom 4 drone, an increased ride height, strobe lights and a fully adjustable suspension system.[35][34]

Mercedes-Benz X-Class[edit]

Mercedes-Benz X-Class

On 25 October 2016 Mercedes-Benz revealed 2 concept pickup trucks previewing the upcoming joint-built Pickup Model, to be called "X-Class". The X-Class will be based on the platform of the current NP300 Navara and will be built atre plants such as in Spain (Barcelona) and in Argentina (Cordoba).[36]

2017 Renault Alaskan[edit]

Renault Alaskan

Renault revealed the production version of the Alaskan Pickup Concept which will be based on the current Navara platform. The Alaskan was shown alongside other Renault Models at the 2016 Paris Motor Show in October. According to some journalists it has not yet been confirmed if the Alaskan will be sold outside of Europe.

From October 2016, the Alaskan is sold in Colombia.[37]

International production facilities[edit]

The Frontier is known as Nissan Navara in most of Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, and South Africa and Nissan Terrano in Chile (only the D40 series is known as Navara) and NP300. It is currently built in the United States, Spain, South Africa, Thailand, China, Malaysia, Mexico (alongside the Renault Alaskan), Argentina and Egypt.

Motorsports[edit]

The D40 Frontier platform is currently being used as a Stage Rally vehicle by the NISMO Stuff Racing effort currently competing in the Coupe Rallye Quebec series. This team has been racing the current D40 Frontier for over two years with eight stage rallies and two hill climbs under its belt having never suffered a mechanical failure of any kind.

Nissan South Africa campaigned both the D22 and D40 platforms very successfully in the local ABSA Off-Road Series, winning eight consecutive driver's championships[38] (2001 to 2008). The vehicles were prepared by Hallspeed South Africa. Hallspeed also developed and sold vehicles to the Belgian-based company Overdrive. For several years Overdrive have competed with the Hallspeed built vehicles in the European rally Raid series, including The Dakar.[39]

References[edit]

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  4. ^ http://www.zznissan.com.cn/ official Website of Zhenzhou-Nissan (since 2003 a part of Dongfeng Motor)
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  8. ^ http://www.zznissan-oting.com.cn/ official Dongfeng Oting website
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  11. ^ "PickupTruck.Com – Road Test: 2000 Nissan Frontier Crew Cab". Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
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  14. ^ a b http://www.auto-motor-und-sport.de/news/peugeot-pick-up-fuer-afrika-1035116.html
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  16. ^ Nissan Terrano especificaciones 4x2
  17. ^ Nissan Terrano especificaciones 4x4
  18. ^ 2006 Nissan Terrano Brochure
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  20. ^ Suzuki Auto Announces Plans for Pickup Truck Built by Nissan North America Archived 10 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine., Business Wire, 11 December 2007
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  25. ^ Furious customers urge Nissan to recall 4X4 Navaras after it emerges that major fault could see trucks snap in HALF
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  34. ^ a b "Nissan Navara EnGuard Concept (2016)". Retrieved 2016-09-25. 
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  39. ^ iwcweb. "Overdrive Racing – palmares". Overdriveracing.be. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 

External links[edit]