East Renfrewshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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East Renfrewshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of East Renfrewshire in Scotland.
Electorate 69,982 (2015)[1]
Current constituency
Created 2005
Member of parliament Kirsten Oswald (SNP)
Number of members One
Created from Eastwood[2]
18851983
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Eastwood, Paisley South and Paisley North[3]
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Scotland

East Renfrewshire is a constituency of the House of Commons, to the south of Glasgow, Scotland. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) using the first-past-the-post system of voting.

Known as Eastwood until 2005, before 1997 it was the safest Conservative seat in Scotland. In the 1997 Labour landslide, it was won by Jim Murphy who held the seat until 2015. Kirsten Oswald of the Scottish National Party won the seat in the 2015 SNP landslide with a notably high turnout of 81% in this particular constituency.

The constituency has a mostly middle-class electorate and includes affluent areas such as Clarkston, Giffnock and Newton Mearns. Despite this, the constituency does contain some deprived areas such as Barrhead and Neilston which are found along the west of the constituency.[4]

History[edit]

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Eastwood constituency.

The East Renfrewshire constituency was re-established for the 2005 general election, with the same boundaries as the previous Eastwood constituency. Despite the change of name, it is the only constituency in mainland Scotland whose boundaries were unchanged by the 2005 revision of Scottish constituencies.

Constituency profile[edit]

An outer suburb of the Glasgow conurbation and the rural hinterland to the south-west of Glasgow, this is an affluent, middle-class commuter area with a high proportion of owner-occupiers and professionals. Clarkston used to be a dry area until planning permission for the first pub in the area was given in 2006. East Renfrewshire has the largest Jewish population of any seat in Scotland, with almost half of Scotland's Jewish population living in the area.

At the 2014 Scottish independence referendum East Renfrewshire returned a significant majority against the proposal for Scotland to become an independent state. With a voter turnout of 90.4%, 41,690 votes were cast for "No" (63.2%) and 24,287 were cast for "Yes" (36.8%). At the 2016 European Union membership referendum a substantial majority of votes were cast in favour of remaining a member of the European Union in East Renfrewshire, with a turnout of 76.1% there were 39,345 "Remain" votes (74.3%) to 13,596 "Leave" votes (25.7%).

Boundaries and local government areas[edit]

As created in 1885 the constituency was one of four covering the area of the county of Renfrewshire (except the burgh of Renfrew and the burgh of Port Glasgow, which were components of Kilmarnock Burghs until 1918). The four constituencies were: East Renfrewshire, West Renfrewshire, Paisley and Greenock. Greenock was enlarged and renamed Greenock and Port Glasgow in 1974.

From 1885 the constituency consisted of the parishes of Eastwood, Cathcart, Mearns and Eaglesham, and part of the parish of Govan.[5]

From 1918 the constituency consisted of "The Upper County District, inclusive of all burghs situated therein, except the burghs of Paisley and Johnstone, together with so much of the burgh of Renfrew as is contained within the parish of Govan in the county of Lanark."

The constituency was abolished for the 1983 general election, eight years after the creation of local government regions and districts in 1975. The new constituency, with revised boundaries, was called Eastwood.

In 1996 the area of the Eastwood constituency became, also, the East Renfrewshire unitary council area.

In 1999 a Scottish Parliament constituency was created with the name and boundaries of the Eastwood Westminster constituency.

In the widespread redistribution of Scottish seats for the 2005 general election, the name of the Eastwood Westminster constituency was changed back to East Renfrewshire.

Population and politics[edit]

The constituency is on the borders of Glasgow, and is mostly middle-class residential territory for Glasgow. The area was looked on as safely Conservative before Labour gained the seat in 1997. East Renfrewshire was subsequently viewed as a relatively safe Labour seat until the SNP gained the seat in 2015.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1983[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1885 James Finlayson Liberal
1886 Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart Conservative
1906 Sir Robert Laidlaw Liberal
Jan 1910 John Gilmour Unionist
1918 Joseph Johnstone Coalition Liberal
1922 Robert Nichol Labour
1924 Alexander Munro MacRobert Unionist
1930 Marquess of Clydesdale Unionist
1940 Guy Lloyd Unionist
1959 Betty Harvie Anderson Unionist/Conservative
1979 Allan Stewart Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Eastwood

MPs 2005–present[edit]

Election Member Party
2005 Jim Murphy Labour
2015 Kirsten Oswald SNP

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

In 2015 East Renfrewshire became the second most marginal Labour-SNP constituency in Scotland behind Edinburgh South, which was Labour's only Westminster constituency in Scotland at the election.

General Election 2015: East Renfrewshire[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
SNP Kirsten Oswald[9] 23,013 40.6 +31.7
Labour Jim Murphy[10] 19,295 34.0 -16.8
Conservative David Montgomery[11] 12,465 22.0 -8.4
Liberal Democrat Graeme Cowie[12] 1,069 1.9 -7.3
UKIP Robert Malyn[13] 888 1.6 +0.9
Majority 3,718 6.6 n/a
Turnout 56,730 81.1 +3.8
SNP gain from Labour Swing +24.3
General Election 2010: East Renfrewshire[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jim Murphy 25,987 50.8 +6.9
Conservative Richard Cook 15,567 30.4 +0.5
Liberal Democrat Gordon MacDonald 4,720 9.2 -9.0
SNP Gordon Archer 4,535 8.9 +2.0
UKIP Donald McKay 372 0.7 N/A
Majority 10,420 20.4 +6.4
Turnout 51,181 77.3 +5.1
Labour hold Swing +3.2

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: East Renfrewshire[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jim Murphy 20,815 43.9 -3.7
Conservative Richard Cook 14,158 29.9 +1.1
Liberal Democrat Gordon MacDonald 8,659 18.3 +5.4
SNP Osama Bhutta 3,245 6.8 -1.7
Scottish Socialist Ian Henderson 528 1.1 -0.6
Majority 6,657 14.0 -4.9
Turnout 47,405 72.1 +1.4
Labour hold Swing -2.4

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Allan Stewart 25,910 49.89
Labour E Sullivan 12,672 24.40
Liberal WGA Craig 9,366 18.03
SNP J Pow 3,989 7.68
Majority 13,238 25.49
Turnout 80.58
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Betty Harvie Anderson 19,847 41.35
SNP I Jenkins 11,137 23.20
Labour CJ Roberts 9,997 20.83
Liberal WGA Craig 7,015 14.62
Majority 8,710 18.15
Turnout 77.65
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Betty Harvie Anderson 25,713 50.62
Labour RS Stewart 10,227 20.13
Liberal WGA Craig 9,588 18.88
SNP S Watterson 5,268 10.37
Majority 15,486 30.49
Turnout 80.66
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Betty Harvie Anderson 29,163 52.07
Labour Mrs. Jessie Carnegie 16,062 28.68
Liberal Mrs. Olivia Watt 7,053 12.59
SNP John M. Buchanan 3,733 6.66
Majority 13,101 23.39
Turnout 76.16
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Betty Harvie Anderson 28,017 53.17
Labour Robert Lochrie 17,426 33.07
Liberal James W McHardy 7,252 13.76
Majority 10,591 20.10
Turnout 79.88
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Betty Harvie Anderson 27,846 52.54
Labour James Stuart Gordon 16,503 31.14
Liberal Derek M H Starforth 8,655 16.33
Majority 11,343 21.40
Turnout 82.63
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: East Renfrewshire[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Betty Harvie Anderson 29,672 58.65
Labour Arthur J Houston 14,579 28.82
Liberal Derek M H Starforth 6,339 12.53
Majority 15,093 29.83
Turnout 82.85
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1955: East Renfrewshire[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd 30,959 68.30
Labour David J Phillips 14,371 31.70
Majority 16,588 36.59
Turnout 78.12
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1951: East Renfrewshire[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd 31,908 65.80
Labour David J Phillips 16,588 34.20
Majority 15,320 31.59
Turnout 81.74
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1950: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd 31,650 65.44
Labour William L Taylor 16,716 34.56
Majority 14,934 30.88
Turnout 78.87
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election, 1945: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd 42,310 53.6
Labour Co-op D. McArthur 36,634 46.4
Majority 5,676 +7.2
Turnout 78,944 67.2
Unionist hold Swing
East Renfrewshire by-election, 1940 [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd 34,316 80.7 +25.1
Ind. Labour Party Annie Maxton 8,206 19.3 N/A
Majority 26,110 61.4 +39.8
Turnout 42,522 43.4
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election, 1935: Renfrew Eastern [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist The Marquess of Clydesdale 35,121 55.6 −3.8
Labour Co-op James Barr 21,475 34.0 +7.3
SNP William Oliver Brown 6,593 10.4 −3.5
Majority 13,646 21.5 −11.2
Turnout 63,189 75.9 −4.8
Unionist hold Swing −6.6
General Election 1931: Renfrew Eastern[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Marquess of Clydesdale 27,740 59.38
Labour James Strain 12,477 26.71
National (Scotland) William Oliver Brown 6,498 13.91
Majority 15,263 32.67
Turnout 80.67
Unionist hold Swing
East Renfrewshire by-election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist The Marquess of Cydesdale 19,753 53.6 +1.4
Ind. Labour Party Thomas Irwin 12,293 33.3 N/A
National (Scotland) William Oliver Brown 4,818 13.1 N/A
Majority 7,460 20.3 +15.9
Turnout 69.0 −17.8
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election, 1929: East Renfrewshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alexander Munro MacRobert 18,487 52.2 +0.2
Labour John Martin Munro 16,924 47.8 −0.2
Majority 13,646 21.5 −11.2
Turnout 63,189 75.9 −4.8
Unionist hold Swing
East Renfrewshire by-election, 1926[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alexander Munro MacRobert 11,817
Labour John Martin Munro 10,889
Unionist hold Swing

Alexander Munro MacRobert was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland on 31 December 1925.[23]

General Election 1924: Renfrewshire East[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Alexander Munro MacRobert 13,716
Labour Robert Nichol 10,903
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1923: Renfrewshire East [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Nichol 9,857
Unionist Sir Frederick Lobnitz 9,349
Liberal William Crawford 2,887
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1922: Renfrewshire East[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Nichol 9,708 42.4
Unionist Sir Frederick Lobnitz 9,158 40.0
Liberal Joseph Johnstone 4,013 17.5
Majority 550 2.4
Turnout 22,879
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Johnstone
General Election 1918: Renfrewshire East[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal 13,107
Labour Robert Spence 5,048
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government
General Election Dec 1910: Renfrewshire East[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gilmour 10,063
Liberal James Ian Macpherson 8,883
Conservative hold Swing
General Election Jan 1910: Renfrewshire East[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Gilmour 9,645
Liberal Sir Robert Laidlaw 8,771
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Laidlaw
General Election 1906: Renfrewshire East[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Laidlaw 6,896 50.3 n/a
Conservative Sir Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart 6,801 49.7 n/a
Majority n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing n/a
General Election 1900: Renfrewshire East[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart unopposed n/a n/a
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Renfrewshire East[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart unopposed
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1892: Renfrewshire East[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart 4,484
Liberal John G. Murdoch 3,397
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Renfrewshire East[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart 3,806
Liberal James Samuelson 2,438
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1885: Renfrewshire East[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Finlayson 3,642
Conservative Allan Gilmour, jun 3,144
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rallings, Colin; Thrasher, Michael. "UK general election data 2015 - results". The Electoral Commission; The Elections Centre, Plymouth University. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Renfrewshire East' UK Parliament, 5 May 2005". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  3. ^ "'Renfrewshire East', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  4. ^ Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics
  5. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Seventh Schedule, Part II
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ http://www.eastrenfrewshire.gov.uk/CHttpHandler.ashx?id=14453&p=0
  9. ^ "KirstenOswaldEastRenfrewshire". Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Scottish Labour leader Jim Murphy 'remains Westminster candidate'". BBC News. 
  11. ^ "2696-general-election-2015-conservative-candidate-chosen-for-east-renfrewshire". Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  12. ^ "East Renfrewshire Liberal Democrats". East Renfrewshire Liberal Democrats. 
  13. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/2015guide/renfrewshireeast/
  14. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ [3]
  19. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1944
  20. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  21. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  22. ^ a b Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1927
  23. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edonburgh Almanack, 1927
  24. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  25. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  26. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  27. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  28. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  29. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  30. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  31. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889