East Renfrewshire (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of East Renfrewshire in Scotland.
|Member of parliament||Kirsten Oswald (SNP)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Eastwood, Paisley South and Paisley North|
|European Parliament constituency||Scotland|
Known as Eastwood until 2005, before 1997 it was the safest Conservative seat in Scotland. In the 1997 Labour landslide, it was won by Jim Murphy who held the seat until 2015. Kirsten Oswald of the Scottish National Party won the seat in the 2015 SNP landslide with a notably high turnout of 81% in this particular constituency.
The constituency has a mostly middle-class electorate and includes affluent areas such as Clarkston, Giffnock and Newton Mearns. Despite this, the constituency does contain some deprived areas such as Barrhead and Neilston which are found along the west of the constituency.
- 1 History
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries and local government areas
- 4 Population and politics
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Election results
- 6.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 6.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 6.3 Elections in the 1970s
- 6.4 Elections in the 1960s
- 6.5 Elections in the 1950s
- 6.6 Elections in the 1940s
- 6.7 Elections in the 1930s
- 6.8 Elections in the 1920s
- 6.9 Elections in the 1910s
- 6.10 Elections in the 1900s
- 6.11 Elections in the 1890s
- 6.12 Elections in the 1880s
- 7 See also
- 8 References
The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election. It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Eastwood constituency.
The East Renfrewshire constituency was re-established for the 2005 general election, with the same boundaries as the previous Eastwood constituency. Despite the change of name, it is the only constituency in mainland Scotland whose boundaries were unchanged by the 2005 revision of Scottish constituencies.
An outer suburb of the Glasgow conurbation and the rural hinterland to the south-west of Glasgow, this is an affluent, middle-class commuter area with a high proportion of owner-occupiers and professionals. Clarkston used to be a dry area until planning permission for the first pub in the area was given in 2006. East Renfrewshire has the largest Jewish population of any seat in Scotland, with almost half of Scotland's Jewish population living in the area.
At the 2014 Scottish independence referendum East Renfrewshire returned a significant majority against the proposal for Scotland to become an independent state. With a voter turnout of 90.4%, 41,690 votes were cast for "No" (63.2%) and 24,287 were cast for "Yes" (36.8%). At the 2016 European Union membership referendum a substantial majority of votes were cast in favour of remaining a member of the European Union in East Renfrewshire, with a turnout of 76.1% there were 39,345 "Remain" votes (74.3%) to 13,596 "Leave" votes (25.7%).
Boundaries and local government areas
As created in 1885 the constituency was one of four covering the area of the county of Renfrewshire (except the burgh of Renfrew and the burgh of Port Glasgow, which were components of Kilmarnock Burghs until 1918). The four constituencies were: East Renfrewshire, West Renfrewshire, Paisley and Greenock. Greenock was enlarged and renamed Greenock and Port Glasgow in 1974.
From 1885 the constituency consisted of the parishes of Eastwood, Cathcart, Mearns and Eaglesham, and part of the parish of Govan.
From 1918 the constituency consisted of "The Upper County District, inclusive of all burghs situated therein, except the burghs of Paisley and Johnstone, together with so much of the burgh of Renfrew as is contained within the parish of Govan in the county of Lanark."
The constituency was abolished for the 1983 general election, eight years after the creation of local government regions and districts in 1975. The new constituency, with revised boundaries, was called Eastwood.
In 1996 the area of the Eastwood constituency became, also, the East Renfrewshire unitary council area.
In 1999 a Scottish Parliament constituency was created with the name and boundaries of the Eastwood Westminster constituency.
In the widespread redistribution of Scottish seats for the 2005 general election, the name of the Eastwood Westminster constituency was changed back to East Renfrewshire.
Population and politics
The constituency is on the borders of Glasgow, and is mostly middle-class residential territory for Glasgow. The area was looked on as safely Conservative before Labour gained the seat in 1997. East Renfrewshire was subsequently viewed as a relatively safe Labour seat until the SNP gained the seat in 2015.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
In 2015 East Renfrewshire became the second most marginal Labour-SNP constituency in Scotland behind Edinburgh South, which was Labour's only Westminster constituency in Scotland at the election.
|Liberal Democrat||Graeme Cowie||1,069||1.9||-7.3|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||+24.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Gordon MacDonald||4,720||9.2||-9.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Gordon MacDonald||8,659||18.3||+5.4|
|Scottish Socialist||Ian Henderson||528||1.1||-0.6|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Betty Harvie Anderson||19,847||41.35|
|Conservative||Betty Harvie Anderson||25,713||50.62|
|Conservative||Betty Harvie Anderson||29,163||52.07|
|Labour||Mrs. Jessie Carnegie||16,062||28.68|
|Liberal||Mrs. Olivia Watt||7,053||12.59|
|SNP||John M. Buchanan||3,733||6.66|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Betty Harvie Anderson||28,017||53.17|
|Liberal||James W McHardy||7,252||13.76|
|Unionist||Betty Harvie Anderson||27,846||52.54|
|Labour||James Stuart Gordon||16,503||31.14|
|Liberal||Derek M H Starforth||8,655||16.33|
Elections in the 1950s
|Unionist||Betty Harvie Anderson||29,672||58.65|
|Labour||Arthur J Houston||14,579||28.82|
|Liberal||Derek M H Starforth||6,339||12.53|
|Unionist||Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd||30,959||68.30|
|Labour||David J Phillips||14,371||31.70|
|Unionist||Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd||31,908||65.80|
|Labour||David J Phillips||16,588||34.20|
|Unionist||Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd||31,650||65.44|
|Labour||William L Taylor||16,716||34.56|
Elections in the 1940s
|Unionist||Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd||42,310||53.6|
|Labour Co-op||D. McArthur||36,634||46.4|
|Unionist||Ernest Guy Richard Lloyd||34,316||80.7||+25.1|
|Ind. Labour Party||Annie Maxton||8,206||19.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1930s
|Unionist||The Marquess of Clydesdale||35,121||55.6||−3.8|
|Labour Co-op||James Barr||21,475||34.0||+7.3|
|SNP||William Oliver Brown||6,593||10.4||−3.5|
|Unionist||Marquess of Clydesdale||27,740||59.38|
|National (Scotland)||William Oliver Brown||6,498||13.91|
|Unionist||The Marquess of Cydesdale||19,753||53.6||+1.4|
|Ind. Labour Party||Thomas Irwin||12,293||33.3||N/A|
|National (Scotland)||William Oliver Brown||4,818||13.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1920s
|Unionist||Alexander Munro MacRobert||18,487||52.2||+0.2|
|Labour||John Martin Munro||16,924||47.8||−0.2|
|Unionist||Alexander Munro MacRobert||11,817|
|Labour||John Martin Munro||10,889|
|Unionist||Alexander Munro MacRobert||13,716|
|Unionist gain from Labour||Swing|
|Unionist||Sir Frederick Lobnitz||9,349|
|Unionist||Sir Frederick Lobnitz||9,158||40.0|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1910s
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing|
- endorsed by Coalition Government
|Liberal||James Ian Macpherson||8,883|
|Liberal||Sir Robert Laidlaw||8,771|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1900s
|Conservative||Sir Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart||6,801||49.7||n/a|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||n/a|
|Conservative||Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart||unopposed||n/a||n/a|
Elections in the 1890s
|Conservative||Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart||unopposed|
|Conservative||Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart||4,484|
|Liberal||John G. Murdoch||3,397|
Elections in the 1880s
|Conservative||Michael Hugh Shaw-Stewart||3,806|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Conservative||Allan Gilmour, jun||3,144|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
- East Renfrewshire by-election, 1926
- East Renfrewshire by-election, 1930
- East Renfrewshire by-election, 1940
- Eastwood (UK Parliament constituency) (1983–2005)
- Rallings, Colin; Thrasher, Michael. "UK general election data 2015 - results". The Electoral Commission; The Elections Centre, Plymouth University. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "Renfrewshire East' UK Parliament, 5 May 2005". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "'Renfrewshire East', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics
- Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Seventh Schedule, Part II
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "KirstenOswaldEastRenfrewshire". Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Scottish Labour leader Jim Murphy 'remains Westminster candidate'". BBC News.
- "2696-general-election-2015-conservative-candidate-chosen-for-east-renfrewshire". Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "East Renfrewshire Liberal Democrats". East Renfrewshire Liberal Democrats.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1944
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
- Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1927
- Oliver & Boyd's Edonburgh Almanack, 1927
- The Times, 8 December 1923
- The Times, 17 November 1922
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
- Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889