San Bernardino Santa Fe Depot
|Location||1170 West Third Street|
San Bernardino, California
|Owned by||San Bernardino Associated Governments|
|Line(s)||BNSF Railway Cajon / San Bernardino Subdivisions|
|Platforms||1 side platform (Amtrak)|
3 island platforms (Metrolink)
|Connections||Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach; 19A (to Hemet) and 19B (to Indio)|
|Station code||SNB (Amtrak)|
|Opened||July 15, 1918|
|2017||12,035 3.94% (Amtrak)|
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Passenger and Freight Depot
|Location||San Bernardino, California|
|Architect||W.A. Mohr; Cresmer Manufacturing Co.|
|Architectural style||Mission Revival/Moorish Revival/Spanish Colonial Revival|
|NRHP reference No.||01000025 |
|Added to NRHP||2 February 2001|
The San Bernardino Santa Fe Depot (Amtrak designation San Bernardino, Metrolink designation San Bernardino Depot) is a Mission Revival Style passenger rail terminal in San Bernardino, California, United States. It has been the primary station for the city, serving Amtrak today, and the Santa Fe and Union Pacific Railroads in the past. Until the mid-20th century, the Southern Pacific Railroad had a station 3/4 of a mile away. It currently serves one Amtrak (Southwest Chief) and two Metrolink lines (Inland Empire–Orange County Line and San Bernardino Line). The depot is a historical landmark listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Passenger and Freight Depot.
Through its subsidiary California Southern Railroad, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (ATSF) first built a two-and-a-half-story wooden structure on the site in 1886 to replace a converted boxcar that had been used as a temporary station. The 1886 building was mostly destroyed in a fire just after midnight 17 November 1916.
In the pre-Amtrak era the station not only had Santa Fe Railway trains, it also had Union Pacific Railroad trains. The trains of both railroads served disparate destinations in the west and in central United States.
- Santa Fe:
- Union Pacific:
Architecture and design
Local politicians requested ATSF to build a new station on a much larger scale than the previous. The new station, designed by architect W.A. Mohr, cost $800,000 (equivalent to $13,765,000 in 2020) to build and was officially opened on 15 July 1918. At that time, it was the largest railway station west of the Mississippi River. The San Bernardino Sun wrote "Santa Fe's Station to be the finest in the west." A few years after the depot's opening, an extension was added that included a Harvey House and living quarters.
The historic depot is built in the Mission Revival Style with Moorish Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival features. Utilizing hollow clay blocks, a red tile roof and stucco exterior, the depot was designed to withstand fire. Four domed towers are built around a large center lobby with polished tile walls and floor. The interior includes handcrafted high beams, coffered ceilings and decorative column capitals.
Decline and renovation
The station saw heavy use throughout the 20th century. But like with many railroad stations, there was a gradual decline in usage with the advent of automobiles, buses and air travel. The Harvey House closed in the 1950s. In 1971, the ATSF transferred its passenger service to Amtrak. From 1979 to 1997 Amtrak's Desert Wind (Los Angeles-Las-Vegas-Denver-Chicago) made stops at the station. Metrolink began service to the station on May 17, 1993.
In 1992, San Bernardino Associated Governments (SANBAG) purchased the historic depot from Santa Fe. While Amtrak and Metrolink stopped using the depot in favor for a much smaller newer structure on the west side of the older one, SANBAG acquired over $15 million from federal and local grants and funds to begin an extensive restoration of the historic depot beginning in 2002. In 2004, SANBAG and Metrolink moved some of their offices there. After renovations are complete, SANBAG will share ownership with the City of San Bernardino and both agencies intend on leasing space in it. The historic depot waiting area, along with a new snack shop, opened again for Amtrak and Metrolink passengers on 2 May 2008. A new elevator, platforms, tracks, and an overpass were built in March and April 2017 as part of the Downtown San Bernardino Passenger Rail Project, an extension of Metrolink service to the San Bernardino Transit Center.
Platforms and tracks
|Amtrak platform||■ Southwest Chief||toward Los Angeles (Riverside–Downtown)|
|■ Southwest Chief||toward Chicago (Victorville)|
|Metrolink platforms||■ Inland Empire–Orange County Line||toward Oceanside (Riverside–Downtown)|
|■ San Bernardino Line||toward L.A. Union Station (Rialto)|
- "San Bernardino, CA (SNB)". amtrak.com. Amtrak. Retrieved 11 Jan 2014.
- Amtrak Thruway Bus Route 19a; Bakersfield - Hemet (Amtrak California)
- Amtrak Thruway Bus Route 19b; Bakersfield - Indio (Amtrak California)
- "Amtrak Fact Sheet, Fiscal Year 2017, State of California" (PDF). Amtrak. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
- "Index of Railway Stations, p. 1444". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 82 (3). August 1949.
- "California - San Bernardino County". www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. American Dreams, Inc. Retrieved 11 Jan 2014.
- Serpico, Philip C. (1988). Santa Fé Route to the Pacific. Palmdale, California: Omni Publications. p. 20. ISBN 0-88418-000-X.
- "A Brief History of the Santa Fe Depot". San Bernardino Associated Governments. Retrieved 11 Jan 2014.
- "Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, Table 4". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 92 (12). May 1960.
- "Union Pacific Railroad, Tables 1, 2, 3". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 92 (12). May 1960.
- "San Bernadino Train Station- Visiting (711) – Huell Howser Archives at Chapman University".
- "SANBAG Property Acquisition, Depot Restoration Funding". San Bernardino Associated Governments. Retrieved 11 Jan 2014.
- Whittaker, John (May 17, 1993). "Service likely to help spur growth along route". The San Bernardino County Sun. p. 14. Retrieved July 6, 2019 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Restoration Details". San Bernardino Associated Governments. Retrieved 11 Jan 2014.
- Richard, Chris (4 Mar 2008). "San Bernardino depot is open for rail travelers, thanks to historical society volunteers". The Press-Enterprise. Riverside, California: Freedom Communications.
- "Metrolink train service resumes at San Bernardino, Rialto stations". The San Bernardino Sun. 2017-04-17. Retrieved 2017-05-05.
- Media related to Santa Fe Depot (San Bernardino) at Wikimedia Commons
- San Bernardino, CA – Amtrak
- Amtrak California station information
- San Bernardino at the Metrolink website
- San Bernardino Amtrak Station (USA Rail Guide -- TrainWeb)
- San Bernardino (SNB)--Great American Stations (Amtrak)