City of Sisak
Top left: Sisak Fortress and Kupa River, top right: Sisak Gymnasium, middle left: A monument of Antun Gustav Matoš on bank of Kupa, middle right: Large Chapter House and Sisak Cathedral, bottom left: Holland Storehouse, bottom right: Sisak Refinery
Map of Sisak within Sisak-Moslavina County
|• Mayor||Kristina Ikić Baniček (SDP)|
|• City||422.75 km2 (163.22 sq mi)|
|• Metro||989.50 km2 (382.05 sq mi)|
|Elevation||98 m (321.52 ft)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saints||Quirinus of Sescia|
Sisak (Croatian pronunciation: [sǐːsak]; in Hungarian: Sziszek) is a city in central Croatia located at the confluence of the Kupa, Sava, and Odra rivers, 57 km (35 mi) southeast of the Croatian capital Zagreb. The city's total population in 2011 was 47,768 of which 33,322 live in the urban settlement (naselje).
Sisak is the administrative centre of the Sisak-Moslavina County, Croatia's biggest river port and a centre of river shipping industry (Dunavski Lloyd). It lies on the main road Zagreb-Hrvatski Sisak-Petrinja (M12.2) and the railroad Zagreb-Sisak-Sunja. Sisak is a regional economic, cultural and historical center. The largest oil refinery in Croatia is located here.
During the Roman Empire when Sisak was known as Siscia, a Roman mint in the city produced coins under a series of emperors between 262 and 383 CE. It was in this period that the Christian martyr Quirinus of Sescia was tortured and nearly killed during Diocletian's persecution of Christians. Legend has it that they tied him to a millstone and threw him into a river, but he freed himself from the weight, escaped and continued to preach his faith. Today he is the patron saint of Sisak.
The 16th century triangular fortress of the Old Town, well-preserved and turned into the Native Museum, is the main destination of every tourist. The fortress is famous for the victory of the joint forces of Croats, Austrians and Carniolans (Slovenes) over the Ottomans in 1593, known as the Battle of Sisak. It was one of the early significant defeats of the up-to-then invincible Ottoman army on European territory. The Croatian Ban Thomas Erdődy who led the defense in this battle became famous throughout Europe. The Baroque palace of Mali Kaptol, the classicist Veliki Kaptol, the brick Stari most ("Old Bridge") over the Kupa, and the ethnological park are the most frequently visited landmarks.
During World War II, Sisak children's concentration camp was set up by the Croatian Axis Ustaše government for Serbian, Jewish and Romani children. It is estimated that 1,152–2,000 children were killed in the camp.
With the outbreak of the Croatian War in 1991, Sisak remained in Croatian hands while the territory to the south was controlled by Serbs. In 1991 and 1992, the Croatian Army killed 611 civilians in Sisak, out of whom 595 were Serbs, 14 Croats and 2 Bosniaks, according to Domagoj Margetić. During the war, the Serb forces often shelled the city, causing many civilian casualties. The war ended with the Operation Storm (1995), which led to 150,000–200,000 Serb refugees leaving the country; the number of Serbs decreased from 12,017 (1991) to 3,897 (2001).
|Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, DZS, Zagreb, 2005 & Popis stanovništva 2011|
- Blinjski Kut, population 278
- Budaševo, population 1,660
- Bukovsko, population 89
- Crnac, population 553
- Čigoč, population 97
- Donje Komarevo, population 322
- Gornje Komarevo, population 508
- Greda, population 861
- Gušće, population 387
- Hrastelnica, population 898
- Jazvenik, population 142
- Klobučak, population 68
- Kratečko, population 200
- Letovanci, population 52
- Lonja, population 111
- Lukavec Posavski, population 127
- Madžari, population 235
- Mužilovčica, population 74
- Novo Pračno, population 444
- Novo Selo, population 624
- Novo Selo Palanječko, population 517
- Odra Sisačka, population 814
- Palanjek, population 318
- Prelošćica, population 528
- Sela, population 969
- Sisak, population 33,049
- Stara Drenčina, population 223
- Staro Pračno, population 896
- Staro Selo, population 110
- Stupno, population 480
- Suvoj, population 42
- Topolovac, population 894
- Veliko Svinjičko, population 271
- Vurot, population 102
- Žabno, population 509
In the 2011 census, of the total population of 47,768 there were 40,590 Croats (84.97%), 3,071 Serbs (6.43%), 1,646 Bosniaks (3.45%), 648 Romani (1.36%), 179 Albanians (0.37%), 29 Montenegrins (0.06%), and the rest were other ethnicities.
Chief occupations are farming, ferrous metallurgy (iron works), chemicals, leather (footwear), textiles and food processing plants (dairy products, alcoholic beverages), building material, crude oil refinery, and thermal power.
Sisak features the largest Croatian metallurgic factory and the largest oil refinery in Croatia
Sports and recreation facilities in the town and the surroundings include mainly the waters and alluvial plains a public beach on the Kupa. All rivers (Kupa, Odra, Sava) with their backwaters offer fishing opportunities. There are hunting grounds in the regions of Turopolje and Posavina. Sisak is the starting point for sightseeing tours into Lonjsko Polje (Field of Lonja river) nature park.
Sisak features the oldest ice hockey club in Croatia, KHL Sisak est. 1934
Sisak is a popular destination in the summer and many people from the surrounding cities visit the cafés situated along the river Kupa. As of recently, numerous clubs have opened and their popularity has been bolstered through nights sponsored by various beer manufacturers.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Sisak is twinned with:
- "Enumerated persons, households and housing units, 2011 census". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- John T. Koch (2006). Celtic Culture. p. 1662. ISBN 1-85109-440-7.
- http://finds.org.uk/romancoins/mints/mint/id/197, accessed 2013-03-28
- John Van Antwerp Fine, John V. A. Fine, Jr. (2006). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans. University of Michigan Press. p. 28. ISBN 0-472-11414-X.
- John Van Antwerp Fine, John V. A. Fine, Jr. (2006). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans. University of Michigan Press. p. 178. ISBN 0-472-11414-X.
- Stanko Guldescu (1964). History of Medieval Croatia. Mouton. p. 113.
- http://www.glassrpske.com/novosti/region/Sisak-Srbi-traze-da-logor-za-djecu-udje-u-udzbenike/lat/135620.html. Missing or empty
- http://www.vesti-online.com/Vesti/Ex-YU/49282/Sisak-92-Hrvatski-specijalci-sekli-grkljane-Srbima. Missing or empty
- "Sisački dosije mraka". Vreme.
- "Twin Towns". gabrovo.bg. Retrieved 27 April 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sisak.|
|Wikisource has the text of the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia article Croatia.|
- Official Website
- Sisak News Portal
- Radio Sisak - Hometown radio station
- Sisak Tourism
- Photo Gallery of Sisak
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sissek". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.